medlar

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n medlar crabapple-like fruit used for preserves
    • n medlar a South African globular fruit with brown leathery skin and pithy flesh having a sweet-acid taste
    • n medlar small deciduous Eurasian tree cultivated for its fruit that resemble crab apples
    • n medlar small deciduous tree of southern Africa having edible fruit
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Medlar A tree of the genus Mespilus Mespilus Germanica); also, the fruit of the tree. The fruit is something like a small apple, but has a bony endocarp. When first gathered the flesh is hard and austere, and it is not eaten until it has begun to decay.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n medlar A small, generally bushy tree, Mespilus Germanica, related to the crab-apple, cultivated in gardens for its fruit. It is wild in central and southern Europe, but was introduced from western Asia. See Mespilus.
    • n medlar The fruit of the above tree, resembling a small brown-skinned apple, but with a broad disk at the summit surrounded by the remains of the calyx-lobes. When first gathered, it is harsh and uneatable, but in the early stages of decay it acquires an acid flavor much relished by some. There are several varieties.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Medlar med′lar a small tree of the rose family, or its fruit.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. medler, medlar tree, OF. meslier, F. néflier, L. mespilum, mespilus, Gr. , . Cf. Naseberry
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. meslier, a medlar-tree—L. mespilum—Gr. mespilon.

Usage

In literature:

Matilda came several inches lower down the medlar tree.
"Beasts and Super-Beasts" by Saki
Upon my soul, Mr. Medlar, you do generous things with the best taste of any man I know!
"The Adventures of Roderick Random" by Tobias Smollett
Opposite his mother in the cab going home, Val tasted the after-fruits of heroism, like medlars over-ripe.
"The Forsyte Saga, Complete" by John Galsworthy
My friend, Miss Medlar.
"The Gilded Age, Part 5." by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) and Charles Dudley Warner
See where the point juts out beyond the great medlar tree.
"Cumner & South Sea Folk, Complete" by Gilbert Parker
FOR TO HAVE RATH MEDLARS TWO MONTHS BEFORE OTHERS.
"Highways & Byways in Sussex" by E.V. Lucas
Tea was ready, under the shade of the medlar tree.
"Thistle and Rose" by Amy Walton
There were also many hawthorn-trees, with leaves as large as those of the oak, and fruit like that of the medlar-tree.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 9" by Various
THE HOUSE BY THE MEDLAR-TREE.
"A Likely Story" by William Dean Howells
Our medlars are ripe in November.
"The plant-lore and garden-craft of Shakespeare" by Henry Nicholson Ellacombe
Medlar, applied to woman of loose character, 231.
"Folk-lore of Shakespeare" by Thomas Firminger Thiselton-Dyer
Thus as I mused, I cast aside my eye, And saw a medlar-tree was planted nigh.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 57, No. 355, May 1845" by Various
If your wish had proved true, no doubt but your orchard would have rendered you store of medlars.
"A Select Collection of Old English Plays" by Robert Dodsley
The fruit may be eaten after it has begun to decay, as in the case of the Medlar.
"Wayside and Woodland Trees" by Edward Step
A Jew assured me that corn came without cultivation in Mesopotamia, as apples, wild pears, chestnuts, and medlars, in the west.
"A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 3 (of 10)" by François-Marie Arouet (AKA Voltaire)
Your master requires no fruit of the medlar kind.
"The Life of a Celebrated Buccaneer" by Richard Clynton
Then he asked again for a dry stick from a medlar-tree.
"Hero Tales and Legends of the Serbians" by Woislav M. Petrovitch
And saw a medlar-tree was planted nigh.
"Winterslow" by William Hazlitt
Medlars are never good till they be rotten.
"Dictionary of English Proverbs and Proverbial Phrases" by Thomas Preston
Now the Stevenyne was full sixty years old, and had a face like a medlar, but all yellowed with bile and anger.
"The Legend of Ulenspiegel, Vol. II (of 2)" by Charles de Coster
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In poetry:

What is it?
What is it, in the grape turning raisin,
In the medlar, in the sorb-apple.
Wineskins of brown morbidity,
Autumnal excrementa;
What is it that reminds us of white gods?
"Medlars And Sorb-Apples" by D H Lawrence
Unresting the Filial doves speed in their flight,
Now fanning the air and anon they alight
On the medlars thick grouped. But our monarch's command
Forbade that his business be done with slack hand;--
Of my mother I thought with sad breast.
"A Festal Ode Complimenting An Officer" by Confucius

In news:

We use the discarded pulp from the medlar jelly in this recipe, but if you can't find medlars you can certainly use pears instead.
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In science:

MEDLARS and has been compared with another powerful model i.e. the morphosyntactic patterns model.
A Linguistic Model for Terminology Extraction based Conditional Random Fields
A. Corpus description During this work, we used an extract from the medical corpus MEDLARS 2 for the training and the experimentation phases (see Table 1).
A Linguistic Model for Terminology Extraction based Conditional Random Fields
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