mass

Definitions

  • WHILE THE WOMEN ARE AT MASS
    WHILE THE WOMEN ARE AT MASS
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj mass formed of separate units gathered into a mass or whole "aggregate expenses include expenses of all divisions combined for the entire year","the aggregated amount of indebtedness"
    • v mass join together into a mass or collect or form a mass "Crowds were massing outside the palace"
    • n Mass (Roman Catholic Church and Protestant Churches) the celebration of the Eucharist
    • n mass the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field
    • n mass the property of something that is great in magnitude "it is cheaper to buy it in bulk","he received a mass of correspondence","the volume of exports"
    • n Mass a sequence of prayers constituting the Christian Eucharistic rite "the priest said Mass"
    • n Mass a musical setting for a Mass "they played a Mass composed by Beethoven"
    • n mass an ill-structured collection of similar things (objects or people)
    • n mass the common people generally "separate the warriors from the mass","power to the people"
    • n mass a body of matter without definite shape "a huge ice mass"
    • n mass (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent "a batch of letters","a deal of trouble","a lot of money","he made a mint on the stock market","see the rest of the winners in our huge passel of photos","it must have cost plenty","a slew of journalists","a wad of money"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Mass murderer Charles Manson recorded an album titled "Lie."
    • Mass A large quantity; a sum. "All the mass of gold that comes into Spain.""He had spent a huge mass of treasure."
    • Mass (Phar) A medicinal substance made into a cohesive, homogeneous lump, of consistency suitable for making pills; as, blue mass .
    • Mass A quantity of matter cohering together so as to make one body, or an aggregation of particles or things which collectively make one body or quantity, usually of considerable size; as, a mass of ore, metal, sand, or water. "If it were not for these principles, the bodies of the earth, planets, comets, sun, and all things in them, would grow cold and freeze, and become inactive masses .""A deep mass of continual sea is slower stirred
      To rage."
    • Mass Bulk; magnitude; body; size. "This army of such mass and charge."
    • Mass (Mus) The portions of the Mass usually set to music, considered as a musical composition; -- namely, the Kyrie, the Gloria, the Credo, the Sanctus, and the Agnus Dei, besides sometimes an Offertory and the Benedictus.
    • Mass The principal part; the main body. "Night closed upon the pursuit, and aided the mass of the fugitives in their escape."
    • Mass (Physics) The quantity of matter which a body contains, irrespective of its bulk or volume.
    • Mass (R. C. Ch) The sacrifice in the sacrament of the Eucharist, or the consecration and oblation of the host.
    • v. i Mass To celebrate Mass.
    • v. t Mass To form or collect into a mass; to form into a collective body; to bring together into masses; to assemble. "But mass them together and they are terrible indeed."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The sun is approximately 75% hydrogen, 25% helium by mass
    • n mass The celebration of the Lord's Supper or eucharist.
    • n mass The office for the celebration of the eucharist; the liturgy. The component parts of the mass or liturgy are the ordinary of the mass (ordo missæ) and the canon of the mass (canon missæ), succeeded by the communion (sometimes counted part of the canon) and post-communion. Anciently and technically the part preceding the offertory is the mass or liturgy of the catechumens (missa catechumenorum), the remainder the mass or liturgy of the faithful (missa fidelium). In the Roman Catholic Church different classes of masses are high mass, low mass, private mass, votive mass, etc. See the phrases below.
    • n mass The sacrament of the eucharist or holy communion. The word mass in this and the preceding senses is popularly used of the eucharist as celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church, or of the teachings of that church with regard to the sacrament, as involving not only the doctrines of the real presence and the eucharistic sacrifice, held in some other churches also, but the doctrine of transubstantiation as defined by the Council of Trent. The use of the word mass (missa) in the Western Church is as old as the fourth century. The Greek Church has no term precisely corresponding to mass, the sacrament being generally called the eucharist or holy communion, and the office the liturgy. At the Reformation the first Prayer-Book (1549) of the Church of England retained the name mass, which was omitted in the second book (1552) and fell into disuse, being popularly regarded as involving a Roman Catholic view of the sacrament. The use of the word has, however, been revived to some extent among Anglicans in the present century. Swedish and Danish Protestants use the corresponding word for their own communion office.
