natural

Definitions

  • A SPECIMEN OF NATURE'S HANDIWORK
    A SPECIMEN OF NATURE'S HANDIWORK
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj natural free from artificiality "a lifelike pose","a natural reaction"
    • adj natural being talented through inherited qualities "a natural leader","a born musician","an innate talent"
    • adj natural related by blood; not adopted
    • adj natural in accordance with nature; relating to or concerning nature "a very natural development","our natural environment","natural science","natural resources","natural cliffs","natural phenomena"
    • adj natural existing in or produced by nature; not artificial or imitation "a natural pearl","natural gas","natural silk","natural blonde hair","a natural sweetener","natural fertilizers"
    • adj natural existing in or in conformity with nature or the observable world; neither supernatural nor magical "a perfectly natural explanation"
    • adj natural (of a musical note) being neither raised nor lowered by one chromatic semitone "a natural scale","B natural"
    • adj natural functioning or occurring in a normal way; lacking abnormalities or deficiencies "it's the natural thing to happen","natural immunity","a grandparent's natural affection for a grandchild"
    • adj natural (used especially of commodities) being unprocessed or manufactured using only simple or minimal processes "natural yogurt","natural produce","raw wool","raw sugar","bales of rude cotton"
    • adj natural unthinking; prompted by (or as if by) instinct "a cat's natural aversion to water","offering to help was as instinctive as breathing"
    • n natural (craps) a first roll of 7 or 11 that immediately wins the stake
    • n natural a notation cancelling a previous sharp or flat
    • n natural someone regarded as certain to succeed "he's a natural for the job"
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Additional illustrations & photos:

A NATURAL BRIDGE A NATURAL BRIDGE
Silkworm, natural size Silkworm, natural size
APOLLO CHARMING NATURE APOLLO CHARMING NATURE
NATURAL HISTORY OF CHOBHAM NATURAL HISTORY OF CHOBHAM
Natural History music Natural History music
THE BULLFROG IN ITS NATURAL SURROUNDINGS See Snake, Turtle and Dragonfly and notice the tongue of the frog. Habitat Group in Museum of Natural History THE BULLFROG IN ITS NATURAL SURROUNDINGS See Snake, Turtle and Dragonfly and notice the tongue of the frog. Habitat...
ROCKY MOUNTAIN GOAT This animal is really not a goat, but is more nearly related to the antelopes. Range: The higher mountains from Alaska south to California. Group in American Museum of Natural History ROCKY MOUNTAIN GOAT This animal is really not a goat, but is more nearly related to the antelopes. Range: The higher...
BROWN PELICANS IN FLORIDA The Pelicans nest in colonies, and the young feed from the parents' throats. Range: Gulf coast of U. S. and southward. Habitat Group in The American Museum of Natural History BROWN PELICANS IN FLORIDA The Pelicans nest in colonies, and the young feed from the parents' throats. Range: Gulf...

