nitrile

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n nitrile any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Nitrile (Chem) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical (-CN); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid, with the elimination of the nitrogen as ammonia.☞ The nitriles are named with reference to the acids produced by their decomposition, thus, hydrocyanic acid is formic nitrile, methyl cyanide is acetonitrilealso acetic nitrile), and ethyl cyanide is propionitrilefrom propionic acid).
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n nitrile In organic chemistry, the class-name of compounds which contain the univalent radical -C: N. They are prepared by the action of alkyl haloids on potassium cyanide and, in some cases, by the dehydration of organic ammonium salts into which they are reconverted by the action of acids or alkalies. They are also called acid nitriles or alkyl cyanides. Occasionally tertiary amines (R3N) are called nitrile bases.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See Nitro-

Usage

In literature:

Thus in the normal fatty alcohols, acids, esters, nitriles and ketones, the increment per CH2 is 19 deg.-21 deg.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
This process is the exact reverse of the nitrile synthesis, described above.
"The Chemistry of Plant Life" by Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
Return now to the point c. At this point there exists the invariant system solid nitrile, two liquid phases, vapour.
"The Phase Rule and Its Applications" by Alexander Findlay
In the presence of sulphuric acid it condenses with nitriles to oxazoles (q.v.).
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 6" by Various
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In news:

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Magid ROC GP630 fully nitrile- coated gloves have a black NitriX Grip Technology palm coating.
The ROC GP630 fully-nitrile- coated gloves are made of nylon and have a unique two-layer coating.
Nylobrade push-on hose is a combination of nitrile rubber and PVC reinforced with polyester braid.
The replaceable duck bill sleeves are also available in neoprene or white nitrile, making the unit suitable for general use, high-temperature, or abrasive material applications.
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