master

Definitions

  • "The dog hailed his master as he passed."
    "The dog hailed his master as he passed."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj master most important element "the chief aim of living","the main doors were of solid glass","the principal rivers of America","the principal example","policemen were primary targets","the master bedroom","a master switch"
    • v master have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of "Do you control these data?"
    • v master be or become completely proficient or skilled in "She mastered Japanese in less than two years"
    • v master get on top of; deal with successfully "He overcame his shyness"
    • v master have dominance or the power to defeat over "Her pain completely mastered her","The methods can master the problems"
    • n master an original creation (i.e., an audio recording) from which copies can be made
    • n master key that secures entrance everywhere
    • n master presiding officer of a school
    • n master an artist of consummate skill "a master of the violin","one of the old masters"
    • n master an authority qualified to teach apprentices
    • n master directs the work of others
    • n master someone who holds a master's degree from academic institution
    • n master an officer who is licensed to command a merchant ship
    • n master a person who has general authority over others
    • n master a combatant who is able to defeat rivals
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

"'My master wishes to speak with you.'" "'My master wishes to speak with you.'"
PUSS ASKS HELP FOR HIS MASTER PUSS ASKS HELP FOR HIS MASTER
The Master of Ringing Island--5-03-544 The Master of Ringing Island--5-03-544
The Master-Maid with the Glass Axe The Master-Maid with the Glass Axe
THE MASTER OF THE GULL LIGHTSHIP WRITING THE LOG THE MASTER OF THE GULL LIGHTSHIP WRITING THE LOG
THE DOG WHO LOST HIS MASTER. VOL. XVII.—NO. 5 THE DOG WHO LOST HIS MASTER. VOL. XVII.—NO. 5
The Master of Physical Science The Master of Physical Science
Back cover - Master Lewis and the boys Back cover - Master Lewis and the boys