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Annually, fires that occur at home kill more Americans than all natural disasters combined
    • Natural (Mus) A character [♮] used to contradict, or to remove the effect of, a sharp or flat which has preceded it, and to restore the unaltered note.
    • Natural A native; an aboriginal.
    • Natural A person who has an innate talent that makes success in some specific endeavor, such as sports, much easier than for others; as, Pele was a natural in soccer.
    • Natural (Mus) Applied to an air or modulation of harmony which moves by easy and smooth transitions, digressing but little from the original key.
    • Natural Begotten without the sanction of law; born out of wedlock; illegitimate; bastard; as, a natural child.
    • Natural (Math) Belonging to, to be taken in, or referred to, some system, in which the base is 1; -- said of certain functions or numbers; as, natural numbers, those commencing at 1; natural sines, cosines, etc., those taken in arcs whose radii are 1.
    • Natural (Mus) Changed to the pitch which is neither flat nor sharp, by appending the sign ♮; as, A natural .
    • Natural Conformed to the order, laws, or actual facts, of nature; consonant to the methods of nature; according to the stated course of things, or in accordance with the laws which govern events, feelings, etc.; not exceptional or violent; legitimate; normal; regular; as, the natural consequence of crime; a natural death; anger is a natural response to insult. "What can be more natural than the circumstances in the behavior of those women who had lost their husbands on this fatal day?"
    • Natural Conformed to truth or reality
    • Natural Connected by the ties of consanguinity. "Natural friends."
    • Natural Existing in nature or created by the forces of nature, in contrast to production by man; not made, manufactured, or processed by humans; as, a natural ruby; a natural bridge; natural fibers; a deposit of natural calcium sulfate. Opposed to artificial man-made manufactured processed and synthetic.
    • Natural Fixed or determined by nature; pertaining to the constitution of a thing; belonging to native character; according to nature; essential; characteristic; innate; not artificial, foreign, assumed, put on, or acquired; as, the natural growth of animals or plants; the natural motion of a gravitating body; natural strength or disposition; the natural heat of the body; natural color. "With strong natural sense, and rare force of will."
    • Natural Having the character or sentiments properly belonging to one's position; not unnatural in feelings. "To leave his wife, to leave his babes, . . . He wants the natural touch."
    • Natural Having to do with existing system to things; dealing with, or derived from, the creation, or the world of matter and mind, as known by man; within the scope of human reason or experience; not supernatural; as, a natural law; natural science; history, theology. "I call that natural religion which men might know . . . by the mere principles of reason, improved by consideration and experience, without the help of revelation."
    • Natural Natural gifts, impulses, etc.
    • Natural (Mus) Neither flat nor sharp; -- of a tone.
    • Natural Not processed or refined; in the same statre as that existing in nature; as, natural wood; natural foods.
    • Natural (Mus) Of or pertaining to a key which has neither a flat nor a sharp for its signature, as the key of C major.
    • Natural Of or pertaining to the lower or animal nature, as contrasted with the higher or moral powers, or that which is spiritual; being in a state of nature; unregenerate. "The natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God."
    • Natural One born without the usual powers of reason or understanding; an idiot. "The minds of naturals ."
    • Natural (Mus) Produced by natural organs, as those of the human throat, in distinction from instrumental music.
    • Natural Resembling the object imitated; true to nature; according to the life; -- said of anything copied or imitated; as, a portrait is natural .
    • Natural Springing from true sentiment; not artificial or exaggerated; -- said of action, delivery, etc.; as, a natural gesture, tone, etc.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Sex acts like a natural antihistamine, in can clear up a stuffy nose
    • natural Being such as one or it is by birth or by nature. Lawfully born; legitimate: opposed to adopted and to illegitimate.
    • natural By birth merely; not legal; illegitimate; bastard; as, a natural son: a use which dates from the beginning of the seventeenth century.
    • natural Native; native-born; indigenous: as, natural citizens or subjects.
