neutralization

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n neutralization action intended to nullify the effects of some previous action
    • n neutralization action intended to keep a country politically neutral or exclude it from a possible war "the neutralization of Belgium"
    • n neutralization (euphemism) the removal of a threat by killing or destroying it (especially in a covert operation or military operation)
    • n neutralization a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base interact with the formation of a salt; with strong acids and bases the essential reaction is the combination of hydrogen ions with hydroxyl ions to form water
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Capsaicin, which makes hot peppers "hot" to the human mouth, is best neutralized by casein, the main protein found in milk.
    • Neutralization (Chem) The act or process by which an acid and a base are combined in such proportions that the resulting compound is neutral. See Neutral a., 4.
    • Neutralization The act or process of neutralizing, or the state of being neutralized.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Running cold water over the onion and the knife will keep you from crying when you cut it, because water neutralizes the chemical that makes you cry.
    • n neutralization The act of neutralizing; specifically, in chem., the process by which an acid and a base are so combined that the resulting compound has neither acid nor basic properties. Thus, if a solution of sodium hydrate is carefully added to sulphuric acid, the acidity of the mixture grows less and at length quite disappears, leaving the mixture with neither acid nor basic properties. This is the neutralization point. If more sodium hydrate is added, it imparts a basic or alkaline property to the mixture. Neutralization can then be brought about only by addition of an acid. In these cases the acid and base are said to neutralize each other. The name neutralization is also given to the decomposition of alkaline carbonates by the addition of some stronger acid in quantity just sufficient wholly to displace carbonic acid.
    • n neutralization An act of one or more nations imposing upon one of their number or upon another state a condition of permanent neutrality by ordaining that it shall not take part in any war into which the others may enter, in consideration for which its freedom from attack is usually guaranteed, as in the case of Switzerland in 1815, and Belgium since its separation from the Netherlands in 1830.
    • n neutralization An act of military powers agreeing that certain persons, property, and places, such as surgeons, chaplains, and the wounded, medical supplies, hospitals, and ambulances, shall be deemed neutral in war, and not subject to capture, etc., as was agreed by the Geneva Convention, 1864.
    • n neutralization More loosely, the act of securing by convention immunity for certain territory or waters from being made the scene of hostilities or of exclusive national maritime jurisdiction, as for the Black Sea, 1856, and for the Congo in Central Africa, 1885.
    • n neutralization The condition of immunity and restriction resulting from any of such acts. Also spelled neutralisation.
    • n neutralization In motor-racing, the act of neutralizing or rendering neutral. See neutralize, 4.
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Quotations

  • David Puttnam
    David Puttnam
    “My belief is that no movie, nothing in life, leaves people neutral. You either leave them up or you leave them down.”
  • William James
    William%20James
    “Our esteem for facts has not neutralized in us all religiousness. It is itself almost religious. Our scientific temper is devout.”
  • William O. Douglas
    William%20O.%20Douglas
    “The constitution is not neutral. It was designed to take the government off the backs of people.”
  • Alexander Hamilton
    Alexander%20Hamilton
    “Even to observe neutrality you must have a strong government.”
  • King Jr. Martin Luther
    King%20Jr.%20Martin%20Luther
    “The hottest place in Hell is reserved for those who remain neutral in times of great moral conflict.”
  • Booker T. Washington
    Booker%20T.%20Washington
    “There is no power on earth that can neutralize the influence of a high, simple and useful life.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. neutralisation,

Usage

In literature:

Speculators ought to be neutral.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. IV. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
Previously a neutral in Germany could be either pro-German, pro-Ally or neutral.
"Germany, The Next Republic?" by Carl W. Ackerman
His own cowardice and treachery neutralized the hope, and Charles Albert, abject in his disgrace, took a retrograde ministry.
"At Home And Abroad" by Margaret Fuller Ossoli
Even on the 31st of July Grey had spoken of the violation of Belgian neutrality as not a decisive factor.
"New York Times Current History: The European War from the Beginning to March 1915, Vol 1, No. 2" by Various
Suppose the Projectile to possess velocity enough to pass the neutral point.
"All Around the Moon" by Jules Verne
This liquid neutralizes the too abundant acids present in a weak system and so quiets and tones the stomach.
"General Science" by Bertha M. Clark
August 4, it sent an ultimatum to Germany demanding that the neutrality of Belgium be respected.
"History of the American Negro in the Great World War" by W. Allison Sweeney
The neutrals speculated on the attitude of Canada.
"Private Peat" by Harold R. Peat
The working crew of the ship was composed of Spaniards and other neutrals, including a Greek and a Chilian.
"Five Months on a German Raider" by Frederic George Trayes
Our nation being like his, habitually neutral, our interests as to neutral rights, and our sentiments, agree.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
From first to last, until the Armed Neutrality again dissolved, though there was hard fighting, there was not formal war.
"The Life of Nelson, Vol. II. (of 2)" by A. T. (Alfred Thayer) Mahan
But Germany has violated the neutrality of Belgium.
"The Life and Letters of Walter H. Page, Volume I" by Burton J. Hendrick
The one neutral from which trouble was anticipated was the United States.
"The Life and Letters of Walter H. Page, Volume II" by Burton J. Hendrick
Similar treaties guaranteed the neutrality of Luxemburg, a small country east of Belgium.
"A School History of the Great War" by Albert E. McKinley, Charles A. Coulomb, and Armand J. Gerson
The United States must be neutral in fact as well as in name during these days that are to try men's souls.
"President Wilson's Addresses" by Woodrow Wilson
They're going over to the neutral.
"Sea Warfare" by Rudyard Kipling
He said that he had endeavored to determine what a neutral meridian is.
"International Conference Held at Washington for the Purpose of Fixing a Prime Meridian and a Universal Day. October, 1884." by Various
The contents of his despatches are not public, but all hopes of assistance from the armed neutrality seem to be dissipated.
"The Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution (Volume VI)" by Various
The friendly disposition of the inhabitants was apparent, while the Indians were overawed into a neutral position.
"The Second War with England, Vol. 1 of 2" by Joel Tyler Headley
It's a comfort to be a neutral.
"Sylvia & Michael" by Compton Mackenzie
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In poetry:

Yet living here,
As one between two massive powers I live
Whom neutrality cannot save
Nor occupation cheer.
"The Conflict" by Cecil Day Lewis
Their perfumes speak of gladness,
Their colors of delight,
They neutralize dull sadness,
Turn darkness into light.
"The Unwritten Letter" by Jared Barhite
The day recedes, and twilight's neutral shade
Succeeds in turn, and ushers in the night,
Whose wings, outstretched and shadowy, descend,
And in nocturnal mantle robes the scene.
"Grandeur." by Alfred Castner King
And the injured Prussian may
Not unreasonably say
"Why, it cannot be so small a nationality
Since Brixton and Batavia,
Bolivia and Belgravia,
Are bursting with the Belgian neutrality."
"The Latest School" by Gilbert Keith Chesterton
"They ask us, in their pride,
To idly stand aside,
To be false to our allies, and neutral in this war;
They think that Indian men
Will never think again
Of wrongs by Yengee spoilers, how false their treaties are.
"Tecumthe" by Nora Pembroke
"Let arts decay, let millions fall, aye, let freedom perish,
With all that in the western world men fain would love and cherish;
Let universal ruin there become a sad reality:
We cannot swerve, we must preserve our rigorous neutrality."
"England's Neutrality" by John Reuben Thompson

In news:

Whites, creams and neutrals walked the runway in almost every show.
New US Navy Carriers Opt for Gender-Neutral, Urinal-Free Bathrooms.
Have you put your car in neutral.
Finding the perfect neutral nail polish is deceptively difficult.
Shields, of course, doesn't offer any examples of how his comments were "twisted" by Fenske, although for all his careful neutrality, he still makes it clear whose side he's on.
Last week, the bureau's directors voted to oppose the Nov 6 ballot measure after initially taking a neutral position.
Marriott International Cut To Neutral From Buy By Lazard Capital >MAR.
TiVo Raised To Buy From Neutral By Lazard Capital >TIVO.
I call Markowitz for some wisdom of Solomon, but the Beep claimed to be neutral in the Battle of the Brooklyn Menorahs .
So this week marks a breakthrough in net neutrality.
Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) was downgraded by Citigroup (C) to neutral from buy following channel checks in Asia that were negative.
Neutralizing Noxious Odors at Singapore's Ulu Pandan Sewage Treatment Works.
Subsea 7 Raised To Neutral From Underperform By Credit Suisse.
ITV Raised To Neutral From Underperform By BofA-Merrill Lynch.
Eaton Vance Raised to Neutral From Underperform by BofA-Merrill Lynch >EV.
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In science:

In general, however, one can expect that the same phenotype can be realized by a variety of different genotypes, suggesting that there might be many mutations that are neutral or nearly neutral with respect to the fitness.
Biological Evolution and Statistical Physics
Within the neutral theory, fitness landscapes with many neutral directions are more realistic.
Biological Evolution and Statistical Physics
Second, there is no deficit of up-going neutral current events in a neutral current enriched sample of multi-ring events.
Tau2000 Conference Summary
The B-Factory and hadron collider experiments are also exploring a host of related issues, from precise measurements of mixing in the neutral B systems to rare, flavor-changing-neutral-current decays and CP violation without mixing in B decays.
Workshop Summary
The neutralino masses involve a similar mixing problem among four states, the superpartners of the neutral SU (2) and U (1) gauge bosons and the two neutral Higgs fields.
Linear Collider Physics Resource Book for Snowmass 2001 - Part 1: Introduction
Two neutral ones, h and H, are CP even, one neutral A is CP odd and two, H± , are charged.
e^+e^- Physics at LEP and a Future Linear Collider
There are four neutralinos, each of which is a linear combination of the R = −1 neutral fermions,52 : the wino ˜W 3 , the partner of the 3rd component of the SU (2)L gauge boson; the bino, ˜B , the partner of the U (1)Y gauge boson; and the two neutral Higgsinos, ˜H1 and ˜H2 .
Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, Implications of Recent CMB Data and Supersymmetric Dark Matter
In addition, the Higgs spectrum contains a heavier CP-even neutral Higgs boson (H ), a CP-odd neutral Higgs boson (A) and a charged Higgs pair (H ± ).
Executive Summary of the Snowmass 2001 Working Group (P1) ``Electroweak Symmetry Breaking''
This second class of experiments is based on the realization 19,20,21,22,23 that the sensitivity of CPT-symmetry tests using the neutral-kaon and neutral-B systemsc is reaching a level such that even small quantum-gravity-induced CPT violation might in principle be revealed.
Quantum-Gravity Phenomenology: Status and Prospects
Interface of Quantum and Gravitational Realms” c In addition to the neutral-kaon and neutral-B systems there has been recent discussion 24,25 of the possibility to use neutrino physics in the study of quantum-gravity-induced CPT violation.
Quantum-Gravity Phenomenology: Status and Prospects
Recently, the issue of complete positivity has been reconsidered in the context of neutral meson dynamics, where a typical experimental situation is that of an entangled, singlet-like, state ρ of two K or B neutral mesons propagating according to the factorized time-evolution Γt ⊗ Γt [18-21].
Complete positivity and entangled degrees of freedom
One has to bear in mind that the system of field induced vortices in a frustrated array should actually be described as a ≪ one-component plasma in a neutralizing background ≫ (OC P ) rather than the ≪neutral two-component plasma≫ (T C P ) of the thermally excited V-A system in an unfrustrated array.
Dynamics of two-dimensional Josephson junction arrays
For the neutral mesons, some bounds on standard-model extension parameters exist for the neutral K and D mesons, and results are anticipated for the neutral B system [8, 9, 10, 11].
Space-Based Searches for Lorentz and CPT Violation
There are four neutralinos, each of which is a linear combination of the R = −1 neutral fermions,3 : the wino ˜W 3 , the partner of the 3rd component of the SU (2)L gauge boson; the bino, ˜B , the partner of the U (1)Y gauge boson; and the two neutral Higgsinos, ˜H1 and ˜H2 .
Searching for Supersymmetric Dark Matter
The neutral fermionic superpartners are the Bino, the neutral Wino, and the two neutral Higgsinos.
Supersymmetry and the Linear Collider
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