natural selection

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n natural selection a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Natural selection (Biol) See under Natural.
    • Natural selection (Biol) the operation of natural laws analogous, in their operation and results, to designed selection in breeding plants and animals, and resulting in the survival of the fittest; the elimination over time of species unable to compete in specific environments with other species more adapted to survival; -- the essential mechanism of evolution. The principle of natural selection is neutral with respect to the mechanism by which inheritable changes occur in organisms (most commonly thought to be due to mutation of genes and reorganization of genomes), but proposes that those forms which have become so modified as to be better adapted to the existing environment have tended to survive and leave similarly adapted descendants, while those less perfectly adapted have tended to die out through lack of fitness for the environment, thus resulting in the survival of the fittest. See Darwinism.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Natural selection a supposed operation of the laws of nature, the result of which is the 'survival of the fittest,' as if brought about by intelligent design
    • Natural selection the preservation of some forms of animal and vegetable life and the destruction of others by the ordinary operation of natural causes
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Quotations

  • Walter Lippmann
    Walter%20Lippmann
    “Between ourselves and our real natures we interpose that wax figure of idealizations and selections which we call our character.”
  • Barbara Ehrenreich
    Barbara%20Ehrenreich
    “Natural selection, as it has operated in human history, favors not only the clever but the murderous.”
  • Konrad Lorenz
    Konrad Lorenz
    “Historians will have to face the fact that natural selection determined the evolution of cultures in the same manner as it did that of species.”

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. seligĕre, selectumse-, aside, legĕre, to choose.

Usage

In literature:

All people know that a book or canvas gives us not Nature, but an interpretation, a translation, a few selections, a memory of Nature.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science Volume 15, No. 89, May, 1875" by Various
In choosing buildings for destruction, it was very natural to select Whig property.
"The Siege of Boston" by Allen French
This, in brief, is the underlying idea of Natural Selection, as Darwin conceived it.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
I would suffer parents or natural guardians to select what parts of the education they wanted for their children.
"Leading Articles on Various Subjects" by Hugh Miller
The subjects generally selected were those which naturally arranged themselves into a set of twelve, as the months.
"A Walk from London to Fulham" by Thomas Crofton Croker
I tried once or twice to explain to able men what I meant by Natural Selection, but signally failed.
"Little Masterpieces of Science:" by Various
Has the natural selection of favourable variations been the sole factor?
"Essays: Scientific, Political, & Speculative, Vol. I" by Herbert Spencer
Every removal of a selected victim was in the nature of a kidnapping.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, November, 1930" by Various
These characters are natural in origin and natural also in having survived ages of eliminative selection.
"The Truth About Woman" by C. Gasquoine Hartley
It is a simple result of natural selection.
"The Religious Sentiment" by Daniel G. Brinton
Natural selection is the outcome of certain physical facts: 1.
"The Arena" by Various
The Doctrine of Natural Selection.
"The Church, the Schools and Evolution" by J. E. (Judson Eber) Conant
It was a process of natural selection.
"Flowers of Freethought" by George W. Foote
We misinterpret Darwin when we assume that Nature selects as man selects.
"Under the Maples" by John Burroughs
Probably natural selection has been the chief agent in its development.
"Ways of Nature" by John Burroughs
Was there some sort of natural selection?...
"The Passionate Friends" by Herbert George Wells
My natural selection being always something that I thought would not require great energy.
"Confessions of a Neurasthenic" by William Taylor Marrs
He pointed to the influence of the environment, to the effects of use and disuse, and to natural selection.
"A Critique of the Theory of Evolution" by Thomas Hunt Morgan
This progress offers, according to Morgan, an excellent illustration how the principle of natural selection works.
"The Origin of the Family Private Property and the State" by Frederick Engels
The process of natural selection will of its own accord effect the result that no one will read that which is tedious.
"Maria Edgeworth" by Helen Zimmern
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In poetry:

And ever may the sacred nine,
Lead thee to their embrace,
Inspire thy song with themes divine,
Choice gems select from nature's mine,
Enriched with matchless grace.
"Emma Alice Browne" by James McCauley

In news:

The answer for evolutionary biologists is the mechanism of evolutionary change: natural selection.
Reese Lolley talks about the need for controlled burns and selective harvesting in forests on land owned by the Nature Conservancy west of Naches, Wash.
Natural selection in the laboratory creates a new species of virus.
Saturday Night Selections at Colonial Downs – Mother Nature was unkind on Friday evening.
Cincinnati selects natural gas provider.
OKLAHOMA CITY — The Republican Steering Committee has selected Oklahoma congressman-elect Markwayne Mullin to serve on the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and the House Committee on Natural Resources.
They're also prone to selection bias: How many times, nine months after a natural disaster, does a non- baby-boom make the news.
DENVER — Colorado Parks and Wildlife director Rick Cables has announced the selection of Chad Bishop to serve as assistant director for Wildlife and Natural Resources.
The key to an evolutionary kitchen is to ensure you truly follow Darwin 's rule of natural selection.
Growth exhibits a broad range of plasticity in the absence of natural selection.
If homosexuals reproduce less than heterosexuals—and they do—then why has natural selection not operated against it.
A careful and restrained selection of electronics helps this vacation lake house be one with nature.
Extraordinary Rare Book Selections from the American Museum of Natural History Library: Essays & Plates.
You may know her from comedies like The Hangover and Kicking and Screaming, but in Natural Selection Rachael Harris proves she can do more than just make us laugh.
Natural Selection , Restaurant of the Year Runner-Up.
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In science:

In the definition of ( IV ), the strategy NAT is used to select naturals, and it is lifted to TU(Nat).
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
This does not appear to be an artifact of the radio selected nature of the current sample.
Star formation rate indicators in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
Any submap of an S-map has a naturally induced selection.
Diagrams with Selection and Method for Constructing Boundedly Generated and Boundedly Simple Groups
In this paper we concentrate on random binary search trees and study a natural extension of the distance between two randomly selected nodes, namely the size of the spanning tree of p randomly chosen nodes in the tree.
Spanning tree size in Random Binary Search Trees
Assuming that we have detected with Chandra the bulk of the AGN population in the area, we can derive constraints on the nature of the Spitzer-selected sources from a comparison with the X-ray map.
Complete Multiwavelength Characterization of Faint Chandra X-ray Sources Seen in the Spitzer Wide-Area IR Extragalactic (SWIRE) Survey
As an example of application of the proposed dictionaries, two signals of different nature have been represented by selecting atoms from dictionaries of B-splines.
Cardinal B-spline dictionaries on a compact interval
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the nature of their kinematics from a survey of 17 LCGs randomly selected from the CFRS and the HDF-South (HDFS) field at redshifts from z =0.4 to 0.75, and to investigate if their dynamics is supported either by rotation or velocity dispersion.
3D spectroscopy with VLT/GIRAFFE - II: Are Luminous Compact Galaxies merger remnants ?
Hence, a natural question is whether the difference between the deflection angles in JF and EF, as revealed from Eqs.(16) and (21) respectively, is an effect of selecting different conventions of physical units.
Brans-Dicke theory: Jordan vs Einstein Frame
Let t′ be the smallest integer such that t′ | m and t′ ≥ t (i.e. t′ is the first time after t when agent i selects a new angle), and call h = t′ − t, which naturally satisfies 0 ≤ h < m.
Dynamic Random Geometric Graphs
In 1998 better data came along able to rule out the critical-density and open models, at which point model selection would correctly pick out the dark energy model. b) This paragraph mentions Feynman’s repackaging of all equations of nature into ¯U = 0.
Comment on `Tainted evidence: cosmological model selection versus fitting', by Eric V. Linder and Ramon Miquel (astro-ph/0702542v2)
In seeking the intrinsic definition/structure of a D-brane (or D-brane world-volume), it is more natural to select the structures thereon as encompassing/universal as possible so that they contain all what different types of open strings can detect/see.
Azumaya-type noncommutative spaces and morphisms therefrom: Polchinski's D-branes in string theory from Grothendieck's viewpoint
Biological networks are particularly interesting because the structure of these networks have, directly or indirectly, arisen through the process of evolution by natural selection.
The Blind Watchmaker Network: Scale-freeness and Evolution
Natural selection is but one example of such a process.
The Blind Watchmaker Network: Scale-freeness and Evolution
As emphasized above, this is a direct consequence of the sequential element implicit in the natural selection process and which imposes a time-order ranking on the balls in the boxes.
The Blind Watchmaker Network: Scale-freeness and Evolution
Selective control over these two transitions is possible with polarization selection rules and using hole-mixing effects that naturally occur in this system.
Towards quantum optics and entanglement with electron spin ensembles in semiconductors
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