membrane

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n membrane a thin pliable sheet of material
    • n membrane a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects the organs or cells of animals or plants
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The conjunctiva is a membrane that covers the human eye
    • n Membrane (Anat) A thin layer or fold of tissue, usually supported by a fibrous network, serving to cover or line some part or organ, and often secreting or absorbing certain fluids.☞ The term is also often applied to the thin, expanded parts, of various texture, both in animals and vegetables.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The main active chemical in marijuana is THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol). The membranes of certain nerve cells in the brain contain protein receptors that bind to THC. Once securely in place, THC kicks off a series of cellular reactions that ultimately lead to the high that users experience when they smoke marijuana
    • n membrane A thin pliable expansive structure of the body; an expansion of any soft tissue or part in the form of a sheet or layer, investing or lining some other structure or connecting two or more structures. The term is used in the widest sense, with little or no reference to the kind of tissue which may be concerned, the membranous quality depending upon thinness and pliability, not upon texture or fabric. No hard parts, as bone and cartilage, come within the definition of membrane. Most membranes are fibrous—that is, consist wholly or in part of some form of connective tissue, in or on which may be other and more special form-elements, as the layers of cells peculiar to the mucous, the serous, and other special membranes. In some cases a sheet of nerve-tissue, or of muscle-tissue, constitutes a membrane, with little admixture of other elements. Some membranes chiefly consist of a network of blood-vessels, with little connective tissue. Most membranes are specified by qualifying terms. See phrases following.
    • n membrane In entomology, specifically, the membranous terminal part of a hemielytrum; the membrane of the fore wing of a hemipter. See cut under clavus.
    • n membrane A skin prepared for being written on.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The iris membrane controls the amount of light that enters your eye.
    • n Membrane mem′brān (anat.) one of the thin textures which cover the organs or line the cavities or canals of the body: the film containing the seeds of a plant
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., fr. L. membrana, the skin that covers the separate members of the body, fr. L. membrum,. See Member
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. membranamembrum.

Usage

In literature:

There it is soon enveloped by a mucous membrane, which grows around it and incloses it.
"Sex" by Henry Stanton
Membranes in the throats thickened, and lungs seemed to be eaten by the chlorine poison.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume V (of 12)"
It is a delicate membrane, thin and light; see, I blow it away.
"Country Walks of a Naturalist with His Children" by W. Houghton
Only a very delicate membrane separates the vital fluid of the mother from that of the infant in her womb.
"The Physical Life of Woman:" by Dr. George H Napheys
The nictitating membrane was drawn over its eyes.
"The Desert Home" by Mayne Reid
Because we have tiny olfactory nerve endings buried in the mucous membrane of our noses and throats.
"The Coffin Cure" by Alan Edward Nourse
Stricture opposite the bulb and the membranous portion of the urethra.
"Surgical Anatomy" by Joseph Maclise
By means of a membrane, he separated a sterilised putrescible liquid from a putrefying one.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
The hind-feet are furnished with a membraneous web, which connects the toes together, and serves as a paddle.
"The Western World" by W.H.G. Kingston
The letter N indicates the membrane in each case.
"Darwin, and After Darwin (Vol. 1 and 3, of 3)" by George John Romanes
MUCOUS PATCHES AND ULCERS affect the mucous membranes.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Vol 2 (of 4)" by W. Grant Hague
A palimpsest, then, is a membrane or roll cleansed of its manuscript by reiterated successions.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 57, No. 356, June, 1845" by Various
That blood builds all the brain, all the bone, nerves, muscles, glands, membranes, fascia and skin.
"Philosophy of Osteopathy" by Andrew T. Still
Before I reached the house I felt acute inflammation of the mucus membrane, to the bottom of my lungs.
"Autobiography of Frank G. Allen, Minister of the Gospel" by Frank G. Allen
The mucous membrane of the mouth and throat may also be the seat of wheals and urticarial swellings.
"Essentials of Diseases of the Skin" by Henry Weightman Stelwagon
The nut of P. albicaulis and that of P. cembroides are quite bare of membranous cover.
"The Genus Pinus" by George Russell Shaw
Yes; but as the cuticle is transparent, as well as porous, the blackness of the mucous membrane is visible through it.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
This destroys the resisting power of the spore membrane and allows the stain to reach the interior.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
The paunch is lined with a thick membrane, presenting numerous prominent and hard papillae.
"Delineations of the Ox Tribe" by George Vasey
Conversely, disease in the synovial membrane may spread to the bone in relation to it.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
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In poetry:

Born with a caul,
A black membrane over the face,
And unable to tear it,
Though the mind is awake.
"Men In New Mexico" by D H Lawrence
Rise, thou red thing,
Unfold slowly upwards, blood-dark;
Burst the night's membrane of tranquil stars
Finally.
"Southern Night" by D H Lawrence
"A hornbill with a white tail and —"
The big book trembles in my hand —
"— plicated membrane at the base —"
Ah, well-a-day! If that's the case!
"Djolan" by Ellis Parker Butler
The Penitentes lash themselves till they run with blood
In their efforts to come awake for one moment;
To tear the membrane of this sleep . . .
No good.
"Men In New Mexico" by D H Lawrence
They fall back, and like a dripping of quicksilver taking the
downward track.
Break into drops, burn into drops of blood, and dropping,
dropping take wing
Membraned, blood-veined wings.
"St. Matthew" by D H Lawrence

In news:

Dow began marketing its membrane technology in China during the 1980s.
FibraCast developed an innovative membrane technology for purifying drinking water and treating wastewater that costs less than half as much to produce as competing products, a company spokesman said.
Fractional electrodeionization and ultrafiltration membranes featured at booth #1150.
Koch Membrane Systems provided MBR systems for Aquapolo Ambiental in São Paulo, Brazil.
Membrane Filtration Aids Spring Water Clean-up.
Dual Barrier Protected Membrane Roof Assemblies.
Membrane combines thinness with stability.
Membrane Contactors Successfully Remove THM , VOC.
S Gopalakrishnan, MS. Tracheocele -an outpouching of tracheal mucous membrane-is an uncommon entity.
Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors are Selected for Thin Film Transistor Plant.
Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors have been chosen as the liquid degassing technology at a TFT Plant in China.
Mapei's Mapelastic Membrane is an Ideal Underlayment .
These PVC membranes come in a variety of colors and are more durable than vinyl liners.
RedGard is a ready-to-use elastomeric membrane for both commercial and residential tile and stone installations.
I've only been in Denver, Colo. Once, and on that occasion barely "in," having merely slipped through the semipermeable membrane of one of those strange non-spaces we call airports.
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In science:

Tucker, “Classical And Quantum Mechanics Of Free Relativistic Membranes,” Nucl.
A note on topological brane theories
Henneaux, “Transition Amplitude In The Quantum Theory Of The Relativistic Membrane,” Phys.
A note on topological brane theories
We will find that in the limit Hcrit−H Hcrit → 0, the tension of open membranes stretched spatially in the 1, 2 directions is infinitely below the Planck scale.
OM Theory in Diverse Dimensions
It is thus possible to define a theory of light fluctuating open membranes propagating on the field theory at low energies.
OM Theory in Diverse Dimensions
Mp is the gravitational scale while Meff sets the scale for the proper energies of fluctuations of these open membranes.
OM Theory in Diverse Dimensions
The tensionless strings then arise from membranes stretching between different five-branes, corresponding to the roots of the AN −1 Lie algebra.
A class of six-dimensional conformal field theories
Michelson, ‘Zero modes for the d = 11 membrane and five-brane’, Phys.
A class of six-dimensional conformal field theories
The fact that the “open membrane metric” remains finite as we take Mp to infinity is consistent with our claim the the six dimensional theory is a field theory, with no additional open strings or membranes.
On Theories With Light-Like Noncommutativity
The theory with (2, 0) supersymmetry has an open membrane in the spectrum and reduces to OM theory at low energies.
Open Branes in Space-Time Non-Commutative Little String Theory
Subsequently, it was shown that the worldvolume theory of the M5-brane with a near-critical electrical three-form C -field is a non-commutative open membrane (OM) theory [3, 4]2 .
Open Branes in Space-Time Non-Commutative Little String Theory
We now introduce the open membrane length scale lm in OM theory defined by stating that the open membrane has tension 1/l3 m .
Open Branes in Space-Time Non-Commutative Little String Theory
For ˜r ≫ N 1/3 lm the open membrane is large enough to have an effect and the underlying noncommutative geometry is detectable.
Open Branes in Space-Time Non-Commutative Little String Theory
The T-duality between the two OBLSTs is shown to relate the open membrane to the open string of (1, 1) OBLST.
Open Branes in Space-Time Non-Commutative Little String Theory
The LST-strings dominate the thermodynamics for high energies in both cases, and the open string and open membrane only appears as phases in the phase diagrams when they are sufficiently light.
Open Branes in Space-Time Non-Commutative Little String Theory
OM (open membrane) theory and ODp (open Dp-brane) theories are defined.
U-duality Between NCOS Theory and Matrix Theory
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