naturalism

Definitions

  • A SPECIMEN OF NATURE'S HANDIWORK
    A SPECIMEN OF NATURE'S HANDIWORK
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n naturalism (philosophy) the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms without recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations
    • n naturalism an artistic movement in 19th century France; artists and writers strove for detailed realistic and factual description
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Additional illustrations & photos:

A NATURAL BRIDGE A NATURAL BRIDGE
Silkworm, natural size Silkworm, natural size
APOLLO CHARMING NATURE APOLLO CHARMING NATURE
NATURAL HISTORY OF CHOBHAM NATURAL HISTORY OF CHOBHAM
Natural History music Natural History music
THE BULLFROG IN ITS NATURAL SURROUNDINGS See Snake, Turtle and Dragonfly and notice the tongue of the frog. Habitat Group in Museum of Natural History THE BULLFROG IN ITS NATURAL SURROUNDINGS See Snake, Turtle and Dragonfly and notice the tongue of the frog. Habitat...
ROCKY MOUNTAIN GOAT This animal is really not a goat, but is more nearly related to the antelopes. Range: The higher mountains from Alaska south to California. Group in American Museum of Natural History ROCKY MOUNTAIN GOAT This animal is really not a goat, but is more nearly related to the antelopes. Range: The higher...
BROWN PELICANS IN FLORIDA The Pelicans nest in colonies, and the young feed from the parents' throats. Range: Gulf coast of U. S. and southward. Habitat Group in The American Museum of Natural History BROWN PELICANS IN FLORIDA The Pelicans nest in colonies, and the young feed from the parents' throats. Range: Gulf...

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Annually, fires that occur at home kill more Americans than all natural disasters combined
    • Naturalism A state of nature; conformity to nature.
    • Naturalism (Metaph) The doctrine of those who deny a supernatural agency in the miracles and revelations recorded in the Bible, and in spiritual influences; also, any system of philosophy which refers the phenomena of nature to a blind force or forces acting necessarily or according to fixed laws, excluding origination or direction by one intelligent will.
    • Naturalism The principles and characteristics professed or represented by a 19th-century school of realistic writers, notably by Zola and Maupassant, who aimed to give a literal transcription of reality, and laid special stress on the analytic study of character, and on the scientific and experimental nature of their observation of life.
    • Naturalism The theory that art or literature should conform to nature; realism; also, the quality, rendering, or expression of art or literature executed according to this theory.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Sex acts like a natural antihistamine, in can clear up a stuffy nose
    • n naturalism A state of nature; uncivilized or unregenerate condition.
    • n naturalism Conformity to nature or to reality; a close adherence to nature in the arts of painting, sculpture, poetry, etc.: opposed to idealism, and implying less of crudeness than realism.
    • n naturalism Specifically, in the fine arts, the rendering of nature, as it is, by the arts of design, but without either slavish fidelity or attempt at illusion. It is the mean between idealism and realism.
    • n naturalism In philosophy, that view of the world, and especially of man and human history and society, which takes account only of natural (as distinguished from supernatural) elements and forces.
    • n naturalism In theology:
    • n naturalism The doctrine that natural religion is sufficient for salvation.
    • n naturalism The doctrine that all religious truth is derived from a study of nature without any supernatural revelation, and that all religious life is a natural development unaided by supernatural influences.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: About 25 percent of all the energy consumed in the US is from natural gas
    • ns Naturalism mere state of nature: a close following of nature, without idealisation, in painting, sculpture, fiction, &c.: the belief that natural religion is of itself sufficient
    • ***

Quotations

  • Garson Kanin
    Garson Kanin
    “Youth is the gift of nature, but age is a work of art.”
  • (Decimus Junius Juvenalis) Juvenal
    (Decimus Junius Juvenalis) Juvenal
    “Nature never says one thing and wisdom another.”
  • Alexander Pope
    Alexander%20Pope
    “All nature is but art unknown to thee.”
  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “Nature surpasses nurture.”
  • Raoul Vaneigem
    Raoul%20Vaneigem
    “Our task is not to rediscover nature but to remake it.”
  • Horace
    Horace
    “Take away the danger and remove the restraint, and wayward nature runs free.”