    • natural Produced or implanted at birth or when constituted or made; conferred by nature; inherent or innate; not acquired or assumed: as, natural disposition; natural beauty; a natural gait.
    • natural Born; being such as one or it is from birth.
    • natural In keeping with or proper to the nature, character, or constitution; belonging to birth or constitution; normal: as, the natural position of the body in sleep; the natural color of the hair; hence, as easy, spontaneous, etc., as if constituting a part of or proceeding from the very nature or constitution: as, oratory was natural to him.
    • natural Hence Not strained or affected; without affectation, artificiality, or exaggeration; easy; unaffected: applied to persons or to their conduct or manners, etc.
    • natural Obedient to the better impulses of one's nature; affectionate; kindly.
    • natural In a state of nature; unregenerate; carnal; physical.
    • natural Formed, produced, or brought about by nature, or by the operations of the laws of nature; real; not artificial or cultivated: as, natural scenery; a natural bridge.
    • natural Being in conformity with the taws of nature; happening in the ordinary course of things, without the intervention of accident or violence; regulated or determined by the laws which govern events, actions, etc.: as, natural consequences; a natural death.
    • natural Of or pertaining to nature; connected with or relating to the existing system of things; treating of or derived from nature as known to man, or the world of matter and mind; belonging to nature: as, natural philosophy or history; natural religion or theology; natural laws.
    • natural Same as naturalistic, 3.
    • natural In mathematics, having 1 as the base of the system: applied to a function or number belonging or referred to such a system: as, natural numbers (that is, those beginning with 1); natural sines, cosines, etc. (those taken in arcs whose radii are 1).
    • natural In music, a term applied either
    • natural to the diatonic or normal scale of C (see scale); or.
    • natural to an air or modulation of harmony which moves by easy and smooth transitions, changing gradually or but little into nearly related keys; or.
    • natural to music produced by the voice, as distinguished from instrumental music; or.
    • natural to the harmonics or overtones given off by any vibrating body over and above its original sound.
    • natural Where two different persons, though no agreement express or implied had been made, came into such a relation that the pretor was induced to impute to it some of the legal characteristics of an obligation: for example, the fact of becoming unduly enriched at another person's expense.
    • natural Where an obligation was imperfect, so that no action could be maintained on it, and yet certain legal effects, which were not the same in all cases, were attributed to it by law. The equivalent English phrase is imperfect obligation.
    • natural =Syn. 1, 2, and Natal, etc. See native.
    • n natural That which is natural to one; natural quality, disposition, or expression.
    • n natural A natural gift or endowment.
    • n natural One born without the usual faculty of reasoning or understanding; a fool; an idiot.
    • n natural A native; an original inhabitant.
    • n natural A production of nature.
    • n natural An oyster of natural wild growth, not planted.
    • n natural In music:
    • n natural On the keyboard, a white key (digital) as distinguished from a. black key.
    • n natural In notation, the sign ♮, placed before a note to counteract the effect of a sharp or flat in the signature or previously introduced as an accidental. Naturals are not used in signatures except where a change of key takes place and one or more of the sharps or flats of the original signature are to be annulled. Also called a cancel. See accidental, n., and signature.
    • n natural A note affected by a ♮, or a tone thus represented.
    • n natural A kind of wig worn in England early in the eighteenth century.
    • n natural In gaming, anything which wins the stake immediately, such as a throw of 7 or 11 at craps, showing 21 at vingt-et-un, or holding 8 or 9 at baccara. See nick, n., 3.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: About 25 percent of all the energy consumed in the US is from natural gas
    • adj Natural nat′ū-ral pertaining to, produced by, or according to nature: inborn: not far-fetched: not acquired: tender: unaffected: in a state of nature, unregenerate: :
    • n Natural an idiot:
    • adj Natural nat′ū-ral (math.) having 1 as the base of the system, of a function or number: illegitimate
    • adj Natural nat′ū-ral (mus.) according to the usual diatonic scale
    • n Natural (mus.) a character which removes the effect of a preceding sharp or flat: a white key in keyboard musical instruments
    • ***

