nip

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v nip give a small sharp bite to "The Queen's corgis always nip at her staff's ankles"
    • v nip sever or remove by pinching or snipping "nip off the flowers"
    • v nip squeeze tightly between the fingers "He pinched her behind","She squeezed the bottle"
    • n nip a small sharp bite or snip
    • n nip a tart spicy quality
    • n nip the property of being moderately cold "the chilliness of early morning"
    • n nip the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth
    • n Nip (offensive slang) offensive term for a person of Japanese descent
    • n nip a small drink of liquor "he poured a shot of whiskey"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The smallest of American owls, the elf owl, often nests in the Gila woodpecker’s cactus hole after the woodpecker leaves. The owl measures barely 6 inches tall. It specializes in catching scorpions, seizing each by the tail and nipping off its stinger. It then swallows the scorpion’s body, pincers and all.
    • Nip A biting sarcasm; a taunt.
    • Nip A blast; a killing of the ends of plants by frost.
    • Nip A pinch with the nails or teeth.
    • Nip A seizing or closing in upon; a pinching; as, in the northern seas, the nip of masses of ice.
    • Nip (Naut) A short turn in a rope.
    • n Nip A sip or small draught; esp., a draught of intoxicating liquor; a dram.
    • Nip A small cut, or a cutting off the end.
    • Nip Hence: To blast, as by frost; to check the growth or vigor of; to destroy.
    • Nip To catch and inclose or compress tightly between two surfaces, or points which are brought together or closed; to pinch; to close in upon. "May this hard earth cleave to the Nadir hell,
      Down, down, and close again, and nip me flat,
      If I be such a traitress."
    • Nip To remove by pinching, biting, or cutting with two meeting edges of anything; to clip. "The small shoots . . . must be nipped off."
    • Nip To vex or pain, as by nipping; hence, to taunt. "And sharp remorse his heart did prick and nip ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • nip To press sharply and tightly between two surfaces or points, as of the fingers; pinch.
    • nip Figuratively, to press closely upon; affect; concern.
    • nip To sever or break the edge or end of by pinching; pinch (off) with the ends of the fingers or with pincers or nippers: with off.
    • nip To blast, as by frost; destroy; check the growth or vigor of.
    • nip To affect with a sharp tingling sensation; benumb.
    • nip To bite; sting.
    • nip To satirize keenly; taunt sarcastically; vex.
    • nip To steal, pilfer; purloin.
    • nip To snatch up hastily.
    • nip to tie or secure a cable with nippers to the messenger.
    • n nip The act of compressing between two opposing surfaces or points, as in seizing and compressing a bit of the skin between the fingers; a pinch.
    • n nip A closing in of ice about a vessel so as to press upon or crush her.
    • n nip A pinch which severs or removes a part; a snipping, biting, or pinching off.
    • n nip A small bit of anything; as much as may be nipped off by the finger and thumb.
    • n nip A check to growth from a sudden blasting or attack from frost or cold; a sharp frost-bite which kills the tips or ends of a plant or leaf.
    • n nip A biting sarcasm; a taunt.
    • n nip A thief; a pickpocket.
    • n nip In coal-mining, a thinning of a bed of coal by a gradual depression of the roof, so that the seam sometimes almost entirely disappears for a certain distance, while the beds above and below are only slightly, or not at all, affected in a similar maimer. Also called a want.
    • n nip Naut.:
    • n nip A short turn in a rope.
    • n nip The part of a rope at the place bound by a seizing or caught by jamming.
    • n nip In the wool-Combing machine, a mechanism the action of which is closely analogous to that of the human hand in grasping. Its function is to draw the wool in bunches from the fallers and present it to the comb.
    • nip To take a dram or nip. See nip, n.
    • n nip A sip or small draught, especially of some strong spirituous beverage: as, a, nip of brandy.
    • n nip A short steep ascent.
    • n nip A hill or mountain.
    • n nip A turnip.
    • n nip Mist; darkness. This appears to be the sense in the following passage; Skeat takes it as a particular use of nip, ‘piercing or biting cold,’ with a secondary choice for the explanation ‘a hill or peak.’ See nip.
    • nip In cricket:
    • nip To catch neatly: said of a fielder.
    • nip To break sharply: said of a bowled ball.
    • n nip The place of contact between two cylinders, rollers, or bowls.
    • n nip To take a new hold; refresh the memory.
    • n nip A low cliff cut in the border of land near the sea.
    • nip To cut a low cliff in (the border of the land) by wave action.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Nip nip a sip, esp. of spirits—also Nip′per (U.S.)
    • v.i Nip to take a dram
    • v.t Nip nip to pinch: to press between two surfaces: to cut off the edge: to check the growth or vigour of: to destroy: to bite, sting, satirise
    • pr.p Nip nip′ping; pa.t. and pa.p. nipped
    • n Nip a pinch: a seizing or closing in upon: a cutting off the end: a blast: destruction by frost: :
    • v.t Nip to seize (two ropes) together
    • n Nip (min.) a more or less gradual thinning out of a stratum
    • n Nip (naut.) a short turn in a rope, the part of a rope at the place bound by the seizing or caught by jambing
    • ***

