oxygen

Definitions

  • Oxygen Cylinder in hemp cover
    Oxygen Cylinder in hemp cover
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n oxygen a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The adult human body requires about 88 pounds of oxygen daily
    • Oxygen (Chem) A colorless, tasteless, odorless, gaseous element of atomic number 8, occurring in the free state in the atmosphere, of which it forms about 23 per cent by weight and about 21 per cent by volume, being slightly heavier than nitrogen. Symbol O. Atomic weight 15.9994.
    • Oxygen Chlorine used in bleaching.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: From all the oxygen that a human breathes, twenty percent goes to the brain
    • n oxygen Chemical symbol, O; atomic weight, 16. An element discovered by Priestley in 1774, who called it dephlogisticated air. It was finally called oxygen by Lavoisier, because supposed to be present in all acids. Further investigation, however, has proved that this is not the case. Oxygen is a chemical element existing as a permanent gas, colorless, odorless, and tasteless, and somewhat heavier than atmospheric air. It is soluble in water, which at a temperature of 60° F. dissolves of its volume of oxygen. Oxygen combines very readily with most of the elements, and forms oxids with all of them excepting fluorin. The act of combination is so energetic in many cases as to evolve light and heat, the phenomena of combustion. In other cases, as in the tarnishing or rusting of metals and the decay of animal or vegetable substances, oxidation takes place so slowly that, while the result is the same, the heat evolved at one time is not enough to produce luminous effects or even to be sensible. Free or uncombined oxygen is essential to all animal and vegetable life. Animal heat and muscular energy are results of a slow combustion produced in all parts of the system by oxygen carried in the blood from the lungs. In sunlight oxygen is exhaled by growing plants, but a certain quantity is assimilated and is essential to life. Oxygen is the most widely distributed and abundant element in nature; it constitutes about one fifth of the total volume of the atmosphere, which is a mechanical mixture of oxygen and nitrogen. Water contains about 89 per cent. of it by weight, and it is found in most animal and vegetable products, acids, oxids, and salts. The rocks which make up most of the earth's crust contain between 40 and 50 per cent. of oxygen. Under certain conditions oxygen may be made to pass into an allotropic or condensed form called ozone.
    • n oxygen A manufacturers' name for bleaching-powder.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: If a substance is burned and all of the results of its burning (smoke, ash, soot and gas) are captured and weighed, they will be a little heavier than the original substance because they have been combined with oxygen.
    • n Oxygen oks′i-jen a gas without taste, colour, or smell, forming part of the air, water, &c., and supporting life and combustion
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ronald Reagan
    Ronald%20Reagan
    “Information is the oxygen of the modern age. It seeps through the walls topped by barbed wire, it wafts across the electrified borders.”
  • Rita Davenport
    Rita Davenport
    “Money isn't everything but it ranks right up there with oxygen.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. oxygène, from Gr. 'oxy`s sharp, acid + root of gi`gnesqai to be born. So called because originally supposed to be an essential part of every acid,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. oxys, sharp, gen, the root of gennaein, to generate.

Usage

In literature:

The amount of oxygen admitted is approximately measured by noting the loss in weight of the oxygen cylinder.
"Respiration Calorimeters for Studying the Respiratory Exchange and Energy Transformations of Man" by Francis Gano Benedict
But how can the oxygen get to the cells in all parts of the body?
"What a Young Woman Ought to Know" by Mary Wood-Allen
More of the hydrogen unites with the oxygen as steam.
"How it Works" by Archibald Williams
The oxygen passed off at one end; the hydrogen, of double the volume of its late associate, at the other.
"A Winter Amid the Ice" by Jules Verne
Are you familiar with the various forms of oxygen?
"Poisoned Air" by Sterner St. Paul Meek
Every living creature requires a constant supply of food and of oxygen.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
Carbon will combine with hydrogen, but will drop it if it can get oxygen.
"The Machinery of the Universe" by Amos Emerson Dolbear
He got at an oxygen-bottle and inhaled deeply.
"Pariah Planet" by Murray Leinster
Set in their backs were oxygen tanks capable of holding enough oxygen for several hours.
"Lords of the Stratosphere" by Arthur J. Burks
The third method of treatment involves fresh air, in order to improve the oxygenating character of the blood.
"Rural Hygiene" by Henry N. Ogden
Yet I doubt if you could live here for five years with all your big oxygen supply.
"The Finding of Haldgren" by Charles Willard Diffin
With the oxygen-acetylene, or oxygen-hydrogen flame, each gas should have a pressure of about two pounds.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
Oxygen is the spark's nourishment and life, and the more it gets the better it thrives.
"The Story of a Tinder-box" by Charles Meymott Tidy
We had, also, an ample stock of oxygen fuses, and a variety of oxygen light flares in small fragile glass-globes.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
When he was completely relaxed and completely hypnotized, he reached up and cut down the valve that fed oxygen into his suit.
"Anything You Can Do" by Gordon Randall Garrett
Several conditions are requisite to enable a body to become oxygenated, or to permit oxygen to enter into combination with it.
"Elements of Chemistry," by Antoine Lavoisier
But in a hydrogen/ammonia atmosphere, oxygen could be a deadly explosive.
"The Dueling Machine" by Benjamin William Bova
Their proportions are, one part of oxygen to four parts of nitrogen.
"The Elements of Agriculture" by George E. Waring
Isn't there oxygen in water?
"The Boy With the U. S. Life-Savers" by Francis Rolt-Wheeler
Oxygen in pressure tanks costs money; and he had accustomed himself to do with as little as possible.
"Master of the Moondog" by Stanley Mullen
***