Quotations

  • Robin Williams
    Robin Williams
    “Death is nature's way of saying, Your table's ready.”
  • Colley Cibber
    Colley Cibber
    “Thou strange piece of wild nature!”
  • Elbert Hubbard
    Elbert%20Hubbard
    “The supernatural is the natural not yet understood.”
  • Francis Bacon
    Francis%20Bacon
    “Studies perfect nature and are perfected still by experience.”
  • George William Curtis
    George William Curtis
    “Nature makes woman to be won and men to win.”
  • Woody Allen
    Woody%20Allen
    “I am at two with nature.”

Idioms

Nature abhors a vacuum - This idiom is used to express the idea that empty or unfilled spaces are unnatural as they go against the laws of nature and physics.
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Nature of the beast - The basic characteristics of something is the nature of the beast; often used when there's an aspect of something that cannot be changed or that is unpleasant or difficult.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. naturel, F. naturel, fr. L. naturalis, fr. natura,. See Nature

Usage

In literature:

They are questions natural in the spirit of inquiry in child nature and give vitality to nature teaching.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Nature Study" by Ontario Ministry of Education
There must therefore be in our nature a very radical and wide-spread tendency to observe beauty, and to value it.
"The Sense of Beauty" by George Santayana
It takes place only between Bodies of a different Nature.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
We must not suppose that Nature grew these things wild just as they are found in our gardens today.
"Conservation Reader" by Harold W. Fairbanks
As he is of the nature of a divine person, the ceremonies in question are naturally religious.
"Introduction to the History of Religions" by Crawford Howell Toy
MAN'S NATURAL DEPRAVITY AND HIS NATURAL POWERS.
"Commentary on Genesis, Vol. II" by Martin Luther
They had looked on each other as natural enemies, while in truth they were natural allies.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
You are too ill-natured, and I can't bear to have ill-natured things said about the dear old thing.
"The Cryptogram" by James De Mille
Isolation and want of money naturally turn the thoughts of an energetic young man to marriage.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen
Caged in the world of the material, however, such a nature is almost invariably an anomaly.
"Jennie Gerhardt" by Theodore Dreiser
IN view of the significance of nature, we arrive at once at a new fact, that nature is a discipline.
"Nature" by Ralph Waldo Emerson
There was no gripping soil, or natural foothold.
"The Golden Woman" by Ridgwell Cullum
The spirits are connected with natural objects, every part of nature has its spirit.
"History of Religion" by Allan Menzies
Nature herself perpetually brings together elements of various expression.
"Modern Painters Volume I (of V)" by John Ruskin
The essentially divine nature of man is made clear in the declaration in Genesis that he is an image of God.
"Elementary Theosophy" by L. W. Rogers
They are a part of nature, the Nature that lies about us, entirely occupied with her own affairs, and quite regardless of our presence.
"Ways of Nature" by John Burroughs
Naturally enough, the vast majority of people express their developing nature in accordance with the fashion of their environment.
"Religion & Sex" by Chapman Cohen
Nothing could be more natural than that antipathy among his neighbours.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
Offers of a similar nature, which Sandoval made to another large township, met with no better success.
"The Memoirs of the Conquistador Bernal Diaz del Castillo, Vol 2 (of 2)" by Bernal Diaz del Castillo
The sublime, therefore, is not properly found in nature, but is only carried over to nature from our own minds.
"A History of Philosophy in Epitome" by Albert Schwegler
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In poetry:

And he wandered away and away
With Nature, the dear old nurse,
Who sang to him night and day
The rhymes of the universe.
"The Fiftieth Birthday Of Agassiz. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The First)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Lord, what is man, or all his race,
Who dwells so far below,
That thou should visit him with grace,
And love his nature so?
"Psalm VIII: O Lord, Our Lord" by Isaac Watts
Ye tenants of the spacious earth,
With fear before him stand;
He spake, and nature took its birth,
And rests on his command.
"Psalm XXXIII: Rejoice, Ye Righteous" by Isaac Watts
Nature she studied, every spring,
To all her offspring kind,
And taught the birds of wildest wing,
To trust her gentle mind.
"The Halcyon" by William Hayley
Stay (quoth she) O stay and live!
Nature surely doth not give
To the earth her sweetest flowers
To be seen but some few hours.
""Venus" by William Browne of Tavistock
'Like nature's simple children, here,
With nature's self we'll live,
And of the little that is left,
Have something still to give.
"A Tale" by John Logan

In news:

It was "built out of an admiration for the simple, rejuvenating powers of Mother Nature," reads its Web site, which goes on to describe the resort's miles of nature trails and 100 lakes.
Shot digitally in natural locations, this shares the same detail and clarity as nature documentary series such as Planet Earth, only with more monkeys, which equals better.
The Nature Conservancy has donated two environmentally significant natural areas in Wisconsin to the state Department of Natural Resources.
On a weekend of motorsports, what could be more natural than watching movies about cars in their natural habitat – the drive-in.
San Marcos — The San Marcos Nature Center is hosting its Second Annual Creature Crawl on Sunday, Oct 28 from 3 to 7 pm at the San Marcos Nature Center, 430 Riverside Drive.
Brenda Lafleur, Creole Nature Trail creole -nature-trail.
Recently, Na True published a definition for natural and organic cosmetics as well as criteria for a three-tiered label system, based on the product's organic and natural content, that is expected to become valid throughout Europe.
Support your digestive and skin health naturally All-products are all-natural, designed by St Louis doctors, and made in the USA.
The soaps, which are created by Zion Health, incorporate natural healing Kanwa clay (Calcium Montmorillonite) to provide the skin with nutrients and natural detoxification .
On a weekend of motorsports, what could be more natural than watching movies about cars in their natural habitat – the drive-in .
The new Eastman Nature Center in Maple Grove intends to bring visitors closer to nature.
Beth Ricker of the Nature Works Discovery Store inside the New Mexico Museum of Natural History shows off some off fun and educational gift ideas for the holidays.
Straight from the halls of the 2012 Summit on Natural Gas in Trucking Wed. Favorable Economics Seen Boosting Natural Gas as Trucking Fuel.
With its distinct flavor (like a blend of apples and pears) and natural pectin content, quince is a natural in these treats.
The North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences features exhibits, dioramas of the state's natural habitats and the Acrocanthosaurus, also known as the "Terror of the South".
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In science:

Subsection 3.1 will show how this leads naturally to the study of certain probability measures MGL,u,q on the set of all partitions of all natural numbers.
Random matrix theory over finite fields: a survey
Naturally, these results are not at all generic, relying as they do on the free-fermion nature of the problem.
Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points
Thus, just as D = 10 is the natural dimension for the superstring, D = 11 is the natural dimension for the supermembrane.
M(atrix) Theory: Matrix Quantum Mechanics as a Fundamental Theory
In particular φ!K is naturally an E-module and φ!K ⊗ φ!K ∗ is naturally an Emodule (with E acting on the first factor).
Character sheaves on disconnected groups, II
To this symmetric space one naturally assigns a symmetric space S , and sufficient conditions are found under which the natural binary composition transforms S into a Bol loop (or a Moufang loop).
Simple Bol loops
The correlation that is called “conspiracy”, more than just being natural, is always present for random fields if there are any thermal or quantum fluctuations§, even though it is not at all natural for classical two-point particle models.
Bell inequalities for random fields
Also, as L is isotropic, the natural pairing gives a natural isomorphism L∗ ∼= L and hence dL is a derivative of sections of ∧•L.
New aspects of the ddc-lemma
It is clear from the construction that there is a natural action of PSL(2, Z) (in fact, PGL(2, Z)) on Σ, and there is a natural correspondence of Ω(Σ) with Q ∪ {∞} (the vertices of F ), together with the induced cyclic ordering.
Generalized Markoff Maps and McShane's Identity
By Lemma 1, the probability distribution obtained by measuring the columns of ρk in the natural representation basis or in the Zp -Fourier transform of the natural representation basis is the uniform distribution.
On the Power of Random Bases in Fourier Sampling: Hidden Subgroup Problem in the Heisenberg Group
Now let N = (Z+ )4 ∐e,f M ; identify M with its natural image into N , and let ¯f : (Z+ )4 → N be the natural homomorphism.
Embedding simple commutative monoids into simple refinement monoids
As previously, we denote by F the natural filtration for W and F n the natural filtrations of the processes W n .
Stability of solutions of BSDEs with random terminal time
This characterization shows that, if F is the natural filtration of X and τ a F -stopping time, the stopped filtration F τ is the natural filtration of the stopped process X τ .
Stability of solutions of BSDEs with random terminal time
The natural isomorphism LA(S ⊗ T , U ∗ ) ∼= LA(S, (T ⊗ U )∗ ) is the restriction of the corresponding natural isomorphism L(|S | + |T |, |U |∗ ) ∼= L(|S |, (|Y | + |Z |)∗ ) in the underlying compact closed category L of leaf functions between signed sets.
Simple free star-autonomous categories and full coherence
Note that one cannot choose natural retractions: there are two candidates for λa⊗a , and in either case, naturality λ; σ = (id ⊗ σ ); λ fails for the symmetry map σ : a ⊗ a → a ⊗ a.
Simple free star-autonomous categories and full coherence
Using this definition we then define a generalized complex structure on the reduced space, which is natural up to transformation by an exact B-field, that is, the reduced space has a natural equivalence class of generalized complex structures in the sense specified in [H02].
Symmetries in generalized K\"{a}hler geometry
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