mirror

Definitions

  • Sadie uses the pond as a mirror to put a garland in her hair
    Sadie uses the pond as a mirror to put a garland in her hair
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v mirror reflect or resemble "The plane crash in Milan mirrored the attack in the World Trade Center"
    • v mirror reflect as if in a mirror "The smallest pond at night mirrors the firmament above"
    • n mirror polished surface that forms images by reflecting light
    • n mirror a faithful depiction or reflection "the best mirror is an old friend"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The dragon catches sight of its reflection in the mirror The dragon catches sight of its reflection in the mirror
The queen looks into her magic mirror The queen looks into her magic mirror
THE MIRROR THE MIRROR
MIRROR MIRROR
QUEEN ANNE MIRROR FRAME QUEEN ANNE MIRROR FRAME
CHIPPENDALE MIRROR CHIPPENDALE MIRROR
Shasasa hides the mirror Shasasa hides the mirror
A woman gazes at her reflection in a mirror while her children tear apart her house A woman gazes at her reflection in a mirror while her children tear apart her house

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The biggest disco ball in the world has a diameter of 2.41 meters and 137.89 kilograms. It also has 6,900 mirror squares on it
    • Mirror A looking-glass or a speculum; any glass or polished substance that forms images by the reflection of rays of light. "And in her hand she held a mirror bright,
      Wherein her face she often viewèd fair."
    • Mirror (Zoöl) See Speculum.
    • Mirror That which gives a true representation, or in which a true image may be seen; hence, a pattern; an exemplar. "She is mirour of all courtesy.""O goddess, heavenly bright, Mirror of grace and majesty divine."
    • Mirror To copy or duplicate; to mimic or imitate; as, the files at Project Gutenberg were mirrored on several other ftp sites around the world.
    • Mirror To have a close resemblance to; as, his opinions often mirrored those of his wife.
    • Mirror To reflect, as in a mirror.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Baseball is the only sport that looks backwards in a mirror.
    • n mirror A polished surface, as of metal, or of glass backed by a metal or other opaque substance, used to reflect objects, especially to reflect the face or person as an aid in making the toilet. The mirrors of the ancients were of polished metal, as are those of the Japanese and some other Oriental nations. Glass mirrors, consisting of transparent glass with a backing of metal to act as the reflecting surface, did not become common until the sixteenth century. Mirrors have been used for decoration of the person, being sewed to the material of the dress and serving as larger and more brilliant spangles; they have also been used in the interior decoration of buildings, especially in Persia and the East Indies. (Compare ardish.) The common method of preparing glass mirrors is to coat one side of the glass with an amalgam of tin and mercury (called silvering); but mirrors are now often made by depositing pure silver on the glass.
    • n mirror Specifically, in optics, a surface of glass or polished substance that forms images by the reflection of rays of light; a speculum. Optical mirrors are plane, convex, or concave. A plane mirror gives a virtual image whose apparent position is on the opposite side of the mirror from the reflected body and at an equal distance from it. A concave spherical mirror (supposing that it includes only a small part of a huge spherical surface) reflects rays parallel to its axis, as those from the sun, to a point (F in fig. 1) called the principal focus, whose distance from the mirror is equal to half the radius of the sphere of which the surface of the mirror forms a part. Rays proceeding from a luminous point upon the axis beyond the center (L in fig. 2) are reflected to a focus, f, between the center and F; and these two points are called conjugate foci, since they are interchangeable; a luminous body at L has a real inverted and diminished image formed at feminine If, however, the luminous body be at f, the image is formed at L, also real and inverted, but magnified. If the luminous body is at F, the principal focus, the reflected rays are sent out in parallel lines; if nearer the mirror than F, the rays after reflection are divergent, and the image is virtual, erect, and magnified. In a concave parabolic mirror parallel rays are brought exactly to a focus at the geometrical focus; hence this form is suitable for reflectors, as in the headlight of a locomotive. The images formed by convex mirrors are always virtual and smaller than the object.
    • n mirror Figuratively, that in or by which anything is shown or exemplified; hence, a pattern; an exemplar.
    • n mirror In architecture, a small oval ornament surrounded by a concave molding; a simple form of cartouche.
    • n mirror In ornithology, same as speculum.
    • n mirror A Japanese mirror of cast-metal, which, when made to reflect the sun's rays upon a screen at a proper distance, shows in the reflection bright images which are counterparts of raised figures or characters on the back of the mirror. These, like all Japanese mirrors, are generally circular in form, are about one eighth of an inch thick in the thinnest part, and are usually surrounded on the back by a raised rim. The surface of the mirror is generally slightly convex, and coated with an amalgam of mercury and the metal forming the mirror. The surface is locally modified in its curvature by the characters, either by the shrinkage of the metal in cooling, or by its deformation in the process of amalgamation or of polishing. Only a few of the mirrors which apparently answer to the general description in respect to their construction possess the “magic” property in any great degree.Soemmering's mirror, in microscopy, a plane mirror of polished steel, smaller than the pupil of the eye, placed before the eyepiece of the microscope to be used like the camera lucida in making drawings.
    • mirror To reflect in or as in a mirror.
    • n mirror A glass backed with an amalgam of tin or silver.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The moon actually has mirrors on it. They were left there by astronauts who wanted to bounce laser beams off them, so that the distance to the moon can be measured.
    • n Mirror mir′ur a looking-glass: a reflecting surface, usually made of glass lined at the back with a brilliant metal: a pattern
    • v.t Mirror to reflect as in a mirror:—pr.p. mirr′oring; pa.p. mirr′ored
    • ***

