monosaccharide

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n monosaccharide a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Monosaccharide (Chem) A simple sugar; any of a number of sugars (including the trioses, tetroses, pentoses, hexoses, etc.), not decomposable into simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Specif., as used by some, a hexose. The monosaccharides are all open-chain compounds containing hydroxyl groups and either an aldehyde group or a ketone group.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n monosaccharide A carbohydrate the molecule of which is not divisible into simpler groups without loss of its essential characteristics. According to the number of carbon atoms, monosaccharides are divided into trioses, tetroses, pentoses, hexoses, etc. One of the best-known examples is the hexose dextrose (glucose).
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Mono-, + saccharide,

Usage

In literature:

The bulk of the carbohydrates are converted into monosaccharids in the small intestines.
"Dietetics for Nurses" by Fairfax T. Proudfit
The term "monosaccharides," as commonly used, refers to hexoses.
"The Chemistry of Plant Life" by Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
Such a simple sugar is called a monosaccharid.
"Foods and Household Management" by Helen Kinne
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In news:

7,645,803 titled " saccharide foamable compositions," covers unique foamable compositions comprised of saccharides such as monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides and honey.
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