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In Ancient Egypt, cats were often buried with their masters, or in a special cemetary for cats
    • Master A male person having another living being so far subject to his will, that he can, in the main, control his or its actions; -- formerly used with much more extensive application than now.
    • Master A male teacher.
    • Master A person holding an office of authority among the Freemasons, esp. the presiding officer; also, a person holding a similar office in other civic societies. "Throughout the city by the master gate."
    • Master A sovereign, prince, or feudal noble; a chief, or one exercising similar authority.
    • Master A title given by courtesy, now commonly pronounced mĭster, except when given to boys; -- sometimes written Mister, but usually abbreviated to Mr.
    • n Master (Naut) A vessel having (so many) masts; -- used only in compounds; as, a two-master .
    • Master A young gentleman; a lad, or small boy. "Where there are little masters and misses in a house, they are impediments to the diversions of the servants."
    • Master One who has attained great skill in the use or application of anything; as, a master of oratorical art. "Great masters of ridicule.""No care is taken to improve young men in their own language, that they may thoroughly understand and be masters of it."
    • Master One who uses, or controls at will, anything inanimate; as, to be master of one's time. "Master of a hundred thousand drachms.""We are masters of the sea."
    • Master (Naut) The commander of a merchant vessel; -- usually called captain. Also, a commissioned officer in the navy ranking next above ensign and below lieutenant; formerly, an officer on a man-of-war who had immediate charge, under the commander, of sailing the vessel.
    • Master The controller of a familiar spirit or other supernatural being.
    • Master The director of a number of persons performing a ceremony or sharing a feast.
    • Master The employer of a servant.
    • Master The head of a household.
    • Master The male head of a school or college.
    • Master The owner of a docile brute, -- especially a dog or horse.
    • Master The owner of a slave.
    • Master The person to whom an apprentice is articled.
    • v. i Master To be skillful; to excel.
    • Master To become the master of; to subject to one's will, control, or authority; to conquer; to overpower; to subdue. "Obstinacy and willful neglects must be mastered , even though it cost blows."
    • Master To gain the command of, so as to understand or apply; to become an adept in; as, to master a science.
    • Master To own; to posses. "The wealth
      That the world masters ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Fuzzy Zoeller defeated Tom Watson and Ed Sneed in the first sudden-death playoff at The Masters in 1979.
    • n master A man who has authority; a man who exercises the chief control over something or some one; a paramount ruler, governor, or director.
    • n master Specifically - A male teacher or instructor in a school, more especially the sole or head teacher; a schoolmaster.
    • n master The navigator of a ship. In the merchant marine the master is the captain or commander. In men-of-war the navigator or sailing-master formerly had the specific title of master, and was a line-officer of the lowest rank. In the British navy his title is now navigating-lieutenant or staff-commander. In the United States navy he is now ranked as lieutenant (junior grade), between eusign and lieutenant, and is called the navigator.
    • n master One who has another or others under his immediate control; a lord paramount or employer of slaves, vassals, domestic servants, workmen, or laborers, etc.; in law, specifically, one who has in his own right and by virtue of contract a legal personal authority over the services of another, such other being called his servant. The important distinction between the relation of master and servant and that of principal and agent lies in the fact that a master is liable to third persons for the errors of his servant to a greater degree than principals generally are for the errors of agents or employees over whom such authority does not exist, and in the fact that a servant has not always the same remedy against his master for injuries suffered in the course of employment as one not a servant might have.
    • n master One charged with the care, direction, oversight, or control of some office, business, undertaking, or department: as, Master of the Rolls; a ship-, harbor-, or dock-master; master of the revels, ceremonies, etc.
    • n master One who has the power of controlling or using at pleasure; an owner or proprietor; a disposer.
    • n master A chief; a principal, head, or leader.
    • n master A man eminently or perfectly skilled in something, as an occupation, art, science, or pursuit; one who has disposing or controlling power of any kind by virtue of natural or acquired ability; a proficient; an adept: as, a master of language, or of the violin; a master in art.
    • n master A title of address, formerly in use, corresponding to magister (which see). Abbreviated M. Master is now changed to mister in ordinary speech, and used in its unchanged form only before the name of a boy, or by a servile dependent to a superior, or sometimes (especially in irony) by a superior to an inferior, as in the second quotation. See mister.
    • n master A young gentleman; a boy of the better class.
    • n master A title of dignity or office. A degree conferred by colleges and universities: as, master of arts.
    • n master The title of the head of some societies or corporations: as, the grand master of the Knights of Malta; the master of Balliol College; the master of a lodge of freemasons.
    • n master Eccles., a title applied to certain residentiaries in a minster: as, master of the lady chapel, etc.
    • n master In the game of bowls, the jack.
    • n master A husband.
    • n master An equerry; specifically, the third great officer in the British court. He has the management of all the royal stables and bred horses, with authority over all the equerries and pages, coachmen, footmen, grooms, etc. In state cavalcades he rides next to the sovereign.
    • n master See the quotation.
    • master Having or exercising mastery; directing or controlling; chief; principal; leading: as, a master mechanic or mariner; a master builder or printer; a master hand in trade.
    • master One who employs workmen in building.
    • master [caps.] The chief executive officer of the Knights of Labor. [U. S.]
    • master To become the master of; subject to one's will, control, or authority; conquer; overpower; subdue.
    • master To make one's self master of; overcome the difficulties of; learn so as to be able to apply or use: as, to master a science.
    • master To control as master or owner; possess; have power over.
    • master To hold the position or relation of master to; be a master to.
    • master In a technical use, to season or age.
    • master To be skilful; excel.
    • n master A vessel with (a specified number of) masts: in composition: as, a three-master.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Rembrandt died broke. A friend had to come up with the $5.20 it cost to bury the great master.
    • n Master mas′tėr one who commands: a lord or owner: a leader or ruler: a teacher: an employer: the commander of a merchant-ship: formerly the navigator or sailing-master of a ship-of-war: one eminently skilled in anything: the common title of address to a young gentleman, &c.: a title of dignity or office—a degree conferred by universities, as Master of Arts, &c., the title of the eldest son of a Scotch viscount or baron, the head of some corporations, as Balliol College, &c., of a lodge of freemasons, &c.: a husband
    • adj Master the chief, predominant: belonging to a master, chief, principal, as in Master-builder, &c
    • v.t Master to become master of: to overcome: to become skilful in: to execute with skill
    • adv Master with the skill of a master
    • ***

