• WordNet 3.6
    • adj mathematical characterized by the exactness or precision of mathematics "mathematical precision"
    • adj mathematical statistically possible though highly improbable "have a mathematical chance of making the playoffs"
    • adj mathematical beyond question "a mathematical certainty"
    • adj mathematical relating to or having ability to think in or work with numbers "tests for rating numerical aptitude","a mathematical whiz"
    • adj mathematical of or pertaining to or of the nature of mathematics "a mathematical textbook","slide rules and other mathematical instruments","a mathematical solution to a problem","mathematical proof"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Neptune was the first planet in our solar system to be discovered by mathematics
    • a Mathematical Of or pertaining to mathematics; according to mathematics; hence, theoretically precise; accurate; as, mathematical geography; mathematical instruments; mathematical exactness.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Tycho Brahe, a 16th century astronomer, lost his nose in a duel with one of his students over a mathematical computation. He wore a silver replacement nose for the rest of his life
    • mathematical Of, pertaining to, or relating to mathematics; having to do with pure quantity; quantitative: as, mathematical knowledge; mathematical instruments; a mathematical theory.
    • mathematical According to the principles of mathematics; theoretically precise; absolutely accurate; strict; rigid; demonstrable: as, mathematical exactness; mathematical certainty.
    • mathematical Geometrical, as opposed to arithmetical and algebraical: an incorrect use, formerly current.
    • mathematical Astrological; magical.
    • mathematical Produced by mathematics, as pure figures and number.
    • mathematical Mathematics.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Saint Isidore, or Seville, who lived in the 17th century, was believed to have written the world's first encyclopedia, the Etymologies. It included entries on medicine, mathematics, history and theology.
    • adj Mathematical math-e-mat′ikal pertaining to, or done by, mathematics: very accurate
    • ***


  • Paul Klee
    “To emphasize only the beautiful seems to me to be like a mathematical system that only concerns itself with positive numbers.”
  • Camille Paglia
    “Modern bodybuilding is ritual, religion, sport, art, and science, awash in Western chemistry and mathematics. Defying nature, it surpasses it.”
  • Izaak Walton
    Izaak Walton
    “Angling may be said to be so like the mathematics that it can never be fully learned.”
  • Francis Bacon
    “Histories make men wise; poets, witty; the mathematics, subtle; natural philosophy, deep; moral, grave; logic and rhetoric, able to contend.”
  • Albert Einstein
    “As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain, and as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality.”
  • Bertrand Russell
    “Mathematics, rightly viewed, poses not only truth, but supreme beauty a beauty cold and austere, like that of sculpture.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See Mathematic
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. mathématique—L. mathematica—Gr. mathēmatikē (epistēmē, skill, knowledge), relating to learning—mathēmamanthanein, to learn.


In literature:

Rowan Hamilton, one of the greatest names of our day in mathematical science, never could attach F.R.S.
"A Budget of Paradoxes, Volume I (of II)" by Augustus De Morgan
We'll see our Mathematics Talent in a minute or two.
"Talents, Incorporated" by William Fitzgerald Jenkins
Here indeed a most beautiful mathematical theorem comes to our aid.
"Time and Tide" by Robert S. (Robert Stawell) Ball
He was unable to give any mathematical basis for its existence.
"Aether and Gravitation" by William George Hooper
Thus mechanics contains more that is arbitrary than mathematics, and mathematics more than logic.
"The Approach to Philosophy" by Ralph Barton Perry
This faint hope infused more dreadful bitterness into the incident that happened in mathematics C on Monday.
"Beatrice Leigh at College" by Julia Augusta Schwartz
This term we had a new mistress for mathematics, and I didn't like her a bit.
"Fifty-Two Stories For Girls" by Various
And this scheme, in its turn, is the more mathematical according as it expresses a more rigorous necessity.
"Creative Evolution" by Henri Bergson
The author has published mathematical works with his name.
"A Budget of Paradoxes, Volume II (of II)" by Augustus de Morgan
Mathematically speaking, our plane no longer passes through the apex.
"The Romance of Mathematics" by P. Hampson
It requires no mathematical knowledge at all to determine the circumference of a circle much more exactly.
"Myths and Marvels of Astronomy" by Richard A. Proctor
Listen to the troubles of a poor mathematics instructor.
"Ruth Fielding At College" by Alice B. Emerson
He had an instinct for mathematics, but if this failed him, he was helpless as an idiot.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
It is a general mathematical law, that the longer anything lasts the longer it is likely to last.
"The Religious Sentiment" by Daniel G. Brinton
The numbers of the School were growing apace, for twice in 1798 it was resolved to advertise for a Mathematical Assistant.
"A History of Giggleswick School" by Edward Allen Bell
These figures of revolution have been studied mathematically by C.W.B.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
His writings cover the entire range of mathematics and mathematical physics.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 5" by Various
He distinguished himself in classics and mathematics, took his B.
"Library of the World's Best Literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. VIII" by Various
For contemporary thought concerning the mathematical sciences this altered point of view generates peculiarly pressing problems.
"Creative Intelligence" by John Dewey, Addison W. Moore, Harold Chapman Brown, George H. Mead, Boyd H. Bode, Henry Waldgrave, Stuart James, Hayden Tufts, Horace M. Kallen
I shall not take more mathematics than I absolutely must.
"Dolly's College Experiences" by Mabel Cronise Jones

In poetry:

O Bejants! blessed, beardless men,
Who strive with Euclid in your attics,
For worlds I would not taste again
The deep delights of Mathematics.
"The Delights of Mathematics" by Robert Fuller Murray
—We too back to the world shall never pass
Through the shattered door, a dumb shade-harried crowd
Being all infinite, function depth and mass
Without figure, a mathematical shroud
"Last Days Of Alice" by Allen Tate
That boy with the grave mathematical look
Made believe he had written a wonderful book,
And the ROYAL SOCIETY thought it was true!
So they chose him right in; a good joke it was, too!
"The Boys" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
So turn him over on his toes again;
Four pin-point toes, and a problematical thumb-piece,
Four rowing limbs, and one wedge-balancing head,
Four and one makes five, which is the clue to all mathematics.
"Tortoise Shell" by D H Lawrence
Physics, metaphysics, logic, mathematics--all the lot
Every wisdom--crammed octavo he has mastered and forgot,
With the ghosts of dead professors standing guard beside them all;
And the room is fall of shadows which their lettered backs recall.
"The Last Survivor" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
It needed Pythagoras to see life playing with counters on the living back
Of the baby tortoise;
Life establishing the first eternal mathematical tablet,
Not in stone, like the Judean Lord, or bronze, but in life-clouded, life-rosy tortoise shell.
"Tortoise Shell" by D H Lawrence

In news:

ONE of the mysteries of the universe is why it should speak the language of mathematics.
Ukulele Club, mathematics tutor, musician.
The middle school is one of two new Lee County schools opening this school year focused on science, technology engineering and mathematics.
Hill was professor of mathematics at Williams College for 40 years.
It started in 1970 as The Two-Year College Mathematics Journal, published by Prindle, Weber & Schmidt in collaboration with the MAA.
(Scott Sommerdorf The Salt Lake Tribune) Machi Ubani, a 285 pound lineman for the Skyline High Eagles is doing well in football, but also is really into mathematics, and wants to pursue a career in math.
There's a delightful mathematical moment in the movie Merry Andrew, when Danny Kaye, playing schoolmaster Andrew Larabee, breaks into song to teach the Pythagorean theorem.
He was admitted with a major in mathematics .
Hauptman earned a bachelor's degree in mathematics from City College in 1937 and a master's degree from Columbia in 1939.
Yale University, where he became a mathematics professor in 1987 after a long career at.
As a mathematics graduate student at Yale, he worked with Nelson Dunford.
In the 1930s, Dr Cartan was a founding member of a group of French mathematicians who set out to rigorously write down the foundations of mathematics .
She received a PhD in mathematics from the University of Chicago in 1931.
In the meantime, in 1926, she returned to Hunter as a mathematics instructor.
Of Mathematics & Computer Science, New York University New York, Feb 10, 1995.

