mask

Definitions

  • The Fox and the Mask
    The Fox and the Mask
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v mask put a mask on or cover with a mask "Mask the children for Halloween"
    • v mask shield from light
    • v mask cover with a sauce "mask the meat"
    • v mask hide under a false appearance "He masked his disappointment"
    • v mask make unrecognizable "The herb masks the garlic taste","We disguised our faces before robbing the bank"
    • n mask activity that tries to conceal something "no mask could conceal his ignorance","they moved in under a mask of friendship"
    • n mask a covering to disguise or conceal the face
    • n mask a protective covering worn over the face
    • n mask a party of guests wearing costumes and masks
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A Beacon Masked in Ice A Beacon Masked in Ice
Medicine Mask Medicine Mask
Roman mask Roman mask

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Amazingly, goalies in the National Hockey League played without masks until the year 1959
    • Mask A cover, or partial cover, for the face, used for disguise or protection; as, a dancer's mask; a fencer's mask; a ball player's mask.
    • Mask A dramatic performance, formerly in vogue, in which the actors wore masks and represented mythical or allegorical characters.
    • Mask A festive entertainment of dancing or other diversions, where all wear masks; a masquerade; hence, a revel; a frolic; a delusive show. "This thought might lead me through the world's vain mask ."
    • Mask (Arch) A grotesque head or face, used to adorn keystones and other prominent parts, to spout water in fountains, and the like; -- called also mascaron.
    • Mask A person wearing a mask; a masker. "The mask that has the arm of the Indian queen."
    • Mask (Fort) A screen for a battery.
    • Mask (Fort) In a permanent fortification, a redoubt which protects the caponiere.
    • Mask That which disguises; a pretext or subterfuge.
    • Mask (Sporting) The head or face of a fox.
    • Mask (Zoöl) The lower lip of the larva of a dragon fly, modified so as to form a prehensile organ.
    • Mask (Mil) To conceal; also, to intervene in the line of.
    • Mask (Mil) To cover or keep in check; as, to mask a body of troops or a fortress by a superior force, while some hostile evolution is being carried out.
    • Mask To cover, as the face, by way of concealment or defense against injury; to conceal with a mask or visor. "They must all be masked and vizarded."
    • Mask To disguise; to cover; to hide. "Masking the business from the common eye."
    • Mask To take part as a masker in a masquerade.
    • Mask To wear a mask; to be disguised in any way.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The Code of Hammurabi made it forbidden to randomly mistreat slaves. However, the code also stated that slaves were to be branded on the forehead and forbidden to hide or mask the mark.
    • mask To steep; infuse.
    • mask To be infused; yield to the process of infusion: as, the tea is masking.
    • mask An obsolete form of mesh.
    • n mask A cover for the face with apertures for seeing and breathing; especially, such a cover, usually of silk or velvet, as worn at masquerades; a false face; a vizor. Ancient Greek and Roman actors wore masks covering the head as well as the face, made to simulate the characters represented, with hair and beard when required, and with mouthpieces so formed as to swell the volume of the voice; and masks of various forms have continued to be used in mummeries and pantomimes: for the latter (as also at masked balls), commonly covering only the upper part of the face to the tip of the nose or the upper lip. Masks are often used for disguise, as during the commission of nefarious acts, and, under the name of false faces, usually grotesque or hideous, as toys for children; also sometimes by women to preserve the complexion, or as vehicles for the application of cosmetics. Masks of wire, gauze, etc., are used to afford protection to the face, as from splinters, dust, or smoke in glass-works, grinding-mills, and other factories, and also by fencers, firemen, and base-ball catchers.
