# minus

## Definitions

• WordNet 3.6
• adj minus involving disadvantage or harm "minus (or negative) factors"
• adj minus on the negative side or lower end of a scale "minus 5 degrees","a grade of B minus"
• n minus an arithmetic operation in which the difference between two numbers is calculated "the subtraction of three from four leaves one","four minus three equals one"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Except for 2 and 3, every prime number will eventually become divisible by 6 if you either add or subtract 1 from the number. For example, the number 17, plus 1, is divisible by 6. The number 19, minus 1, is also divisible by 6
• a Minus mī"nŭs (Math) Less; requiring to be subtracted; negative; as, a minus quantity.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• Interesting fact: Minus forty degrees Celsius is exactly the same as minus forty degrees Fahrenheit.
• minus Less(by a certain amount): followed by a noun as an apparent object (a preposition, by, to be supplied): as, the net amount is so much minus the waste or tare; 25 minus 9 is 16. In algebra and arithmetic this sense is indicated by the sign —, called the minus sign or sign of subtraction: as, a — b = x, which is read “a minus b equals x”; 25 — 9 = 16.
• minus Less than nothing; belonging to the inverse or negative side, as of an account; lying in the direction from the origin of measurement opposite to ordinary quantities: below zero, or below the lowest point of positive or upward reckoning: as, a minus amount or sum (that, is, an amount or sum representing loss or debt); a minus quantity in an equation (that is, one having the minus sign before it); the tempera ture was minus twenty degrees (written —20, and read “twenty degrees below zero”) In some common mathematical phrases, minus seems to he used as an adverb modifying the numeral adjective. Thus astrono-mers speak of the year minus 584 of the Christian era, meaning 585 b. c.
• minus Marking or yielding less than nothing or less than zero; negative in value or result: as, the minus sign (see def. 1).
• minus Deprived or devoid of; not having; without, as something necessary: as, he escaped minus his hat and coat; a gun minus its lock.
• minus Lacking positive value; wanting.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: The single highest temperature ever recorded in U.S. history was 134 degrees Fahrenheit. It was recorded in Greenland Ranch, CA on July 10, 1913. The lowest recorded temperature was minus 80 degrees on January 23, 1971 in Prospect Creek, AK.
• adj Minus mī′nus less: less than nothing or less than zero: deficient in respect of, deprived of, without
• n Minus an amount less than nothing: the sign (-) before quantities requiring to be subtracted
• adj Minus small, of a letter: written in minuscule
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## Quotations

• Susan Sontag
“Depression is melancholy minus its charms -- the animation, the fits.”
• Katherine Mansfield
“I'm treating you as a friend asking you to share my present minuses in the hope that I can ask you to share my future pluses”
• Ralph Marston
• Arthur Schopenhauer
“Will minus intellect constitutes vulgarity.”
• William A. Ward
“The winner persistently programs his pluses; the loser mournfully magnifies his minuses.”
• A. A. Milne
“If you live to be a hundred, I want to live to be a hundred minus one day, so I never have to live without you”

## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. See Minor, and cf. Mis- pref. from the French

## Usage

### In literature:

The boys were still minus their collars and ties when they suddenly realized that something unusual was taking place downstairs.
"The Rover Boys at Colby Hall" by Arthur M. Winfield
A minute later he emerged, minus the garment in question, and sat down beside Grief.
"A Son Of The Sun" by Jack London
Our driver was named George, and he was altogether like Brigham, minus the Mexican-Spanish element.
"Memoirs" by Charles Godfrey Leland
We can run the picnic minus either of you.
"Marjorie Dean, College Sophomore" by Pauline Lester
Zero minus fifty-six minutes.
"The Hills of Home" by Alfred Coppel
O'Mally handed him the exact amount, minus the lira for the button.
"The Lure of the Mask" by Harold MacGrath
Cecil and Molly, traveling down together, find Mrs. Darley, minus her husband, has arrived before them.
"Molly Bawn" by Margaret Wolfe Hamilton
Dick & Co., minus Greg, who were gathered on Main Street at the time, did not wonder.
"The Grammar School Boys of Gridley" by H. Irving Hancock
So, in another minute, Dan Dalzell, minus sword and gloves, bobbed into Dave's room.
"Dave Darrin on Mediterranean Service" by H. Irving Hancock
Once I got jammed myself, and came out minus a patch of skin several inches long from my left shin and knee.
"Across Unknown South America" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
But your A-bomb at zero minus one second looks as harmless as a fallen log.
"The K-Factor" by Harry Harrison (AKA Henry Maxwell Dempsey)
He'll be lodged in jail, ur Canadian County will be minus a sheriff!
"Frank Merriwell's Bravery" by Burt L. Standish
In tabulating final summaries, the committee valued the XXXX symbol at 100%; XXX, 75%; XX, 50%; X, 25%; O, O%; OO, minus 20%.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Thirty-Fourth Annual Report 1943" by Various
This left only the regulation party strength, minus the Kelly vote.
"A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3" by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander
This ratio minus one will be the proportion of excess air.
"Steam, Its Generation and Use" by Babcock & Wilcox Co.
The error is plus, not minus.
"Masters of Space" by Edward Elmer Smith
Finally, it was two days before Xmas, Potlatch Day Minus One.
"The Great Potlatch Riots" by Allen Kim Lang
Unemployment at the largest near-by city meant that any dancing indulged in by its citizens was at home, minus car fare.
"Working With the Working Woman" by Cornelia Stratton Parker
Now we can see that the strength of a temptation equals the sum of the impelling motives, minus the sum of the tutelary motives.
"The World's Greatest Books--Volume 14--Philosophy and Economics" by Various
The term "ABNORMAL" means MINUS the ordinary standard quality; and the term "SUPERNORMAL" means PLUS the ordinary standard quality.
"Genuine Mediumship or The Invisible Powers" by Bhakta Vishita
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### In poetry:

Alas, no lover ever stops to see;
The best that she is offered is the air.
Yet- if the passing mark is minus D-
She's passing fair.
"Roundel" by Dorothy Parker
A final word: before you start
The convulsions of your art,
Remove your brains, take out your heart;
Minus these curses, you can be
A genius like David G.
"A Letter To My Aunt" by Dylan Thomas
The lucky one was never found,
For she was snugly underground,
And minus breath;
And with that ticket tucked away,
In some old stocking, so they say,
She starved to death.
"Lottery Ticket" by Robert W Service
He delves through centuries of dust
To resurrect some unknown bust,
A torso, or a goddess whole;
Maybe like Venus, minus arms--
Haply to find those missing charms;
But not the lost, lost soul.
"The Antiquarian" by Hattie Howard
Am I a turnip? On the strict Q. T.,
When do my Trilbys get so ossified?
Why am I minus when it's up to me
To brace my Paris Pansy for a glide?
Once more my hoodoo's thrown the game and scored
A flock of zeros on my tally-board.
"The Love Sonnets of a Hoodlum" by Wallace Irwin
I'd rejoice if someone dug a
Deep, wide grave at Mugga Mugga
And interred all Canberranters, minus service, sob or stone -
All nefarious State-Frighters!
Yassinine old nation-blighters!
Nay; I'd lug a Mugga-fighter there and plant him on my own!
"Mugga Mugga" by C J Dennis

### In news:

Huey' minus Lewis equals News.
Ron Paul honored as small-government crusader , minus pesky specifics.
Minus the Bear, Cursive at the Hard Rock Cafe.
Minus The Bear, Cursive , Caspian @ Starland Ballroom.
Welcome to Dancing with the Stars, minus an intro.
Here we come -- to Lakewood, minus the late Davy Jones.
Here we come -- to Lakewood, minus the late Davy Jones .
To me, the minuses are more than the pluses.
PHOENIX, Arizona, December 7 SHORT Course World Championships start in T-minus five days.
Her work is self-portraiture, minus the self.
Drake University May Add Pluses and Minuses.
Emotionally jarred Colts host Packers minus Pagano.
"Sherlock" minus Benedict Cumberbatch and Martin Freeman.
According to Kilfrost CEO Gary Lydiate, DF Sustain can operate at much lower temperatures than traditional fluids , having been tested down to minus-40-deg C in the north of Finland.
Falcons rout Tigers, who are minus three starters.
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### In science:

Simulations (results not shown) were also performed where the wavelength of the incident light was changed by plus and minus 10% from its original value of λ = 612.7nm.
Design of one-dimensional Lambertian diffusers of light
The operator int() returns the integer value of a kf–code. A minus sign covers the possible anti-particle nature.
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
An additional minus sign for every exchange of two fermions is included and stored as well.
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
Note that the sign of the graph gains an extra minus for a fermionic anti-particle propagator.
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
M − xA , minus the critical concentration difference, xM ,c − xA,c .
Cross-over between first-order and critical wetting at the liquid-vapour interface of n-alkane/methanol mixtures: tricritical wetting and critical prewetting
In particular, the case of the single loop with plus sign has a rotation number of zero and a multiplicative vertex weight of minus one contributed from the virtual crossing.
Bi-oriented Quantum Algebras, and a Generalized Alexander Polynomial for Virtual Links
However ˜ω is antisymmetric with respect to our quadratic form, this means that J 2 = −1 and orthogonal, thus a complex structure ( the complex structure coming from the other choice differs from this by a minus sign).
Large N limit of SO(N) gauge theory of fermions and bosons
Essentially, this quantity gives the behavior of (minus) the magnetic energy per spin.
Off equilibrium response function in the one dimensional random field Ising model
Remark: The differential of eZC∗A deﬁned above is the minus of the one deﬁned in .
Higher arithmetic K-theory
But we should notice that our deﬁnition is the minus of their expression.
Higher arithmetic K-theory
But at the step before we had a minus sign too, so we get a plus sign.
Coassociativity breaking and oriented graphs
This product is the Fedosov product when the minus sign is chosen.
Coassociativity breaking and oriented graphs
Notice that as a function of η , ξ 0 1 has two (plus and minus) branches.
Melnikov Analysis for Singularly Perturbed DSII Equation
More precisely, we consider valued ﬁelds, for example, ﬁelds of Laurent series over the real numbers, over p-adic numbers and over ﬁnite ﬁelds, and construct deﬁnable bijections from the line to the line minus one point.
Grothendieck rings of Laurent series fields
This result allows us to derive inequality (51) with the minus sign choice.
Virtual Compton scattering in the generalized Bjorken region and positivity bounds on generalized parton distributions
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