• WordNet 3.6
    • n moderator someone who mediates disputes and attempts to avoid violence
    • n moderator someone who presides over a forum or debate
    • n moderator in the Presbyterian church, the officer who presides over a synod or general assembly
    • n moderator any substance used to slow down neutrons in nuclear reactors
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Japanese research has concluded that moderate drinking can boost IQ levels
    • Moderator A mechanical arrangement for regulating motion in a machine, or producing equality of effect.
    • Moderator In the University of Oxford, an examiner for moderations; at Cambridge, the superintendant of examinations for degrees; at Dublin, either the first (senior) or second (junior) in rank in an examination for the degree of Bachelor of Arts.
    • Moderator One who, or that which, moderates, restrains, or pacifies. "Angling was . . . a moderator of passions."
    • Moderator The officer who presides over an assembly or discussion to preserve order, propose questions, regulate the proceedings, and declare the votes.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n moderator One who or that which moderates, restrains, or represses.
    • n moderator In microscopy, a device used to diminish the intensity or vary the character of the light which illuminates the object: it consists commonly of a screen of opal glass, ground glass, or glass of a pale-blue or neutral tint.
    • n moderator An umpire; a judge.
    • n moderator The person who presides at a meeting or disputation: now used chiefly in churches of the Presbyterian and Congregational order (as, the moderator of a presbytery or of the General Assembly), and in town-meetings in the United States.
    • n moderator In the universities of Cambridge and Oxford, one of the public officers appointed to superintend the examinations for honors and degrees: so called because they formerly had to moderate or preside in the exercises of undergraduates for the degree of bachelor of arts.
    • n moderator A moderator-lamp.
    • n moderator In astrology, any one of the four principal points in a nativity upon which the native's fortunes are supposed to depend: the sun, moon, ascendant, or mid-heaven.
    • n moderator In mech., a device for moderating or reducing the speed of an internal-combustion engine by the operation of a throttle-valve. Its action is the reverse of that of the accelerator.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Moderator one who, or that which, moderates or restrains: a president or chairman, esp. in Presbyterian Church courts: an officer at the universities of Oxford and Cambridge who superintends the examination for degrees: a kind of lamp in which the flow of the oil to the wick is regulated:—fem. Mod′eratrix
    • ***


  • St. Augustine
    “Complete abstinence is easier than perfect moderation.”
  • Mark Twain
    “Water, taken in moderation, cannot hurt anybody.”
  • Ben Hecht
    Ben Hecht
    “In moderating, not satisfying desires, lies peace.”
  • Walter Savage Landor
    “Prose on certain occasions can bear a great deal of poetry; on the other hand, poetry sinks and swoons under a moderate weight of prose.”
  • Marcus Valerius Martial
    “That spot of earth has special charms for me, in which a limited income produces happiness, and moderate wealth abundance.”
  • Thomas Mann
    “Every reasonable human being should be a moderate Socialist.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L.: cf. F. modérateur,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. moderāri, -ātusmodus, a measure.


In literature:

