machine

Definitions

  • "Jacintha was off her machine at once."
    "Jacintha was off her machine at once."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v machine make by machinery "The Americans were machining while others still hand-made cars"
    • v machine turn, shape, mold, or otherwise finish by machinery
    • n machine a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine "he needs a car to get to work"
    • n machine any mechanical or electrical device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of human tasks
    • n machine a device for overcoming resistance at one point by applying force at some other point
    • n machine a group that controls the activities of a political party "he was endorsed by the Democratic machine"
    • n machine an intricate organization that accomplishes its goals efficiently "the war machine"
    • n machine an efficient person "the boxer was a magnificent fighting machine"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

PART OF MACHINE OF PRIAM PART OF MACHINE OF PRIAM
Hand Shingle-Machine Hand Shingle-Machine
LOWELL MACHINE SHOP About 1860 LOWELL MACHINE SHOP About 1860
DANIEL LOVEJOY AND SON'S MACHINE KNIFE WORKS DANIEL LOVEJOY AND SON'S MACHINE KNIFE WORKS
LOWELL MACHINE SHOP LOWELL MACHINE SHOP
Trying Out the Flying Machine Trying Out the Flying Machine
Magneto-lectric machine Magneto-lectric machine
Paper making machine Paper making machine

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1908, the first machine to make lollipops opened for business in New Haven, Connecticut
    • Machine A combination of persons acting together for a common purpose, with the agencies which they use; as, the social machine . "The whole machine of government ought not to bear upon the people with a weight so heavy and oppressive."
    • Machine A person who acts mechanically or at the will of another.
    • Machine A political organization arranged and controlled by one or more leaders for selfish, private or partisan ends; the Tammany machine.
    • Machine Any mechanical contrivance, as the wooden horse with which the Greeks entered Troy; a coach; a bicycle.
    • Machine In general, any combination of bodies so connected that their relative motions are constrained, and by means of which force and motion may be transmitted and modified, as a screw and its nut, or a lever arranged to turn about a fulcrum or a pulley about its pivot, etc.; especially, a construction, more or less complex, consisting of a combination of moving parts, or simple mechanical elements, as wheels, levers, cams, etc., with their supports and connecting framework, calculated to constitute a prime mover, or to receive force and motion from a prime mover or from another machine, and transmit, modify, and apply them to the production of some desired mechanical effect or work, as weaving by a loom, or the excitation of electricity by an electrical machine.
    • Machine Supernatural agency in a poem, or a superhuman being introduced to perform some exploit.
    • v. t Machine To subject to the action of machinery; to make, cut, shape, or modify with a machine; to effect by aid of machinery; to print with a printing machine.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: 53% prefer ATM machines over tellers.
    • n machine An engine; an instrument of force.
    • n machine In mech., in general, any instrument for the conversion of motion. Thus, a machine may be designed to change rapid motion into slow motion, as a crow-bar; or it may be intended to convert a reciprocating rectilinear motion into a uniform circular motion, etc. The lever, the wedge, the wheel and axle, the pulley, the screw, and the inclined plane are termed the simple machines. In practical mechanics the word has a restricted meaning: a single device, as a hammer, chisel, crowbar, or saw, or a very simple combination of moving parts, as tongs, shears, pincers, etc., for manual use, although comprised in the strict technical definition of machine, is