• WordNet 3.6
    • adj monarchal ruled by or having the supreme power resting with a monarch "monarchal government","monarchical systems"
    • adj monarchal having the characteristics of or befitting or worthy of a monarch "monarchical gestures","monarchal pomp"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Body of the monarch butterfly Body of the monarch butterfly
The monarch butterfly The monarch butterfly

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Queen Lydia Liliuokalani was the last reigning monarch of the Hawaiian Islands. She was also the only Queen the United States ever had
    • a Monarchal Pertaining to a monarch; suiting a monarch; sovereign; regal; imperial. "Satan, whom now transcendent glory raised
      Above his fellows, with monarchal pride."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The fastest flying butterfly is the Monarch, which has been clocked with a speed as high as 17 miles per hour
    • monarchal Of or pertaining to a monarch; befitting a monarch; sovereign.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The longest reigning monarch in history was Pepi II, who ruled Egypt for 90 years; 2566 to 2476 BC. The second longest was France's Louis XIV, who ruled for 72 years, 1643 to 1715.
    • adjs Monarchal pertaining to a monarch: regal
    • ***


  • John Milton
    “Fear of change perplexes monarchs.”
  • John Dryden
    “All human things are subject to decay, and when fate summons, monarchs must obey.”
  • John Dryden
    “All things are subject to decay and when fate summons, monarchs must obey.”
  • Miguel De Cervantes
    “You are a king by your own fireside, as much as any monarch in his throne.”
  • Charles Lamb
    “To be sick is to enjoy monarchical prerogatives.”
  • Epicurus
    “A free life cannot acquire many possessions, because this is not easy to do without servility to mobs or monarchs...”


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. monarque, through L., from Gr. monarchēsmonos, alone, archein, to rule.


In literature:

The articles were easily adjusted between the monarchs.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.I., Part C. From Henry VII. to Mary" by David Hume
His people interested themselves in the glory of their monarch.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.II. From William and Mary to George II." by Tobias Smollett
Better that a monarch should perish than a nation.
"By Right of Conquest" by G. A. Henty
EGYPT was governed by the Greek monarchs who bore the name of Ptolemy.
"A Smaller History of Rome" by William Smith and Eugene Lawrence
This gate is entirely covered with sculpture, commemorating the triumph of a conquering monarch.
"Sketches The Carrier Pigeon, The Consul's Daughter, Walstein--Or A Cure For Melancholy, The Court Of Egypt, The Valley Of Thebes, Egyptian Thebes, Shoubra Eden And Lebanon, A Syrian Sketch, The Bosphorus, An Interview With A Great Turk, Munich, The Spirit Of Whiggism" by Benjamin Disraeli
Charlemagne dealt with it in a very different manner from that pursued by the monarchs of the Avars.
"Historical Tales, Vol. 6 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
Did a monarch wish for peace?
"Henry VIII." by A. F. Pollard
One obstacle remained to the complete fruition of the monarch's wishes, and this was the religion of the princess.
"Knickerbocker, or New-York Monthly Magazine, March 1844" by Various
These words were followed by an angry murmur from the multitude, and many dark looks were bent upon the rash monarch.
"Historical Tales, Vol. 9 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
Whenever the monarch passes into the city, there is much ceremony takes place at the bar.
"Young Americans Abroad" by Various

In poetry:

But gloom the monarch's heart oppressed,
For from the hillside to the west,
He saw how fair Diarmid, unhurt by the tooth,
A conqueror stood in the beauty of youth.
"The Death Of The Boar" by John Douglas Sutherland Campbell
Thou art no lingerer in monarch's hall,
A joy thou art, and a wealth to all!
A bearer of hope unto land and sea:–
Sunbeam! what gift hath the world like thee?
"The Sunbeam" by Felicia Dorothea Hemans
Proud piles where ancient monarchs sleep,
Rude graves, rich tombs with sculpture choice,
The battle-field, the stream, the deep,
To stir their dead, shall hear a voice.
"Le Lac Des Morts" by George Jehoshaphat Mountain
Yea, Nineveh and Babylon the great
Are fallen — like ripe ears at harvest-tide;
I set my heel upon their pomp and state,
The people's serfdom and the monarch's pride.
"The Burden of Time" by Frederick George Scott
"Of this proud host not one shall be alive!"
And at this thought the monarch bowed his head,
While from his eyes fell unavailing tears
That he must meet a greater conqueror!
"Xerxes" by Alfred Gibbs Campbell
Monarchs, the powerful and the strong,
Famous in history and in song
Of olden time,
Saw, by the stern decrees of fate,
Their kingdoms lost, and desolate
Their race sublime.
"Coplas De Manrique (From The Spanish)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

In news:

Saudi Arabia and other Gulf Arab states are deeply committed to saving Bahrain's Sunni dynasty as a firewall against possible future challenges to the ruling sheiks and monarchs in the region.
Monarchs' winter stopover in 1,000-mile migration.
A Swazi protester burns a cloth with an image of King Mswati III during one of the largest protests yet against Africa's last absolute monarch and his regime, in Swaziland 's biggest town, Manzini, on Septmber 6, 2011.
Sub-Saharan Africa's last absolute monarch is working to ease recessionary pressures.
Plain City Mayor Sandra Adkins left no doubt as to the outcome of tonight's Spielman Gridiron Classic between the Jonathan Alder Pioneers and the Marysville Monarchs.
It can take five generations for Monarchs to return each year from Mexico.
Mater Dei's Dr Carlos Prietto watches from the sidelines during the Monarchs' game against Orange Lutheran at Santa Ana Stadium Friday night.
ODU, William and Mary play to type in Monarchs' victory.
Monarch has more than 200,000 square feet of production space and about 200 employees.
Merrie Monarch events at 'Imiloa Astronomy Center, Naniloa Volcanoes Resort.
Joe Corey, of Billerica, wore a Kansas City Monarchs uniform at the media… (Dina Rudick/Globe Staff ).
Big Red's transition game beats Monarchs.
B-Sens blanked in by Monarchs.
The Binghamton Senators were shutout by the Manchester Monarchs, 4-0, at the Verizon Wireless Arena on Sunday evening.
I thought he was a Monarch at first, but those are orange, aren't they.

In science:

Evans, D.; Hersh, W.; Monarch, I.; Lefferts, R. and Henderson, S. 1991. Automatic Indexing of Abstracts via Natural-Language Processing Using a Simple Thesaurus” , Medical Decision Making 11 (supp), S108-S115.
Machine Learning of User Profiles: Representational Issues