• Now, Mum! What's the matter
    Now, Mum! What's the matter
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj mum failing to speak or communicate etc when expected to "the witness remained silent"
    • n mum secrecy "mum's the word"
    • n mum informal terms for a mother
    • n mum of China
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Mum A sort of strong beer, originally made in Brunswick, Germany. "The clamorous crowd is hushed with mugs of mum ."
    • interj Mum Be silent! Hush! "Mum , then, and no more."
    • n Mum Silence.
    • a Mum Silent; not speaking; as, to keep mum . "The citizens are mum , and speak not a word."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • mum Silent.
    • mum To be silent; keep silence.
    • mum To mask; sport or make diversion in a mask: as, to go a mumming.
    • n mum A strong ale popular in the seventeenth century and in use down to a later time. It seems to have been made from wheat-malt, with a certain amount of oat-malt, and flavored with various herbs, with sometimes the addition of eggs.
    • n mum A dialectal variant of ma'am for madam.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Mum mum silent
    • n Mum silence
    • interj Mum be silent!—interj. Mum′-bud′get, an exclamation enjoining silence
    • n Mum mum a peculiar kind of beer made of wheat-malt, to which some brewers add oat and bean meal.
    • ***


  • William Cowper
    “I pity them greatly, but I must be mum, for how could we do without sugar and rum?”


Keep mum - If you keep mum about something, you keep quiet and don't tell anyone.
Mum's the word - When people use this idiom, they mean that you should keep quiet about something and not tell other people.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
G. mummere, fr. Christian Mumme, who first brewed it in 1492
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ger. mumme, from a personal name.


In literature:

Thank ye, mum; here's your good health.
"We and the World, Part II. (of II.)" by Juliana Horatia Ewing
Aw dooant think yo'd like to pairt wi' it mum?
"Yorksher Puddin'" by John Hartley
The single mums have of late been used successfully out-of-doors when early blooming varieties have been chosen.
"Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916" by Various
This morning, mum, shortly after the clock struck two, things came to a climax.
"Animal Ghosts" by Elliott O'Donnell
She had to begin somewhere, and to play at the New Theatre was not like playing in an inn yard or mumming booth.
"Madame Flirt" by Charles E. Pearce
"Cocoa and Chocolate" by Arthur W. Knapp
Look here; we will go real mumming, instead.
"In the Yule-Log Glow, Book II" by Various
The custom of Christmas masking, "mumming," or "disguising" can be traced at the English court as early as the reign of Edward III.
"Christmas in Ritual and Tradition, Christian and Pagan" by Clement A. Miles
I've kept mum long of the kid's taking-off.
"Joyce of the North Woods" by Harriet T. Comstock
But we didn't want Jim to know just then, an' she told me to keep mum, seein' that Jim was opposed.
"Golden Stories" by Various
Naow you keep mum, ur I'll take this handkerchief off my eyes, spit on my hands, an' sail right into you, by thunder!
"Frank Merriwell's Chums" by Burt L. Standish
Yes, mum, but I don't like me sash at all, at all.
"The White Christmas and other Merry Christmas Plays" by Walter Ben Hare
This mumming is kept up during the week.
"A Righte Merrie Christmasse" by John Ashton
Now, mum," smiling wistfully, "I wonders ...
"Doctor Luke of the Labrador" by Norman Duncan
The waiter informed him that he might get a bath, he believed, at the Hum-mums.
"The Young Duke" by Benjamin Disraeli
Mums, I'm so excited!
"The Jolliest School of All" by Angela Brazil
But Mary, mum's the word.
"The Drone" by Rutherford Mayne
The Mumming Chorus, "And a mumming we will go," &c., is not in any one of these versions, but I never saw mumming without it.
"The Peace Egg and Other tales" by Juliana Horatia Ewing
It's a-whinin', mum; that's wot it is.
"My Doggie and I" by R.M. Ballantyne
You done it all, mum.
"Oh! Susannah! A Farcical Comedy in Three Acts" by Mark Ambient

In poetry:

An' aye she lookit roun' an' roun',
An' aye a waefu' smile
Lay on her lips, that were thin an' white,
As she mum'led an' sang the while.
"Daft Ailie" by Alexander Anderson
I imagine myself with a great public,
Mother of a white Nike and several bald-eyed Apollos.
Instead, the dead injure me with attentions, and nothing can happen.
Blank-faced and mum as a nurse.
"Barren Woman" by Sylvia Plath
An' then there come the bay'nit charge.
The blokes to left an' right
They all was cursin' fine and large,
But I keep mum, an' fight.
I plunks a square-'ead in the wind -
"Annoying fellow; there!" I grinned.
"The Invalid" by C J Dennis
A postcard frayed and worn a bit
and yet how much you treasure it,
because it came one lonely dawn
when all your hopes and faith were gone,
it's happy message, "Cheer up, Mum,
hold down that old place till I come."
"Scrap Book" by Edna Jacues
They yearn fer 'im, reel passionit, they do.
Press an' perlice both 'ankers fer 'im sore.
"Where is Spike Wegg?" the daily 'eadlines roar.
But no one knoo.
Or them that did 'ad fancies to be dumb.
The oysters uv the underworld was mum.
"Spike Wegg" by C J Dennis
Then freeze them stiff!—but let there come
No winds to chain them;—should they blow,
They'll speak of freedom;—let the dumb
And breathless frost forbid their flow.
Then, all will be so hushed and mum
You'll think your Atherton has come.
"The Gag" by John Pierpont

In news:

Retail block ideal for mum and dad investors.
Authorities mum on second victim's identity.
Washington lawmakers mostly mum on ' isolation room' policy.
Hugh Jackman weeps recalling mum's abandonment.
Jaguar 's mum on its cars of tomorrow.
Black Republicans mum on new 'Jim Crow' laws: Morgan's Corner.
Cites 'inappropriate tactics,' mum on 'Fast & Furious' blame.
The news was expected, but mum was the word out of London until today.
Portland's Lan Su Chinese Garden Celebrates Mum-Vember.
Leaders Mum on High-Level Budget Meeting Details.
"Of course my mum is loving it.".
Lions mum on QB Stafford's leg .
Gundy mum on QB Lunt 's status for No 12 Texas.
My mum says they also donate things.
Man accused in mom 's death mum outside court.

In science:

We remark that β (G) = 2/α(G), with α(G) defined as in , except that α was defined with an infimum, rather than a liminf.
Explicit isoperimetric constants and phase transitions in the random-cluster model
In the noncommutative case, there is no infimum of covariance matrices under the locally unbiasedness conditions.
A Linear Programming Approach to Attainable Cram\'{e}r-Rao type Bounds and Randomness Condition II
We first claim that the infimum is achieved on this set.
Fast graphs for the random walker
The same argument can be made with the roles of sπ ,1 and sπ ,∗ reversed, so the infimum must indeed be achieved on this set.
Fast graphs for the random walker
Rd) = inf {max{d(U (α)), α ∈ Rd}}, where the infimum is taken over the set of all these coverings of Rd .
On Cebotarev sets
For any field k , and for any two natural numbers m, n, Leavitt () introduced the k -algebras Vm,n , with a universal isomorphism i : nVm,n −→ mVm,n , and Um,n , with a universal pair of morphisms i : nUm,n −→ mUm,n and j : mUm,n −→ nUm,n such that j i = 1nUm,n .
$K_0$ of purely infinite simple regular rings
Indeed, first λ(·, Ir ) is u.s.c as infimum of continuous functions.
Quenched large deviations for diffusions in a random Gaussian shear flow drift
For all n ∈ N, let fn realize the infimum in λ(vn , Ir ).
Quenched large deviations for diffusions in a random Gaussian shear flow drift
Taking the infimum over functions u such that λ(u, Ir ) ≤ x yields then (25).
Quenched large deviations for diffusions in a random Gaussian shear flow drift
Taking the infimum over Dn(y ) yields In+1(y ) ≤ In (y ).
Quenched large deviations for diffusions in a random Gaussian shear flow drift
Therefore, the infimum in (46) is strictly positive, and it is clearly finite.
Quenched large deviations for diffusions in a random Gaussian shear flow drift
Let w be the infimum of all 0 such that Hom(qα , M ) = 0.
Infinite dimensional representations of canonical algebras
Q(1)) in the infimum defining I, leads to I(y ) ≤ H (y ) + λ1(d) < ∞.
Large deviations for Brownian motion in a random scenery
It remains to prove that the infimum is strictly positive.
Large deviations for Brownian motion in a random scenery
Taking the infimum over Dp(y ) yields Jp+1(y ) ≤ Jp (y ).
Large deviations for Brownian motion in a random scenery