always called a tool (which see); a device for applying or converting natural molar motion, like that of falling water, or of winds (as a water-wheel or windmill), or for converting molecular motion into molar motion (as a steam-engine, gas-engine, air-engine, or electric engine), is more generally, though not uniformly, called a motor. The distinction between the words tool and machine becomes quite indefinite with increased complication of parts. Such machines as are used in shaping materials in the construction of the parts of other machines, and many of those which perform work, such as sawing, boring, planing, riveting, etc., formerly done only by hand and still performed manually to a greater or less extent, are variously called machines, machine-tools, engine-tools, or simply tools, although their structure may involve much complexity; the terms machine-tool and engine-tool are more frequently employed, the latter being preferable as being more in accord with best usage. Machines receive general or special names from the work they perform or are designed to execute, either with reference to departments of the arts or of industry, as agricultural machines, hydraulic machines, wood-working machines, etc., or to their specific work, as planing-machines, sawing-machines, mowing-machines, etc.
    • n machine A vehicle or conveyance, such as a coach, cab, gig, tricycle, bicycle, etc.
    • n machine A fire-engine.
    • n machine In the ancient theater, one of a number of contrivances in use for indicating a change of scene, as a rotating prism with different conventional scenery painted on its three sides, or a device for expressing a descent to the infernal regions, as the “Charonian steps,” for representing the passage of a god through the air across the stage (whence the dictum deus ex machina, applied to the mock supernatural or providential), etc. Such machines were very numerous in the fully developed Greek theater, and were copied in the Roman.
    • n machine A literary contrivance for the working out of a plot; a supernatural agency, or artificial action, introduced into a poem or tale; machinery.
    • n machine Any organization by which power not mechanical is applied and made effective; the whole complex system by which any organization or institution is carried on: as, the vital machine; the machine of government.
    • n machine A strict organization of the working members of a political party, which enables its managers, through the distribution of offices, careful local supervision, and systematic correspondence, to maintain control of conventions and elections, and to secure a predominating in-fluence in the party for them-selves and their associates for their own ends; also, the body of managers of such an organization.
    • n machine See the adjectives.
    • machine To contrive. Palsgrave.
    • machine To apply machinery to; form or effect by the aid of machinery; especially, to print or sew by means of a machine.
    • machine To furnish with the machinery of a plot.
    • machine To be employed upon or in machinery.
    • machine To act as or in the machinery of a drama; serve as the machine or effective agency in a literary plot.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A machine has been invented that can read printed English books aloud to the blind, and it can do so at speed half again as fast as normal speech.
    • n Machine ma-shēn′ any artificial means or contrivance: any instrument for the conversion of motion: an engine: a coach or conveyance of any kind: one who can do only what he is told: a contrivance in the ancient Greek theatre for indicating a change of scene, by means of which a god might cross the stage or deliver a divine message—whence the expression Deus ex machĭna for a sudden interposition of Providence: any literary contrivance for the development of a plot: supernatural agency in a poem
    • v.t Machine to use machinery for, esp. to print or sew by such: to make by means of machinery
    • ***

