oblate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj oblate having the equatorial diameter greater than the polar diameter; being flattened at the poles
    • n oblate a lay person dedicated to religious work or the religious life
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Oblate (Geom) Flattened or depressed at the poles; as, the earth is an oblate spheroid.
    • Oblate Offered up; devoted; consecrated; dedicated; -- used chiefly or only in the titles of Roman Catholic orders. See Oblate n.
    • n Oblate (R. C. Ch) One of an association of priests or religious women who have offered themselves to the service of the church. There are three such associations of priests, and one of women, called oblates.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • oblate To offer; present; propose.
    • oblate To offer as an oblation; devote to the service of God or of the church.
    • n oblate In the Roman Catholic Church, a secular person devoted to a monastery, but not under its vows. Specifically — One who devoted himself, his dependents, and estates to the service of some monastery into which he was admitted as a kind of lay brother.
    • n oblate A child dedicated by his or her parents to a monastic life, and therefore held in monastic discipline and domicile.
    • n oblate One who assumed the cowl in immediate anticipation of death.
    • n oblate One of a congregation of secular priests who do not bind themselves by monastic vows. The congregation of the Oblates of St. Charles or Oblates of the Blessed Virgin and St. Ambrose was founded in the diocese of Milan in the sixteenth century by St. Charles Borromeo; that of the Oblates of Italy was founded at Turin in 1816; and that of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, founded in the south of France in 1815, was brought into the United States in 1848.
    • n oblate One of a community of women engaged in religious and charitable work. Such communities are the oblates founded by St. Francesca of Rome about 1433, and the Oblate Sisters of Providence, a sisterhood of colored women founded at Baltimore in 1825 for the education and the amelioration of the condition of colored women.
    • n oblate Eccles., a loaf of unconsecrated bread prepared for use at the celebration of the eucharist; altar-bread. From the earliest times of which we have distinct information, oblates have been circular in form, of moderate thickness, and marked with a cross or crosses. In the Western Church they are unleavened, much reduced in size, and commonly known as wafers, or, especially after consecration, as hosts. In the Anglican Church the use of leavened bread in loaves of ordinary size and form was permitted at the Reformation, and became the prevalent though not exclusive use. The Greek Church uses a circular oblate of leavened bread, in the center of which is a square projection called the Holy Lamb. This projecting part alone is consecrated, and the remainder serves for the antidoron.
    • oblate In geometry, flattened at the poles: said of a figure generated by the revolution of an ellipse about its minor axis: as, the earth is an oblate spheroid. See prolate.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Oblate ob-lāt′ a secular person devoted to a monastery, but not under its vows, esp. one of the Oblate Fathers or Oblate Sisters: one dedicated to a religious order from childhood, or who takes the cowl in anticipation of death: a loaf of altar-bread before its consecration
    • adj Oblate ob-lāt′ flattened at opposite sides or poles: shaped like an orange
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. oblatus, used as p. p. of offerre, to bring forward, offer, dedicate; ob,see Ob-) + latus, borne, for tlatus,. See Tolerate
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. oblatus, pa.p. of offerre, to offer—ob, against, ferre, to bring.

Usage

In literature:

The Canada Pumpkin is of an oblate form, inclining to conic; and is deeply and regularly ribbed.
"The Field and Garden Vegetables of America" by Fearing Burr
There were oblations also of fruits of the earth, in connection with the sacrifice.
"Historical Sketches, Volume I (of 3)" by John Henry Newman
Proud oblations, thou Queen of nations!
"The Liberty Minstrel" by George W. Clark
It is a vain oblation.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Volume 11, No. 24, March, 1873" by Various
Keep here still, Closet-Gods, 'fore whom I've set Oblations oft of sweetest marmelet.
"The Hesperides & Noble Numbers: Vol. 1 and 2" by Robert Herrick
The vow was made frequently not merely to offer sacrifice, but by the offering of oblation.
"The Ordinance of Covenanting" by John Cunningham
The oblations at the tomb of Edward II.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Gloucester [2nd ed.]" by H. J. L. J. Massé
Cook was once present at one of these detestable oblations, and describes it circumstantially.
"A New Voyage Round the World in the Years 1823, 24, 25, and 26. Vol. 1" by Otto von Kotzebue
The form of our globe, which is that of an oblate spheroid with an ellipticity of about 1/299.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
For any other figure, such as an oblate spheroid, this is not exactly true.
"Pioneers of Science" by Oliver Lodge
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In poetry:

Yet thy favour
May give savour
To this poor oblation;
And it raise To be thy praise,
And be my salvation.
"An Offering" by George Herbert
“I quite realized,” said Columbus
“That the earth was not a rhombus,
But I am a little annoyed
To find it an oblate spheroid.”
"Clerihew – Columbus" by Edmund Clerihew Bentley
I know, I breed just a fable –
At least, trust to fables, — but you?…
Like needless oblations, in alleys,
Leaves fall in the mournful hue.
"The Autumnal Romance" by Innokentii Fedorovich Annensky
Make an oblation of thyself entire
To God — thy body, as a victim meet —
Then offer up thy soul unto thy Sire,
To make the sacrifice still more complete.
"Advice To Serve God" by Rees Prichard
Vainly we offer each ample oblation;
Vainly with gifts would His favour secure:
Richer by far is the heart's adoration;
Dearer to God are the prayers of the poor.
"Hymn 8. Epiphany" by Reginald Heber
Beneath whose baleful shadow, overcasting
All heaven above, and blighting earth below,
The scourge grew red, the lip grew pale with fasting,
And man's oblation was his fear and woe!
"Worship" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

The Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate.
Oblation print shop and the Pearl District are part of the town's charms.
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In science:

The random ensemble of CQF Hamiltonians covers the interior part of the kite: 50% for the spherical shape, and 25% each for the prolate and oblate deformed shapes.
How random are random nuclei? Shapes, triangles and kites
Dissipation increases the oblateness but leaves the flattening unchanged (Dubinski 1994).
On the Spiral Structure of NGC 2915 and Dark Matter
The absence of a third order term in the Taylor expansion of the Maclaurin function leads to further simple but very accurate analytical results connecting the three observables: oblateness (ǫ), gravitational quadrupole (J2 ), and angular velocity parameter (q).
The physics of rotational flattening and the point core model
Then, in 1967, measurements of the solar oblateness were published and according to these it was much larger than the Sun’s surface angular velocity would explain.
The physics of rotational flattening and the point core model
This is sometimes also called the (geometric) oblateness or the flattening (denoted f ).
The physics of rotational flattening and the point core model
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