mirage

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n mirage something illusory and unattainable
    • n mirage an optical illusion in which atmospheric refraction by a layer of hot air distorts or inverts reflections of distant objects
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Mirage An optical effect, sometimes seen on the ocean, but more frequently in deserts, due to total reflection of light at the surface common to two strata of air differently heated. The reflected image is seen, commonly in an inverted position, while the real object may or may not be in sight. When the surface is horizontal, and below the eye, the appearance is that of a sheet of water in which the object is seen reflected; when the reflecting surface is above the eye, the image is seen projected against the sky. The fata Morgana and looming are species of mirage. "By the mirage uplifted the land floats vague in the ether,
      Ships and the shadows of ships hang in the motionless air."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n mirage An optical illusion due to excessive bending of light-rays in traversing adjacent layers of air of widely different densities, whereby distorted, displaced, or inverted images are produced. The requisite change in density arises only near the earth's surface, and the hot shining of the sun seems to be an invariable antecedent, The mirage of the desert presents an appearance of objects reflected in a surface of water; in this case the heated earth rarefies the air in the lower strata faster than it can escape, and the flatness of the ground conduces to the maintenance of the resulting abnormal distribution of density. Displacement by mirage is commonly vertical, but is lateral when the density-gradi ent is more or less inclined to the vertical. Looming and fata Morgana are species of mirage. See these words.
    • n mirage Hence Deceptiveness of appearance; a delusive seeming; an illusion.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Mirage mi-räzh′ an optical illusion by which objects are seen double, or as if suspended in the air.
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Quotations

  • Naomi Wolf
    Naomi Wolf
    “The beauty myth moves for men as a mirage; its power lies in its ever-receding nature. When the gap is closed, the lover embraces only his own disillusion.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., fr. mirer, to look at carefully, to aim, se mirer, to look at one's self in a glass, to reflect, to be reflected, LL. mirare, to look at. See Mirror
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.—mirer—L. mirāri.

Usage

In literature:

It was only a mist which lay over the sea to leeward, a mirage in the boundless desert of water.
"From Pole to Pole" by Sven Anders Hedin
Mr. Bennett stared at the yellow blob with the wistful mistrust of a traveller in a desert who has been taken in once or twice by mirages.
"The Girl on the Boat" by Pelham Grenville Wodehouse
Miss Jenny Ann feared that she had seen a mirage, she had gazed so long at the water.
"Madge Morton's Secret" by Amy D. V. Chalmers
Nay, this is not the prairie that I saw In youth's mirage; 'twas fairer far than this.
"The Song of the Exile--A Canadian Epic" by Wilfred S. Skeats
The mirage lasted rather more than an hour, and then faded gradually away.
"For Treasure Bound" by Harry Collingwood
Then the truth flashed across his memory: the mirage!
"For Fortune and Glory" by Lewis Hough
Travelers in deserts, she had read, took all sorts of fancies, saw mirages, heard sounds that were not.
"A Voice in the Wilderness" by Grace Livingston Hill
I began to think he was a mirage.
"In Africa" by John T. McCutcheon
Perhaps he was chasing a mirage.
"The Eagle's Heart" by Hamlin Garland
Are they bulls or birds, or a mirage of the desert?
"Figures of Several Centuries" by Arthur Symons
The author, having seen the mirage while riding on the karroo, writes from personal experience.
"The Settler and the Savage" by R.M. Ballantyne
A mirage, a seeming, a thing to look at, to go get bravely had come into his mind in little pictures, like prints in a book.
"The Wind Bloweth" by Brian Oswald Donn-Byrne
I allowed myself to be beguiled by the mirage of an aurora.
"The Works of Guy de Maupassant, Volume VIII." by Guy de Maupassant
The mirage in Mesopotamia does not so much hide as distort the truth.
"With a Highland Regiment in Mesopotamia" by Anonymous
From here we began to see the wonderful effects of deceitful mirage, extremely common all over Persia.
"Across Coveted Lands" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
I thought you too shrewd, Marcia, to be misled by a mirage.
"Molly Bawn" by Margaret Wolfe Hamilton
Suddenly something moved into this coloured mirage before his eyes.
"The Prussian Officer" by D. H. Lawrence
The vision of the universal happiness seen by the economists has proved a mirage.
"The Unsolved Riddle of Social Justice" by Stephen Leacock
But ever the mirage, as it is called, retreats before them.
"The Story of General Gordon" by Jeanie Lang
The mirage of water is everywhere.
"In Mesopotamia" by Martin Swayne
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In poetry:

When I lift my eyelids worn
Like a fair mirage you seem,
In the winter dawn forlorn,
Golden dream!
"Golden Dream" by Robert Fuller Murray