Idioms

Nip and tuck - A close contest where neither opponent seems to be gaining the advantage.
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Nip at the bit - If someone is nipping at the bit, they are anxious to get something done and don't want to wait.
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Nip it in the bud - If you nip something in the bud, you deal with a problem when it is still small, before it can grow into something serious.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. nipen,; cf. D. niipen, to pinch, also knippen, to nip, clip, pinch, snap, knijpen, to pinch, LG. knipen, G. kneipen, kneifen, to pinch, cut off, nip, Lith. knebti,

Usage

In literature:

Some portion of it has already gone back, I understand, to Number Nip.
"Lothair" by Benjamin Disraeli
I endeavoured to staunch the deadly flow by nipping the vein between my thumb and forefinger, whilst Voigtman hastily tried to tie it.
"Diary of a U-Boat Commander" by Anonymous
I got out the rum jar and gave each a nip and passed around some fags, the old reliable Woodbines.
"Over The Top" by Arthur Guy Empey
The fresh, nipping air blew on the girl's heated temples and swollen eyes.
"The History of David Grieve" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
The frost nipped sharply of nights.
"The Virginians" by William Makepeace Thackeray
I gave the people their Saturday's night, and went into the cabin to freshen the nip, myself.
"Ned Myers" by James Fenimore Cooper
It may be that your par's nip is extremely small, while JOHN SMITH'S par's nip is very large.
"Punchinello, Vol. 1, No. 18, July 30, 1870" by Various
After a little he came nearer, nosed in between two of them, and was nipped for his intrusion.
"Kazan" by James Oliver Curwood
You observe our position, Captain Gar'ner; there is every prospect of a most awful nip!
"The Sea Lions" by James Fenimore Cooper
A motor-boat nips on ahead, trailing a rope.
"Right Ho, Jeeves" by P. G. Wodehouse
A part of our gang was rigged up like Indians, and they nipped him all right.
"Frank Merriwell at Yale" by Burt L. Standish
November followed, with its nipping frost, and all St. George's merry green fields turned brown and purple-gray.
"Master Skylark" by John Bennett
The air was cold and nipping and frost shone on grass and sage.
"Tales of lonely trails" by Zane Grey
So we all took a nip and tightened up our belts.
"A Yankee in the Trenches" by R. Derby Holmes
With a nip on his tail e'en a Bull wouldn't fail To bounce round a bit, and to bellow.
"Punch, Or The London Charivari, Vol. 100, April 4, 1891" by Various
A fair flower, and early nipped.
"The Lancashire Witches" by William Harrison Ainsworth
It always does mine when I get nipped.
"The Honorable Miss" by L. T. Meade
When I come back you'll probably have mandibles, and you'll greet me with a nip, in pure Bugese.
"Slippy McGee, Sometimes Known as the Butterfly Man" by Marie Conway Oemler
Mr. Nip is a nice polly.
"The Curlytops and Their Pets" by Howard R. Garis
He nipped two of our men, he did, and I been chasing him ever since, lads.
"The Pirate Shark" by Elliott Whitney
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In poetry:

Albatrosses, so say some,
Find great benefit in rum,
And, in gratitude for nips,
Bring fair winds to troubled ships.
"The Alcoholic Albatross" by C J Dennis
Some place where feeble things,
For Life’s long war too weak,
Young birds with unfledged wings,
Buds nipped by storm-winds bleak,
"The Dead Child" by Victor James Daley
While winter comes and goes—oh tedious comer!—
And while its nip-wind blows;
While bloom the bloodless lily and warm rose
Of lavish summer.
"Memory" by Christina Georgina Rossetti
Living hearts have scantly time
To feel some other heart most dear,
Scarce can love the love sublime
Unselfishly sincere,--
Death nips it in its prime!
"The Riddle Head" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
And I know that the years are the slow sure frost
That will nip with a bitter breath
The sweet green buds, till their bloom be lost
In a shadow like that of death.
"The Autumn Walk" by Alexander Anderson
The rain has drench'd thee, all night long;
The nipping frost thy bosom froze;
And still, the yewtree-shades among,
I heard thee sigh thy artless woes;
I heard thee, till the day-star shone
In darkness weep—and weep alone!
"All Alone" by Mary Darby Robinson

In news:

An insurance fraud scheme was nipped in the bud with the indictment of an agent who wrote false claims.
Nipping burglary in the bud.
It's a Bird Nips Jonesboro in Lone Star 'Cap.
Nipped, Tucked-Bon Jour , Lefty Couture.
There is an autumn nip in the air today.
Losing streak over as Gamecocks nip Dawgs.
Fairmont nips Marshall by 3.
Lindgren nips Glenn in Modified main at Roseville speedway.
Rich Lindgren made a charge on the 40th and final lap to nip Gary Glenn by.096 of a second in the Modified main event Saturday night at All American Speedway.
Losing streak over as Gamecocks nip Dawgs.
Trojans nip Warriors to stay perfect.
Nicki Minaj NIP SLIP Live On BET's 106 & Park.
Easton's Peace Candle gets nip and tuck.
American Idol's Nicki Minaj Suffers Nip Slip on Live TV.
Marywood uses strong second half to nip Clarkson.
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In science:

As a consequence we conclude that in an NIP theory types over finite sets are uniformly definable (UDTFS).
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
In the next section we consider an implication of the (p, k)-theorem for forking in NIP theories.
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
However nfcp implies stability, so one has to come up with some generalization of it that is useful in unstable NIP theories.
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
On the one hand, we complement the result in [CS10] by showing that naming a small indiscernible sequence of arbitrary order type is bounded and preserves NIP.
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
Can anything be said on the positive side? Pillay [Pil11] had established: let M be NIP, A ⊆ M be definable with rosy induced structure.
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
We also remark that in NIP theories, there are arbitrary large models with “few” types over them (i.e. such that |S(M)| ≤ |M||T | ).
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
Recall that a formula φ(x, y) is NIP if there are no (at )t∈ω and (bs )s⊆ω such that φ(at , bs ) ⇔ t ∈ s.
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
It was observed early on by Laskowski that φ(x, y) is NIP if and only if it has finite VC dimension, if and only if it has finite VC co-dimension [Las92].
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
Fact 3. [Shelah/Sauer] The fol lowing are equivalent: (1) φ(x, y) is NIP. (2) There are k, d ∈ ω such that for al l finite A, |Sφ (A)| ≤ d · |A|k .
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
We recall the following result about existence of honest definitions for externally definable sets in NIP theories established in [CS10].
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
Fact 8. [Honest definition] Let T be NIP and let M be a model of T and A ⊆ M any subset.
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
Comparing Fact 12 and Fact 3 naturally leads to the following conjecture of Laskowski: assume that φ(x, y) is NIP, then it satisfies UDTFS.
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
An immediate corollary of Theorem 11 is that if the whole T is NIP, then every formula satisfies UDTFS.
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
The previous example shows that the same result cannot hold in a general NIP theory.
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
However, a general sufficient condition for the boundedness of an expansion by a predicate for NIP theories is missing.
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
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