loom

Definitions

  • Two Women Weaving Linen at a Horizantal Loom
    Two Women Weaving Linen at a Horizantal Loom
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v loom weave on a loom "materials loomed in Egypt"
    • v loom appear very large or occupy a commanding position "The huge sculpture predominates over the fountain","Large shadows loomed on the canyon wall"
    • v loom come into view indistinctly, often threateningly "Another air plane loomed into the sky"
    • v loom hang over, as of something threatening, dark, or menacing "The terrible vision brooded over her all day long"
    • n loom a textile machine for weaving yarn into a textile
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Jacquard loom Jacquard loom

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In the early 1800s, a French silk weaver called Joseph-Marie Jacquard invented a way of automatically controlling the warp and weft threads on a silk loom by recording patterns of holes in a string of cards.
    • Loom A frame or machine of wood or other material, in which a weaver forms cloth out of thread; a machine for interweaving yarn or threads into a fabric, as in knitting or lace making. "Hector, when he sees Andromache overwhelmed with terror, sends her for consolation to the loom and the distaff."
    • n Loom (Zoöl) See Loon, the bird.
    • Loom (Naut) That part of an oar which is near the grip or handle and inboard from the rowlock.
    • n Loom The state of looming; esp., an unnatural and indistinct appearance of elevation or enlargement of anything, as of land or of a ship, seen by one at sea.
    • Loom To appear above the surface either of sea or land, or to appear enlarged, or distorted and indistinct, as a distant object, a ship at sea, or a mountain, esp. from atmospheric influences; as, the ship looms large; the land looms high. "Awful she looms , the terror of the main."
    • Loom To become imminent; to impend.
    • Loom To rise and to be eminent; to be elevated or ennobled, in a moral sense. "On no occasion does he [Paul loom so high, and shine so gloriously, as in the context."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n loom A utensil; a tool; a weapon; an article in general: now used only in composition, as in heir-loom, workloom, etc. See heirloom.
    • n loom A machine for weaving any fabric from yarn or thread. The essential parts of a loom are: the frame, which supports the working parts; the yarn-beam, at the back part of the frame, upon which the warp-threads are wound; the cloth-beam, at the front part of the frame, upon which the cloth is wound as the weaving proceeds; the heddles and their mounting; the reed; and the batten (otherwise called lay and lathe), which carries the reed. The warp-threads extend in parallel relation from the yarn-beam to the cloth-beam, being also passed serially through the loops or eyes of the heddles, or harness, and through the interspaces of the reed. The operations of winding the warp-threads upon the yarn-beam, and passing them in due order through the loops or eyes of the heddles, and the interspaces of the reed, are collectively called “setting up the piece.” The function of the heddles is to form the shed for the passage of the shuttle. The warp-threads are separated systematically by the heddles into two or more series, each controlled and alternately drawn upward and downward by the vertical motion of the heddles, thus leaving an opening or shed between the ranks of warp-threads, through which the shuttle is thrown or shot by the hand, or by pickers operated by the hand of the weaver in the hand-loom, or by picker-staff mechanism in the power-loom. (See heddle and picker.) The reed is carried by the batten, which swings radially on its bearings through an arc small in proportion to the radius. The reed is composed of a series of thin slats or wires arranged in parallel relation between two parallel bars placed at such distance asunder that the threads of the warp passing through the interspaces between the slats or wires may be serially opened or separated by the heddles, in forming the shed, without impinging upon these bars. The function of the reed is to force the thread of weft, woof, or filling, as passed between the warp-threads by the shuttle, as near as desirable to that part of the weft-thread which has just previously been embraced by the warp-threads. For this purpose the batten is swung so that the slats or wires of the reed drive the weft-thread against the previously woven part of the texture with a sharp blow. (See reed and batten.) The weft-thread is wound upon a bobbin or quill which turns upon a wire in the shuttle, and permits the thread to unwind when the shuttle passes to and fro through the sheds as the latter are successively formed by the action of the heddles. The shuttle is made of a piece of hard wood pointed at each end, and having a recess in the body for the reception of the bobbin or quill. Frequently the pointed ends are finished with metal. (See shuttle.) Narrow-fabric looms generally use a thread-carrier or eye-pointed needle as a substitute for the shuttle. (See positive-motion loom, below.) The Jacquard attachment is a device for forming sheds or openings for the passage of the shuttle between the warp-threads, invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard of Lyons, used as a substitute for the heddle or heald mechanism previously employed in the loom, and, by its introduction, marking an epoch in the manufacture of figured woven fabrics. It consists essentially of a series of perforated paper or metal cards which, one after another, are laid fiat upon the faces of an intermittently revolving and perforated prism, in such manner that the perforations in the cards successively and exactly superimpose corresponding perforations in the prism. Wires, each separately controlling the engagement with a lifting-bar or griffe of a hooked wire connected with an individual warp-thread or set of warp-threads, are made by suitable mechanism to enter the holes of the cards when by the rotation of the prism each is successively brought to a special position, the wires so entering causing all the individual threads with which they are connected to be lifted above the common level of the warp-threads, thus forming a shed for the passage of the shuttle. Each card thus represents a different shed, and as there may be an indefinite number of cards joined together by flexible connections, which, like an endless chain, are carried upon the perforated revolving prism, and as there may be also a number of shuttles carrying woof-threads of different tints, there is no limit to variety of form and color in the figures that may be woven. The prism carrying the system of cards moves at each partial rotation through an arc the chord of which is equal to the width of one of the faces. The introduction of this method of weaving at once advanced the art of figure-weaving beyond the limit of mere geometrical patterns into the realm of fine-art industry, as even the finest tapestries may be successfully imitated by it. Looms are for the most part distinguished by the names of the material they weave, as ribbon-loom, figure-loom (figured-fabric loom), carpet-loom, etc., and also by the names of the inventors, as the Jacquard loom. They differ chiefly in the harness-system, or the manner in which the warp-threads are raised to form the shed and thus produce the figures in the finished fabric, and in the method of impelling the shuttle. There may be several shuttles in a loom, in order to introduce a variety of weft-threads, and thus produce more complicated patterns than can be formed by a single weft. Hand-looms are now almost wholly devoted to fine silks and carpets, nearly all other fabrics being woven on power-looms, either with or without the Jacquard attachment.
    • n loom The part of an oar between the blade and the handle; the shaft.
    • n loom A chimney.
    • loom To weave.
    • loom To shine.
    • loom Specifically To appear indistinctly; come dimly into view, as from below the horizon or through a mist; rise up before the vision so as to give the impression of indistinct bulk or largeness: stand out prominently in the prospect: often used figuratively.
    • n loom A coming indistinctly or vaguely into view; also, the indistinct or unnaturally enlarged appearance of anything, as land, seen at a distance or through a fog. See looming.
    • n loom The track of a fish.
    • n loom A loon. See loon.
    • n loom A guillemot.
    • loom To put into or adjust in a loom.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Loom lōōm a machine in which yarn or thread is woven into a fabric, by the crossing of threads called chain or warp, running lengthwise, with others called weft, woof, or filling; the handle of an oar, or the part within the rowlock
    • v.i Loom lōōm to appear above the horizon, or larger than the real size: to show large in darkness, &c.: to stand out prominently in the future
    • ***