    • n mask A festive entertainment or performance in which the participants are masked or wear a disguising costume; a body of maskers; a masquerade; a revel.
    • n mask A form of histrionic spectacle, much in vogue during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It probably originated in the practice of introducing on solemn or festive occasions men wearing masks to represent mythical or allegorical characters. From a mere acted pageant, it gradually developed into a complete dramatic entertainment, in which the scenes were accompanied and embellished by music, and, in the hands of writers like Ben Jonson, Beaumont and Fletcher, and Milton, reached a high degree of literary excellence.
    • n mask Anything used or practised for disguise or concealment; anything interposed as a safeguard against observation, discovery, or disclosure; a screen or disguise; a subterfuge, pretext, or shift: as, a mask of brush in front of a battery; suffering under a mask of gaiety.
    • n mask A person wearing a mask.
    • n mask In sculpture: A representation in any material, as marble, metal, terra-cotta, or wax, of the face only of a figure, or of the face with the front of the neck and upper part of the chest: as, a mask of Jupiter; comic and tragic masks.
    • n mask An impression or cast of the face of a person, living or dead, made by covering the face with some plastic or semi-fluid substance, as plaster of Paris, which is removed when it has become sufficiently set.
    • n mask In architecture, a representation of a face, generally grotesque, employed to fill and adorn vacant places, as in corbels, friezes, panels of doors, keys of arches, etc.
    • n mask In surgery, a linen bandage with apertures for the eyes, nose, and mouth, applied over the face in cases of burns, scalds, erysipelas, etc.
    • n mask In zoology: A formation or coloration of the head like a mask; a hood or capistrum. See masked.
    • n mask Specifically, in entomology, the greatly enlarged labium or lower lip of the larval and pupal dragon-fly. It is elongate, spatulate, and armed at the end with two hooks adapted for seizing prey; but in repose the whole organ is folded up over the lower part of the face, concealing the jaws and other mouth-organs beneath. Hence, though these larvæ are exceedingly voracious, they appear at first sight quite harmless. Also called forcipate labium.
    • mask To cover the face of, wholly or in part, for concealment, disguise, or defense; conceal with a mask or vizor.
    • mask To cover with a disguising costume of any kind, as in a masquerade.
    • mask To disguise; conceal; screen from view by something interposed.
    • mask Synonyms To cloak, veil, screen, shroud.
    • mask To play a part in a masquerade; go about in masquerade.
    • mask To put on a mask; disguise one's self in any way.
    • n mask In zoology: The skin of the forehead and upper part of the face of any quadruped, taken off at about the level of the eyes.
    • n mask In base-ball, a protection for the face worn by the catcher. See cage, 8.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The mask used by Michael Myers in the original "Halloween" was actually a Captain Kirk mask painted white, due to low budget.
    • n Mask mask anything disguising or concealing the face: anything that disguises: a pretence: a masquerade: a former kind of dramatic spectacle, in which actors personified mythological deities, shepherdesses, &c.: a representation or impression of a face in any material, as in marble, plaster, &c.: a fox's head
    • v.t Mask to cover the face with a mask: to hide
    • v.i Mask to join in a mask or masquerade: to be disguised in any way: to revel
    • v.t Mask mask (Scot.) to steep, infuse
    • v.i Mask to be infusing
    • ***