Quotations

  • Dutch Proverb
    Dutch Proverb
    “There are no better masters than poverty and want.”
  • Winston Churchill
    Winston%20Churchill
    “Difficulties mastered are opportunities won.”
  • Josiah Gilbert Holland
    Josiah%20Gilbert%20Holland
    “Nature is the master of talents; genius is the master of nature.”
  • Latin Proverb
    Latin Proverb
    “Practice is the best master.”
  • Cyril Connolly
    Cyril%20Connolly
    “The person who is master of their passions is reason's slave.”
  • Thomas A. Edison
    Thomas%20A.%20Edison
    “To my mind the old masters are not art; their value is in their scarcity.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. maistre, maister, OF. maistre, mestre, F. maître, fr. L. magister, orig. a double comparative from the root of magnus, great, akin to Gr. me`gas. Cf. Maestro Magister Magistrate Magnitude Major Mister Mistress Mickle

Usage

In literature:

So farewell, Master John Deane: you see I know you, and moreover I wish you well.
"John Deane of Nottingham" by W.H.G. Kingston
Here, Master Fred, show him the way.
"Crown and Sceptre" by George Manville Fenn
He had no sooner mastered the banking business than he flatly refused to cross the bank's threshold.
"Shining Ferry" by Sir Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch
The master proceeded, however, to whip one or two of the boys for laughing.
"The Hoosier School-boy" by Edward Eggleston
Speaking of Kung-shu Wen, the Master said to Kung-ming Chia, Is it true that thy master does not speak, nor laugh, nor take a gift?
"The Sayings Of Confucius" by Confucius
He appears to be the master of the black man.
"The Boy Slaves" by Mayne Reid
The master of the old schooner stuck his lowering visage farther over the rail, but he did not reply.
"Blow The Man Down" by Holman Day
Master Meadow Mouse knew no other way.
"The Tale of Master Meadow Mouse" by Arthur Scott Bailey
Master Joe Battle and Master Marmaduke was bosses of the whole country.
"Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves, Arkansas Narratives, Part 4" by Work Projects Administration
But it were a mean and a cruel thing, Master Roy.
"The Young Castellan" by George Manville Fenn
Alack, good Master Windybank, what a word to utter.
"Sea-Dogs All!" by Tom Bevan
Whether or not his master had forgotten, he knew it was supper time.
"Little Lost Sister" by Virginia Brooks
Hibbert wished to be taken to Mr. Weevil the science master, as he was to receive his introduction to the school through that gentleman.
"The Hero of Garside School" by J. Harwood Panting
For he who is a master born occupies ever among masters the very lowest place.
"The Wagnerian Romances" by Gertrude Hall
Think o' the master, an' Master Hal, to-morrow comes.
"Reels and Spindles" by Evelyn Raymond
Hence, as the slave is under an obligation to obey the master, so the master has a right to his obedience.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
He was a good master but he worked his slaves hard.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
The Master was cried up for a saint.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition, Vol. XII (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
I bit the Master, and I jumps and bit Miss Dorothy, and I waggled so hard that the Master couldn't hold me.
"The Boy Scout and Other Stories for Boys" by Richard Harding Davis
Den de captain say, 'I come to tell you de slaves is free and you don't have to call nobody master no more.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves." by Work Projects Administration
***

In poetry:

"Ere that moon grew thin and old,
He was lying still and cold;
Sent before us, weak and small,
When the Master did not call!
"The Truce of Piscataqua" by John Greenleaf Whittier
"Master," said the dying bondman,
"Home and friends I soon shall see;
But before I reach my country,
Master write that I am free;
"The Dying Bondman" by Frances Ellen Watkins Harper
As servants watch their master's hand,
And fear the angry stroke;
Or maids before their mistress stand,
And wait a peaceful look;
"Psalm 123" by Isaac Watts
And some stood by and wondered why
The Master spake no blame.
They had not heard His tender word :
“I know the way you came.”
"The Very Last" by John Joy Bell
Farewell, old year, a voice we hear,
How solemnly it falleth—
"All flesh is grass," prepare to pass,
Ere long the Master calleth!
"Farewell To The Old Year, 1863" by Janet Hamilton
The Master,--He who penned the page
And bade us read it,--He is sage:
And what he orders, you and I
Can but obey, nor question why.
"The End Of The Chapter" by Paul Laurence Dunbar

In news:

A Bebop Master Comes to Call.
Guy (Queen of Scots) gives us another masterful biography, this time of Thomas Becket (1118–1170), the man who refused to subordinate the power of the church to the power of the state, and was martyred for it.
The way Karen Fitzgerald remembers it, she had retreated one evening to the master bedroom upstairs to read because her husband, Bob, had the TV on a bit too loud in the den downstairs.
0 Philip Seymour Hoffman in "The Master" ( The Weinstein Co.
Banjo master Bela Fleck also picked up a Grammy for Best Contemporary World Music Album for Throw Down Your Heart: Tales From the Acoustic Planet, Vol 3.
Anthrax.comcontinue to prove they are Heavy Metal masters.
Master of Business Administration Program.
John Horne guest hosts while Kim Masters is on vacation.
Mack Trucks Inc and the United Auto Workers reached a tentative agreement on terms of a new 40-month master agreement that would cover about 1,700 UAW members at seven facilities in three states.
We'll hear a trancey and exuberant series of recordings of master musicians of Gnawa from Ouled Bambara.
The Master of Bigness from the May 10, 2012 issue.
Colorado State University-Global Campus offers 100% online bachelor degree completion and master's degree programs.
On a recent warm February afternoon, master gardeners Al Baird and Rich Cocos walked the trail at Sams Lake Bird Sanctuary and posted small signs identifying various trees in the nature preserve.
'American Idol' Recap: Master Blaster .
Joe 'Master Blaster ' Weider still going strong.
***

In science:

In a discrete random walk method for the LPBE, the corresponding Master equation relates κ2 to the removal probability of the random walker on the grid.
An Efficient Modified "Walk On Spheres" Algorithm for the Linearized Poisson-Boltzmann Equation
This equation of motion does not preserve probability, and therefore we can not interpret it as a Master equation.
Anomalous Roughness, Localization, and Globally Constrained Random Walks
Diagonalizing the spin sector of the master equation, translates the EVRW into a free fermion problem with quenched randomness.
Anomalous Roughness, Localization, and Globally Constrained Random Walks
Jarzynski, Equilibrium free-energy differences from nonequilibrium measurements: a master-equation approach, Phys.
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
X ) with the (super) Poisson bracket {X j , X i}. (Eqs.(23) are their Jacobi identities.) The master action Σ[X, X ∗ ] is therefore the master action for a Poisson sigma model and it agrees with the one given by Cattaneo and Felder for εi = 0 and with the identification ηi = X ∗ i .
Generalized Poisson sigma models
We may therefore consider master actions defined on a surface of any even dimension.
Generalized Poisson sigma models
Usually, the spontaneous decay of a two-level atom is described by means of a master equation derived by assuming the system interacting with an environment .
Quantum Zeno-like effect due to competing decoherence mechanisms
For a generic value of τ , it is not possible to extract an explicit form of master equation from Eq.(13).
Quantum Zeno-like effect due to competing decoherence mechanisms
Table 1: Summary of the options available for the master weight switch IDWTUP.
Generic User Process Interface for Event Generators
This master formula (23) gives us a recipe to define the energy E (L, ξ ) once the variational equation δX E is solved.
The First Law of Isolated Horizons via Noether Theorem
One finds another set of relations between these quantities by summing the Master Equation over all but one segment value.
Reptation in the Rubinstein-Duke model: the influence of end-reptons dynamics
Several positivity conditions follow for the master function Y and for ρ: 3a > κρ, Y > 2a, Y > κρ, Y ′ < 0.
Static charged perfect fluid spheres in general relativity
Master curve, constructed by rescaling the light scattering data of all seven temperatures (same symbols as in Fig. 2) to a common α peak.
Structural Relaxation and Mode Coupling in a Simple Liquid: Depolarized Light Scattering in Benzene
Using the frequency-space representation of Eq. (3), and allowing for a temperature dependent amplitude, we rescale our data onto a master curve.
Structural Relaxation and Mode Coupling in a Simple Liquid: Depolarized Light Scattering in Benzene
The Cole–Davidson function (2) with βCD ≃ 0.33 describes the master curve to even higher frequencies (solid line).
Structural Relaxation and Mode Coupling in a Simple Liquid: Depolarized Light Scattering in Benzene
***