off

Definitions

  • "'Take off your jacket,' Mr. Parsons said."
    "'Take off your jacket,' Mr. Parsons said."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj off not performing or scheduled for duties "He's off every Tuesday"
    • adj off not in operation or operational "the oven is off","the lights are off"
    • adj off (of events) no longer planned or scheduled "the wedding is definitely off"
    • adj off below a satisfactory level "an off year for tennis","his performance was off"
    • adj off in an unpalatable state "sour milk"
    • adv off no longer on or in contact or attached "clean off the dirt","he shaved off his mustache"
    • adv off from a particular thing or place or position (`forth' is obsolete) "ran away from the lion","wanted to get away from there","sent the children away to boarding school","the teacher waved the children away from the dead animal","went off to school","they drove off","go forth and preach"
    • adv off at a distance in space or time "the boat was 5 miles off (or away)","the party is still 2 weeks off (or away)","away back in the 18th century"
    • v off kill intentionally and with premeditation "The mafia boss ordered his enemies murdered"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Trimming off Branches of Spruce Trimming off Branches of Spruce
Tom falls off the velocipede Tom falls off the velocipede
Dad Rolled off over the Bowsprit 128 Dad Rolled off over the Bowsprit 128
"CAME DOWN OFF THE UPPER BRIDGE." "CAME DOWN OFF THE UPPER BRIDGE."
Off to the War 019 Off to the War 019
The Old Fifth Avenue Send-Off The Old Fifth Avenue Send-Off
Pinocchio Starts Off Happily for School Pinocchio Starts Off Happily for School
SALVAGE VESSELS OFF YARMOUTH, ISLE OF WIGHT SALVAGE VESSELS OFF YARMOUTH, ISLE OF WIGHT

