lump

Definitions

  • Dutchess balances a lump of sugar on her nose
    Dutchess balances a lump of sugar on her nose
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v lump group or chunk together in a certain order or place side by side
    • v lump put together indiscriminately "lump together all the applicants"
    • n lump a compact mass "a ball of mud caught him on the shoulder"
    • n lump a large piece of something without definite shape "a hunk of bread","a lump of coal"
    • n lump an awkward stupid person
    • n lump an abnormal protuberance or localized enlargement
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The little lump of flesh just forward of your ear canal, right next to your temple, is called a tragus.
    • Lump A mass or aggregation of things.
    • Lump (Firearms) A projection beneath the breech end of a gun barrel.
    • Lump A small mass of matter of irregular shape; an irregular or shapeless mass; as, a lump of coal; a lump of iron ore. "A lump of cheese.""This lump of clay."
    • Lump To get along with as one can, although displeased; as, if he doesn't like it, he can lump it.
    • Lump To take in the gross; to speak of collectively. "Not forgetting all others, . . . whom for brevity, but out of no resentment to you, I lump all together."
    • Lump To throw into a mass; to unite in a body or sum without distinction of particulars. "The expenses ought to be lumped together."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The "last meal" for Death Row inmates has became embedded in the American death-penalty ritual. Reporters have dutifully recorded the last meal menus: John Wayne Gacy had fried chicken and strawberries; Ted Bundy passed on steak and eggs; James Smith, executed in Texas in 1990, requested a "lump of dirt" (request was denied); Missouri inmate Lloyd Schlup asked for venison and hare (request was granted).
    • n lump A small mass; a relatively small aggregation or conglomeration of solid matter without regular form: as, a lump of ore, clay, or dough; to melt a number of coins into one lump.
    • n lump A protuberant part; a knob, bunch, or swelling: as, a lump raised on the head by a blow.
    • n lump A blow.
    • n lump A dull, stolid person.
    • n lump In firearms
    • n lump The nipple-seat on the barrel.
    • n lump In a break-joint breech-loader, an iron block on the barrel which descends into a recess in the action.
    • n lump A bloom or loupe of malleable iron.
    • lump To make into a mass; combine in a body or gross sum without distinction of particulars.
    • lump To take in the lump, or collectively in the gross; consider or dispose of in the gross.
    • lump To beat severely.
    • lump To act as a lumper; be employed in loading or unloading ships, as a stevedore.
    • n lump The lump-fish.
    • lump To look sullen or glum; sulk.
    • lump To take without choice; take “anyhow”: a word in itself of no definite signification, used in the expression “if you don't like it, you may lump it.”
    • n lump In mining, a coarse fragment of ore, coal, phosphate rock, or any useful mineral, as contrasted with the fines, spalls, or otherwise designated smaller pieces.
    • lump Noting the coarser grade of bituminous coal which is picked out as it comes from the mine.
    • lump To appear larger by aggregation; bulk: as, he lumped large in public imagination.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A lump of pure gold the size of a matchbox can be flattened into a sheet the size of a tennis court.
    • n Lump lump a small shapeless mass: a protuberance: swelling: the whole together: the gross
    • v.t Lump to throw into a confused mass: to take in the gross
    • ***

Quotations

  • Pablo Picasso
    Pablo%20Picasso
    “Everything is a miracle. It is a miracle that one does not dissolve in one's bath like a lump of sugar.”
  • James Stephens
    James Stephens
    “Finality is death. Perfection is finality. Nothing is perfect. There are lumps in it, said the Philosopher.”
  • Robert Frost
    Robert%20Frost
    “A poem begins as a lump in the throat, a sense of wrong, a homesickness, a lovesickness. It finds the thought and the thought finds the words.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. OD. lompe, piece, mass. Cf. Lunch

Usage

In literature:

The breathing will become more rapid and the lump between the jaws will get larger.
"The Veterinarian" by Chas. J. Korinek
Alfred mechanically swallowed the lump, the doctor handing him the water to take the taste out of his mouth.
"Watch Yourself Go By" by Al. G. Field
She swallowed the lump in her throat before she could speak.
"The Secret of the Storm Country" by Grace Miller White
I opened it and took out an irregular lump of sparkling sugar.
"The Promised Land" by Mary Antin
So now he was handin' over the job to us, all in a lump.
"Shorty McCabe on the Job" by Sewell Ford
I see your shadow just as you were going to throw down that there lump o' paper.
"The Lost Middy" by George Manville Fenn
I asked him if his teacher had not told him he had lumps back of his nose and could not breathe right.
"Civics and Health" by William H. Allen
After being then brought to the boil, it should be removed immediately, and the lump of meat removed.
"Papers on Health" by John Kirk
Despite his resolute purpose the poor man sat down on a lump of ice, buried his face in his hands, and meditated.
"The Walrus Hunters" by R.M. Ballantyne
She'th a little lump o' talent, that gal, if you only realithed it; a perfect little lump o' talent.
"The 'Mind the Paint' Girl" by Arthur Pinero
Marjorie swallowed an inconvenient lump that rose in her throat.
"Marjorie Dean, College Sophomore" by Pauline Lester
Again a lump rose to her throat, and this time the tears started into her eyes and rolled down her cheeks.
"Good Old Anna" by Marie Belloc Lowndes
The Hermit then drew from his pocket a lump of sugar which the fawn eagerly devoured, nosing about for more.
"Followers of the Trail" by Zoe Meyer
A lump rose in his throat and choked him.
"Oh, You Tex!" by William Macleod Raine
This cloud was composed of a woolly substance in lumps the size of a fist, which fell to the ground.
"The Book of the Damned" by Charles Fort
Nodule: a little knot, lump or node.
"Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology" by John. B. Smith
The lump in the cyst was brittle and irregular on its surface, as though it was dissolving in the pus.
"Cattle and Their Diseases" by Robert Jennings
But I've a lump or two in my desk I can show you.
"The La Chance Mine Mystery" by Susan Carleton Jones
In the case of children and people with delicate skins, red or white lumps appear resembling nettlerash.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume I (of VI)" by Various
Cancer of the breast begins as a lump, occurring more often to the outside of the nipple, but may develop in any part.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume II (of VI)" by Various
***

