melancholy

Definitions

  • Melancholy End of Tib. Gracchus
    Melancholy End of Tib. Gracchus
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj melancholy grave or even gloomy in character "solemn and mournful music","a suit of somber black","a somber mood"
    • adj melancholy characterized by or causing or expressing sadness "growing more melancholy every hour","her melancholic smile","we acquainted him with the melancholy truth"
    • n melancholy a humor that was once believed to be secreted by the kidneys or spleen and to cause sadness and melancholy
    • n melancholy a feeling of thoughtful sadness
    • n melancholy a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Melancholy Depressed in spirits; dejected; gloomy dismal.
    • Melancholy Depression of spirits; a gloomy state continuing a considerable time; deep dejection; gloominess.
    • Melancholy Favorable to meditation; somber. "A pretty, melancholy seat, well wooded and watered."
    • Melancholy Great and continued depression of spirits, amounting to mental unsoundness; melancholia.
    • Melancholy Ill nature.
    • Melancholy Pensive maditation; serious thoughtfulness. "Hail, divinest Melancholy !"
    • Melancholy Producing great evil and grief; causing dejection; calamitous; afflictive; as, a melancholy event.
    • Melancholy Somewhat deranged in mind; having the jugment impaired.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n melancholy Same as melancholia; in old use, insanity of any kind.
    • n melancholy A gloomy state of mind, particularly when habitual or of considerable duration; depression of spirits arising from grief or natural disposition; dejection; sadness. Also, in technical use, melancholia.
    • n melancholy Sober thoughtfulness; pensiveness.
    • n melancholy Bitterness of feeling; ill nature.
    • n melancholy Synonyms Hypochondria, gloominess, despondency.
    • melancholy Produced by melancholia or madness of any kind.
    • melancholy Affected by depression of spirits; depressed in spirits; dejected; gloomy.
    • melancholy Given to contemplation; thoughtful; pensive. See I., 3.
    • melancholy Producing or fitted to produce sadness or gloom; sad; mournful: as, a melancholy fact; a melancholy event.
    • melancholy Grave or gloomy in character; suggestive of melancholy; somber.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Melancholy mel′an-kol-i continued depression of spirits: dejection: a gloomy state of mind causing groundless fears:
    • adj Melancholy gloomy: producing grief
    • n Melancholy mel′an-kol-i (Milt.) pensiveness
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Quotations

  • James Russell Lowell
    James%20Russell%20Lowell
    “They talk about their Pilgrim blood, their birthright high and holy! a mountain-stream that ends in mud thinks is melancholy.”
  • Susan Sontag
    Susan%20Sontag
    “Depression is melancholy minus its charms -- the animation, the fits.”
  • Oliver Goldsmith
    Oliver%20Goldsmith
    “The company of fools may first make us smile, but in the end we always feel melancholy.”
  • Charles Dickens
    Charles%20Dickens
    “It is a melancholy truth that even great men have their poor relations.”
  • Charles Baudelaire
    Charles%20Baudelaire
    “As a remedy against all ills; poverty, sickness, and melancholy only one thing is absolutely necessary; a liking for work.”
  • John Milton
    John%20Milton
    “Sweet bird, that shun the noise of folly, most musical, most melancholy!”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. melancolie, F. mélancolie, L. melancholia, fr. Gr. ; me`las me`lanos, black + gall, bile. See Malice, and 1st Gall
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Through Fr.,—L.,—Gr. melancholiamelan, black, cholē, bile.