Idioms

Nature abhors a vacuum - This idiom is used to express the idea that empty or unfilled spaces are unnatural as they go against the laws of nature and physics.
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Nature of the beast - The basic characteristics of something is the nature of the beast; often used when there's an aspect of something that cannot be changed or that is unpleasant or difficult.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. naturalisme,

Usage

In literature:

With these learned obscurantists Dr. Napheys had no patience, and naturally found but slight favor.
"The Physical Life of Woman:" by Dr. George H Napheys
There are in nature numerous antagonistic forces of growth or production and destruction.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
He may think of nature as a creation or as a product of impersonal natural law.
"Elementary Guide to Literary Criticism" by F. V. N. Painter
In man, Nature surpasses her natural limits.
"Christianity As A Mystical Fact" by Rudolf Steiner
Such reversals occur daily and hourly in nature.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
Colder natures reach such heights by slow degrees.
"Expositions of Holy Scripture" by Alexander Maclaren
And naturally the churches too have shared in the process of transformation.
"Robert Elsmere" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
Man is Nature himself, but Nature is only the objectified will to live.
"The World's Greatest Books--Volume 14--Philosophy and Economics" by Various
And if there has been any variability under Nature, it would be an unaccountable fact if natural selection had not come into play.
"The World's Greatest Books - Volume 15 - Science" by Various
All those who have studied human nature agree that impulses show the natural qualities of the soul.
"My Recollections of Lord Byron" by Teresa Guiccioli
Fielding has painted nature, but nature without refinement, poetry and chivalry.
"Hours in a Library" by Leslie Stephen
The aim of culture is not to get rid of nature, but to utilize nature.
"Whitman" by John Burroughs
To save them some natural discomforts, you contrive for them others which nature has not inflicted.
"Émile" by Jean Jacques Rousseau
The first period is called the natural subsistence period, when man used such food as he found prepared for him by nature.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
Its reasons have nothing to do with the human being as a natural entity, or with its natural instincts.
"Woman under socialism" by August Bebel
A savage nature is not soft, not good-natured, but sly as a tiger-cat.
"Villa Eden:" by Berthold Auerbach
Theologians often distinguish between natural religion and revealed.
"The Expositor's Bible: The Epistle to the Hebrews" by Thomas Charles Edwards
Which will appear very probable from the nature of it.
"Young's Night Thoughts" by Edward Young
He's one of those natures that can only be controlled by love.
"Shadows of Flames" by Amelie Rives
The morning was soft and balmy; nature seemed wrapped in bliss.
"On the Heights" by Berthold Auerbach
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In poetry:

For I am Nature's child, and you
Were by the children of Nature built.
Ages have on you smiled--and dew
On you for ages has been spilt--
"Shinto" by Cale Young Rice
I may not tell you all they told me.
Go press your ear to the fragrant sod--
The pulse that beats in Nature's bosom
Throbs in the heart of Nature's God.
"In The Meadow" by Ella Fraser Weller
Equals the mountains in his past and future; that glow from the
earth was only
A trick of nature's, one must forgive nature a thousand graceful
subtleties.
"Point Joe" by Robinson Jeffers
Truth needs no champions: in the infinite deep
Of everlasting Soul her strength abides,
From Nature's heart her mighty pulses leap,
Through Nature's veins her strength, undying, tides.
"Elegy On The Death Of Dr. Channing" by James Russell Lowell
Great poet painter, these twin loves of thine,
Fair Nature, and fair Woman, Nature's flower,
Each in her beauty, in thy soul's deep shrine
Were worshipped, painted, with a master's power.
"Centenary Poem" by Janet Hamilton
Daphnis.
All nature laughs, the groves are fresh and fair,
The Sun's mild lustre warms the vital air;
If Sylvia smiles, new glories gild the shore,
And vanquish'd nature seems to charm no more.
"Spring - The First Pastoral ; or Damon" by Alexander Pope

In news:

In Nature vs Nurture, a Voice for Nature.
The natural world is given a whimsical treatment in the two-artist exhibit "A Pulse of Nature" at Artists' Gallery.
Nature Discovery Park, 2627 Nature Park Drive, North Las Vegas.
California Natural Products released a line of multi-functional, all-natural sustained energy protein drinks under the CalNaturale Svelte brand.
California Natural Products, a contract manufacturer of more than 150 certified organic and natural foods and beverages, has introduced its own brand, CalNaturale Svelte , an all-natural sustained energy protein drink.
The Natural Tendency of Natural Events.
Project Management / The Natural Tendency of Natural Events.
A 'natural' as a trucker finds an un-natural moment a little unnerving .
The nature of life is so fleeting, and yet the nature of what we leave behind is so solid.
Yesterday, we went to Beaver Lake Nature Center in Baldwinsville where I saw my very first wild owl out in its natural environment.
In "Enigma," presented by Jennifer Muller's company, the Works, on Thursday night at the Joyce Theater, Miss Muller tackles the age-old theme of civilization versus nature or the spirit, and comes out squarely on the side of nature.
The Nature Conservancy has offered to donate its entire holdings at two unique and environmentally significant natural areas in Wisconsin.
It's a structure of artistic credit that seems to come naturally, even though it hides the group driven nature of each art.
Peter Csoregh, senior portfolio manager of Robeco's Natural Resource equities fund, said that tensions could erupt at some point as China vies with the West for natural resources to support its growth.
Pettalia and Posthumus will be joined by representatives from the Michigan Department of Natural Resources and the Natural Resources Commission to listen to public comments.
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In science:

Let φ, ψ : H → G be two homomorphisms. A natural transformation α from φ to ψ is a smooth map α : H0 → G1 , giving for each x ∈ H0 an arrow α(x) : φ(x) → ψ(x) in G1 , natural in x in the sense that for any h : x → x′ in H1 , the identity ψ(h)α(x) = α(x′ )φ(h) holds.
A Stringy Product on Twisted Orbifold K-theory
Further using the natural version of the Tchebotarev density theorem (see ), we can replace Dirichlet density by natural density in the statements of all the propositions.
Diophantine Definability and Decidability in the Extensions of Degree 2 of Totally Real Fields
We start with the fact that, by Tchebotarev Density Theorem (the classic or natural versions), the density (Dirichlet or natural) of primes of K not splitting in the extension G/K is 1/2.
Diophantine Definability and Decidability in the Extensions of Degree 2 of Totally Real Fields
Furthermore, any natural transformation τ : F ⇒ G : C → L defines a natural transformation between the K -linear extensions τ : F ⇒ G.
Generalized 2-vector spaces and general linear 2-groups
Furthermore, given a second functor F ′ : C → A, a natural transformation (resp. isomorphism) τ : F ⇒ F ′ and any K -linear extensions ˘F and ˘F ′ of F and F ′ , respectively, there exists a unique natural transformation (resp. isomorphism) ˘τ : ˘F ⇒ ˘F ′ such that τ = ˘τ ◦ 1βC .
Generalized 2-vector spaces and general linear 2-groups
NR is the positive orthant; as we explain in the beginning of Section 3.5, the fibres Yt can naturally be seen to be hypersurfaces in the torus T ⊂ P; therefore, they are naturally compactified by simplicial hypersufaces Yt ⊂ P.
Hypergeometric Equations and Weighted Projective Spaces
Smallness notions based on Baire category or dimension are more natural since they depend only on the topology; but in the context of groups the Haar measure also depends only on the topology and group structure, and connects naturally to the topics discussed in this paper.
Groups, measures, and the NIP
This splitting induces a natural metric ˜g on T ∗M (ie a bundle metric on T (T ∗M ) ) ˜g(v, w) := g(π∗ v, π∗w) + g† (vV , wV ), where we used the natural identification of the vertical bundle described above.
The plastikstufe - a generalization of the overtwisted disk to higher dimensions
On the other hand, water waves could only reproduce the wave nature of a quantum walk, since the underlying particles are not behaving independently, and the wave nature of water arises out of their collective behaviour.
A random walk approach to quantum algorithms
The naturalness of φX,Y in Y is obvious, while its naturalness in X is a direct consequence of the action of the functor S on morphisms.
Generalized Serre duality
The stochastic nature of texture variations, not necessarily present in other real images, makes it a particularly natural area for applying statistical methods.
Texture synthesis and nonparametric resampling of random fields
In general, we believe that our two-field K¨ahler modulus model gives a more natural inflation than natural inflation.
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
Because of its geometric nature we are able to pose a straightforward question at the end of the paper on the nature of the characteristic cycles in Mθ (n) of standard modules in Oh which would imply our hope.
Quiver varieties, category O for rational Cherednik algebras, and Hecke algebras
As quarks are confined ob jects in nature one of the most natural expectation is the absence of a real pole in quark propagator.
On the quark propagator singularity
By using geometric invariants defined in the author’s earlier works, we also describe the natural map of the simple fold cobordism group to the fold cobordism group by natural homomorphisms between cobordism groups of immersions.
Fold maps and immersions from the viewpoint of cobordism
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