Quotations

  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “The best mirror is an old friend.”
  • Baltasar Gracian
    Baltasar%20Gracian
    “A beautiful woman should break her mirror early.”
  • Edward Gibbon
    Edward%20Gibbon
    “Books are those faithful mirrors that reflect to our mind the minds of sages and heroes.”
  • David J. Schwartz
    David%20J.%20Schwartz
    “How we think shows through in how we act. Attitudes are mirrors of the mind. They reflect thinking.”
  • Henry Miller
    Henry%20Miller
    “The world is the mirror of myself dying.”
  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “The eye is the mirror of the soul.”

Idioms

Smoke and mirrors - An attempt to conceal something is smoke and mirrors.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. mirour, F. miroir, OF. also mireor, fr. (assumed) LL. miratorium, fr. mirare, to look at, L. mirari, to wonder. See Marvel, and cf. Miracle Mirador

Usage

In literature:

A mirror hung on the wall in front of him, and he stood and looked vacantly into it.
"A Son of Hagar" by Sir Hall Caine
The lid being raised, a fitted mirror is disclosed.
"Chats on Old Lace and Needlework" by Emily Leigh Lowes
There's an old silver-framed mirror in my room.
"The Last of the Legions and Other Tales of Long Ago" by Arthur Conan Doyle
For it was an unjust mirror, this mirror of his soul that he was looking at.
"The Picture of Dorian Gray" by Oscar Wilde
He has broken the big mirror!
"Jessie Carlton" by Francis Forrester
I am editor-in-chief of the 'Dickinson Mirror.
"Hester's Counterpart" by Jean K. Baird
He is continually holding a mirror to nature and worshipping the childish phantoms within the mirror.
"Fantazius Mallare" by Ben Hecht
Never put your mirror in your makeup box, for powder and grease will ruin the best mirror made.
"The Art of Stage Dancing" by Ned Wayburn
There hung a mirror that he had used in shaving.
"Uncle Sam's Boys as Sergeants" by H. Irving Hancock
It was the first reflector in which only a single mirror was employed.
"A Popular History of Astronomy During the Nineteenth Century" by Agnes M. (Agnes Mary) Clerke
The softly tinted glassy water of Lake Algonquin, with the green islands mirrored in its clear depths was opening out to view.
"The End of the Rainbow" by Marian Keith
Standing before a mirror, he was brushing his hair.
"The Dust Flower" by Basil King
His eyes were on the rearview mirror.
"Smugglers' Reef" by John Blaine
My brother wrote to inquire the price of a reflecting mirror for (I believe) a five or six foot telescope.
"Sir William Herschel: His Life and Works" by Edward Singleton Holden
He bathed his face in the water and stood in front of a mirror to watch the change.
"Boys and Girls Bookshelf (Vol 2 of 17)" by Various
Its faint hum and the quivering of its mirrors had so far passed unnoticed.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science April 1930" by Various
I could see, through the room's upper trap, the primary sending mirror mounted in the peak of the dome.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
He eased between her and the mirror.
"Tangle Hold" by F. L. Wallace
It is a mirror I would like to have.
"The Story of John Wesley" by Marianne Kirlew
The dresser, with its wavy mirror, was strewn with her husband's neckties; an uncorked bottle of bay-rum gave out its last faint fumes.
"Just Around the Corner" by Fannie Hurst
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In poetry:

He wakes—the silly little boy,
To break the mirror thus of joy!
He wakes to sorrow, and in pain—
Oh Love renew thy dreams again.
"Love Asleep" by William Crafts
Only the poet reads her right,
Because he reads with heart, not eyes:
He bares his being in her sight,
And mirrors all her mysteries.
"Nature And the Book" by Alfred Austin
Unknown the apple's red and gold,
The blushing tint of peach and pear;
The mirror of the Powow told
No tale of orchards ripe and rare.
"A Song Of Harvest" by John Greenleaf Whittier
How teasing truth a thousand faces claims,
As in a broken mirror,
And what a father died for in the flames
His own son scorns as error;
""Oh, Ask Me Not"" by John Charles McNeill
Lo, a castle, tall, lake-mirrored,
Ringed around by mountain forms,
Roofless, ruined, still defying
Summer's rains and winter's storms.
"Colhorn" by John Douglas Sutherland Campbell
Those eyes are mirror of thy soul;
As in the waves that deeply roll,
The sun and moon and stars are seen,
Reflected with undimmed sheen.
"To Fannie" by James Avis Bartley

