monism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n monism the doctrine that reality consists of a single basic substance or element
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Monism (Biol) See Monogenesis, 1.
    • Monism (Metaph) That doctrine which refers all phenomena to a single ultimate constituent or agent; -- the opposite of dualism.
    • Monism The doctrine that the universe is an organized unitary being or total self-inclusive structure. "Monism means that the whole of reality, i.e., everything that is, constitutes one inseparable and indivisible entirety. Monism accordingly is a unitary conception of the world. It always bears in mind that our words are abstracts representing parts or features of the One and All, and not separate existences. Not only are matter and mind, soul and body, abstracts, but also such scientific terms as atoms and molecules, and also religious terms such as God and world."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n monism Any system of thought which seeks to deduce all the varied phenomena of both the physical and spiritual worlds from a single principle; specifically, the metaphysical doctrine that there is but one substance, either mind (idealism) or matter (materialism), or a substance that is neither mind nor matter, but is the substantial ground of both: opposed to dualism. The term was applied by Wolf, its inventor, to the forms of the doctrine which were then known, namely, to the denial of the substantiality either of mind or of matter; but it is now extended to the doctrine that the distinction between physical and mental facts is only phenomenal, and that in themselves they are not distinguished. Many special modifications of monistic speculation, especially on its materialistic side, have accompanied the recent developments of physical science, particularly the doctrine of evolution. (See quotation from Haeckel under monistic.) Such doctrines as that energy, electricity, etc., arc categories of substance different from matter are not taken account of by those who use the term, so that it is not easy to say whether they would be considered as denials of monism or not. Also called unitism and unitarianism.
    • n monism Any theory or system which attempts to explain many heterogeneous phenomena by a single principle.
    • n monism In biology, same as monogenesis .
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Monism mon′izm a philosophical theory that all being may ultimately be referred to one category; thus Idealism, Pantheism, Materialism are monisms—as opposed to the Dualism of matter and spirit
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
From Gr. mo`nos single
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. monos, alone, and -ism.

Usage

In literature:

I'll start him on monism if I can.
"Martin Eden" by Jack London
We have observed how Chinese dualism became a monism, and how while the monism was established the dualism was retained.
"Myths and Legends of China" by E. T. C. Werner
Monism and Pluralism 159 Sect.
"The Approach to Philosophy" by Ralph Barton Perry
Monism and pluralism, 279.
"The Will to Believe" by William James
The German apostle of Darwinism and champion of "monism", 54a, 237, 407, 409, 412, 422b, 423a, 429, 452, 462.
"Gems (?) of German Thought" by Various
From spiritual monism it is a short step to materialistic monism.
"Monophysitism Past and Present" by A. A. Luce
To speak technically, it is an idealist monism.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 5" by Various
Mais ce n'est qu'un monisme verbal.
"Essays in Radical Empiricism" by William James
Science always implies Monism, i. e., a unitary world-conception.
"Above the Battle" by Romain Rolland
In the first place, it is necessary for us to understand that the Eleatic philosophy is the first monism.
"A Critical History of Greek Philosophy" by W. T. Stace
The consistent belief of monism in human nature can only gradually leaven life.
"The Morality of Woman and Other Essays" by Ellen Key
Monism, unsatisfactory metaphysics for social sciences, 571-72.
"The Value of Money" by Benjamin M. Anderson, Jr.
In the present day, we are told that polygamy amongst the Mormons is an evidence of the grossly sensual character of Mor-monism.
"The Bible: what it is" by Charles Bradlaugh
The only kind of monism which will stand the test of an ultimate analysis, says John Fiske is monotheism.
"The Universe a Vast Electric Organism" by George Woodward Warder
The current monism on the whole still keeps talking in too abstract a way.
"The pragmatic theory of truth as developed by Peirce, James, and Dewey" by Delton Loring Geyer
Modern Monism has come to this conclusion, but it is not alone in so doing.
"Morals and the Evolution of Man" by Max Simon Nordau
Monism, =1=, 238, 244, 245.
"The Letters of William James, Vol. II" by William James
To talk in this case of monism and materialism is to talk nonsense.
"Historical materialism and the economics of Karl Marx" by Benedetto Croce
The monism of natural science has a far too narrow view of the universe.
"The Positive Outcome of Philosophy" by Joseph Dietzgen
The Monism here maintained by us is often considered identical with Materialism.
"The History of Creation, Vol. I (of 2)" by Ernst Haeckel
***

In news:

Ours is not a monism, reducing all experience to one principle, one idea, one path -- denying the contrasts and the reality of tensions .
***

In science:

The term ”monism” (monistic) in its application to geometry means, that the conception of a geometry uses only one fundamental quantity (distance) and all other geometrical quantities and concepts are derivatives of the fundamental quantity.
Monistic conception of geometry
***