In science:

The idea that topology and geometry are really about regions and maps between them rather than sets of points, has been a subtle but widespread influence in Mathematics. A mathematical ob ject with many ob jects and maps between them is a category .
Categorical Geometry and the Mathematical Foundations of Quantum General Relativity
Abramowitz, M. and Stegun, I.A. (Eds.) (1965) Handbook of Mathematical Functions, National Bureau of Standards, Applied Mathematics Series, 55. U.S.
Limit theory for the random on-line nearest-neighbour graph
For the development of 1-dimensional (i.e., categorical) mathematics, where sets are sistematically replaced by categories, it would be desirable to have an analog of the usual linear algebra which has proved so useful in the (0-dimensional) mathematics of sets.
Generalized 2-vector spaces and general linear 2-groups
American Mathematical Society, Providence, RI; Berkeley Center for Pure and Applied Mathematics, Berkeley, CA, 1999.
Cyclic Cohomology of Corings
But the Toda lattice is mainly a theoretical mathematical model which is important due to the rich mathematical structure encoded in it.
Multiple Hamiltonian structure of Bogoyavlensky-Toda lattices
Aizenman, in Mathematics of Multiscale Materials; the IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications, K. M.
Conformal Random Geometry
Singular perturbations of differential equations play an important role in various areas of mathematics and mathematical physics.
General Adiabatic Evolution with a Gap Condition
Also, the analytical expression of R(s) should be such that, in the case of suitable conditions, the laminar case (4) can be a mathematical limit for great values of viscosity (viscous limit, see ). A mathematical condition is that R(s) ∈ [0, 1] for every s.
On the notion of laminar and weakly turbulent elementary fluid flows: a simple mathematical model
Smale - Mathematical Problems for the Next Century, in Mathematics: Frontiers and Perspectives (Arnold, Atiyah, Lax and Mazur eds.), Amer.
On Products of Random Matrices and certain Hecke Algebras associated with Groups of $2\times 2$ Matrices
Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions, with Formulas, Graphs and Mathematical Tables, National Bureau of Standards, Applied Mathematics Series, 1964. 2. B.
Geodesics and almost geodesic cycles in random regular graphs
Courant Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Vol. 3. N. Y.: New York University Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 1999 Deift, P., Kriecherbauer, T., McLaughlin, K. T.-R., Venakides, S., Zhou, X.: A Riemann-Hilbert approach to asymptotic questions for orthogonal polynomials. J.
Limit Correlation Functions for Fixed Trace Random Matrix Ensembles
It is obvious that a mathematical model can not be deduced from the physical principle, and that a physical principle can not be equivalent to the system of mathematical postulates.
Non-metric Generalizations of Relativistic Gravitational Theory and Observational Data Interpretation
Helgason, Groups and geometric analysis, Mathematical Surveys and Monographs, vol. 83, American Mathematical Society, Providence, RI, 2000, Integral geometry, invariant differential operators, and spherical functions, Corrected reprint of the 1984 original.
Large deviations for random matrix ensembles in mesoscopic physics
Stegun, Handbook of mathematical functions with formulas, graphs, and mathematical tables., National Bureau of Standards Applied Mathematics Series, 55, fifth edition, John Wiley & Sons Inc., Washington, D.C., 1972. E.
Hitting time of large subsets of the hypercube
Random matrices is an important area of mathematics, with strong connections to many other areas (mathematical physics, combinatorics, theoretical computer science, to mention a few).
Random Discrete Matrices