negative electricity

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • negative electricity (Elec) the kind of electricity which is developed upon resin or ebonite when rubbed, or which appears at that pole of a voltaic battery which is connected with the plate most attacked by the exciting liquid; -- formerly called resinous electricity. Opposed to positive electricity. Formerly, according to Franklin's theory of a single electric fluid, negative electricity was supposed to be electricity in a degree below saturation, or the natural amount for a given body. See Electricity.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Negative electricity electricity with a relatively low potential, electricity such as is developed by rubbing resinous bodies with flannel, opposite to that obtained by rubbing glass
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. negativusnegāre, to deny.

Usage

In literature:

The MEDIUM must be the principle common to negative and positive electricity.
"The Alkahest" by Honore de Balzac
They are associated each with a unit of negative electricity.
"Darwin and Modern Science" by A.C. Seward and Others
Other days are negative and drain one of his electricity.
"Locusts and Wild Honey" by John Burroughs
Force must be the common principle of positive and negative electricity.
"The World's Greatest Books, Vol. I" by Various
Again, atoms are of different sorts, as positive or negative to electric currents.
"Recreations in Astronomy" by Henry Warren
The electrical state of the disease, in both of these forms, is negative in excess.
"A Newly Discovered System of Electrical Medication" by Daniel Clark
Or we can accept Professor Lodge's theory, that Aether is made up of positive and negative electricity.
"Aether and Gravitation" by William George Hooper
Negative charges of electricity, 198-200.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
He also made the grand discovery of a plus and minus, or of a positive and negative, state of electricity.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, v. 13" by Various
He also propounded the theory of positive and negative electricity.
"Benjamin Franklin, A Picture of the Struggles of Our Infant Nation One Hundred Years Ago" by John S. C. Abbott
His polarity had changed: his electricity was no longer negative, but positive.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Volume 20, September, 1877." by Various
The negative electricity becomes less as the positive prevails, although the clouds above are still dropping rain.
"The Philosophy of the Weather" by Thomas Belden Butler
But how can we account for the positive electricity of the smoke, and the negative electricity of the falling ashes?
"The Eruption of Vesuvius in 1872" by Luigi Palmieri
Dupay discovers positive and negative electricity, 8.
"Electricity and Magnetism" by Elisha Gray
Thomson's theory is that negative electricity is matter.
"The Universe a Vast Electric Organism" by George Woodward Warder
Just as matter is composed of invisible atoms, so also is negative electricity of an atomic nature.
"Autobiography of an Electron" by Charles R. (Charles Robert) Gibson
To ascertain whether the electricity is positive or negative, a stick of shellac or glass must be employed, as already described.
"A Treatise on Meteorological Instruments" by Henry Negretti
This electricity is always positive in clear weather and sometimes negative in cloudy.
"Reading the Weather" by Thomas Morris Longstreth
When the clouds are in a "negative" state of electricity.
"A Guide to the Scientific Knowledge of Things Familiar" by Ebenezer Cobham Brewer
They were like the two forms of electric matter, the positive and the negative, which modify each other.
"History of the Reformation in the Sixteenth Century (Volume 1)" by J. H. Merle D'Aubigné
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In news:

There is an inline fuse along the negative cable that is used to prevent current from the electrical system from blowing the multi-meter fuse.
Electrical charge is symmetrical with respect to an interchange of positive and negative.
As with real electricity, there are negatives and positives involved.
The European-spec 2013 Honda CR-Z will benefit from a more powerful engine and electric motor without a negative impact on emissions or fuel economy, Honda confirmed today.
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In science:

Thus, wherever inside the ergosphere the poloidal components of the magnetic field and the toroidal component of the electric field are large, the electromagnetic energyat-infinity can become negative.
General Relativistic MHD Jets
The minimum gives the ground state of the flavor asymmetric system, and the corresponding diquark gap is ∆ = 0, but this state has negative electric charge density, and cannot exist in the interior of compact stars.
QCD phase diagram at high temperature and density
In particular, the larger are the charge density and chemical potential, the larger is the regime for the negative real part of the electric permittivity.
Refractive index in holographic superconductors
The more common returns (or changes of the log-prices) cannot be analyzed due to the existence of negative spot prices, which is another peculiarity of electricity markets.
Black swans or dragon kings? A simple test for deviations from the power law
The reason is that N much larger than M Z would mean that the system is very far from being electrically neutral, in fact, it would be very negatively charged and this is not energetically favorable.
Book review: Stability of Matter in Quantum Mechanics, by Elliott H. Lieb and Robert Seiringer
Figure 13(b) shows the electric field dependence of χi for both positive and negative scan directions, revealing an enhancement in the suppression obtained for the positive scan data where the anti-blockade states are excited first.
Non-linear optics using cold Rydberg atoms
We discuss the exact electrically charged BTZ black hole solutions to the EinsteinMaxwell equations with a negative cosmological constant in 2+1 spacetime dimensions assuming a (anti-)self dual condition between the electromagnetic fields.
2+1 dimensional charged black hole with (anti-)self dual Maxwell fields
Then an exact electrically charged BTZ solution to the Einstein-Maxwell equations with a negative cosmological constant in 2+1 spacetime dimensions assuming a self dual(SD) (anti-self dual(ASD)) equation was discussed [3, 4].
2+1 dimensional charged black hole with (anti-)self dual Maxwell fields
Again, we see that correlations between counterions on the surface of a polymer lead to a negative electric contribution to persistence length for Γ > 1.5.
Negative electrostatic contribution to the bending rigidity of charged membranes and polyelectrolytes screened by multivalent counterions
Let us assume that we have a continuous charge distribution ρ(~r) of positive electric charges and a sample of negative point charges with total charge equal to minus the integrated positive charge.
Comparison of different goodness-of-fit tests
The effective wall electrical field, which is proportional to σ(x), is positive before the first layer of macroions and then negative, before the second layer.
The effect of entropy on macroions adsorption
Therefore, the electrical force is first attractive and then repulsive to negative ions.
The effect of entropy on macroions adsorption
Both Rosser(16) (Fig. 6.1. (a)) and Purcell(17) (Figs. 7.3 (a) and (b)) sketch the field lines for that external electric field and they look something like the field lines of separated positive and negative charges.
The Proof that the Standard Transformations of E and B are not the Lorentz Transformations. Application to Motional EMF
The physical meaning of the particle creation process is the following: a wave packet of negative frequencies incident on an electric field oriented along the z−direction will be partly reflected by the electric field and partly transmitted to z → ∞ as a wave with positive frequencies.
Electron-positron pair production in the electrosphere of quark stars
It should be noted that in (5) we have taken r = |z | because of the reflection symmetry with respect to the z = 0 plane. Q, M , and Λ are electric charge density, ADM mass density, and negative cosmological constant, respectively.
On Energy Distribution of Two Space-times with Planar and Cylindrical Symmetries
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