• Microscope
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n microscope magnifier of the image of small objects "the invention of the microscope led to the discovery of the cell"
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Simple Microscope Simple Microscope
Compound Microscope Compound Microscope
Household microscope Household microscope
Popular microscope Popular microscope

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A follicle that is more oval in shape will produce curlier hair, which, when viewed under a microscope, is more "flat" in appearance than a straight hair, which is "round".
    • n Microscope An optical instrument, consisting of a lens, or combination of lenses, for making an enlarged image of an object which is too minute to be viewed by the naked eye.
    • microscope one in which the chromatic aberration is corrected, usually by means of a compound or achromatic object glass, and which gives images free from extraneous color.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n microscope An optical instrument consisting of a lens or combination of lenses (in some cases mirrors also) which magnifies and thus renders visible minute objects that cannot be seen by the naked eye, or enlarges the apparent magnitude of small visible bodies, so as to render possible the examination of their texture or structure. The single microscope, which is the simplest form, is merely a convex lens, near to which the object to be examined is placed; it is also called a magnifying-glass or -lens (see magnifying-lens, under lens). The compound microscope consists essentially of two lenses, or systems of lenses, one of which, the object-glass or objective, forms an enlarged inverted image of the object, and the other, the eyepiece or ocular, magnifies this image. The eyepiece and objective (see these words) are placed at the opposite ends of the tube or body, which is often made of two closely fitting parts so that its length (and thus the distance between the glasses) can be varied at will; it is then called a draw-tube. The object under examination is placed upon a support, called the stage, beneath the objective; its position upon this may be adjusted by the hand, or, better, the object and the stage (then called a mechanical stage) are moved together by some mechanical arrangement, as, for example, by two screws giving motions in two directions at right angles. The proper distance between the objective and the object (such that the image of the latter shall be seen clearly, or be in focus) is usually attained by the movement of the tube as a whole. This is accomplished by the rapid motion of the coarse adjustment, and more slowly and accurately, as is necessary in the case of high powers, by an arrangement called the slow motion or fine adjustment. The necessary illumination is obtained by a concave mirror below the stage, which reflects the light upon the object. An achromatic condenser, usually in connection with a diaphragm, is often added to converge the light more strongly; for opaque objects a bull's-eye condenser, a lieberkuhn, or some other form of reflector is employed. The body of the microscope, with the stage, etc., is supported firmly upon a stand, and usually attached by a joint which allows of its being inclined at any desired angle between the vertical and horizontal positions. Many accessories, or special devices applicable to particular uses, may be added to the microscope in its essential form, as a micrometer, polarizing prisms, camera lucida, etc. The compound microscope itself often varies widely in construction, according to the character of the work for which it is to be used. (Compare also the phrases below,)
    • n microscope [capitalized] A constellation. See Microscopium.
    • microscope To enlarge with or as with a microscope; examine very minutely as with a microscope: as, to microscope one's faults.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Microscope mī′krō-skōp an instrument which magnifies to the eye objects so minute as to be almost or quite undiscernible without its aid
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  • Alexander Pope
    “Why has not man a microscopic eye? For the plain reason man is not a fly.”
  • Lord Chesterfield
    “A weak mind is like a microscope, which magnifies trifling things, but cannot receive great ones.”
  • Johann Kaspar Lavater
    “He submits to be seen through a microscope, who suffers himself to be caught in a fit of passion.”
  • Victor Hugo
    “Where the telescope ends, the microscope begins. Which of the two has the grander view?”
  • Lord Byron
    “My attachment has neither the blindness of the beginning, nor the microscopic accuracy of the close of such liaisons.”
  • Emily Dickinson
    “Faith is a fine invention when Gentleman can see -- but microscopes are prudent in an emergency”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Micro-, + -scope,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. mikros, little, skopein, to look at.