Quotations

  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “Man is least himself when he talks in his own person. Give him a mask, and he will tell you the truth.”
  • Arthur Schopenhauer
    Arthur%20Schopenhauer
    “The closing years of life are like the end of a masquerade party, when the masks are dropped.”
  • Sisters Of Mercy
    Sisters Of Mercy
    “You can lease the peace of mind You bought a mask, I put it on. You never thought to ask me If I wear it when you're gone”
  • F. L. Lucan
    F. L. Lucan
    “Boldness is a mask for fear, however great.”
  • W. H. Auden
    W.%20H.%20Auden
    “The countenances of children, like those of animals, are masks, not faces, for they have not yet developed a significant profile of their own.”
  • Elbert Hubbard
    Elbert%20Hubbard
    “Dignity is a mask we wear to hide our ignorance.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. masque, LL. masca, mascha, mascus,; cf. Sp. & Pg. máscara, It. maschera,; all fr. Ar. maskharat, buffoon, fool, pleasantry, anything ridiculous or mirthful, fr. sakhira, to ridicule, to laugh at. Cf. Masque Masquerade

Usage

In literature:

The boys wore masks over their faces, and when they spoke, they did their best to disguise their voices.
"The Young Oarsmen of Lakeview" by Ralph Bonehill
Sam did so, and simultaneously the mask dropped from the faces of the men inside.
"The Huntress" by Hulbert Footner
The chief characters in the Totem and Comic Dances wear masks and carry staves decorated with feathers.
"The Dance Festivals of the Alaskan Eskimo" by Ernest William Hawkes
Five other men were surrounding her, but they all wore white masks of vizard shape, revealing chin and mouth.
"The Flaming Jewel" by Robert W. Chambers
At least he would be alone when he looked upon the mask of his shame.
"The Picture of Dorian Gray" by Oscar Wilde
In the scrap one of the men had his mask torn off.
"Crooked Trails and Straight" by William MacLeod Raine
The Bradys paused near some rocks and saw two rifle barrels aimed over the top of them, in the hands of two masked men.
"The Bradys Beyond Their Depth" by Anonymous
At this moment the Chevalier de Ravanne passed, pursuing a mask.
"The Conspirators" by Alexandre Dumas (Pere)
Next week masked men drove a small flock belonging to Morse over a precipice.
"Brand Blotters" by William MacLeod Raine
Under the mask of seeming defeat he sought to find means for an unexpected victory.
"The Free Range" by Francis William Sullivan
He was masked, but Josephine had removed her mask, and her superb countenance was fully revealed.
"City Crimes" by Greenhorn
In a moment three or four masked figures suddenly sprang out upon him from two sides of the clump.
"The Hilltop Boys" by Cyril Burleigh
His senses reeled, as under pretence of masking a sneeze he pressed his burning lips to those osculatory crosses.
"The Dop Doctor" by Clotilde Inez Mary Graves
Only a proportion of the people wear masks at this ball; it's an annual affair.
"A Modern Mercenary" by Kate Prichard and Hesketh Vernon Hesketh-Prichard
This was the child, no doubt, of whom the masked shadow had spoken.
"The Duke's Motto" by Justin Huntly McCarthy
Leaving his accomplice on the stairs, the masked man went forward.
"Messengers of Evil" by Pierre Souvestre
Simon turned and glared at Sordello, whose weather-beaten face seemed to mask amusement.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
And the faces of the men who gathered there were carefully masked from any expression that might betray their thoughts.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, November, 1930" by Various
He's masked his language as he's masked his face.
"L'Aiglon" by Edmond Rostand
Drop your mask, therefore, and tell me frankly just what has induced Mrs. Hawley-Crowles to unite with your Church.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
***

In poetry:

Why should the world be overwise,
In counting all our tears and sighs?
Nay, let them only see us, while
We wear the mask.
"We Wear the Mask" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
Or hope—maybe that Spring and Hope are one.
Therefore I should not ask
For leave from this my place: both may be near,
Behind my daily mask.
"The Spring Afar" by Elizabeth Drew Barstow Stoddard
Not vainly on us she charged her cause,
The lady whom we revere
For faith in the mask of a love untrue
To the Love we honour, the Love her due,
The Love we have vowed to rear.
"The Young Princess -- A Ballad Of Old Laws Of Love" by George Meredith
But my sweetheart was shy, so I dared not ask
For the boon, so bravely I wore the mask.
But into her face there came a flame:--
I wonder could she have been thinking the same?
"Her Thoughts And His" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
One of my wishes is that those dark trees,
So old and firm they scarcely show the breeze,
Were not, as 'twere, the merest mask of gloom,
But stretched away unto the edge of doom.
"Into My Own" by Robert Frost
"What ails the world?" he sang and asked --
And asked and sang -- but all in vain;
No answer came to any strain,
And no reply to his refrain --
The mystery moved 'round him masked.
"What Ails The World?" by Abram Joseph Ryan

In news:

A 33-year-old Nebraska woman said three masked intruders tied her up, carved homophobic slurs into her skin and then set her house on fire in a shocking case that police are reportedly classifying as a hate crime.
Do you think the " Geezer Bandit" is an elderly man or someone wearing a mask and costume.
Someone wearing a mask and costume.
A Mexico City officer wears a mask, one of the (unproven) defenses against the spread of germs.
Halloween is the one time a year where you can put on a mask, throw away your inhibitions and be whoever you want to be.
The Git Hoan dance group is much beloved for their dancing and use of masks traditionally used for story telling.
Today's Goblin is a far cry from the 1964 original -- a masked guy trying to take over the world.
With an amazing all American team this production of A Masked Ball at the Chicago Lyric Opera is a winner.
Hot Goss / Music New Band Alert: Members of Alabama Shakes, Fly Golden Eagle and Clear Plastic Masks Team up for Thunderbitch.
The New York Times had a strong Sunday story about Wall Street's role in masking the Greek debt that is shaking Europe's monetary union.
Obama Halloween Mask Should Be Grim Reaper .
Americans are split between the Grim Reaper , Mr Magoo, and Superman when it comes to deciding just what Halloween mask best represents President Obama.
Authorities are investigating three heavily armed men who police say donned camouflage fatigues and ski masks while attempting a " guerrilla -style" kidnapping and robbery of a Waco grocer early Friday morning.
Andrew Garfield's Peter Parker can't seem to keep his mask on in "The Amazing Spider-Man".
Daniel Cabral, 29, of Somerset, was charged with armed robbery while masked.
***

In science:

In this context, the most important application of our systems is masking messages using random signals .
A mechanism for randomness
This fit is achieved by masking the spectral regions where emission lines may be present.
Probing the stellar populations of early-type galaxies: the SAURON survey
The lower resolution of the LWRS smears the profile enough to mask the double peak structure if it is present.
Far Ultraviolet Spectra of a Non-Radiative Shock Wave in the Cygnus Loop
These distinctions are often a function of our distance from the system, because a hidden complexity in a system can be masked by a simple presentation, and a complex system can exist “below” the level in which we are interested.
Complex Systems
Figure 2: The data sets (a) θl , (b) θc and (c) the training subsets mask.
On Interference of Signals and Generalization in Feedforward Neural Networks
As the photometry obtained above was not obtained simultaneously it seems plausible that variability could mask any near infrared excess present.
Evidence for high accretion-rates in Weak-Line T Tauri stars?
AB < 27.5 mag and identified 18 ob jects in the slitmask area of which 10 were placed on the mask.
Three Lyman-alpha Emitters at z approx 6: Early GMOS/Gemini Data from the GLARE Project
We present the first laboratory experiments using a notch-filter mask, a coronagraphic image mask that can produce infinite dynamic range in an ideal Lyot coronagraph according to scalar diffraction theory.
Using Notch-Filter Masks for High Contrast Imaging of Extrasolar Planets
We speculate on the “as-is” performance of such a mask in the Hubble Space Telescope.
Using Notch-Filter Masks for High Contrast Imaging of Extrasolar Planets
Some coronagraph designs use image-plane masks to absorb on-axis light and diffract it away (Malbet 1996; Sivaramakrishnan et al. 2001; Kuchner & Traub 2002).
Using Notch-Filter Masks for High Contrast Imaging of Extrasolar Planets
For example, for any coronagraphic image mask, mid-spatial frequency intensity errors near the center of the mask must be . 10−9 (Kuchner & Traub 2002).
Using Notch-Filter Masks for High Contrast Imaging of Extrasolar Planets
Notch-filter masks offer a promising choice for planet-finding coronagraphs (Kuchner & Spergel 2003b).
Using Notch-Filter Masks for High Contrast Imaging of Extrasolar Planets
These image masks absorb most of the light from an on-axis point source, and diffract all of the remainder onto a matched Lyot stop.
Using Notch-Filter Masks for High Contrast Imaging of Extrasolar Planets
Other coronagraph designs besides notch filter masks can create perfect subtraction of on-axis light.
Using Notch-Filter Masks for High Contrast Imaging of Extrasolar Planets
Notch-filter masks can be designed such that they are binary–regions of the mask are either opaque or transparent.
Using Notch-Filter Masks for High Contrast Imaging of Extrasolar Planets
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