Bake in a moderate oven for 2 1/2 to 3 hours.
"Woman's Institute Library of Cookery, Vol. 3" by Woman's Institute of Domestic Arts and Sciences
Pour the custard into buttered baking dishes, set in a pan of warm water, and bake in a moderate oven until firm.
"Woman's Institute Library of Cookery, Vol. 4" by Woman's Institute of Domestic Arts and Sciences
Only a very moderate heat may be applied at first, 110 degrees Fahrenheit being considered the ideal temperature for beginning.
"Woman's Institute Library of Cookery, Vol. 5" by Woman's Institute of Domestic Arts and Sciences
Bake in a moderate oven until done.
"365 Foreign Dishes" by Unknown
The wind was moderate from East-South-East.
"Discoveries in Australia, Volume 1." by J Lort Stokes
It should be boiled rapidly until tender, then drained at once, and set in a moderate oven to become dry.
"Science in the Kitchen." by Mrs. E. E. Kellogg
Livestock is plentiful and the prices are moderate.
"Voyage Of H.M.S. Rattlesnake, Vol. 2 (of 2)" by John MacGillivray
The shores were chiefly beaches, the front land was of a moderate height, the back was mountainous.
"An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales, Vol. 2" by David Collins
A moderately-sized dog, of a brown, chestnut colour, was observed amongst the party.
"A Voyage to Terra Australis" by Matthew Flinders
It is moderately high, and well stored with timber, having a good sandy bay at its N.E.
"A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Volume X" by Robert Kerr
Bake the cakes in a moderate oven for about twenty minutes.
"Chocolate and Cocoa Recipes and Home Made Candy Recipes" by Miss Parloa
At the Rose and Crown we are informed venison is to be had in perfection at moderate charges during the season.
"Rides on Railways" by Samuel Sidney
Bake in a moderate oven, basting often.
"The Story of Crisco" by Marion Harris Neil
The morning of the fifth dawned cloudy, with the usual moderate trade-wind.
"Memoirs of Service Afloat, During the War Between the States" by Raphael Semmes
Bake in moderate oven 20 to 30 minutes.
"New Royal Cook Book" by Anonymous
A corn field of moderate fertility produces a much greater quantity of food for man, than the best pasture of equal extent.
"An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations" by Adam Smith
Moulds having moderately wide mouths enable the potter to press his shapes instead of cast them.
"Pottery, for Artists Craftsmen & Teachers" by George J. Cox
The great bugaboo of the Provisional government and its moderate members was the radical brethren of the very same Patriotic party.
"The Rise of the Dutch Kingdom" by Hendrik Willem van Loon
Frederick was moderate but strong.
"History of the Reformation in the Sixteenth Century (Volume 1)" by J. H. Merle D'Aubigné
It is impossible to have good soup, without a sufficiency of good meat; thoroughly boiled, carefully skimmed, and moderately seasoned.
"Miss Leslie's New Cookery Book" by Eliza Leslie

In poetry:

He cam also stylle
There his moder lay
As dew in Aprille
That fallyt on the spray;
"I Sing Of A Maiden" by Anonymous British
I know you not. And possibly
You're kind and moderate like all.
Maybe! May these be ravings all!
For only raving ones may be!
"Terminal Silhouette" by Marina Ivanova Tsvetaeva
An' along dey come, wan foller de oder,
Dozen o' girl--not a boy at all--
Never a girl tak' affer de moder,
But all lak de fader, beeg an' small--
"Snubbing (Tying-up) The Raft" by William Henry Drummond
"That man of yours will never earn
His living as a waiter!
Is that queer THING supposed to burn?
(It's far too dismal a concern
To call a Moderator).
"Phantasmagoria Canto III ( Scarmoges )" by Lewis Carroll
Growin' up purty de sam' de moder--
An' soon as dey know it along de shore
De boys stop comin', an' never bodder
For snub de raf' on ma place no more--
"Snubbing (Tying-up) The Raft" by William Henry Drummond
But I must sweat in Love, and labour yet,
Till I a Competency get.
They're slothful fools who leave a Trade,
Till they a moderate fortune by't have made.
"Resolved To Be Loved" by Abraham Cowley

In news:

For low and moderate income South County taxpayers, help this year decoding line 23 minus line 18 times factor C from chart B is close at hand.
In public, House Republican conservatives and moderates are trying to play nice with each other.
CBS moderator "felt very badly for Tom Brokaw" after second debate, hopes Obama, McCain mix it up in more intimate format.
First Utility District's board approved a "moderate sewer rate increase" at its meeting Tuesday, Dec 20.
Four years ago, after moderating his 11th debate, Jim Lehrer, the highly respected PBS veteran, said he would retire.
On Wednesday night in Denver he broke that promise, and the result was one of the most poorly moderated presidential debates in US history.
Moderating a debate = impossible.
Centrist Sen Specter died fighting for moderation.
Moderator Martha Raddatz listens as Republican vice presidential nominee Paul Ryan, left, debates Vice President Joe Biden at Centre College in Danville, Ky.
After 22 years moderating Donnybrook — the combative roundtable discussion show on KETC-TV (Channel 9) — Martin Duggan, age 89, has passed the baton.
Liberals said the GOP needed to become more moderate, while conservatives said the Republican Party had become too moderate.
Macy's CEO Terry Lundgren will moderate The Future is BIG.
Spain: Moderate Basques Get Go-Ahead.
Juan José Ibarretxe, whose moderate Basque Nationalist Party won the most seats, 33 of 75, will be sworn in as president of the region today.
SILVER CITY — A 69-year-old Silver City woman with moderate dementia was found safe early Saturday morning after being reported missing by her husband on Friday night.