To-morrow! Ah, To-morrow is a dream.
It is another name for rainbow gold,
The dancing mirage none may ever reach—
It is the hidden house of Hope grown old.
"A Song In Spring" by Ethel Clifford
The Dead Sea, and, beyond, in space suspended,
Mirages swimming in a golden haze.
Light. Warmth. A wild dove coos. The oleander
And storksbill with the reds of springtime blaze.
"The Bedouin" by Ivan Bunin
I sat beside the red stock route
and chewed a blade of bitter grass
and saw in mirage on the plain
a bullock wagon pass.
Old Harry Pearce was with his team.
"The flies are bad," I said to him.
"Harry Pearce" by David Campbell
I see as in a pale mirage
The palm that o'er you sways,
The waters of the Jumna wan are beating.
One pearl-cloud, like a far-off Taj,
A dome of grief betrays--
Its beauty as was yours will be too fleeting!
"Shah Jehan To Mumtaz Mahal" by Cale Young Rice
Mirage! Such dreams as come with sleep!
And he is innocent and small,
Running through orchard grasses deep
To his dead mother's tender call;
Before he broke her heart and bowed
His father's comely head and proud.
"Unfit" by Katharine Tynan

In news:

The tax reform mirage .
Rancho Mirage city council members say the Ritz Carlton Hotel will be up and running by this time next year.
The undulating pattern of Mirage 2 is reminiscent of a trellis or delicate gate, and its winged visitor seems frozen in time.
Is Tigers' 2-0 lead over Oakland just a mirage .
Is Kansas State's big start real or a mirage .
CFPB's Cordray Calls Qualified Mortgage Safe Harbor a Mirage .
What was real, and what was a mirage against the Saints.
Is the Energy Boom a Mirage .
After a spirited round of bidding, the 1968 Ford GT40 Gulf/ Mirage lightweight race car has sold for a staggering $11 million at auction in Monterey.
First impressions of Mirage Rock.
Will voters accept political mirage .
Mongol Rally, Day 14: It's like a blessed mirage in the desert.
Christie's Mirage M and J Series 3-Chip DLP Projectors Expand Popular Product Lines For Visualization Solutions.
Rancho Mirage , CA Referral - n/a.
India confirmed that it will upgrade its 51 Mirage 2000H fighters, and entered final negotiations with Thales, which will act as prime contractor.
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In science:

The other is the mirage density χ that is determined by the bulk dynamics.
Holography and Brane-bulk Energy Exchange
After completing this work it was pointed out that much of what has been discussed here is contained within a paper, “Mirage Cosmology”, by A.
D-branes and Cosmological Singularities
They find that matter VEVs dominate over moduli VEVs leading to a scenario for SUSY breaking termed, mirage mediation.
Searching for the Standard Model in the String Landscape : SUSY GUTs
As a result, gaugino masses measured at the LHC may appear to unify at a mirage scale which is intermediate between a TeV and GUT scales.
Searching for the Standard Model in the String Landscape : SUSY GUTs
But we speculate that some so-far unknown physics may remove this tachyonic problem as the tachyonic problem of the anomaly mediation was saved in the mirage mediation scenario.2 For an explicit calculation at the field theory level, we take Z ′ = B − L as shown in Table 1.
Effective SUSY modified after LHC run
This led to “mirage mediation” [91–95] phenomenology, a scenario with competing contributions from gravity mediation and anomaly mediation.
Models of Particle Physics from Type IIB String Theory and F-theory: A Review
The gaugino masses are compressed and unify at a fictitious scale above the GUT scale called the mirage scale.
Models of Particle Physics from Type IIB String Theory and F-theory: A Review
Murphy, J.C. & Aamodt, L.C. Photothermal spectroscopy using optical beam probing: Mirage effect. Journal of Applied Physics 51, 4580-4588 (1980). 228.
Nanoscale Heat Transfer: from Computation to Experiment
In French it is called “mirage gravitationnel,” which tends to emphasize the experience of the observer.
Gravitational Lensing: Recent Progress and Future Goals - Conference Summary
Various mirage energy densities are found, corresponding to dilute matter driving the cosmological expansion, many having superluminal properties |w | > 1 or violating the positive energy condition.
Mirage Cosmology
This is what we mean by mirage cosmology: the cosmological expansion is not due to energy density on our universe but somewhere else.
Mirage Cosmology
This cosmological evolution can be reinterpreted in terms of cosmological “mirage” energy densities on the brane via a Friedman-like equation.
Mirage Cosmology
Another peculiarity is that individual densities of mirage dilute matter can be negative (without spoiling the overall positivity at late times).
Mirage Cosmology
This indicates that the formalism we present is capable of handling the most general situation possible, namely cosmological evolution driven by bulk background fields (mirage matter) as well as world-volume energy densities (real matter).
Mirage Cosmology
The end result turns out to be that our approach takes into account properly both mirage and real energy densities and one can eventually study the transition between the two.
Mirage Cosmology
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