    • n mass A musical setting of certain parts of the Roman Catholic liturgy, also of corresponding parts of the Anglican liturgy. It consists usually of the following sections, each of which is sometimes divided into separate movements: Kyrie, Gloria (including the Gratias agimus, Qui tollis, Quoniam, Cum Sancto Spiritu), Credo (including the Et Incarnatus, Crucifixus, Et Resurrexit), Sanctus (including the Hosanna), Benedictus (including a repetition of the Hosanna), and the Agnus Dei (including the Dona nobis). To these an Offertorium (after the Credo and before the Sanctus) is sometimes added. The Requiem Mass differs largely from the regular mass, and includes settings of several of the stanzas of the hymn “Dies Iræ.” The artistic form of musical masses varies widely, from unaccompanied plain-song to the most elaborate polyphony with orchestral accompaniments. Medieval masses were named usually from the melody which was taken as the subject for contrapuntal treatment, as Josquin's mass “L'homme armé”; modern masses are named from the key of the first movement, as Bach's “Mass in B minor.”
    • n mass A church festival or feast-day: now only in composition: as, Candlemas, Childermas, Christmas, Lammas, Martinmas, Marymas, Michaelmas, Roodmas (compare kermess).
    • n mass Any mass where only the priest communicates, especially such a mass celebrated in a private oratory.
    • mass To celebrate mass.
    • n mass A body of coherent matter; a lump, particularly a large or unformed lump: as, a mass of iron or lead; a mass of flesh; a mass of rock.
    • n mass An assemblage or collection of incoherent particles or things; an agglomeration; a congeries; hence, amount or number in general: as, a mass of sand; a mass of foliage, of troops, etc.
    • n mass The bulk or greater part of anything; the chief portion; the main body.
    • n mass Bulk in general; magnitude; massiveness.
    • n mass The quantity of any portion of matter as expressed in pounds or grams, and measured on an ordinary balance with the proper reduction for the buoyancy of the atmosphere; otherwise, the relative inertia, or power in reaction, of a body. For example, if two bodies at rest, but free to move, as a gun suspended in vacuo and a bullet in it, are suddenly separated by a force acting between them, their respective velocities will be inversely as their masses, and this phenomenon best defines mass. It is usually confounded with weight, which is more properly the force with which a body is accelerated in the direction in which a plummet points, in consequence of the earth's attraction and rotation. Thus, if a piece of lead which is found to weigh a pound at the base of the Washington monument is transported to the top, it will be found to weigh a pound there, for its mass is unchanged. But if only the piece of lead and the balance are carried to the top of the monument, while the weight against which it has been weighed is left at the base, and there attached to the balance at the top by means of a long string or wire (the weight of which is to be properly allowed for), the piece of lead would be found to have lost the weight of one third of a grain, the weight thus varying though the mass does not.
    • n mass In entomology, the terminal joints collectively of an antenna when they are enlarged and closely appressed to each other, forming a clava or club.
    • n mass A large bunch of strung beads (12 small bunches fastened together).
    • mass To form into a mass; collect into masses; assemble in one body or in close conjunction: as, to mass troops at a certain place; to mass the points of an argument.
    • mass To strengthen, as a building for the purpose of fortification.
    • mass To collect in masses; assemble in groups or in force.
    • n mass See mas.
    • n mass In pharmacy, a preparation of thick, pasty consistency with which is incorporated some active medicinal substance: the mass is made up into pills of definite size and weight for administration.
    • n mass In the fine arts, any large and simple expanse of form, light, shade, or color, in which the details of a composition arrange themselves.
    • n mass In electrochemistry, the concentration of that fraction of the electrolyte which, at the given dilution, is dissociated into ions, and is therefore capable of carrying the electric current.
    • n mass An abbreviation of Massachusetts.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Prior to 1907, when the United States started mass production of asphalt from crude oil, the roads were paved from asphalt bought from Trinidad, which had a pitch lake that was the world’s first large commercial source of natural asphalt.
    • n Mass mas a lump of matter: a quantity: a collected body: the main body: magnitude: the principal part or main body: quantity of matter in any body, weight being proportional to mass:
    • v.t Mass to form into a mass: to bring together in masses
    • v.i Mass to assemble in masses
    • n Mass mas the celebration of the Lord's Supper or Eucharist in R.C. churches, also the office for the same: a musical setting of certain parts of the R.C. liturgy: a church festival or feast-day, as in Candlemas, Christmas, Martinmas, &c
    • n Mass mas (pl.) the lower classes of the people
    • ***

