• WordNet 3.6
    • n magistrate a lay judge or civil authority who administers the law (especially one who conducts a court dealing with minor offenses)
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Magistrate A person clothed with power as a public civil officer; a public civil officer invested with the executive government, or some branch of it. "All Christian rulers and magistrates .""Of magistrates some also are supreme, in whom the sovereign power of the state resides; others are subordinate."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n magistrate Magistracy.
    • n magistrate An administrator of the law; one who possesses jurisdiction or executive authority in matters of civil government; an executive or judicial officer holding the power of decision and disposal in regard to subjects within his cognizance: as, a king is the first magistrate of a monarchy; in the United States the President is often called the chief magistrate; the magistrates of a state or city; civil or judicial magistrates. But the word is more particularly applied to subordinate officers to whom some part of executive judicial power is committed or delegated.
    • n magistrate Specifically, a minor judicial officer; a justice of the peace, or a police justice; in Scotland, a provost or a bailie of a burgh: as, to be brought before the bar of the local magistrate.
    • n magistrate In the New Testament, a Roman military governor or pretor.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Magistrate maj′is-trāt a person entrusted with the power of putting the laws in force: a justice of the peace
    • n Magistrate (fort.) the guiding line determining the other positions: a special preacher in Spanish cathedrals, &c
    • ***


  • Thomas Tusser
    Thomas Tusser
    “Fear God, and offend not the Prince nor his laws, and keep thyself out of the magistrate's claws.”
  • Solon
    “Society is well governed when its people obey the magistrates, and the magistrates obey the law.”
  • Marcus T. Cicero
    “The magistrates are the ministers for the laws, the judges their interpreters, the rest of us are servants of the law, that we all may be free.”
  • Bertrand Russell
    “Obscenity is whatever happens to shock some elderly and ignorant magistrate.”
  • Grover Cleveland
    “Your every voter, as surely as your chief magistrate, exercises a public trust.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. magistratus, fr. magister, master: cf. F. magistrat,. See Master


In literature:

They then said that we would have to go before a magistrate, and if he allowed us to go on, well and good.
"The Underground Railroad" by William Still
Charles Harding, of the Bengal Civil Service, as magistrate of Benares, in 1806 prevented the widow of a Brahman from being burned.
"Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official" by William Sleeman
The magistrate bit his lips with vexation.
"The Lancashire Witches" by William Harrison Ainsworth
Without that authority the magistrates of Angers would not move.
"Count Hannibal A Romance of the Court of France" by Stanley J. Weyman
What piece of knavery have you on the anvil now, my worthy embryo magistrate?
"The Black Baronet; or, The Chronicles Of Ballytrain The Works of William Carleton, Volume One" by William Carleton
They then conducted him before a Mr. Brooldeigh, an active magistrate of that day, and a gentleman of mild and humane character.
"The Dead Boxer The Works of William Carleton, Volume Two" by William Carleton
The duties of a loyal and attached magistrate are not a mere raycrayation during these times.
"The Tithe-Proctor The Works of William Carleton, Volume Two" by William Carleton
Suppose you he would take my word in opposition to that of a fellow saint and magistrate?
"The Knight of the Golden Melice" by John Turvill Adams
How did the plebeians obtain the protection of magistrates chosen from their own order?
"Pinnock's Improved Edition of Dr. Goldsmith's History of Rome" by Oliver Goldsmith
He refused to answer any questions, and demanded to be taken before a magistrate.
"The Disentanglers" by Andrew Lang
HOBLER was for many years Principal Clerk to the Magistrates at the Mansion House.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Volume 1, Complete" by Various
Bonfons was the name of an estate of the magistrate.
"Repertory Of The Comedie Humaine, Complete, A -- Z" by Anatole Cerfberr and Jules François Christophe
I have sent to let M. Marquenne, the magistrate, know.
"The Confessions of Arsène Lupin" by Maurice Leblanc
Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
They ought to make me a magistrate and a captain of yeomanry.
"Shirley" by Charlotte Brontë
I was talking of the new magistrate's clerk, `Roden Musgrave!
"A Veldt Official" by Bertram Mitford
She will be apprehended as soon as she arrives in London, and we will hear her story at the Magistrate's hearing to-morrow.
"The Green God" by Frederic Arnold Kummer
Erastus and his medical colleagues urged the magistrate to stricter measures.
"Klytia" by George Taylor
About noon of this day, the magistrate has a meal of vermicelli, rice, etc., sent to the candidates.
"Village Life in China" by Arthur H. Smith
Holm, who had been chatting gaily with the magistrate and Advocate Schneider, sat down quietly.
"Dry Fish and Wet" by Anthon Bernhard Elias Nilsen

