material

Definitions

  • Kinds of roofing materials excavated include flat tiles (shown here), curved pantiles, slate, and shingles
    Kinds of roofing materials excavated include flat tiles (shown here), curved pantiles, slate, and shingles
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj material having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary "the substantial world","a mere dream, neither substantial nor practical","most ponderous and substantial things"- Shakespeare"
    • adj material derived from or composed of matter "the material universe"
    • adj material having material or physical form or substance "that which is created is of necessity corporeal and visible and tangible" - Benjamin Jowett"
    • adj material directly relevant to a matter especially a law case "his support made a material difference","evidence material to the issue at hand","facts likely to influence the judgment are called material facts","a material witness"
    • adj material concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being "material needs","the moral and material welfare of all good citizens"- T.Roosevelt"
    • adj material concerned with worldly rather than spiritual interests "material possessions","material wealth","material comforts"
    • n material artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers "the fabric in the curtains was light and semitransparent","woven cloth originated in Mesopotamia around 5000 BC","she measured off enough material for a dress"
    • n material things needed for doing or making something "writing materials","useful teaching materials"
    • n material information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form "the archives provided rich material for a definitive biography"
    • n material a person judged suitable for admission or employment "he was university material","she was vice-presidential material"
    • n material the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object "coal is a hard black material","wheat is the stuff they use to make bread"
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Examples of American Anti-Semetic material Examples of American Anti-Semetic material

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Some Chinese chopsticks contain gold as on of their materials
    • Material Consisting of matter; not spiritual; corporeal; physical; as, material substance or bodies. "The material elements of the universe."
    • Material Of solid or weighty character; not insubstantial; of consequence; not be dispensed with; important; significant. "Discourse, which was always material , never trifling.""I shall, in the account of simple ideas, set down only such as are most material to our present purpose."
    • Material (Logic) Pertaining to the matter, as opposed to the form, of a thing. See Matter.
    • Material Pertaining to, or affecting, the physical nature of man, as distinguished from the mental or moral nature; relating to the bodily wants, interests, and comforts; as, material well-being; material comforts.
    • n Material The substance or matter of which anything is made or may be made.
    • v. t Material To form from matter; to materialize.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Leather skin does not have any smell. The leather smell that you sense is actually derived from the materials used in the tanning process
    • material Consisting of matter; of a physical nature; not spiritual: as, material elements; a material body.
    • material Relating to or connected with matter; concerned with organic nature; affecting corporeal things or interests: as, material existence or well-being.
    • material Hence Corporeal; sensuous; sensual; gross: as, material delights.
    • material Pertaining to the matter or subject; of substantial import or consequence; essential; necessary; important.
    • material Full of matter, or of solid sense and observation.
    • material In philosophy, consisting in or pertaining to matter in the Aristotelian sense, and not to form; arising from matter of positive fact, and not from logical implication; referring to the object as it exists, and not to distinctions originating in the mind; relating to a word as an object, and not to its meaning. All these senses come down from the middle ages, and in them material is opposed to formal. In Cartesian and later writings, material often means pertaining to the outward world, as opposed to spiritual. In the Kantian terminology, material means pertaining to or derived from matter in the Kantian sense of that term, namely, that which is contributed to cognition by sense. Examples of the many established phrases in which this word occurs are given below.
    • material In the law of evidence, of legal significance in the cause; having such a relation to the question in controversy that it may or ought to have some influence on the determination of the cause. See immaterial issue, under issue.
    • material The material modes affect the matter of the enunciation, viz. either the subject or the predicate. For example, in this enunciation, A good shepherd lays down his life for his sheep, the word bonus or good is the mode of the subject. In this, A rhetorician speaks ornately and copiously, ornately and copiously are the modes of the predicate. Burgersdicius, tr. by a Gentleman.
    • n material Component or contributory matter or substance; that of or with which any corporeal thing is or may be constituted, made, or done: as, the materials of the soil or of disintegrated rocks; wool is the material of cloth; building- or writing-materials; war-material.
    • n material A constituent principle or element; that which composes or makes a part of anything: as, the material of one's thoughts; the materials of a drama.
    • material To render material; materialize.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Using recycled aluminum cans and making news cans out of them saves 75% energy compared to making it from new material.
    • adj Material ma-tē′ri-al consisting of matter: corporeal, not spiritual: substantial: essential: important, esp. of legal importance:
    • n., Material esp. in pl., that out of which anything is to be made
    • adj Material ma-tē′ri-al (phil.) pertaining to matter and not to form, relating to the object as it exists
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “Great people are they who see that spiritual is stronger than any material force, that thoughts rule the world.”
  • Gerald W. Johnson
    Gerald W. Johnson
    “Heroes are created by popular demand, sometimes out of the scantiest materials.”
  • Bern Williams
    Bern Williams
    “Man never made any material as resilient as the human spirit.”
  • Theodore Roosevelt
    Theodore%20Roosevelt
    “It is difficult to make our material condition better by the best law, but it is easy enough to ruin it by bad laws.”
  • Henri Frederic Amiel
    Henri%20Frederic%20Amiel
    “Materialism coarsens and petrifies everything, making everything vulgar, and every truth false.”
  • Mark Twain
    Mark%20Twain
    “Any so-called material thing that you want is merely a symbol: you want it not for itself, but because it will content your spirit for the moment.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. materialis, fr. materia, stuff, matter: cf. F. matériel,. See Matter, and cf. MatÉriel
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. materialismateria.