In science:

Although their results strongly support the presence of cooling flows in seven clusters, we suggest that more moderate cooling rates are plausible.
A Moderate Cluster Cooling Flow Model
We take this as strong support for our moderate cooling flow model.
A Moderate Cluster Cooling Flow Model
AFJAN noted that it is possible that all seven clusters in their study have central black holes with masses of ∼> 1010M⊙ . (3) Even in our moderate cooling flow model, where we find lower cooling rates, a substantial fraction of the cooling mass is still unseen.
A Moderate Cluster Cooling Flow Model
Over the next few years a large number of cooling flow clusters will be observed by Chandra, from which we can test our proposed moderate cooling flow scenario.
A Moderate Cluster Cooling Flow Model
To summarize this section, we find the disagreement between our proposed moderate cooling flow model and the spectral mass cooling rate as found by AFJAN (and earlier papers), to be less embarrassing than the inability of the standard model to account for the ultimate sink of cooled mass.
A Moderate Cluster Cooling Flow Model
Also, a cluster will likely contain more gas at the current epoch if it is near the top of, or on the descent from, a moderately high-altitude Galactic orbit.
Bondi-Hoyle-Lyttleton Accretion Model for Low-luminosity X-ray Sources in Globular Clusters
As easily seen from this figure, the magnetic field lines are moderately modified by the general relativistic effect.
General Relativistic Modification of a Pulsar Electromagnetic Field
All of CO emission line centroids are within 300 km s−1 of the adopted optical redshifts, indicating that the optical emission lines are only moderately red/blueshifted relative to the systemic velocity.
Molecular Gas in Infrared-Excess, Optically-Selected QSOs and the Connection with Infrared Luminous Galaxies
Figure 6 is a plot of the CO luminosity of the eight PG QSOs detected in CO to date, as well as all of the moderate (0.3 < z ∼< 2) and high-redshift CO luminous QSOs, versus the redshift.
Molecular Gas in Infrared-Excess, Optically-Selected QSOs and the Connection with Infrared Luminous Galaxies
It can be shown that Eq. 13 simplifies to Eq. 1 in the limit of moderate forces. Similarly, in the limit f → 0, = o .
Entropic Elasticity of Weakly Perturbed Polymers
VLA J123642.09+621331.4 is both the optically faintest and X-ray faintest z > 4 AGN detected in X-rays; it provides the best constraints to date upon the X-ray properties of moderate-luminosity z > 4 AGN.
The Chandra Deep Survey of the Hubble Deep Field North Area. IV. An Ultradeep Image of the HDF-N
If this source is indeed at moderate or high redshift (see Table 3), it almost certainly contains an active nucleus given its large hard X-ray luminosity and its hard X-ray spectral shape.
The Chandra Deep Survey of the Hubble Deep Field North Area. IV. An Ultradeep Image of the HDF-N
Unlike the ROSAT cross-correlation studies, we should be fairly immune to contamination by Seyfert nuclei (e.g., see §4 of Almaini et al. 1997); note that our good 2–8 keV sensitivity should also allow us to detect moderately obscured AGN with low-level soft X-ray emission.
The Chandra Deep Survey of the Hubble Deep Field North Area. IV. An Ultradeep Image of the HDF-N
The spaces of moderate resp. negligible sequences and hence the algebra itself may be characterized locally, i.e., U ∈ G (X ) iff U ◦ ψα ∈ G (ψα (Vα )) for all charts (Vα , ψα ).
Nonlinear distributional geometry and general relativity
Finally, inserting x ∈ X into U ∈ G (X ) yields a well defined element of the ring of constants K (corresponding to K = R resp. C), defined as the set of moderate nets of numbers ((rε )ε ∈ K(0,1] with |rε | = O(ε−N ) for some N ) modulo negligible nets (|rε | = O(εn ) for each n).
Nonlinear distributional geometry and general relativity