Quotations

  • H. L. Mencken
    H.%20L.%20Mencken
    “Man is a beautiful machine that works very badly.”
  • Karel Capek
    Karel Capek
    “Man will never be enslaved by machinery if the man tending the machine be paid enough.”
  • Karl Marx
    Karl%20Marx
    “Machines were, it may be said, the weapon employed by the capitalists to quell the revolt of specialized labor.”
  • Valerie Solanis
    Valerie Solanis
    “To call a man an animal is to flatter him; he's a machine, a walking dildo.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “The brain is the only part of the human machine that doesn't wear out. Probably it's because the brain is the only part that is not overworked.”
  • Charles Dickens
    Charles%20Dickens
    “Oh the nerves, the nerves; the mysteries of this machine called man! Oh the little that unhinges it, poor creatures that we are!”

Idioms

Cog in the machine - A person who does an unimportant job in a large company or organisation is a cog in the machine.
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Well-oiled machine - Something that functions very well is a well-oiled machine.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., fr. L. machina, machine, engine, device, trick, Gr. mhchanh`, from mh^chos means, expedient. Cf. Mechanic

Usage

In literature:

I still have my first machine; and it will now sew as good a seam as any sewing-machine known to me.
"Hidden Treasures" by Harry A. Lewis
Shesto was defended by two of the machines, and each machine had been equipped with two fully charged accumulators.
"Invaders from the Infinite" by John Wood Campbell
Such a test bar is stretched apart in a machine like that shown in Fig.
"The Working of Steel" by Fred H. Colvin
The first great artist a modern or machine age can have, will be the man who brings out for it the ideas behind its machines.
"The Voice of the Machines" by Gerald Stanley Lee
They left all their things excepting a few bedclothes and the sewing machine.
"Watch Yourself Go By" by Al. G. Field
Brigade Headquarters, the Machine-gun Company, and some A.S.C.
"The Story of the 2/4th Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry" by G. K. Rose
An enemy machine gun which opened fire from the right was immediately silenced by our Lewis and machine guns.
"The Sherwood Foresters in the Great War 1914 - 1919" by W.C.C. Weetman
The only god in the machine, the human will or intelligence, is absolutely at the mercy of the machine.
"Fantasia of the Unconscious" by D. H. Lawrence
Sluggishly, as they absorbed the sun's heat, the machine was forced lower, nearer to the machine below.
"The Black Star Passes" by John W Campbell
They followed him from machine to machine, first hopefully and then fearfully.
"The Cosmic Computer" by Henry Beam Piper
The ordinary mowing-machine with a rake attached is generally the machine used for cutting the stalks.
"Agriculture for Beginners" by Charles William Burkett
Special units, such as band, machine-gun company, and mounted scouts, have special formations for their own use.
"Infantry Drill Regulations, United States Army, 1911" by United States War Department
He stared at the machines, clicking busily against the wall.
"Meeting of the Board" by Alan Edward Nourse
In the highly scientific machine of modern business, the test is as valuable as in other machines.
"The Romance of a Great Store" by Edward Hungerford
Blake proved ownership of the machine and I left it with him.
"The Chase of the Golden Plate" by Jacques Futrelle
When this comes to pass, this machine will then supersede the wire-stitching machine, with all its unavoidable disadvantages.
"Practical Bookbinding" by Paul Adam
Large power stones in machine shops are trued up in this way frequently.
"Farm Mechanics" by Herbert A. Shearer
There's uncut wire, you can see that for Yourselves, and machine-guns every yard of the way.
"A Lively Bit of the Front" by Percy F. Westerman
If labor is plentiful and machines are scarce, machines bear a high rent.
"The Principles of Economics" by Frank A. Fetter
In quick succession now, machine after machine appeared.
"Bert Wilson's Twin Cylinder Racer" by J. W. Duffield
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In poetry:

Life-lasting has my battle been,
My enemy a fierce machine;
And I am marked by many a blow
In conflict with a tireless foe,
Till warped and bent beneath the beat
Of life's unruth I own defeat.
"Decorations" by Robert W Service
You say my life ends with the tomb;
This brain, my mind machine, will rot;
Its many million cells that room
My personality and thought
Will in the Dark Destroyer's term
Provide a banquet for the worm.
"Sinister Sooth" by Robert W Service
The skylarks are far behind that sang over the down;
I can hear no more those suburb nightingales;
Thrushes and blackbirds sing in the gardens of the town
In vain: the noise of man, beast, and machine prevails.
"Good-Night" by Edward Thomas
Machine it could be made with ease
That could turn this monster cheese,
The greatest honour to our land
Would be this orb of finest brand,
Three hundred curd they would need squeeze
For to make this mammoth cheese.
"Prophecy of a Ten Ton Cheese" by James McIntyre
They will say, "Where now are the evil prophets?" Thus for a
time in the age's afterglow, the sterile time;
But the wounds drain, and freedom has died, slowly the machines
break down, slowly the wilderness returns.
"Hellenistics" by Robinson Jeffers
Among men, beast, machine, bird, child, and the ghost
That in the echo lives and with the echo dies.
The friendless town is friendly; homeless, I am not lost;
Though I know none of these doors, and meet but strangers' eyes.
"Good-Night" by Edward Thomas

In news:

With the rise of machine-to-machine technology (M2M), technologies found in handsets are also advancing into other new areas, which are reshaping mobile broadband communications as we know it.
Government regulations and initiatives will be a key factor in driving the market for cellular modules for used in machine-to machine (M2M) communications.
The new modular eight-spindle machine opens up additional opportunities for fast multi-spindle parts machining, especially highly complex parts.
Sometimes, one component may not leak on one machine, but an identical component may leak when used in a different area of the same machine.
When purchasing a coordinate measuring machine (CMM) or vision machine, a commonly overlooked item is the fixturing.
Our precision machining expertise allows us to solve production and machining related problems quickly and efficiently.
The machine will be equipped with the Intelli-Max 18 software suite, which offers features for advanced six-axis 3D machining .
Trisha Mowry CEO, Metal Craft & Riverside Machine and Engineering The density and strength of metal machined parts is much greater than that of plastic.
To insure that there was no machine bias, the filtration system was taken off machine A and placed on machine B.
After a suitable run time machine A dropped to 150 workpieces, while machine B climbed to 1200 workpieces.
Okuma had open demonstrations for 15 of their machines and motors, with their 5-axis machining center, the MU-10000H, as the centerpiece of their presentation.
CNC machine tool manufacturer Okuma America Corp. "The chance to actually see a machine of this size, in an easy-to-access, non-production environment is rare and we hope a lot of people take advantage of this opportunity.".
When considering a new machine for purchase, the worst-case part geometry should be determined early in the bidding process, as a machine that performs well at 285 IPM is in a very different price class from one at 1,140 IPM.
Allan Tool and Machine Co. Is a precision screw machine shop based in Troy, Mich.
I recently had the opportunity to visit machine tool builder Toyoda Machine Works in Japan.
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In science:

Our model of probabilistic random access machine (PrRAM) consists of a RAM machine endowed in addition with a read-only random tape (Figure 1.2) and a further instruction rnd to operate on it.
Random Generation and Approximate Counting of Combinatorial Structures
Since SFS is implemented using the Java programming language, the portability is automatically satisfied and the system is able to run on any machine or operating system which supports the execution of a Java virtual machine.
A Secure Web-Based File Exchange Server: Software Requirements Specification Document
A prefix-free (Turing) machine is a Turing machine whose domain is a prefix-free set of strings .
Von Neumann Normalisation of a Quantum Random Number Generator
An ε–universal prefixfree machine U is a machine such that for every machine W there is a constant c (depending on U and W ) such that ε · HU (σ) ≤ HW (σ) + c, for all σ ∈ B ∗ .
Von Neumann Normalisation of a Quantum Random Number Generator
There is a universal Turing machine U with the following property: For every machine M there is a constant cM such that for all x, CU (x | y) ≤ CM (x | y) + cM .
Symmetry of information and bounds on nonuniform randomness extraction via Kolmogorov extractors
There is a universal Turing machine U with the following property: For every machine M there is a constant cM such that for all x, CU (x | y) ≤ CM (x | y) + cM .
Possibilities and impossibilities in Kolmogorov complexity extraction
The difference is that the underlying universal Turing machine U is required to be a prefix-free machine, i.e., the domain of U is a prefix-free set.
Possibilities and impossibilities in Kolmogorov complexity extraction
Ethernet) cluster of multi-core machines, each machine would be a node and each core in a machine could be identified by its own place.
Extending and Implementing the Self-adaptive Virtual Processor for Distributed Memory Architectures
Normally, ˆA is a client machine and ˆB is a server machine.
A New Family of Practical Non-Malleable Diffie-Hellman Protocols
Turing’s seminal contribution is the demonstration that there are Turing machines capable of simulating any other Turing machine .
Assessing Cognitive Randomness: A Kolmogorov Complexity Approach
Given the result obtained by Turing mentioned above, enumerating all possible Turing machines and running them one by one is equivalent to using a single universal Turing machine and running it program by program.
Assessing Cognitive Randomness: A Kolmogorov Complexity Approach
These values are arrived at by essentially simulating all different n-state machines and proving that the remaining non-halting machines will never halt (which is possible only because the machines are small and simple).
Assessing Cognitive Randomness: A Kolmogorov Complexity Approach
The abstract model represents the states of products using state sets, while the refinement introduces a status function that maps products to their states. • Arithmetic-like representation: This model of the vending machine uses natural numbers to represent the stock and money held within the machine.
Discovery of Invariants through Automated Theory Formation
Each step has a source and a target configuration, and an optional label. A step is a representation of a (basic) activity a given state machine has to perform as a part of the set of activities assigned to a transition in the SLCO representation of this state machine.
Prototyping the Semantics of a DSL using ASF+SDF: Link to Formal Verification of DSL Models
Finite-state machine methods) Finite state machine-based testing is widely used for software testing.
A Testing Framework for P Systems
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