Usage

In literature:

Economics is not mere technology, which has to do with the mastery of materials and forces to attain any material end.
"College Teaching" by Paul Klapper
Sometimes the past event has left a material trace (a monument, a fabricated article).
"Introduction to the Study of History" by Charles V. Langlois
Or again, the philosophical extremes of downright materialism and idealism are each wholly true, yet but half the truth.
"The Religious Sentiment" by Daniel G. Brinton
To say that the likeness is on the material side would, of course, be absurd.
"Elementary Theosophy" by L. W. Rogers
The material man and the material universe are but parts of that lie.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
They are consolidated by the deposition of earthy material before they are fully and properly developed.
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
The relation of material comfort to spiritual progress.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
This, however, would probably not materially hasten the decay of the bones.
"Ancient art of the province of Chiriqui, Colombia" by William Henry Holmes
Tom Van Dorn's spiritual transgressions had no material punishments and the good that was in Grant Adams had no material reward.
"In the Heart of a Fool" by William Allen White
This was rolled on a stick and was then ready for sale as writing material.
"Books Before Typography" by Frederick W. Hamilton
Our great work will never materialize now.
"The Come Back" by Carolyn Wells
If you would get around the cost of first-class material you must mix it with inferior material.
"The Painter in Oil" by Daniel Burleigh Parkhurst
To Dr. Sturgis, of Massachusetts, we are indebted for material from both east and west.
"The North American Slime-Moulds" by Thomas H. (Thomas Huston) MacBride
I have known a face not materially disfigured by a few, but he abominates them.
"The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of Jane Austen" by Jane Austen
Savages use raw materials and tools for fashioning them.
"Essentials of Economic Theory" by John Bates Clark
A bundle of wall-paper patterns is splendid material for a pack.
"What Shall We Do Now?: Five Hundred Games and Pastimes" by Dorothy Canfield Fisher
He would not write with imperfect materials, and to him the materials were always imperfect.
"The History of Freedom" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
It is found in this form in roots and (mature) tubers, three-fourths of the bulk of which is made up of this material.
"Dietetics for Nurses" by Fairfax T. Proudfit
Proteins not only serve as reserve food materials but also make up the body of the living organism itself.
"The Chemistry of Plant Life" by Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
Presently, back flew one of the wrens with more building material.
"A-Birding on a Bronco" by Florence A. Merriam
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In poetry:

Nights with bright spindles,
divided, material, nothing
but voice, nothing but
naked every day.
"Sonata" by Pablo Neruda
That all he needs was in him stored,
Material and plan;
That ne'er was deity adored
But first was made by man.
"Dominions Of The Boundary" by Bernard O Dowd
Each rude and jostling fragment soon
Its fitting place shall find,--
The raw material of a State,
Its muscle and its mind!
"On Receiving An Eagle's Quill From Lake Superior" by John Greenleaf Whittier
When Science from Creation's face
Enchantment's veil withdraws,
What lovely visions yield their place
To cold material laws!
"To The Rainbow" by Thomas Campbell
For many a body-sweet material thing,
What canst thou give us half so dear as these?
We would not soar amid the stars to sing,
Warm and content amid the nested trees.
"Postscript" by Richard Le Gallienne
Or will a darkness, o'er material shows
Descending, hide them from the spirit's sight;
As from the sun a blotting radiance flows
Athwart the stars all glorious through the night;
"Death" by George MacDonald

In news:

David Einhorn, everyone's favorite short seller (well, not everyone), said he was shorting Martin Marietta Materials at the Ira Sohn Conference today, and the producer of construction materials promptly dropped 8.3 percent.
Chemicals, packaging materials, scales, and other equipment were found at the two homes, where teams spent over 24 hours cleaning up the hazardous materials in the meth labs.
Major companies include Vulcan Materials, Martin Marietta Materials, and subsidiaries of foreign firms such as Lehigh Hanson (Germany) and Oldcastle Materials (Ireland).
Color and material changes are faster using a CPC than with the traditional method of running hundreds or thousands of pounds of virgin material through the extruder to purge the previous material.
While black holes are noted for pulling material in, most quasars also accelerate some of the material around them and eject it at high speed.
Rafter 's Course Materials Network is a suite of cloud-based services intended, the company said, to help reduce costs for students and stores and help educators discover and adopt the best materials.
Biomimicry is often used as inspiration for new materials and new methods of constructing materials.
Quantum of Evidence Part 205.2(e) provides, " Evidence of a material violation means information that would lead an attorney reasonably to believe that a material violation has occurred, is occurring, or is about to occur".
Wei, Wu Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China Univ.
Viscosity measurements are an important tool for materials characterization and a sensitive measure of material changes.
Despite the fact that crude oil prices have risen sharply, in turn elevating the price of oil-based raw materials used in plastic film manufacture, this group of materials still has largely untapped packaging possibilities.
A Federal judge temporarily blocked enforcement of a new law that makes it a felony to transmit indecent material over the Internet or on-line computer services if the material may be seen by children.
Stork Materials Technology has announced that Stork Climax Research Services, a provider of customized materials and metallurgical analysis programs in Wixom, Mich.
Materials Transportation Company was founded in 1946 to provide growing industries with safe, efficient, and economical methods for material handling.
Viscosity measurements are an important tool for materials characterization and a sensitive measure of material changes.
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In science:

Nanosized materials posses unique properties, which are intermediate between the molecular ones and the properties of the corresponding bulk materials.
Simple Simulation of Magnetic Structure for Nanoclusters
This stationary or slow moving material material is difficult to explain around a star that has had a long history of high mass loss.
High Resolution, Long - Slit Spectroscopy of VY CMa: The Evidence for Localized High Mass Loss Events
Relevant material attributes are discussed in Table 9. In some cases, considerable efforts will be needed to characterize material to the level that probability estimates can be made of system stability timescales.
Coronographic Methods for the Detection of Terrestrial Planets
We begin with a brief review; all the material in this subsection, with the exception of material specifically attributed to other authors, was taken from [Gua04].
Symmetries in generalized K\"{a}hler geometry
The interface transmission in column five of Table I is expressed as a conductance, GA/B = e2/h Pµν Tµν , where Tµν is the probability for the incoming state ν in material A to be transmitted through the interface into the outgoing state µ in material B.
Orientation-Dependent Transparency of Metallic Interfaces
Typical values for |tij | in the ET materials estimated by the extended H¨uckel method range around 0.1 ∼ 0.25 eV.8, 45 Therefore these materials are indeed strongly correlated systems.
Theoretical Aspects of Charge Ordering in Molecular Conductors
Materials and methods are available as supporting material on Science Online.
Spin-Wave Lifetimes Throughout the Brillouin Zone
To understand physical properties of these materials, it is important to describe their combinatorial properties, such as factor complexity which corresponds to the number of local configurations of atoms, but also the palindromic structure which describes local symmetry of the material.
Palindromic complexity of infinite words associated with non-simple Parry numbers
Charge-density waves (CDW) is a special phenomenon of electronic condensate in the low dimensional materials and observed in the High Temperature Superconductor materials as well .
The analysis on the single particle model of CDW
Considering magnetic and structural requirements for materials, we should remember that the materials must superconduct after all.
Route to Room-Temperature Superconductivity from a Practical Point of View
Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research and International Centre for Materials Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang, 110016, P.R.
Conjectures on exact solution of three - dimensional (3D) simple orthorhombic Ising lattices
While the basic concept explaining why materials such as NiO are insulators was formulated by Mott already a long time ago , the development of an appropriate, material-specific computational scheme proved to be a formidable task.
NiO: Correlated Bandstructure of a Charge-Transfer Insulator
If N ≤K M ∈ Kℵ0 , then every ¯a ∈ M materializes in (M ; N ) one and only one type from D∗ (N ) and also materializes in (M , N ) one and only one type from D(N ).
Abstract elementary classes near aleph_1
Essentially all the mass is in the thin molecular shell, formed from material ejected by the star in the outburst, not in swept-up material. 4.
Eta Carinae and Nebulae Around Massive Stars: Similarities to Planetary Nebulae?
SWCX interactions with material flowing into the heliosphere were found to outnumber SWCX int eractions with material in the Earth’s atmosphere (20).
Revising the Local Bubble Model due to Solar Wind Charge Exchange X-ray Emission
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