In poetry:

Our souls adore thy throne supreme,
And bless thy providence,
For magistrates of meaner name,
Our glory and defence.
"Hymn 149" by Isaac Watts
"Smite, Goodman Hate-Evil!--harder still!"
The magistrate cried, "lay on with a will!
Drive out of their bodies the Father of Lies,
Who through them preaches and prophesies!"
"How The Women Went From Dover" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Then take this advice--you no farther need seek,
Let the 'Squire and the Parson get drunk once a week;
When into their breast they've transported the barrel,
Let the Priest and the Magistrate then shun a quarrel.
"The Way To Rule A Village" by William Hutton
The provost, magistrates, and town council were in the procession that day;
Also Mrs Gilfillan, who cried and sobbed all the way
For her kind husband, that was always affable and gay,
Which she will remember until her dying day.
"The Burial of the Reverend Gilfillan" by William Topaz McGonagall
Thus the magistrate spoke. The others departed and thanked him,
And the pastor produced a gold piece (the silver his purse held
He some hours before had with genuine kindness expended
When he saw the fugitives passing in sorrowful masses).
"Hermann And Dorothea - VI. Klio" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
He was waited upon by the Magistrates of the city,
But, alas! for him they had no pity.
He was habited in a superb cloak, ornamented with gold and silver lace;
And before the hour of execution an immense assemblage of people were round the place.
"The Execution of James Graham, Marquis of Montrose" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

Last week, a Florida magistrate judge ruled that Katherine Evans, a 19-year-old journalism student at the University of Florida, has the right to sue her former high-school principal after being suspended in 2007.
I write to express my support for Christopher Hudson for chief magistrate of Columbia County.
Three magistrates vie for council's Juvenile Court judge appointment.
The hits just keep coming to 6th District Magistrate Kenny Barnett.
0A federal magistrate has set a $75,000 bond for a South Texas deputy US marshal accused of blowing the cover of an undercover drug agent to his father.
John Sebelius, 23, has the backing of his mother and father, US Magistrate Judge Gary Sebelius.
A former Pomona resident accused of plotting a violent holy war against the US was denied bond and remanded to federal custody on Tuesday after a magistrate judge determined he was a potential flight risk and danger.
Deputy Prosecutor, Magistrate Romaric Martian Kpangba-Kingo said that all charges have been dropped against Simpson.
In honor of Child Abuse Prevention month, Bowling Green Mayor Sandy Jones and Warren County Magistrate Cedric Burnam read a proclamation.
A? combination of new and old chosen for magistrate.
NEW CUMBERLAND-Hancock County voters chose a combination of experience and newness in the race for Hancock County magistrate on Tuesday.
Ricky Silvers won by a landslide to become the new Chief Magistrate.
A federal magistrate upheld his free speech lawsuit.
Magistrate Sheri Polster Chappell of Fort Myers Florida was among seven nominees endorsed by the Senate Judiciary Committee.
John Heaney is lead from District Magistrate Toss Strohe’s office following a recent court hearing.

In science:

Sharif ’s lawyer dismissed the news when speaking to reporters after Sharif made an appearance before a judicial magistrate to hear witnesses give statements against him.
Inferring Strategies for Sentence Ordering in Multidocument News Summarization