In poetry:

"Observe his various bumps,
His head as I uncover it:
His morals lie in lumps
All round about and over it."
"Phrenology" by William Schwenck Gilbert
And then, alas! what sad non plus
The living hippopotamus!
’Twas but a stupid, sodden lump
As thrilling as an old elm stump.
"Mouths Of Hippopotami And Some Recent Novels" by Ellis Parker Butler
A Lump of wo affliction is,
Yet thence I borrow lumps of bliss:
Though few can see a blessing in't,
It is my furnace and my mint.
"The Believer's Riddle; or, the Mystery of Faith" by Ralph Erskine
Before that sinne turn'd flesh to stone,
And all our lump to heaven;
A fervent sigh might well have blown
Our innocent earth to heaven.
"The Holy Communion" by George Herbert
It's real Yorkshire pudden that gives me my dreams
Of a real Paradise up above,
Where at the last trump I'll queue up for a lump
Of the real Yorkshire pudden I love!
"Yorkshire Pudden" by Weston and Lee
But sinne hath fool'd him. Now he is A lump of flesh, without a foot or wing
To raise him to the glimpse of blisse:
A sick toss'd vessel, dashing on each thing;
Nay, on his shelf:
My God, I mean myself.
"Miserie" by George Herbert

In news:

Rebels coach lumps self into group of people who need to increase toughness.
The Presidents Of The United States Of America "Lump".
"I kept bleeding heavy black lumps, and the pain was unbearable, I thought I had a tumor," the 32-year-old Uzbek said.
Equifax Inc, Atlanta, announced on Monday it will offer a lump-sum payout or reduced monthly annuity to about 3,500 former employees vested in its US defined benefit pension plan.
Women rely on mammograms to spot early signs of breast cancer before they can feel a lump.
IBM's shift to lump-sum 401(k) match blazes trail.
IBM move to annual lump-sum 401(k) matching contributions could be sign of things to come.
How does it feel when a team has taken its lumps for three years, worked tirelessly to correct its mistakes and get better, plays its way back into a big late-season game -- and wins.
No lump of coal here.
How to avoid a lump of coal.
City Administrator Fred Russell said he'll present commissioners with a balanced 2013 budget that adds a dozen city jobs, gives city employees a lump-sum raise and won't require a property tax increase.
I'm not going to box myself into a corner and get lumped into what my opponent's trying to do, which is to demonize me by associating me with somebody who they think is going to be a poli...
What to do if you find a lump or thickening.
A Lump of Coal for Toy Makers.
How to avoid a lump of coal .
***

In science:

It consists of linear combinations of elements of S such that if we lump the terms according to supports, the coefficient sum of each lump is zero.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
Q′ , Q′ rules from ∆ with identical left hand side will then be lumped together into one set; this set (which is a single state in the new automaton) will be assigned to the corresponding deterministic rule in ∆′ .
Using Tree Automata and Regular Expressions to Manipulate Hierarchically Structured Data
We have lumped these aspects in a “dimensionality” parameter d, which indeed has surprising effects on the finite size behavior.
Reptation in the Rubinstein-Duke model: the influence of end-reptons dynamics
The second step will be to show that “lumping” states of this chain recovers our original chain MC(S th,f , P ).
Juggling probabilities
By analyzing this lumping process carefully, it will be clear how to obtain the result of Theorem 5 from our knowledge of the vector β .
Juggling probabilities
This is a lumped process derived from MC(cS th,f , bP ) by grouping together certain states.
Juggling probabilities
In 3C 324, however, the chain of lumps exhibits a mild curvature, presumably associated with the precession of the radio jet.
The Aligned z ~ 1 Radio Galaxy 3C 280
A potential vacuum energy is lumped into the SCGT action.
Holography and Brane-bulk Energy Exchange
BG06], Ben Arous and Gayrard give precise conditions for the hitting time of subsets of Vn to be asymptotically exponentially distributed for a class of subsets for which the so-called lumping construction can be applied.
Hitting time of large subsets of the hypercube
Conditions are provided under which an endomorphism on quasisymmetric functions gives rise to a left random walk on the descent algebra which is also a lumping of a left random walk on permutations.
Random walks on quasisymmetric functions
Section 2 briefly gives background on quasisymmetric functions, the descent algebra, noncommutative symmetric functions and lumping of random walks.
Random walks on quasisymmetric functions
This section reviews background on quasisymmetric functions, noncommutative symmetric functions, and the descent algebra, including bases and products to be used in later sections, as well as a key property of the resulting Markov chains called lumping.
Random walks on quasisymmetric functions
We shall say that K lumps K by descent sets.
Random walks on quasisymmetric functions
Lumping by descent sets occurs when a random walk on Sn is driven by a probability distribution that is constant on descent classes, as we now explain.
Random walks on quasisymmetric functions
It follows easily from the definition of lumping that each of these vectors is sent to a vector with the property that for any descent class, its coordinates which are indexed by permutations in that descent class sum to 0.
Random walks on quasisymmetric functions
***