mortar

Definitions

  • A few items unearthed at Jamestown which were used by doctors and apothecaries. Included are drug jars, ointment pot, bleeding bowl, mortar and pestle fragments, glass vials, and portions of surgical instruments
    A few items unearthed at Jamestown which were used by doctors and apothecaries. Included are drug jars, ointment pot, bleeding bowl, mortar and pestle fragments, glass vials, and portions of surgical instruments
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v mortar plaster with mortar "mortar the wall"
    • n mortar a muzzle-loading high-angle gun with a short barrel that fires shells at high elevations for a short range
    • n mortar a bowl-shaped vessel in which substances can be ground and mixed with a pestle
    • n mortar used as a bond in masonry or for covering a wall
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Aztec Indians in Central America used animal blood mixed with cement as a mortar for their buildings, many of which still remain standing today.
    • n Mortar (Arch) A building material made by mixing lime, cement, or plaster of Paris, with sand, water, and sometimes other materials; -- used in masonry for joining stones, bricks, etc., also for plastering, and in other ways.
    • n Mortar A chamber lamp or light.
    • Mortar (Mil) A short piece of ordnance, used for throwing bombs, carcasses, shells, etc., at high angles of elevation, as 45°, and even higher; -- so named from its resemblance in shape to the utensil above described.
    • Mortar A strong vessel, commonly in form of an inverted bell, in which substances are pounded or rubbed with a pestle.
    • v. t Mortar To plaster or make fast with mortar.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n mortar A vessel in which substances are beaten to powder by means of a pestle. The chief use of mortars now is in the preparation of drugs. Mortars are made of hard and heavy wood, such as lignumvitæ, of stone, marble, pottery, metal, and glass.
    • n mortar In a stamp-mill, the cast-iron box into which the stamp-heads fall, at the bottom of which is the die on which they would strike if it were not for the interposed ore with which the mortar is kept partly filled, and on whose side is the grating or screen through which the ore escapes as soon as it has been broken to sufficient fineness to pass through the holes in the screen.
    • n mortar A kind of lamp or candlestick with a broad saucer or bowl to catch the grease and keep the light safe; hence, the candle itself: in modern times, chiefly in ecclesiastical use, in the French form mortier.
    • n mortar A cap shaped like a mortar. Compare mortar-board.
    • n mortar A piece of ordnance, short in proportion to the size of its bore, used in throwing bombshells in what is called vertical fire. The shells are thrown at a high angle of elevation, so as to drop from above into the enemy's intrenchment. See cut in next column.
    • mortar To bray in a mortar.
    • n mortar A material used (in building) for binding together stones or bricks so that the mass may form one compact whole. The use of mortar dates back to the earliest recorded history, but various materials were employed for that purpose. “Bitumen” (asphaltum and maltha), or bituminous mixtures, are known to have been used in Babylon and Nineveh. Plaster (calcined sulphate of lime) was the cement employed on the Great Pyramid, and apparently by the Egyptians generally, but not to the entire exclusion of what is now ordinarily called mortar. The substances mentioned are frequently designated as mortar innon-technical works. What is now generally understood by this term among builders and architects is a mixture of lime with water and sand, in various proportions, according to the “fatness” of the lime and the desire to economize the more costly material. This kind of mortar was well known to both Greeks and Romans. Mortar made of ordinary lime “sets” (hardens) in the air (not under water) and slowly, since the absorption of carbonic acid and the consequent conversion of the hydrate of lime into the carbonate is by no means a rapid process. The hardening of the mortar depends in large part on the crystallization of the carbonate of lime around the grains of sand, by which these are made to cohere firmly; hence, a clean sand of which the grains are angular is of importance in forming a durable mortar. The kind of mortar which sets under water is sometimes called hydraulic mortar, but is more generally known as hydraulic cement, or simply cement. See cement and cement-stone.
    • mortar To fasten or inclose with mortar.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Mortar mor′tar a vessel in which substances are pounded with a pestle: a short and very thick piece of artillery of large calibre, firing a heavy shell at a fixed angle of 45° or thereabouts, so as to strike vertically: a cement of lime, sand, and water, used to bind together stones or bricks in building
    • v.t Mortar to close up or in as with mortar: to pound in a mortar
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. morter, AS. mortēre, L. mortarium,: cf. F. mortier, mortar. Cf. sense 2 (below), also 2d Mortar Martel Morter

Usage

In literature:

Mortar and gunboats are daily arriving at this port.
"The Twenty-fifth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers in the War of the Rebellion" by George P. Bissell
Bricks are laid in mortar, and this makes a wall one solid mass and stronger than it could be without any cement.
"Diggers in the Earth" by Eva March Tappan
Mortars, of 1.5 caliber, including petards and murderers.
"A History of Sea Power" by William Oliver Stevens and Allan Westcott
He would pound me in a mortar if the law would let him.
"Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Vol. 3, July, 1851" by Various
One of these mortars was located on either flank of the position.
"The 28th: A Record of War Service in the Australian Imperial Force, 1915-19, Vol. I" by Herbert Brayley Collett
Pound the corn in a mortar and press through a sieve.
"The Golden Age Cook Book" by Henrietta Latham Dwight
When you are old, you will understand many things, when evils have pounded your heart in a mortar.
"Casa Braccio, Volumes 1 and 2 (of 2)" by F. Marion Crawford
The stone was prepared in immense blocks, which were laid in mortar.
"Ancient America, in Notes on American Archaeology" by John D. Baldwin
The mortar is the earliest of all forms of cannon, and was in use in Europe in 1435.
"The Naval History of the United States" by Willis J. Abbot
Fritz trench mortar batteries sending over a series of particularly nastily ranged shells.
"Norman Ten Hundred" by A. Stanley Blicq
The Germans have invented quite a number of trench mortars, but nothing to come up to this.
"Over the top with the 25th" by R. Lewis
The mortar man was still there, hoeing mortar for the bricklayers to use, for the chimneys weren't done yet.
"The Doers" by William John Hopkins
Weigh out 0.15 gramme of the dried precipitate; rub up in a mortar with 5 c.c.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
The mortar that hardens slowly hardens best.
"Child and Country" by Will Levington Comfort
When rice is wanted for food, the paddy is dried in the sun, and then pounded by the women in wooden mortars with pestles five feet long.
"Children of Borneo" by Edwin Herbert Gomes
From thence we may conclude, that it is ill Husbandry to be sparing of Mortar.
"An Abridgment of the Architecture of Vitruvius" by Vitruvius
Going round and round making mortar for the masons.
"India and the Indians" by Edward F. Elwin
Modern kitchen methods have put the old mortar practically out of existence, at the expense of quality of the finished product.
"Cooking and Dining in Imperial Rome" by Apicius
Under his fingers the mortar crumbled and left him hanging, more than once, by one hand.
"The Red Hell of Jupiter" by Paul Ernst
It was not the time or place to hang about, so I hurried to the trench-mortar pit to finish my scenes whilst daylight lasted.
"How I Filmed the War" by Lieut. Geoffrey H. Malins
***

In poetry:

Bricks and mortar will not stay,
Will not stay, will not stay,
Bricks and mortar will not stay,
My fair Lady.
"London Bridge is Falling Down" by Anonymous British
But for loving, why, you would not, Sweet,
Though we prayed you,
Paid you, brayed you
in a mortar—-for you could not, Sweet!
"A Pretty Woman" by Robert Browning
Some say the tulip mortar sent
The missile forth; I do not know;
I scarcely saw which way it went,
Its whisk of flame surprised me so.
"The Assault (Amazilia cerviniventris)" by Maurice Thompson
As sinks that sun mortar and gun
Like living things leap grim and hot,
And far and wide across the tide
Spray-furrows show the flying shot.
"Arms And The Man - The Beleaguered Town" by James Barron Hope
We trenched, we trumpeted and drummed,
And from our mortars tons of iron hummed
Ath'art the ditch, the month we bombed
The Town o' Valencieën.
"Valenciennes" by Thomas Hardy
Ther wor whiteweshers coom in a drove
An masons, an joiners, an sweeps,
An a blacksmith to fit up a cove,
An bricks, stooans an mortar i' heaps.
"To Let" by John Hartley

In news:

Hours of Web research almost always precede purchasing at brick-and-mortar locations.
The Israeli military says 'Syrian mobile artillery' was hit after responding to stray mortar fire from its northern neighbor.
Turkey 'responds to fresh Syrian mortar fire '.
Turkey responds to mortar fire from Syria.
Mortar fire at a funeral in Syria.
Mortar fire reported in central Damascus.
Farmers market gluten-free bakery Petunia 's Pies and Pastries (warning: loud music autoplays on this website) is opening a brick and mortar location in the West End, at 610 SE 12th Ave, next door to Roma Ristorante.
The violence in Syria strayed beyond the country's borders last week, when mortar fire fell on the Turkish town of Akçakale, killing a woman and four children.
Ten days ago, Pinche Tacos went the way of Biker Jim's, which is to say it morphed from mobile vendor to brick-and-mortar.
Triumph Higher Education, which licenses the school's name from the Escoffier Foundation, already has two brick-and-mortar professional cooking schools in Austin, Tex.
Enoteca, Vespaio—you'd be wise to watch your step as well, brick and mortar though you may be.
It is that Hamas terrorists have continued to mount rocket and mortar attacks against Israel.
They used softer brick , softer mortar.
It is a very different world now than it was 15 years ago: retailers cater to online versus brick-and-mortar consumers.
Mortar shell marks are seen on a wall as a person closes a broken window of his house in a community along the Israel Gaza border, Israel, Sunday, Nov 11, 2012.
***

In science:

Consider that the process of recommendation in a ‘brick and mortar’ setting is inherently dependent on knowledge of personal taste.
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
The LPC serves as a "brick and mortar" location for physics excellence for the CMS physicists where graduate and postgraduate scientists can find experts in all aspects of data analysis and learn via tutorials, workshops, conferences and gatherings.
An outlook of the user support model to educate the users community at the CMS Experiment
Zhong, A stochastic mortar mixed finite element method for flow in porous media with multiple rock types, SIAM J.
A hybrid HDMR for mixed multiscale finite element method with application for flows in random porous media
C. The subsequent material was ground with a mortar and pestle to obtain a powder which was then subjected to high temperature oxidation (100% O2) and reduction (100 H2, 1% and 5% H2 in Ar) in a tube furnace.
A unique metal-semiconductor interface and resultant electron transfer phenomenon
***