meteor

Definitions

  • Meteoric Shower of 1799, November 12
    Meteoric Shower of 1799, November 12
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n meteor (astronomy) any of the small solid extraterrestrial bodies that hits the earth's atmosphere
    • n meteor a streak of light in the sky at night that results when a meteoroid hits the earth's atmosphere and air friction causes the meteoroid to melt or vaporize or explode
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A meteor has only destroyed one satellite, which was the European Space Agency's Olympus in 1993.
    • Meteor A mass of stone or other substance which sometimes falls to the earth from space beyond the moon, burning up from atomospheric friction and creating a brilliant but usually very brief trail of light in the atmosphere; also called a shooting star.
    • Meteor Any phenomenon or appearance in the atmosphere, as clouds, rain, hail, snow, etc. "Hail, an ordinary meteor ."
    • Meteor Specif.: A transient luminous body or appearance seen in the atmosphere, or in a more elevated region. "The vaulty top of heaven
      Figured quite o'er with burning meteors ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Approximately 40,000 tons of meteoric dust hits the Earth each year.
    • n meteor Any atmospheric phenomenon.
    • n meteor Specifically A transient fiery or luminous body seen in or through the atmosphere, usually in its more elevated region: a shooting-star. If it reaches the surface of the earth, it is called a meteorite, formerly aërolite, and also (very rarely) uranolite.
    • n meteor A small body moving in space, and of the same nature as those which become visible by encountering our atmosphere. There is reason to suppose that such bodies are very numerous, and that a large proportion of them are concentrated in swarms: it is considered very probable that a comet is only such a meteoric swarm.
    • n meteor An abbreviation of meteorology, meteorological.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Earth gets heavier each day by tons, as meteoric dust settles on it.
    • n Meteor mē′te-or one of numberless small bodies travelling through space, continually being encountered by the earth on its orbital path, and then revealed to our observation as aerolites, fire-balls, or shooting-stars: formerly used of any appearance in the atmosphere, as clouds, rain:
    • n Meteor mē′te-or (fig.) anything that for a time dazzles or strikes with wonder
    • ***

Quotations

  • Napoleon Bonaparte
    Napoleon%20Bonaparte
    “Great people are meteors designed to burn so that the earth may be lighted.”
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
    Henry%20Wadsworth%20Longfellow
    “Men of genius are often dull and inert in society; as the blazing meteor, when it descends to earth, is only a stone.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. météore, Gr. , pl. things in the air, fr. high in air, raised off the ground; beyond + , , a suspension or hovering in the air, fr. to lift, raise up
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. meteōronmeta, beyond, eōra, anything suspended—aeirein, to lift.

Usage

In literature:

Before the white men landed there had been earthquakes, meteors and other omens.
"Days of the Discoverers" by L. Lamprey
Their spirits rose meteorically.
""Contemptible"" by "Casualty"
I won't steer you into any meteor swarms.
"Rip Foster in Ride the Gray Planet" by Harold Leland Goodwin
A Series of Papers on Planets and Meteors, the Sun and Sun-surrounding Space, Stars and Star Cloudlets.
"Roumania Past and Present" by James Samuelson
Meteors dart headlong through midheaven.
"Tales from the Hindu Dramatists" by R. N. Dutta
The acceleration must have been as great as the shock of a meteor hitting Luna.
"Operation: Outer Space" by William Fitzgerald Jenkins
I was a meteor among a million millions of others.
"Other Worlds" by Garrett P. Serviss
Still, they don't catch up with him; he streaks it like some saffron meteor.
"The Wit and Humor of America, Volume I. (of X.)" by Various
The meteors poured down like a rain of fire.
"Our Day" by W. A. Spicer
This meteoric shower is over and so is the danger.
"Police!!!" by Robert W. Chambers
A meteor, an aerolith, a bit of the moon falling on to the stage would be less horribly disastrous!
"A Mummer's Tale" by Anatole France
Any one may observe shining meteors now and then flashing in the sky.
"Outlines of the Earth's History" by Nathaniel Southgate Shaler
There is also here one of the largest meteoric stones that is known.
"First Impressions of the New World" by Isabella Strange Trotter
Four words met her eyes, written in minute characters, and it was as if a meteor had flamed suddenly across her sky.
"The Swindler and Other Stories" by Ethel M. Dell
But compared to true emptiness, and at the speed of meteors, the thin air had a violent effect.
"Space Tug" by Murray Leinster
All of the stars in the heavens are not fast flying meteors.
"Twentieth Century Negro Literature" by Various
It is a very remarkable fact, first noticed by Olbers, that no fossil meteoric stones have yet been discovered.
"Outlines of a Mechanical Theory of Storms" by T. Bassnett
These meteors are true and proper stars.
"Fables of Infidelity and Facts of Faith" by Robert Patterson
These men, at their microphones, were relaying meteor and weather information to all parts of the solar system.
"Danger in Deep Space" by Carey Rockwell
Revolutions of empire, changes of creed, mutations of opinion, are to him but the clouds and meteors of a stormy sky.
"Henrietta Temple A Love Story" by Benjamin Disraeli
***

In poetry:

She followed the fiend to the church door,
There stood a black horse there,
His breath was red like furnace smoke,
His eyes like a meteor's glare.
"A Ballad, Shewing How An Old Woman Rode Double, And Who Rode Before Her" by Robert Southey
"The same rich wreath was on thy brow,
"Dazzling as if of starlight made;
"And these wings, lying darkly now,
"Like meteors round thee flasht and played.
"The Loves of the Angels" by Thomas Moore
A wide, wide sea! and on its rear and van
Amid the stars, the silent meteors ran
All that still night, and Julio with a cry
Woke up, and saw them flashing fiercely by.
"The Death-Wake, Or Lunacy - Chimera II" by Thomas Stoddart
We saw him, wave it over all;
Caught in the battle trough and dashed
From side to side, it would not fall;
But like a meteor danced and flashed
And reveled in the sulphurous pall!
"An Incident Of War" by Maurice Thompson
The meteors cease to play, that mov'd so fleet
And spectres from the murky groves retreat,
The prowling wolf withdraws, which bowl'd so bold
And bleating flocks may venture from the fold.
"On The Evening And Morning" by George Moses Horton
Below, the unhastening world toils on,
And here and there are victories won,
Some dragon slain, some justice done,
While, through the skies,
A meteor rushing on the sun,
He flares and dies.
"Shelley's Centenary" by William Watson

In news:

Decided to leave city lights behind and watch the annual Perseid Meteor Shower from Mt Hood this year.
If you're a stargazer, this is the time of year for the best meteor shower.
Perseid Meteor Shower as viewed from 4,000 above, Greenwater, WA.
Perseid meteor shower over Porterville.
Geminid meteor shower 2010 climaxes between midnight Monday and dawn Tuesday.
Nathan Trail took this photo of the Perseid meteor shower over Maryland on August 12th using KPCC's tips.
The Orionid meteor shower will be on full display over Los Angeles this Saturday night and early Sunday morning.
If you can brave the cold weather Tuesday Night will be a great night to enjoy one of the better meteor showers.
Coming up Tuesday night/Wednesday morning you will be able to see one of the better meteor showers the Quadrantids.
Quadrantid Meteor Shower peaks Weds, one of 2012's best.
False-color image of a rare early Quadrantid , captured by a NASA meteor camera in 2010.
Quadrantid meteor shower won't have to compete with moonlight.
Quadrantid meteor shower peak could hit as many as 100 meteors per hour, says NASA.
The Quadrantid meteor shower will peak at 2 am on Jan 4.
The top nine meteor showers of 2011.
***

In science:

With the exception of IRAS 17534−3030, all sample stars could be modeled with either the generic (MRN) or “meteoritic grain-size distribution IRAS 17534−3030’s narrow SED required the use of the “meteoric” distribution.
Silicon carbide absorption features: dust formation in the outflows of extreme carbon stars
The solution to the problem is to publish a full database containing all quantities describing a meteor event including its equatorial coordinates and angular velocity.
1996--1998 Polish Visual Meteor Database
Table 2 shows a list of the CMW observers with their effective observing time and number of meteors plotted in each of years 1996-1998.
1996--1998 Polish Visual Meteor Database
Three letter code shown in the last column of coor9?.txt file is used for connecting each meteor with the information about the observation stored in the head9?.txt file.
1996--1998 Polish Visual Meteor Database
The time of appearance of a meteor, when it is not given exactly in the report form, is assumed as the middle time of each observing period.
1996--1998 Polish Visual Meteor Database
We have presented the summary of the 1996-1998 visual observations made by the Polish Comets and Meteors Workshop.
1996--1998 Polish Visual Meteor Database
International Meteor Conference St´ar´a Lesn´a, Slovakia, ed. R.
1996--1998 Polish Visual Meteor Database
Table 2: Total effective observing time in hours (Teff ) and number of meteors plotted (N ) per observer in years 1996-1998.
1996--1998 Polish Visual Meteor Database
The first precursor marked the meteor trail (with a brightening timescale of order H/v ∼ 1s).
The world according to the Hubble Space Telescope
Over the subsequent years, it has been used to investigate a wide range of astronomical problems including galaxy formation, star formation, stellar collisions, supernova explosions, and meteor impacts (see Monaghan 1992, for a review).
Smoothed particle hydrodynamics with radiative transfer in the flux-limited diffusion approximation
Dust and Meteors The zodiacal41 light is our very own debris disk, as demonstrated by the presence of several young asteroid trails in SST data (Nesvorny et al. 2006) and the dust isn’t all that different from presolar grains and meteorites, at least in some key isotope ratios (Buseman et al. 2006a).
Astrophysics in 2006
Properties of a number of showers were reported during the year, but we note the converse question (obvious only once someone else asked it) of whether there are any true sporadic meteors, or are they all part of weak showers (Campbell-Brown and Jones 2006, Jones and Jones 2006).
Astrophysics in 2006
Streams of meteoric dust have no fewer than three ways to get separated from their parent comets (Vaubaillon et al. 2006).
Astrophysics in 2006
Neslusan (2005) has predicted meteor showers for all the terrestrial planets, coming from close approaches of comet and asteroid orbits.
Astrophysics in 2006
On the statistical side Sekanina and Chodos (2005) provide a comprehensive introduction to groups of comets that have come from fragmentations, some of which are also traced by meteor showers.
Astrophysics in 2006
***