• WordNet 3.6
    • n matron a married woman (usually middle-aged with children) who is staid and dignified
    • n matron a woman in charge of nursing in a medical institution
    • n matron a wardress in a prison
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Matron A housekeeper; esp., a woman who manages the domestic economy of a public instution; a head nurse in a hospital; as, the matron of a school or hospital.
    • Matron A wife or a widow, especially, one who has borne children; a woman of staid or motherly manners. "Your wives, your daughters,
      Your matrons , and your maids."
      "Grave from her cradle, insomuch that she was a matron before she was a mother."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n matron A married woman, especially an elderly married woman, or a woman old enough to be the mother of a family, whether actually so or not; a woman possessing the gravity suitable to a mother.
    • n matron In a special sense, a head nurse in a hospital; the female head or superintendent of any institution.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Matron mā′trun an elderly married woman: an elderly lady of staid and sober habits: a head-nurse in a hospital, or a female superintendent in a school
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. matrone, L. matrona, fr. mater, mother. See Mother
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. matrona, a married lady—mater, mother.


In literature:

It never occurred to her that the matron was the proper authority to whom to report trouble.
"The Lilac Lady" by Ruth Alberta Brown
She couldn't do anything herself, of course, but she ran off to the matron as hard as she could.
"Our Casualty And Other Stories" by James Owen Hannay, AKA George A. Birmingham
Everybody in Blair was in the plot, including the matron of the poorhouse.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1909 to 1922" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
They called themselves Romans; might not they be the descendants of the old Roman matrons?
"The Romany Rye A Sequel to 'Lavengro'" by George Borrow
You talk about kings and the kisses of matrons.
"The Fables of Phædrus" by Phaedrus
Lady A, plump, fresh, and rosy; matronly, but full of spirits and good looks.
"The Life of Charles Dickens, Vol. I-III, Complete" by John Forster
There was not a single halfpenny in hand between the matrons of the three houses.
"Answers to Prayer" by George Müller
The Cadmeian matrons attended me, and offered up vows, and encouraged me in my pains.
"The Metamorphoses of Ovid" by Publius Ovidius Naso
Hermione is a queen, a matron, and a mother: she is good and beautiful, and royally descended.
"Characteristics of Women" by Anna Jameson
Magdalena was superb in her matronly beauty and her diamonds.
"The Son of Monte Christo" by Jules Lermina
From the most pleasure-loving of matrons, she became the most domestic.
"Vixen, Volume I." by M. E. Braddon
All the children in the ward who could walk crowded around the table, and the matron and the nurses, too.
"Sonny Boy" by Sophie Swett
On seeing Mrs. Trounce (matron) go down on right knee, and present her with your portrait (for school album).
"The Hero of Garside School" by J. Harwood Panting
In spite of herself she had to give way before the matron, who now stood by the bed.
"A Sheaf of Corn" by Mary E. Mann
Presently his wandering eye discovered something in his companion's aspect that told him subtly she was not listening to the mauve matron.
"The Convert" by Elizabeth Robins
The matron of the Bungalow was Mrs. Craven, a sympathetic woman of heroic mould, and with a wide experience in war work.
"Through St. Dunstan's to Light" by James H. Rawlinson
The connecting wing holds the Matron's room in addition to the wards.
"Chelsea" by G. E. (Geraldine Edith) Mitton
Sister Claire is to be matron of the house of escaped nuns.
"The Art of Disappearing" by John Talbot Smith
The elderly matron had, in the meantime, satisfied her curiosity in the examination of her guest, and returned to her culinary occupations.
"The Banished" by Wilhelm Hauff
He has a position in a sanitarium for other lame folks and Mother Martha is the housekeeper, or matron, there.
"Dorothy at Oak Knowe" by Evelyn Raymond

In poetry:

A matron plies her spinning wheel;
With dancing feet, her little daughter
Trips to her side; her dark brown eyes
And dimpled cheeks are bright with laughter.
"Pictures of Memory" by Janet Hamilton
At the forging of the Sword--
The Maid and Matron fled,
And hid them with the dead;
Fierce prophets sang their doom,
More deadly, than the wounding of the Sword.
"The Sword" by Isabella Valancy Crawford
What will her future be? If she become
Matron and mother, may God bless her home!
God to the matron all blessings will give,
If as God's maiden the young maiden live.
"Simplex Munditiis" by E W Bowling
The old, old story,—­fair, and young,
And fond,—­and not too wise,—­
That matrons tell, with sharpened tongue,
To maids with downcast eyes.
"Agnes" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
The wife, whose babe first smiled that day,
The fair fond bride of yestereve,
And aged sire and matron gray,
Saw the loved warriors haste away,
And deemed it sin to grieve.
"Seventy-Six" by William Cullen Bryant
"Virgins fair and matrons grave,
Those thy conquering arm did save,
Build for thee triumphal bowers;
Strew, ye fair, his way with flowers,--
Strew your hero's way with flowers."
"Welcome, Mighty Chief, Once More" by Louisa May Alcott

In news:

Lawrence police consider adding ' police matron ' to force.
Miss Red Delicious Eyes Matron Victory.
The bride's mother was matron of honor.
Standing as matron of honor for her sister was Nycole Jones.
0 Protesters show their support for Broadway theater cleaners, porters and matrons at a demonstration in Times Square in New York.
She was a Matron of the Harris County Sheriff Dept.
Three juveniles attacked two matrons in what investigators described as a failed escape attempt.
Cleaners, porters and matrons of theater union SEIU Local 32BJ demonstrate outside the Broadway League's office on Wednesday, Dec 12, 2012, in New York.
Embur's Song Still Humming in Ontario Matron.
Worthy Matron Grace Bick and Worthy Patron Calvin Rosenbaum, presided over the day's activities in the Masonic Temple.
Matron of honor was Larissa Eckman.
Bettie was a member and Past Worthy Matron of the Order of the Eastern Star, Rolla Chapter 176.
The Chautauqua District Order of the Eastern Stars Past Matrons recently gathered with new officers.
Lori Bugay served as the matron of honor.
The matron of honor was Terri Sloan, mother of the bride, and the bridesmaids were Kim High, Heather Osbon and Alex Stout.