lung

Definitions

  • The lion lunges towards the Red Knight
    The lion lunges towards the Red Knight
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n lung either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
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Additional illustrations & photos:

X ray Showing Tuberculosis of the Lung X ray Showing Tuberculosis of the Lung
Section of the Lungs Section of the Lungs

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first owner of the Marlboro Company died of lung cancer
    • n Lung lŭng (Anat) An organ for aërial respiration; -- commonly in the plural.☞ In all air-breathing vertebrates the lungs are developed from the ventral wall of the esophagus as a pouch which divides into two sacs. In amphibians and many reptiles the lungs retain very nearly this primitive saclike character, but in the higher forms the connection with the esophagus becomes elongated into the windpipe and the inner walls of the sacs become more and more divided, until, in the mammals, the air spaces become minutely divided into tubes ending in small air cells, in the walls of which the blood circulates in a fine network of capillaries. In mammals the lungs are more or less divided into lobes, and each lung occupies a separate cavity in the thorax. See Respiration. "My lungs began to crow
      like chanticleer."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Your right lung takes in more air than your left one does
    • n lung One of the two spongy or saccular organs, occupying the thorax or upper part of the body-cavity, which communicate with the pharynx through the trachea, and are the organs of respiration in air-breathing vertebrates. The corresponding organs of those animals that breathe under water are the gills or branchiæ; in ordinary fishes the homologue of a lung is the air-bladder or sound, whose varying conditions are important in classification. (See physoclistous, physostomous, and sound.) Except in their least-developed condition, the lungs are formed by the repeated subdivision of the branches of their bronchi which finally end in saccular dilatations called infundibula. The infundibula and the air-passages immediately leading to them are beset with air-cells. These air-cells or alveoli are from , to of an inch in diameter. They are furnished with a close capillary network in which the branches from the pulmonary artery terminate, and the blood is separated from the air only by the capillary wall and the thin alveolar epithelium of the air-cells. This assemblage of minute saccular organs and air-bearing tubes is bound up by connective tissue into the comparatively compact lung. The bronchial arteries and veins provide for the nutrition of the pulmonary structures. Lymphatics abound, and there are numerous lymphatic glands. The vagus and sympathetic supply nerves. In man each lung is pyramidal in form, its base resting on the diaphragm and its apex rising about an inch above, the collar-bone. The right lung is divided into an upper, a middle, and a lower lobe; the left simply into an upper and a lower. At the inner side of each lung, a little above the middle, the bronchus and blood-vessels enter, forming the root of the lung; and except for this attachment the lung lies free in its pleural cavity, which it completely fills. The lung is elastic and always on the stretch. The blood, in passing through the lungs, gives off carbon dioxid to the air in the alveoli, and receives oxygen. This absorption and elimination seems to be a simple mechanical process, and independent of any secreting or other activity of the epithelial cells. In the lower vertebrates there may be but one lung, or one may be much larger than the other. A lung may lie in the general cavity of the body and be of great extent, as in serpents. The lungs are fixed and molded to the ribs in birds, and in this class the air-passages through the lungs expand into great serous sacs which occupy most parts of the body and extend into the hollow bones.
    • n lung In entomology, one of the respiratory organs peculiar to those Arachnida whose tracheal system is modified into a number of lamellæ superimposed upon one another like the leaves of a book. They are also called pulmonary lamellæ and respiratory leaflets.
    • n lung In pulmonate mollusks, a modification of the integument subserving aërial respiration: more fully called external lung. Huxley.
    • n lung plural A bellows-blower; a chemist's servant.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In one day, adult lungs move about 10,000 litres of air
    • n Lung lung one of the organs of breathing—from its spongy texture
    • ***

Quotations

  • Charles Dickens
    Charles%20Dickens
    “It opens the lungs, washes the countenance, exercises the eyes, and softens down the temper; so cry away.”
  • J. M. Synge
    J. M. Synge
    “Lord, confound this surly sister, blight her brow with blotch and blister, cramp her larynx, lung and liver, in her guts a galling give her.”
  • Robert Green Ingersoll
    Robert%20Green%20Ingersoll
    “What light is to the eyes -- what air is to the lungs -- what love is to the heart, liberty is to the soul of man.”
  • Kate Moss
    Kate Moss
    “Now I'm being blamed not only for anorexia but for lung cancer. [On being a high-profile social smoker]”

Idioms

At the top of my lungs - If you shout at the top of your lungs, you shout as loudly as you possibly can.
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At the top of your lungs - If you shout at the top of your lungs, you shout as loudly as you possibly can.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. lunge, AS. lunge, pl. lungen,; akin to D. long, G. lunge, Icel. & Sw. lunga, Dan. lunge, all prob. from the root of E. light,. √125. See Light not heavy
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. lunge, pl. lungan, the lungs; cog. with light (adj.).