In news:

The sign above Oxygen Tattoo and Body Piercing fell and crashed through the Wildwood Boardwalk this morning as gusty winds blew through the shore town.
Climate change will leave fish smaller, gasping for oxygen.
It's probably because so little oxygen diverts to my brain during exercise.
Doctors and nurses examined her daily and gave her medications and oxygen to help her breathe.
Combustible mix of metal and oxygen could be path to flexible electronics.
They've both used high-pressure oxygen to promote healing.
Many students knew that plants give oxygen to the air, but Nick Ely also knew that plants use carbon dioxide in photosynthesis.
La Jolla-based businesswoman, author, speaker and model Dianne York-Goldman and her staff at Carmel Valley-based Changes Plastic Surgery & Spa will debut in a new reality series, "Addicted to Beauty," on Aug 4 on the Oxygen network.
F-22 crash not related to oxygen.
During Tuesday night's regular council meeting R. Timothy Bickhaus of Macon made a donation of a pet oxygen mask kit to the Macon City Fire Department.
Tuesday's "Vulnerability" hour explores a cause that is close to home, with the actor teaming with Oxygen and the Bully Project for a PSA.
There's very little oxygen at the peak.
In May, Defense Secretary Leon Panetta ordered that F-22 flights remain "within proximity of potential landing locations" so that pilots can land quickly in the event that they experience an oxygen-deficit problem.
Firefighter Sidney Hall died after being deprived of oxygen while trapped inside a burning house last week.
Red blood cells are responsible for transporting oxygen to your organs.
***

In science:

This is because this coefficient for niobium oxygen complexes was shown to be several times larger than that for tantalum .
Phase diagram of mixed system of ferroelectric relaxors in the random field theory framework
It definitely rules out the role of these oxygen impurities as extended defects, like steps for example, which, according to Ref. , produce a rounding of the transition by a simple finitesize-scaling effect.
Quenched bond dilution in two-dimensional Potts models
We found that the non-oxygenated sensors are as radiation hard as the oxygenated ones.
Characterization of Prototype BTeV Silicon Pixel Sensors Before and After Irradiation
Unlike faster shocks in SN1006 and in the heliosphere, this shock brings oxygen ions and protons to within a factor of 2.5 of the same temperature.
Far Ultraviolet Spectra of a Non-Radiative Shock Wave in the Cygnus Loop
One might expect the kinetic temperatures of oxygen and hydrogen to be close to equilibrium as well.
Far Ultraviolet Spectra of a Non-Radiative Shock Wave in the Cygnus Loop
Thus the upper limit to the ratio of oxygen to hydrogen kinetic temperatures is 2.5 including the uncertainty in the proton temperature.
Far Ultraviolet Spectra of a Non-Radiative Shock Wave in the Cygnus Loop
This model assumed an oxygen kinetic temperature equal to the proton temperature in the O VI emitting region.
Far Ultraviolet Spectra of a Non-Radiative Shock Wave in the Cygnus Loop
Therefore its application to highly evolved stars with peculiar oxygen abundances is a little uncertain and hence might give luminosities with large error bars.
A revised calibration of the Mv-W(OI 7774) relationship using Hipparcos data: Its application to Cepheids and evolved stars
Preliminary the triplet implies a solar oxygen abundance of log ǫO = 8.67 ± 0.03 (Asplund et al., in preparation).
Stellar abundance analyses in the light of 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres
We have recently applied the new generation of 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres of metal-poor stars (Asplund et al. 1999) in an attempt to investigate whether a possible resolution to the oxygen conundrum can be found.
Stellar abundance analyses in the light of 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres
Summary: It seems like the adoption of the new generation of 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres holds a crucial key to the resolution of the long-standing problem of oxygen abundances in halo stars.
Stellar abundance analyses in the light of 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres
Dashed lines: Power-laws D ∝ (T − 3330 K)γ with γ = 2.0 and γ = 2.1 for the oxygen and silicon atoms, respectively.
Spatially heterogeneous dynamics and dynamic facilitation in a model of viscous silica
In Fig. 2, we depict the temperature dependence of SW (∆t) for the oxygen atoms.
Spatially heterogeneous dynamics and dynamic facilitation in a model of viscous silica
Figure 3 shows this distribution for the oxygen atoms at T = 3030 K.
Spatially heterogeneous dynamics and dynamic facilitation in a model of viscous silica
In Fig. 4, this distribution is shown for the oxygen atoms at T = 3030 K, where ∆t ≈ tS .
Spatially heterogeneous dynamics and dynamic facilitation in a model of viscous silica
***