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: At lift off, US space shuttles weight about 4.5 million pounds.
    • interj Off ŏf Away; begone; -- a command to depart.
    • Off Denoting a different direction; not on or towards: away; as, to look off .
    • Off Denoting a leaving, abandonment, departure, abatement, interruption, or remission; as, the fever goes off; the pain goes off; the game is off; all bets are off.
    • Off Denoting distance or separation; as, the house is a mile off .
    • Off Denoting opposition or negation.
    • Off Denoting the action of removing or separating; separation; as, to take off the hat or cloak; to cut off, to pare off, to clip off, to peel off, to tear off, to march off, to fly off, and the like.
    • Off Designating a time when one is not strictly attentive to business or affairs, or is absent from his post, and, hence, a time when affairs are not urgent; as, he took an off day for fishing: an off year in politics. "In the off season."
    • Off Designating a time when one's performance is below normal; as, he had an off day.
    • adv Off ŏf In a general sense, denoting from or away from; as:
    • prep Off Not on; away from; as, to be off one's legs or off the bed; two miles off the shore.
    • Off On the farther side; most distant; on the side of an animal or a team farthest from the driver when he is on foot; in the United States, the right side; as, the off horse or ox in a team, in distinction from the nigh or near horse or ox; the off leg.
    • n Off (Cricket) The side of the field that is on the right of the wicket keeper.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The ruby red slippers in the movie "The Wizard of Oz" were sold off at an auction for $660,000
    • off At a point more or less distant; away.
    • off Nautical: Away; clear (as from the land, a danger, etc.): opposed to on, on to, or toward.
    • off Away (as from the wind): opposed to close, near, or up: as, to keep a ship off a point or two.
    • off Away; quite away (expressing motion, or the act of departure or removal); to a distance; in such a manner as to drive or keep away; in another direction (opposed to toward): as, he ran off; to beat off an enemy; to stave off bankruptcy; to wave off an intruder; to put off the evil day; to head off a danger; to choke off inquiry; to laugh off an accusation; to look off.
    • off Away from a certain position, connection, attachment, or relation; away by physical removal or separation: as, to cut, pare, clip, peel, pull, strip, or tear off; to take off one's hat; to mark off the distance; to shake off a drowsy feeling.
    • off [In this sense often used with ellipsis of the verb (go, get, take, etc.), and often with with following.
    • off In such a way as to interrupt continuity or progress; so as to stop or cause a discontinuance: as, to break off negotiations; to leave off work; to turn off the gas. Hence, after a substantive verb, with some such verb as break, declare, etc., understood, discontinued; interrupted; postponed: as, the match is off for the present; the bargain is off.
    • off Away; in such a manner as to be or become abated or diminished: as, the fever began to pass off; the demand has fallen off.
    • off Quite to the end; so as to finish; utterly; to exhaustion or extermination: an intensive: as, to kill off vermin; to drain off a swamp.
    • off Forthwith; offhand: as, to rattle off a story; to dash off a string of verses.
    • off Nautical, on alternate tacks, now toward and now away from the land; to and fro.
    • off See the verbs.
    • off From; distant from.
    • off Not on (a street or highway); leading from or out of.
    • off Nautical, to seaward of at short distance; opposite or abreast of to seaward: as, the ship was off St. Lucia.
    • off A way from; with separation or removal from; so as no longer to be or rest on: as, to take a book off a shelf; he fell off his horse; my eye is never off him; that care is off his mind: often pleonastically from off.
    • off Deviating from, especially from what is normal or regular: as, off the mark; off the square; off the pitch (in music).
    • off In a state of not being engaged in or occupied with: as, he is off duty to-day.
    • off From: indicating source: as, I bought this book off him.
    • off Of: indicating material: as, to make a meal off fish: also pleonastically off of.
    • off By extension, not of the proper character; not of the highest quality, reputation, etc.; especially, equivocal or of doubtful morality, as a story or print.
    • off Out of sorts; indisposed.
    • off Foolish; crazy.
    • off More distant; further; hence, as applied to horses, oxen, etc., driven in pairs abreast (the driver's position being on the left of them), right; right-hand: opposed to near or left-hand: as, the off side in driving; the off horse.
    • off In cricket, on that side of the field which is to the left of the bowler: opposed to on. See diagram under cricket.
    • off Leading out of or away from a main line: applied to streets: as, we turned out of Oxford street into an off street.
    • off Characterized by discontinuance or interruption of that which is usual or normal; not occupied with or devoted to the usual business or affairs: as, this is an off day; off time; an off year (in United States politics, a year in which no important elections take place).
    • off A way from the mark or right direction; mistaken; wrong: as, you are quite off in that matter. [Colloq.]
    • off Conditioned; circumstanced. In this sense off is peculiarly idiomatic, well off, for example, meaning literally ‘fully out,’ namely, of hindering conditions; hence, ‘well-conditioned’: as, he is well off; they found themselves worse off than before.
    • n off Same as offing.
    • n off In cricket, that part of the field to the bowler's left.
    • off Away! depart! begone!
    • off Nautical, to move off shore; steer from the land: said of a ship, and used only in the present participle: as, the vessel was offing at the time the accident happened.
    • off An abbreviation. See Of.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Flies jump backwards when they take off.
    • adv Off of from: away from: on the opposite side of a question
    • adj Off most distant: on the opposite or farther side: on the side of a cricket-field right of the wicket-keeper and left of the bowler: not devoted to usual business, as an Off day
    • prep Off not on
    • interj Off away! depart!—adj. and adv. Off′-and-on′, occasional
    • adj Off without study: impromptu: free and easy
    • v.t Off (in accounts) to place against as an equivalent
    • adj Off from the shore
    • ***

Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Those who do not read are no better off than those who cannot read.”
  • Clarence Day
    Clarence Day
    “You can't sweep other people off their feet, if you can't be swept off your own.”
  • Seneca
    Seneca
    “See how many are better off than you are, but consider how many are worse.”
  • John Milton
    John%20Milton
    “Our country is where ever we are well off.”
  • Punch
    Punch
    “No one knows when they are well off.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “It is well to be happy and wise and well to be honest and true; it is well to be off with the old love, before you are on with the new.”

Idioms

A slice off a cut loaf is never missed - Used colloquially to describe having sexual intercourse with someone who is not a virgin, especially when they are in a relationship. The analogy refers to a loaf of bread; it is not readily apparent, once the end has been removed, exactly how many slices have been taken.('You never miss a slice from a cut loaf' is also used.)
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All bets are off - (USA) If all bets are off, then agreements that have been made no longer apply.
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Bite off more than you can chew - If you bite off more than you can chew, you take on more responsibilities than you can manage. 'Don't bite off more than you can chew' is often used to advise people against agreeing to more than they can handle.
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Bite someone's head off - If you bite someone's head off, you criticise them angrily.
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Blow off steam - (USA) If you blow off steam, you express your anger or frustration.
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Bounce off the walls - If someone's bouncing off the walls, they are very excited about something.
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Browned off - To be tired of or fed up with
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Call the dogs off - If someone calls off their dogs, they stop attacking or criticising someone.
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Chip off the old block - If someone is a chip off the old block, they closely resemble one or both of the parents in character.
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Cut off your nose to spite your face - If you cut off your nose to spite your face, you do something rash or silly that ends up making things worse for you, often because you are angry or upset.
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Easy as falling off a log - Something very easy or simple to do is as easy as falling off a log.
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Fall off the back of a lorry - (UK) If someone tries to sell you something that has fallen of the back of a lorry, they are trying to sell you stolen goods.
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Fall off the turnip truck - (USA) If someone has just fallen off the turnip truck, they are uninformed, naive and gullible. (Often used in the negative)
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Fall off the wagon - If someone falls off the wagon, they start drinking after having given up completely for a time.
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Fly off the handle - If someone flies off the handle, they get very angry.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. of, orig. the same word as R. of, prep., AS. of, adv. & prep. √194. See Of

