orthography

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n orthography a method of representing the sounds of a language by written or printed symbols
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Orthography A drawing in correct projection, especially an elevation or a vertical section.
    • Orthography The art or practice of writing words with the proper letters, according to standard usage; conventionally correct spelling; also, mode of spelling; as, his orthography is vicious. "When spelling no longer follows the pronunciation, but is hardened into orthography ."
    • Orthography The branch of linguistics concerned with how languages are written.
    • Orthography The method of spelling the words of a particular language; the system of symbols used for writing a language.
    • Orthography The part of grammar which treats of the letters, and of the art of spelling words correctly.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n orthography The art or practice of writing words with the proper letters, according to accepted usage; the way in which words are customarily written; spelling: as, the orthography of a word.
    • n orthography In the following passage it is used erroneously, in burlesque:
    • n orthography The branch of language-study which treats of the nature and properties of letters, and of the art of writing words correctly.
    • n orthography In musical notation, the art or practice of representing tones and effects by the proper characters, according to accepted usage.
    • n orthography In draftsmanship, a geometrical representation of an elevation or section of a building; a sectional view of a fortress or the like.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Orthography (gram.) the art or practice of spelling words correctly
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. ortographie, OF. orthographie, L. orthographia, Gr. , fr. writing correctly; 'orqo`s right + gra`fein to write. See Ortho-, and Graphic
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. orthographiaorthos, right, graphein, to write.

Usage

In literature:

For the better understanding of it, the orthography and punctuation only are brought nearer to modern style.
"The Life and Times of Ulric Zwingli" by Johann Hottinger
The simplicity of the orthography would facilitate the learning of the language.
"Noah Webster" by Horace E. Scudder
The orthography is evidently very false.
"The Arawack Language of Guiana in its Linguistic and Ethnological Relations" by Daniel G. Brinton
To so hold would be to make "confusion worse confounded" in English orthography.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Volume 26, July 1880." by Various
But you must do more, and then the faults in orthography are too numerous.
"The Lawyers, A Drama in Five Acts" by Augustus William Iffland
In the minority of James V., Henderland Tower was occupied by Parys (supposed to be a corrupted orthography of Paris) Cockburn.
"Wilson's Tales of the Borders and of Scotland, Volume III" by Various
It was not until 1908 that a standardized orthography was adopted.
"Area Handbook for Albania" by Eugene K. Keefe
They are still more deficient in orthography, whether in the manner of composing their letters or in reading them when written.
"Women of England, Volume 9 (of 10)" by Burleigh James Bartlett
Now we have already had introduced a coin of foreign denomination, but domestic orthography.
"Punch - Volume 25 (Jul-Dec 1853)" by Various
I have transcribed it faithfully according to the old orthography.
"Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards" by Evan Evans
They must have a knowledge of orthography, and an excellent physical condition.
"Paris" by William Walton
So too the advance made to something like a uniform orthography was of no small importance.
"A Short History of French Literature" by George Saintsbury
Where the sound is at variance with the traditional orthography, the latter is given in brackets.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 5" by Various
The orthography and the quantity of the penultimate vowel of Cenomani have given rise to discussion.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 6" by Various
I shall present its venerable orthography without change.
"View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Henry Hallam
But in his published works his grammar, his orthography, nay, his punctuation (too often surrendered to the printer), are faultless.
"Library of the World's Best Literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 16" by Various
Among Protestants, on the other hand, an attempt is made to approach more closely to the orthography of the Hebrew text.
"The Irish Ecclesiastical Record, Volume 1, August 1865" by Society of Clergymen
Two are cited, in the loose orthography of the day.
"William Bradford of Plymouth" by Albert Hale Plumb
According to Suidas, he wrote treatises on orthography and syntax, and an onomaticon (vocabulary), described as a wonderful production.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 4" by Various
The publication of this paper was followed in 1906 by the adoption of a uniform system of Sesuto orthography.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 4" by Various
***

In news:

She works with linguistics , literacy and orthography as a linguistic consultant to other languages, especially in the area of alphabet development.
***

In science:

Also words the phonemic transcription of which is longer than the orthography and for which no compound phonemes are provided, are omitted, e.g. ”b’tje” (Eng.: “little mic encoding scheme.
Meta-Learning for Phonemic Annotation of Corpora
Combination is the commutative equivalent of rule application; the linear ordering of the daughters that leads to successful rule application determines the orthography of the mother.
An Efficient Generation Algorithm for Lexicalist MT
The order of the orthographies of two combining signs in the orthography of the result must be determinate — it must not depend on any subsequent combination that the result may undergo.
An Efficient Generation Algorithm for Lexicalist MT
TNCB evaluates successfully, the orthography of its value is the desired result.
An Efficient Generation Algorithm for Lexicalist MT
The final result is the TNCB in figure 11, whose orthography is “the big brown dog barked”.
An Efficient Generation Algorithm for Lexicalist MT
Also see (Wilkenfeld, 1981) for research on prosody and orthography.
Some Bibliographical References on Intonation and Intonational Meaning
***