In news:

175 comes with 2 Performance Mirror lenses / $235 Polarized or Photochromic with included Sensor Mirror lens.
Rustic murals, mirrors, hanging quilts and a mismatch of tables characterize this cheerful Italian seafood grill.
House of Mirrors and Fog.
Have you ever asked your mirror how student loan debt stacks up to the recently popped housing bubble that helped drive the Great Recession.
Probably not, unless you have a Snow White mirror on your wall.
Personal Device Gaming Mirrors Cellphone Use, Backers Say Gamblers could take the games back to their hotel rooms if a new bill passes.
If photo 6 is a mirror, it looks very he more.
If photo 6 is a mirror, it looks very heavy.
Monterey Mirror Maze Nic Coury.
Enter a labyrinth of light and mirrors and you might zip through in a minute.
The Black Mirror Theatre Company has opened Becket's Krapp's Last Tape.
High tech used to build better rearview mirror.
Sure, we looked in the mirror, but that's not the same.
Mirror, mirror on the wall, who was the sexiest star at the GQ Men of the Year Awards of them all.
Thanksgiving may be just a few weeks in the rear-view mirror, but for hunters who pursue the iconic bird that represents that holiday, it's already time to think about next year's turkey hunt.
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In science:

If the phase difference is right, the sum of the two incident beams, the two photons, emerge behind the mirror and if they interfere with the opposite phase they appear in front of the mirror.
Quantum Physics of Simple Optical Instruments
Hopefully better understanding of D-branes and topological twists of the general N = (2, 2) sigma model will bring some light to a mirror symmetry beyond the Calabi-Yau case (for the related discussion of mirror symmetry beyond Calabi-Yau manifolds see [11, 5, 9]).
Geometry of D-branes for general N=(2,2) sigma models
These statements set the stage for understanding mirror symmetry and the mirror transform of D-branes in generalized Calabi-Yau geometry.
Mirror Symmetry and Generalized Complex Manifolds
Under these conditions, we write down the mirror transformation rule that allows us to relate the generalized almost K¨ahler metric G on X and the mirror generalized almost K¨ahler metric bG on bX .
Mirror Symmetry and Generalized Complex Manifolds
Mirror Shapes and PSF For the design of coronographic masks one must take into account the specific properties of the PSF produced by the different shapes of the primary mirror.
Coronographic Methods for the Detection of Terrestrial Planets
Mirror symmetry should exchange these torsion parts of integral cohomology of X and a mirror X ∗ .
Lattices generated by skeletons of reflexive polytopes
The surprising fact that free energy F is given in terms of periods of a hidden algebraic curve C is an example of mirror symmetry. A general program of interpreting mirror partners as limit shapes was initiated in .
Random partitions and instanton counting
The other two mirrors (10 cm × 12 cm) are placed parallel to these mirrors approximately 25 cm away such that they face the ob ject.
Stereography using a single lens
Two slightly different images of the same ob ject can be seen side by side. A slight difference is introduced because of the tilting (angular change) of one of the larger mirrors placed parallel to the pair of the smaller mirrors in Figure 1.
Stereography using a single lens
Thomas, “Moment maps, monodromy and mirror manifolds,” in “Symplectic geometry and mirror symmetry”, eds K.
Deformations of calibrated D-branes in flux generalized complex manifolds
This is achieved by placing a partially transmitting mirror – the “power recycling” mirror – between the laser source and the beamsplitter.
A Quantum-Enhanced Prototype Gravitational-Wave Detector
BS: 50/50 beamsplitter; PD1 and PD2: photodetectors; PO: pickoff beamsplitter; DB: dichroic beamsplitter; SRM: signal-recycling mirror; EMX/EMY: end mirrors along the x/y axis, respectively; SHG: second-harmonic generator; OPO: optical parametric oscillator; GW: gravitational wave.
A Quantum-Enhanced Prototype Gravitational-Wave Detector
One of the greatest challenges of using suspended mirrors – a crucial feature of this work – is the coupling of seismic noise to the detector output, due to large fluctuations in the positions and angles of the mirrors.
A Quantum-Enhanced Prototype Gravitational-Wave Detector
MSSM with mirrors for the case when there is mixing with the mirror leptons.
An MSSM Extension with a Mirror Fourth Generation, Neutrino Magnetic Moments and LHC Signatures
It is also possible to formally derive the statement of the mirror theorem over a field of characteristic zero from the mirror theorem over the complex numbers.
Twisted de Rham cohomology, homological definition of the integral and "Physics over a ring"
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