Usage

In literature:

Do not, O king, give way to melancholy.
"The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 2"
The countenance was proud and stern, but tinctured with melancholy.
"The Lancashire Witches" by William Harrison Ainsworth
Their jaws were thin, their eyes, deeply sunk, had a far-away melancholy in them.
"Children of the Market Place" by Edgar Lee Masters
He had long resisted a sweet, melancholy current.
"The Day of the Beast" by Zane Grey
It is melancholy for you to go alone; I came to ask you for a drive.
"The Claverings" by Anthony Trollope
Alas, what a melancholy picture lay before him!
"The Black Baronet; or, The Chronicles Of Ballytrain The Works of William Carleton, Volume One" by William Carleton
The meeting, in fact, exhibited a painful union of mirth and melancholy.
"The Black Prophet: A Tale Of Irish Famine Traits And Stories Of The Irish Peasantry, The Works of William Carleton, Volume Three" by William Carleton
Melancholy dripped from the wet white blossoms along the way.
"Kenny" by Leona Dalrymple
His features were elegantly designed, but it was evident that melancholy had recast them in a serious mold.
"The Grey Cloak" by Harold MacGrath
There is deep sadness and melancholy in the music that attunes itself to her own sorrowful reflections.
"The Haunted Chamber" by "The Duchess"
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In poetry:

In a far field, away from England, lies
A boy I friended with a care like love;
All day the wide earth aches, the keen wind cries,
The melancholy clouds drive on above.
"The Last Salute" by Robert Nichols
Wrought was she of a painter's dream,—
Wise only as are artists wise,
My artist-friend, Rolf Herschkelhiem,
With deep sad eyes of oversize,
And face of melancholy guise.
"Orlie Wilde" by James Whitcomb Riley
Sun of the sleepless! melancholy star!
Whose tearful beam glows tremulously far,
That show'st the darkness thou canst not dispel,
How like art thou to joy remember'd well!
"Sun Of The Sleepless!" by Lord George Gordon Byron
And side by side with pallid Doubt and Pain,
Not Love, but Grief did meet us there: afar
We saw her, like a melancholy star,
Or pensive moon, move towards us o'er the plain.
"The Land Of Illusion" by Madison Julius Cawein
Tall, somber, grim, against the morning sky
They rise, scarce touched by melancholy airs,
Which stir the fadeless foliage dreamfully,
As if from realms of mystical despairs.
"Aspects Of The Pines" by Paul Hamilton Hayne
At that still hour, pale Cynthia oft had seen
The fair Eliza, (joyous once and gay,)
With pensive step, and melancholy mien,
O'er the broad plain in love-born anguish stray.
"Henry and Eliza" by Thomas Gent

In news:

Rory Kennedy and the melancholy of Generation X .
The gaze behind the helmet visor on the soft pink face of Ivan Ivanovich, the first Soviet mannequin in space, is melancholy as all Pushkin.
It's not until its third act that Medicine for Melancholy 's lead male character explicitly asks the question that's at this film's heart.
DETROIT (AP) — Pablo Picasso's famed painting "Melancholy Woman" finally is returning to the Detroit Institute of Arts after a two-year absence.
Sykes's wistful, smoky vocals invoke stark, beautiful images of melancholy.
There is a stateliness and repose, a stillness even, in the shots of the land in Clint Eastwood's Unforgiven that persuasively evoke the pervasive mood of the film -- melancholy -- and help underscore its predominant theme: death.
Branford Marsalis & Joey Calderazzo Songs of Mirth and Melancholy Marsalis Music.
Stuart McLamb reinterprets Love Language with more musicians and maintains his melancholy pop momentum.
One of the major documents of modern European civilization, Robert Burton's astounding compendium, a survey of melancholy in all its myriad forms, has invited nothing but superlatives since its publication in the seventeenth century.
PHOTOGRAPHY VIEW;Quiet, Tender Moments Of Urban Melancholy .
I watched the Pittsburgh-Washington tilt last night with more than a little melancholy.
Joshua Wolf Shenk on how melancholy both tore Abraham Lincoln apart and gave him strength.
Lincoln's Melancholy by Joshua Wolf Shenk Houghton Mifflin 368 pages.
Sure, everyone thinks they know the tragic end to the Bard 's melancholy prince, but how many non-English majors have read it line-by-line.
Granted, it might be easy to assume the rapper is consumed with melancholy.
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In science:

However they note that in spite of the melancholy prospects for progress of the CI method Helium is the first non-trivial example.
Back to the Future: A roadmap for quantum simulation from vintage quantum chemistry
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