Usage

In literature:

The yawn is a stretch of the lungs as the stretch is a yawn of the muscles.
"How to Add Ten Years to your Life and to Double Its Satisfactions" by S. S. Curry
I had a serious lung trouble and was supposed to have consumption as I was always coughing.
"Old Rail Fence Corners" by Various
Who would have thought the old man to have such lungs!
"Nicanor - Teller of Tales" by C. Bryson Taylor
For the same reason the lung rudiment of one side only is shown.
"Development of the Digestive Canal of the American Alligator" by Albert M. Reese
It is not the cigaret itself that does the harm, it is the smoke inhaled into the delicate lung tissue.
"Dollars and Sense" by Col. Wm. C. Hunter
While, however, the pike proper is common to both sides of the Atlantic, the 'lunge is confined to the basin of the St. Lawrence.
"Lines in Pleasant Places" by William Senior
Give the heart and lungs plenty of room to heave.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
As examples of Aristotle's method of treatment, his descriptions of blood, the brain, the heart, and the lung may be considered.
"Fathers of Biology" by Charles McRae
I fill my lungs with ordinary air and breathe through a glass tube across the beam.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
Lungs, the hinder parts loaded with blood.
"An Account of the Foxglove and some of its Medical Uses" by William Withering
He saw the great chest of the savage trembling as the breath sought a way to his lungs.
"The Keepers of the Trail" by Joseph A. Altsheler
If it did, the heart would stop pumping, the lungs would leave off breathing, all other work would stop, and the body would be dead.
"Child's Health Primer For Primary Classes" by Jane Andrews
That's the first time a Staines has ever spoken of his lungs.
"The Dark Tower" by Phyllis Bottome
Lungs have five lobes, three on right lung, and two on left.
"Philosophy of Osteopathy" by Andrew T. Still
The lungs become inflamed and painful.
"Pandemic" by Jesse Franklin Bone
I'll have Chung Lung cook you both a bit of supper soon as he comes back to the kitchen.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
The lungs were contracted into a smaller compass than usual, and were very firm to the touch.
"Cases of Organic Diseases of the Heart" by John Collins Warren
Weight, ten pounds; blue eyes and sound lungs.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
Some had come from the lungs of the dead animals and some few from the lungs of the dead soldiers.
"Poisoned Air" by Sterner St. Paul Meek
My second thrill came when the fish lunged on the surface in a red foam.
"Tales of Fishes" by Zane Grey
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In poetry:

La steaua care a rãsãrit
E-o cale atît de lungã,
Cã mii de ani i-au trebuit
Luminii sã ne-ajungã.
"La steaua" by Mihai Eminescu
A lunging trout flashed in the sun,
To do some petty slaughter,
And set the spiders all a-run
On little stilts of water.
"An Idyl" by John Charles McNeill
Christ's angel, Death,
All radiant white,
With one cold breath
Will scare thee quite,
And give my lungs an air
As fresh as answered prayer.
"The Asthmatic To The Satan That Binds Him" by George MacDonald
He seiz’d his sword in both his hands,
Unto Langben Giant he flew;
He struck him so hard in the hairy breast,
That the point his lungs went through.
"Vidrik Verlandson (From The Old Danish) " by George Borrow
Pray, have you heard the news?
Sturdy in lungs and thews,
There's a fine baby!
Ring bells of crystal lip,
Wave boughs with blossoming tip;
Think what he may be!
"The Baby" by Rose Hawthorne Lathrop
That old romance, ah me! that we
Were reading? till we heard the plunge
Of summer thunder sullenly,
And left to watch the lightning lunge,
And winds bend down each tree.--
"One Day And Another: A Lyrical Eclogue – Part V" by Madison Julius Cawein

In news:

Lung cancer, one of the most deadly but rarely talked about diseases, is the most common cause of cancer death in our state.
He died in Toronto on April 1 at the age of 57, only a few short weeks after it was learned that he had lung cancer.
Elaine de Kooning , a painter, teacher and writer on art, died of lung cancer yesterday at Southampton (L. She was 68 years old and lived in East Hampton.
Lung cancer are dropping, possibly a turning point in the smoking-fueled epidemic.
We're gonna start with a reverse lunge.
'I won a shot at living 16 months longer' says ALS patient after receiving diaphragm pacer for her lungs.
In one of the patients, Julia Bauer, the volume of air moved by her lungs showed a significant increase when the pacer was used briefly during the operation.
On her own, her lungs moved about 450-500 milliliters of air.
Arthur Schiff, who died of lung cancer last week in Coral Springs, Fla. At 66, was a businessman who ran his own marketing company for 23 years.
Severe lung diseases are among the leading causes of death worldwide.
Professionals hope sight of diseased lungs will deter middle-schoolers from smoking.
The cause was lung cancer, said his wife, Shaune.
Elizabeth DiMartino, American Lung Association of the Northeast Greater Hartford.
Over time they lose more and more muscle, until their lungs or heart become so weak they die.
Difficulty breathing because the lungs are wet, congested, or fluid-filled (congestive heart failure).
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In science:

Thue, ¨Uber die dichteste Zusammenstel lung von kongruenten Kreisen in einer Ebene.
A Simple Proof of Thue's Theorem on Circle Packing
Avalanching behavior as well as scale invariance have been experimentally observed in a variety of situations in nature, ranging from such different phenomena as earthquakes or magnetic systems (the Barkhausen effect), to biological problems such as evolution of species or lung inflation, just to give some examples.
Self-Organized Criticality in the Olami-Feder-Christensen model
In all cases, the low energy part is flat and quite similar to the case of relativistic bremsstrah lung.
Gamma-Ray Burst Synthetic Spectra from Collisionless Shock PIC Simulations
Figure 3: Medial (inside) surface of left (nearside) lung showing damage much larger than recovered bullet diameter (0.58”).
A method for testing handgun bullets in deer
CER05]. This hypothesis is supported by observations of neural effects in the brain from localized blast exposure focused on the lungs in animal experiments.
The Ballistic Pressure Wave Theory of Handgun Bullet Incapacitation
Skolem, Ein Verfahren zur Behand lung gewisser exponentialer Gleichungen und diophantischer Gleichungen, 8.
Undecidable problems: a sampler
Dumitrescu, D., Lung, R. I., Mihoc, T. D.: Generative relations for evolutionary equilibria detection, GECCO '09, pp. 1507–1512, (2009).
Game Theoretical Modelling for Dynamic Spectrum Access in TV Whitespace
Born, M., 1921, Kritische Bemerkungen zur traditionel len Darstel lung der Thermodynamik, Phys.
The Physics and Mathematics of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Schur, ¨Uber die Darstel lung der symmetrischen und alternierenden Gruppe durch gebrochen lineare Substitutionen, J.
Zassenhaus conjecture for central extensions of $S_{5}$
The authors wish to thank Ching-Lung Lin, who kindly pointed out the quantitative estimates of strong unique continuation for the power of the Laplacian obtained in reference [LNgW08].
On doubling inequalities for elliptic systems
A Zulauf, ¨Uber die Darstel lung nat¨urlicher Zahlen als Summen von Primzahlen aus gegebenen Restklassen und Quadraten mit gegebenen Koeffizienten, I: Resultate f¨ur gen¨ugend grosse Zahlen J.
The ternary Goldbach problem with primes from arithmetic progressions
For instance in order to say a word and experience the feedback it receives from the outside world, the brain has to grow specific neural links to coordinate the muscles of the lungs, vocal chords, mouth, tongue and lips to create the exact sound.
Role of Glia cells in the formation of memory in the brain
Barabasi A., Buldyrev S.V., Stanley H.E., Suki B., Avalanches in the lung: A statistical mechanical model.
Single Polygon Counting for $m$ Fixed Nodes in Cayley Tree: Two Extremal Cases
Schur,Uber die Darstel lung der symmetrischen und der alternierenden Gruppe durch gebrochene lineare Substitutionen, J.
Spin representations of Weyl groups and the Springer correspondence
For example, a vagally-mediated reflex might scale by lung size or body mass.
Working toward exposure thresholds for blast-induced traumatic brain injury: thoracic and acceleration mechanisms
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