• WordNet 3.6
    • n naphtha any of various volatile flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures; used chiefly as solvents
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Naphtha (Chem) One of several volatile inflammable liquids obtained by the distillation of certain carbonaceous materials and resembling the naphtha from petroleum; as, Boghead naphtha, from Boghead coal (obtained at Boghead, Scotland); crude naphtha, or light oil, from coal tar; wood naphtha, from wood, etc.
    • Naphtha (Chem) The complex mixture of volatile, liquid, inflammable hydrocarbons, occurring naturally, and usually called crude petroleum mineral oil, or rock oil.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n naphtha In ancient writers, a more fluid and volatile variety of asphalt or bitumen. Pliny hesitates about including naphtha with bitumen, on account of its volatility and inflammability.
    • n naphtha In modern use, an artificial volatile colorless liquid obtained from petroleum. It is a general term applied to the products of the distillation of crude petroleum between gasolene and refined oil. Ordinary petroleum now yields from 6 to 12 per cent, of this material, the specific gravity of which is from 76° to 60° (Beaumé). Naphtha as a solvent has largely taken the place of turpentine, camphene, benzol, and other similar products in industrial art, being often superior, and always much less expensive. In this way it is used in the manufacture of rubber goods, paints and varnishes, floor- and table-cloths; also by dyers and clothing- and glove-cleaners. In its many applications for light, and heat it is very largely taking the place both of coal and crude oil for the manufacture of illuminating gas and for street-lighting by naphthalamps, as well as for cooking by vapor-stoves in the use of the grade called stove-gasolene.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Naphtha naf′tha or nap′tha a clear, inflammable liquid distilled from petroleum, wood, coal-tar, &c.: rock-oil
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. naphtha, Gr. na`fqa, fr.Ar. nafth, nifth,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—Gr.,—Ar. naft.


In literature:

Spirits of naphtha froze at 54 degrees below zero, and oil of sassafras at 49 degrees.
"The Ocean and its Wonders" by R.M. Ballantyne
He, I cannot doubt, had invented a machine in which, like myself, he made use of steam or naphtha.
"The Mark Of Cain" by Andrew Lang
Everything is naphtha here, everything smells of naphtha, the steamers, the railway engines are run with naphtha.
"Across Coveted Lands" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
The rain was falling steady, and sputtered in the naphtha-lamps that they was beginning to light up outside the booths.
"The Nebuly Coat" by John Meade Falkner
About four, he asked for naphtha, but the last syllable died on his tongue.
"The Life of Friedrich Schiller" by Thomas Carlyle
It is supposed to have been composed of naphtha, pitch, and sulphur, with other ingredients.
"How Britannia Came to Rule the Waves" by W.H.G. Kingston
There is noise and the flare of naphtha.
"Nights in London" by Thomas Burke
Dangers of culverts, dangers of sharp turnings, dangers of blue metal, of precipices, of wandering cows, of naphtha explosions.
"In the Mist of the Mountains" by Ethel Turner
He stood and picked up the naphtha lantern.
"Blind Man's Lantern" by Allen Kim Lang
The products made from petroleum are as different in their character and uses as paraffin and naphtha.
"Diggers in the Earth" by Eva March Tappan
They sprinkled naphtha in my house, and set it afire.
"Young Hilda at the Wars" by Arthur Gleason
Wood naphtha 0.75 litres 0.75 litres.
"Practical Taxidermy" by Montagu Browne
Keep the naphtha away from the fire.
"The Ladies Book of Useful Information" by Anonymous
Either kindled by the Russians or hit by a shell, a naphtha well behind Gorlise burst into flames.
"New York Times Current History; The European War, Vol 2, No. 4, July, 1915" by Various
He seized a huge naphtha lamp as he spoke, and strode before them through the garden.
"Our Home in the Silver West" by Gordon Stables
By an ingenious use of naphtha the ice chandeliers were lighted and the ice logs on the ice grates were made to burn!
"Birdseye Views of Far Lands" by James T. Nichols
The slender young lady advised that the smoking-cap be hung out-doors in a high wind, and afterward cleansed with naphtha.
"Harper's Young People, February 3, 1880" by Various
Then, another day, not long before, I coaxed some big boys who have a naphtha-launch to give the 'Balls a sail on it down the bay.
"The Brass Bound Box" by Evelyn Raymond
Another of the most important groups of Russian industries is that of naphtha.
"England and Germany" by Emile Joseph Dillon
In December, 1864, the men worked in the evenings, by the aid of naphtha lamps.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury

In news:

For example, is it acceptable to burn light naphtha in gas turbines.
Centuries of experiments with combustible sulfur, quicklime and naphtha led to napalm.
To Shut No.2 Naphtha Cracker for Maintenance in September 2013.
Get the most comprehensive and accurate solvent- naphtha price assessments.
ONGC Offers 35,000 Tons of Naphtha Loading in March From Hazira.
Focus Asia's naphtha prices to gain on rising PE, stockpiling prospects.
NewsFlash Asia naphtha trade settles at $1,005-1,007/ tonne .
The Uzbekistan plant will have the following product slate: GTL diesel, kerosene, naphtha, and LPG.
Asia naphtha gains but real market recovery not yet at hand .
Focus Asia's naphtha prices to dwindle on weak petrochemical demand.
SINGAPORE (ICIS)--Asia's naphtha prices are likely to face downward pressure on the back of subdued petrochemical demand, traders said on Friday.
"HOW do a I tell my customers that polyethylene (PE) price rises are justified by more expensive naphtha, when the market is so weak".
European Naphtha Exports to Asia May Rise to Three-Year High.
Camp fuel, a common naphtha-based fuel used in many lanterns and torches.
SINGAPORE (ICIS)--JX Nippon Oil & Energy has restarted its 460,000 tonne/year naphtha cracker in Kawasaki after the 11 March earthquake and ensuing tsunami led to its complete shutdown, a company official said on Tuesday.