In literature:

That first gang is the microbe of rabies, not very well known yet, because a little too small to be seen by most microscopes.
""Where Angels Fear to Tread" and Other Stories of the Sea" by Morgan Robertson
I like things to be pretty, and when you see them through a microscope they generally look hideous.
"About Peggy Saville" by Mrs. G. de Horne Vaizey
The microscope is certainly the best friend that a scientist can have.
"The Arena" by Various
The circulation of blood in these gills may be readily seen under the microscope, and will be surveyed with the greatest delight.
"Country Walks of a Naturalist with His Children" by W. Houghton
When examined under the microscope it appears as a long twisted cell.
"Textiles" by William H. Dooley
We are at the limit of the microscope.
"The Tyranny of the Dark" by Hamlin Garland
And such a tiny little mite it is, too, needing a microscope to see it.
"Chatterbox, 1906" by Various
You can see with the microscope the Torula of fermenting must or beer.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
That the surface of each wool fibre woven into woollen materials is seen under the microscope to be covered with notches, or scales.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Household Management" by Ministry of Education
She is a manufacturer of lenses, and has been experimenting on microscopes.
"Mizora: A Prophecy" by Mary E. Bradley
It is used for mounting microscopic objects in, and can be got from any optician's.
"Golden Days for Boys and Girls" by Various
They went so far as to have doubts about the microscope.
"Bouvard and Pécuchet" by Gustave Flaubert
He opened a mahogony case and took from it a high powered microscope.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, March 1930" by Various
On the slide of the desk were grouped a number of small articles, and a large and powerful microscope.
"Philo Gubb Correspondence-School Detective" by Ellis Parker Butler
They are minute bodies, most of which are made individually visible only by the microscope.
"Essays: Scientific, Political, & Speculative, Vol. I" by Herbert Spencer
He is at present employed in helping Mr Neil to catalogue specimens for his microscope.
"The Daughters of a Genius" by Mrs. George de Horne Vaizey
The microscope has done good service in the investigation of snake-poison.
"On Snake-Poison: its Action and its Antidote" by A. Mueller
These may be removed to a glass slide and their size and form determined by means of the microscope.
"Student's Hand-book of Mushrooms of America, Edible and Poisonous" by Thomas Taylor
A name given by D'Orbigny to a family of microscopic shells.
"Principles of Geology" by Charles Lyell
We thereupon opened a small box which no one had hitherto remarked, and which contained a microscope.
"Travels in Tartary, Thibet, and China During the years 1844-5-6. Volume 2 [of 2]" by Evariste Regis Huc

In poetry:

Note these microscopic spots,
By our Wollaston defin'd
Each a miracle of mind,
One of God's forget-me-nots!
"Beetles (A Few Verses, For Vernon Wollaston)" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
He cried 'There is no Man!'
And thumped the table with his fist,
Then died--his day was scarce a span,--
That microscopic atheist.
"The Animalcule On Man" by Richard Le Gallienne
Should man, with microscopic eye,
View the details of Nature's plan,
Into each nook and corner pry,
And needlessly the hidden scan?
"How Nature's Beauties Should Be Viewed" by Thomas Frederick Young
What wonder, then, if, to a mind so far
Perverted, even the visible Universe
Fell under the dominion of a taste Less spiritual, with microscopic view
Was scanned, as I had scanned the moral world?
"Book Twelfth [Imagination And Taste, How Impaired And Restored ]" by William Wordsworth
He reared his head, shaggy and grim,
Staring among the cherubim;
The seven celestial floors he rent,
One crystal dome still o'er him bent:
Above his head, more clear than hope,
All heaven was a microscope.
"A Fairy Tale" by Gilbert Keith Chesterton
What does love look like?
Is it a particle, a star -
invisible entirely, beyond the microscope and Palomar?
A dimension unimagined, past the length of hope?
Is it a climate far and fair that we shall never dare
"The Shape of Death" by May Swenson

In news:

The microscope is going to be used by professors and students.
More than 1,700 Arizona public schools were put under the microscope.
Every year for nearly four decades, Nikon has received hundreds of entries in its Small World microscope photography contest.
A detailed microscope image shows the complicated structure of a fish's nervous system.
Caltech and elsewhere suggest an approach to the problem that may prove more practical: the creation of skins for aircraft and ships that change shape in response to microscopic changes in the flow of fluids around them.
The miniature world of science visible only under a microscope can be as enticingly beautiful as the larger world around us — as the winners of Nikon's Small World competition make clear.
Mama Don't Take My Microscope.
The future of testing and accountability is dominating discussion over the reauthorization of NCLB, but another of the law's provisions--the designation of "persistently dangerous schools" -- also finds itself under the microscope.
Henry Threadgill's seven-member Sextett, the Microscopic Septet and now the seven-piece Jazz Passengers make jazz that's smart and witty and raucous.
A detail view of a microscope in a laboratory.
The Chicago White Sox's starting rotation is still under a microscope after another below average outing by right-hander Francisco Liriano in Friday's 7-5 loss to the Royals.
You could see it under a microscope, and indeed throughout the gallery were microscopes through which visitors viewed the art.
Putting the Wolverine State 's heroics under the microscope.
The media are under fire, celebrities are under the microscope.
AFM Zoom Option for 3D Optical Microscopes.

In science:

In this paper we will study the chiral Orthogonal Ensemble (chOE) and show that the microscopic spectral density does not depend on the coefficients of the probability potential.
Spectral Universality of Real Chiral Random Matrix Ensembles
Even in the microscopic limit this results in contributions from non-universal regions.
Spectral Universality of Real Chiral Random Matrix Ensembles
The proof of universality of microscopic spectral correlation functions for the chiral orthogonal ensemble for a finite polynomial probability potential is now straightforward.
Spectral Universality of Real Chiral Random Matrix Ensembles
Qa (u, v ) is the microscopic limit of the kernel K a R,n (x, y ).
Spectral Universality of Real Chiral Random Matrix Ensembles
The microscopic spectral density for the chOE is given by ρs (u) = 2u(Qa(u, u)−Qa(∞, u)).
Spectral Universality of Real Chiral Random Matrix Ensembles
Clearly, the microscopic spectral density converges to the asymptotic result for n → ∞.
Spectral Universality of Real Chiral Random Matrix Ensembles
We present a new approach to far–from–equilibrium statistical mechanics, based on the concept of generalized entropy, which is a microscopically-defined generalization of Onsager-Machlup functional.
Generalized Entropy approach to far-from-equilibrium statistical mechanics
In a particular case of reversible microscopic dynamics, Ξ does not change if the sign of X reversed.
Generalized Entropy approach to far-from-equilibrium statistical mechanics
Indeed, any microscopic tra jectory (sequence of individual switches) can be reversed, and this does not change the position of its midpoint, N− ≡ (N− (ti ) + N− (tf ))/2.
Generalized Entropy approach to far-from-equilibrium statistical mechanics
In the spin-1 RS state, we obtain the same results for the dynamic structure factor and spin conductivity as in the spin-1/2 RS state, as the low-energy behavior of the RS state does not depend on the spin magnitude except through the values of some microscopic scale factors.
Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points
The grain morphology will be studied with an atomic force microscope with nm resolution.
Cosmic Dust in the 21st Century
This is equivalent to the existence of phenomena like the phase transitions in the microscopic transition probabilities.
Exactly solvable models of quantum mechanics including fluctuations in the framework of representation of the wave function by random process
The microscopic spectral density was first observed for Dirac spectra of instanton liquid field configurations both for Nc = 2 and Nc = 3.
Randomness on the Lattice
Microscopic spectral density for nonzero dynamical quark mass for the staggered Dirac operator in SU (2) .
Randomness on the Lattice
T6 × S1 and the microscopic parameters {Nα , p, q} in the M–theory description of our solution (as well as in the S –dual type IIA one), is given in table 2.
Microscopic entropy of the most general four-dimensional BPS black hole