Usage

In literature:

He turned off the set and got up and brushed himself off.
"The Pirates of Ersatz" by Murray Leinster
The schooner having discharged her cargo, we again sailed, steering our course for the mouth of the Saint John River, twenty miles off.
"In the Wilds of Florida" by W.H.G. Kingston
Another tack and you will have the wind off the shore; that is only a flaw.
"The Three Commanders" by W.H.G. Kingston
On the evening of the 28th the ships anchored off Komango, and the next morning canoes came off with all sorts of provisions.
"Captain Cook" by W.H.G. Kingston
Once he and others had been letting off fireworks of their own manufacture in a remote corner of the playground.
"The Three Midshipmen" by W.H.G. Kingston
Catherine is so stand-off.
"Robert Elsmere" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
Page threw me off the club raft, when I asked him to.
"The Cricket" by Marjorie Cooke
And Rose's fancy was to part it very much on one side, and brush it back in a curl off his forehead.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
I got off once, but if I give them the least excuse again they may send me off to the frontier.
"Condemned as a Nihilist" by George Alfred Henty
You call off your dog and I'll call off mine.
"Jim Spurling, Fisherman" by Albert Walter Tolman
Ain't you off your run some?
"Crooked Trails and Straight" by William MacLeod Raine
Halstead and Addison have been displaying their ingenuity out there, to frighten them off.
"When Life Was Young" by C. A. Stephens
Or for her mother who married again and went off without a good-bye?
"Jewish Children" by Sholem Naumovich Rabinovich
In fact, I've been off trying to borrow a team of horses; one of mine went lame.
"Otherwise Phyllis" by Meredith Nicholson
My brother run off when dey got atter him.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
In scraping off the deposit, care should be taken not to scrape off any lead from terminals or connectors.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
Suppose you could turn off nature's laws in the way that you can turn off electric lights.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
I shut off Moa's Erentz motors, unfastened her helmet, raised it off.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
Switching off the light, we lay down and awaited events.
"How I Filmed the War" by Lieut. Geoffrey H. Malins
I was very glad to get off; but was not to be let off so easy.
"My Secret Life, Volumes I. to III." by Anonymous
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In poetry:

Sweeney Todd, the Barber
Ba Goom, he were better than a play,
Sweeney Todd, the Barber
'I'll polish him off!' he used to say.
"Sweeney Todd, The Barber" by Weston and Lee
Among the saints that fill thine house
My off'rings shall be paid;
There shall my zeal perform the vows
My soul in anguish made.
"Psalm 116 part 2" by Isaac Watts
By this, the torches was played out,
And me and Isrul Parr
Went off for some wood to a sheepfold
That he said was somewhar thar.
"Little Breeches" by John Hay
The riders come off fast and thick
When horses start this Yankee trick.
But with the cowboys of the West
The horses come off second best.
"Bucking" by Mary Tourtel
Ah me! that cruel far off land of gold,
That lured him off beyond the ocean foam,
To roam a stranger among strangers cold--
His blank life only cheered by news from home.
"Alas, My Brother!" by Nora Pembroke
The Perse owt off Northombarlonde,
And a vowe to God mayd he
That he wold hunte in the mowntayns
Off Chyviat within days thre,
In the magger of doughte Dogles,
And all that ever with him be.
"Chevy-Chase" by Anonymous British

In news:

Former Employee of Rockland Co. Of Mental Health Takes Off Pants, Lets Go of Rope, After Dangling Off Tappan Zee Bridge .
Tee off for charity at Tee Off for TEEM .
No one expects you to happily spring out of bed every weekday and run off to work, but if you dread going to the office every time your alarm goes off, it's time to make a change.
Marine Biologists Find Surprising Underwater Turf-War off SF Coast Scientists say an unusual turf war is turning violent in the waters off San Francisco.
Mischa Barton Strips Off To Her Leopard-Print Undies On Film Set Mischa Barton strips off, wearing leopard-print underwear on the set of a video shoot in Los Angeles.
Madonna kicked off her MDNA World Tour on Thursday, taking the stage in Tel Aviv where she showed off some massive, veiny muscles – and RadarOnline.com has the shocking photos.
Decovin Coleman, 10, uses steam off a pipe from an oil refinery to clean mud off of his sneakers in Port Arthur, Texas on May 15th.
Ryan Zimmerman celebrates after scoring the walk off run off of a more.
Tense times on the high seas as US and Soviet fleets faced off but the backed off.
The traditional Baja 1000 off-road races takes off Thursday from Ensenada.
After enjoying a week off following their championship run in the Puerto Rico Tip-Off tournament, the 20th -ranked Oklahoma State Cowboys play host to the Portland State Vikings in a non- conference bout on Sunday afternoon.
OXFORD – The honorable Oxford Village Mayor, Terry Stark, will be dusting off his top hat for one of Oxford's grandest events of the year, the holiday season kick-off.
I have been in an on-again/off-again relationship with a man for 16 years — more on than off.
C orina Tarnita shrugged off her undergraduate mentor's advice to take a year off before starting grad school in 2006.
The annual Bayou Bash gets kicked off tonight at 6:30 at the school's gym located just off the West Loop.
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In science:

One is the ‘off ’ state, where the variable remain approximately a constant, and the other is the ‘on’ state, where the variable temporarily burst out of the off state.
Mechanism of synchronization in a random dynamical system
Since a gluon is emitted either off the quark or off the antiquark we have already done the basic emission amplitude, and it is given in (8).
Parton Saturation-An Overview
The algebra required for the off-shell terms is relatively tedious, as reflected by the off-shell calculation typically requiring several hundred times more computer time.
How Time Works in Quantum Systems: Overview of time ordering and time correlation in weakly perturbed atomic collisions and in strongly perturbed qubits
Observe cut-off – Many Markov chains exhibit the so called ”cut-off effect”.
Efficient Generation of Generic Entanglement
What is more striking is that in a nonsupersymmetric theory the Lorentz violating Π2 term also tends to zero as ˜k2/α′ below the IR cut-off, reminiscent of the field theory behaviour with the naive Schwinger cut-off.
Noncommutativity from the string perspective: modification of gravity at a mm without mm sized extra dimensions
In this section, we use the off-diagonal asymptotics for ΠN (x, y ) from [SZ2] to provide the off-diagonal estimates for the normalized Szeg˝o kernel PN (z , w) that we need for our variance formulas.
Number variance of random zeros on complex manifolds
A.3 Off-shell formula for Hη It is often useful to have an off-shell formula for Hη , for example, for the computation of Poisson brackets with interesting gauge dependent quantities.
Asymptotic generators of fermionic charges and boundary conditions preserving supersymmetry
If a family presents an optimal (tn , bn ) total variation cut-off and also a (sn , cn ) total variation cut-off, then tn ∼ sn and bn = O(cn ).
The cutoff phenomenon for randomized riffle shuffles
In words, if (tn , bn ) is an optimal cut-off then there are no cut-offs with a window significantly smaller than bn .
The cutoff phenomenon for randomized riffle shuffles
When these conditions are not met, the trade-off is still unknown in general, though a trade-off of the two-dimensional hybrid random walk model with slow mobiles has been established under an assumption regarding packet replication in .
Optimal Delay-Throughput Trade-offs in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks: Hybrid Random Walk and One-Dimensional Mobility Models
For a given sequence x1:∞ we say that xt is on-sequence and ¯xt 6= xt is off-sequence. x′t may be on- or off-sequence.
On Semimeasures Predicting Martin-Loef Random Sequences
Using the structure of the DFS, entanglement generation may also be switched on an off dynamically, without turning off the measurement interaction (an important factor in many solid state qubits).
Weak measurement and control of entanglement generation
In [SZ4], we used the off-diagonal asymptotics for ΠN from [SZ2] to provide the off-diagonal estimates given below for the normalized Szeg˝o kernel PN .
Number variance of random zeros on complex manifolds, II: smooth statistics
Cut-off regularization The simplest choice is cut-off regularization, i.e. defining the contour C not at r = r0 , but at r = r0(1 + ǫ) = r0 + Λ (the IR D-brane on which we define the scattering amplitude is situated a bit away from the horizon).
Gluon scattering in ${\cal N}=4$ Super Yang-Mills at finite temperature
The cut-off regularization involves integrating only up to r0 + Λ = r0(1 + ǫ) in the gravity dual, and corresponds in field theory to straightforward IR cut-off regularization.
Gluon scattering in ${\cal N}=4$ Super Yang-Mills at finite temperature
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