Quotations

  • William E. Gladstone
    William%20E.%20Gladstone
    “All the world over, I will back the masses against the classes.”
  • Sir William Osler
    Sir%20William%20Osler
    “The first duties of the physician is to educate the masses not to take medicine.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Two parts of empathy: Skill (tip of iceberg) and Attitude (mass of the iceberg).”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “The masses have no habit of self reliance or original action.”
  • Vladimir Ilyich Lenin
    Vladimir%20Ilyich%20Lenin
    “No amount of political freedom will satisfy the hungry masses.”
  • Mao Zedong
    Mao%20Zedong
    “I have witnessed the tremendous energy of the masses. On this foundation it is possible to accomplish any task whatsoever.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. masse, messe, AS. mæsse,. LL. missa, from L. mittere, missum, to send, dismiss: cf. F. messe,. In the ancient churches, the public services at which the catechumens were permitted to be present were called missa catechumenorum, ending with the reading of the Gospel. Then they were dismissed, with these words : “Ite, missa est” [sc. ecclesia], the congregation is dismissed. After that the sacrifice proper began. At its close the same words were said to those who remained. So the word gave the name of Mass to the sacrifice in the Catholic Church. See Missile, and cf. Christmas Lammas Mess a dish, Missal
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. masse—L. massa—Gr. mazamassein, to squeeze together.

Usage

In literature:

So by knowing the length of year and distance of any planet from the sun, the sun's mass can be calculated, in terms of that of the earth.
"Pioneers of Science" by Oliver Lodge
A. Woodard, Weymouth, Mass.
"The American Missionary--Volume 39, No. 02, February, 1885" by Various
The spores when seen in masses possess certain colors, white, rosy, rusty, purple-brown and black.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
Jim stepped back to the controls with a white face, and slowly we moved closer to the mass.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science July 1930" by Various
The fused mass has broken up into isolated masses, and each mass of itself is assuming one of the many forms!
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science September 1930" by Various
It is needful now to look at the other term in the product we call energy, namely, the substance moving, sometimes called matter or mass.
"The Machinery of the Universe" by Amos Emerson Dolbear
Also there was much to learn in the management of masses of people.
"Annals of Music in America" by Henry Charles Lahee
The masses of the industrial population are not in favour of Home Rule.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
From the mass extended a pseudopod; touched Gunga on the arm.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, August 1930" by Various
With this mass of prejudice, selfishness and inertia to overcome is there any hope of future success?
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
Suddenly a dense mass of the devils had appeared on the north coast, near Georgetown.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, November, 1930" by Various
In examinations Madge gave no marks, at least not to the mass of us.
"The Harbor" by Ernest Poole
There is the same packed mass movement of a lively polyglot people through the streets.
"Westward with the Prince of Wales" by W. Douglas Newton
Such effects, however, tend to decrease, as the movement advances, and the education and enlightenment of the masses increase.
"The Social Work of the Salvation Army" by Edwin Gifford Lamb
They tried to dominate the masses, and the masses refused to be dominated.
"Astounding Stories, April, 1931" by Various
Thus a mass of four square inches, solid black, will be twice as strong in attraction value as a mass of two square inches, solid black.
"Applied Design for Printers" by Harry Lawrence Gage
After this careful handling, the mass may be considered fit for bedding purposes.
"Student's Hand-book of Mushrooms of America, Edible and Poisonous" by Thomas Taylor
John looked down, but his vision was lost in the mass of floating mist.
"The Guns of Europe" by Joseph A. Altsheler
Shining flecks of yellow, like bright oil drops, seemed to flow through and between the masses of scum.
"The Secret of the Ninth Planet" by Donald Allen Wollheim
Subsequently the porphyritic rock flowed over the surface in a pasty mass, covering the limestone.
"Scientific American, Vol. XLIII.--No. 1. [New Series.], July 3, 1880" by Various
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In poetry:

"What tidings hear you," said the king.
"As you ride far and near?"--
"I hear no tidings, sir, by the mass,
But that cow-hides are dear."--
"King Edward IV. And The Tanner Of Tamworth" by Henry Morley
Thou'rt great, thou mighty, foaming mass
Of water, plunging, roaring down,
But so are we, yea, we surpass
Thee, and we wear a nobler crown.
"Niagra Falls" by Thomas Frederick Young
Little Musgràve came to the church door,
The priest was at the mass ;
But he had more mind of the fine women,
Then he had of our Ladyes grace.
"The Ballad of Little Musgrave and Lady Barnard" by Anonymous British
An outcast he who dared not take
The wafer that God's vicars break,
But dull-eyed watched his neighbours pass
With shining faces from the Mass.
"The Song Of The Young Page" by Theodosia Garrison
Take cheer. I'll pass the thin partitions
Right through; yes, like a beam I'll pass,
As image blends into an image,
As one mass splits another mass.
"I would go home again—to rooms..." by Boris Pasternak
The sacred lights on the altar burn'd,
Where the blessed symbol lay;
The mass for the dead and the rites were said
For a soul that had pass'd away ....
"The Penitent's Confession" by Anne Bannerman

In news:

The thickness or mass per unit area of a coating is often critical to its performance.
Legacy Bancorp Inc of Pittsfield, Mass.
Highlights include a mass hit air balloon inflation and ascension at 6:30 pm, Money's concert at 8 pm, and a fireworks extravaganza at 9:30 p.m.
Brett Sigworth said he was tending to the outdoor grill at his lakeside home in Stow, Mass.
Playing at Mass MoCA's Club B-10.
More Events at Mass MoCA.
The town of Middleborough, Mass.
But when it's this nice outside, and our muscle mass is shrinking by the second, can you blame us.
Clyde Young, Revolutionary Communist and former prisoner, and a member of the Stop Mass Incarceration.
The other day my wife and i went to the Pontifical High Mass at the National Shrine in Washington.
A 68-Year-Old Woman Presents With Scalp Mass, Biopsy Reveals Basal Cell Carcinoma.
A 68-year-old woman presented with a 6.4-cm2 mass on the scalp that had been present for approximately 7 years.
Mexican mariachi musicians honor patron saint with serenade, procession and Mass at basilica .
MEXICO CITY – Mexican mariachi musicians have celebrated their patron St Cecilia with songs and a church Mass.
The Mary Maguire Band performs at the Rose Garden Coffeehouse in Mansfield, Mass.
***

In science:

The mass of ICP metals is Mmetals,IC P ≃ 5 × 0.4 (Z/Z⊙ ) Mstars , which is two times larger than the mass of the metals present in galactic stars and consistent with the mass in metals produced during the SB phase.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
Now, the product of all Z ’s is multiplied with an extra mass term (Mass Terms()) which corresponds to the real and virtual propagator mass, see Eq. (2.13).
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
Set Mass() calculates the mass term which occurs during the decomposition of the fermionic propagator into products of spinors (via Composite Zfuncs::Set Mass()).
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
For investigating the masses and couplings of pseudoscalar mesons one should reach the quark mass range below about one quarter of the strange quark mass (mud ≤ 1 4 ms ) [4, 5].
On the price of light quarks
We, however, consider a system in which the masses themselves, not the mass ratios, are chosen from a given distribution so that the mass ratios remain narrow under the renormalization and thus this procedure does not work for a one dimensional system.
Random Vibrational Networks and Renormalization Group
In the limit m ≫ m⋆ its contribution is proportional to the mass of particle under consideration and to the surface mass density of field particles, but is independent of individual masses of field particles (cf.
Dynamical evolution of planetesimals in protoplanetary disks
Still, there are several generic features almost all simulations agree upon such as (1) roughly power-law mass spectra typically with slopes α < 3 within some mass range, (2) velocity dispersion is constant or slowly increases with mass for small planetesimals, and (3) it decreases with mass for large bodies.
Dynamical evolution of planetesimals in protoplanetary disks
Experimental masses are taken from Ref. and the isospin averaged masses are quoted, with errors counting for the mass differences between the members of the same isomultiplet.
Charmed and Bottom Baryons: a Variational Approach based on Heavy Quark Symmetry
The superposition of each mass density component provided by equation 10, can then be utilized to obtain the total mass density and finally a formula for the potential of the mass distribution using Poisson’s equation (4).
Dark Matter in the Local Galactic Disk
We therefore complement this quantity by measuring Mcen , defined as the projected mass within R=500kpc that is associated with the centrally–located mass components, i.e. the dominant clus ter–scale mass component and the BCG.
A Hubble Space Telescope Lensing Survey of X-ray Luminous Galaxy Clusters: IV. Mass, Structure and Thermodynamics of Cluster Cores at z=0.2
Although our prototype model and approximation are very naive, we apply the constituent quark masses of mu = md = 360MeV and ms = 540MeV for the quark masses and take Nc = 3, we obtain the values of αc so as to reproduce the observed masses of Pentaquarks and Triquarks.
An Attempt to Study Pentaquark Baryons in String Theory
In our model the mass matrix is not based on arbitrary textures but such that the initial mass matrices M u and M d generate the simple scaling law among quark masses, regardless of the values of au , ku and ad , kd .
A Scaling Law for Quark Masses and the CKM matrix
As the total mass of the LG, we use the virial/orbital mass estimates of the M31 group multiplied on the factor 1.8, which takes into account the expected mass ratio, 4:5, for the Milky Way and the M31).
The Local Group and other neighboring galaxy groups
This speed vB ,137 is the speed that gives the lowest rest mass M (137) for the rest mass generation process (1.12) for the electron rest mass m0 .
A Sketch for a Quantum Theory of Gravitity
The stated mass is for a single mass eigenstate, and all mass eigenstates are assumed degenerate so that P mν = 3mν .
Structure formation with strongly interacting neutrinos - implications for the cosmological neutrino mass bound
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