Quotations

  • Henry Ward Beecher
    Henry%20Ward%20Beecher
    “He who is false to present duty breaks a thread in the loom, and will find the flaw when he may have forgotten its cause.”
  • Henry Ward Beecher
    Henry%20Ward%20Beecher
    “We sleep, but the loom of life never stops, and the pattern which was weaving when the sun went down is weaving when it comes up in the morning.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. lumen, to shine, Icel. ljoma,; akin to AS. leóma, light, and E. light,; or cf. OF. lumer, to shine, L. luminare, to illumine, lumen, light; akin to E. light,. √122. See Light not dark
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. lumer—L. lumināre.

Usage

In literature:

It loomed implacable, with the naked cliffs staring grotesquely.
"Heart of the Blue Ridge" by Waldron Baily
Repeat this operation by carrying the cord in a reverse direction each time until one-half the loom is strung.
"Construction Work for Rural and Elementary Schools" by Virginia McGaw
At the sight of Sophia, Riccardo rushed to her, looming over her protectively.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
The glow in the east increased, and permitted them to see the vague outlines of a looming shape which seemed to grow out of the bows.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
The men moved now in silence, looming dim and gigantic in the half-light.
"A Son of the Middle Border" by Hamlin Garland
When ideas are thrust into raw iron, the iron becomes a loom or an engine.
"A Man's Value to Society" by Newell Dwight Hillis
And then, out of the mist before them, loomed the gaunt figure of a man, walking apace towards them.
"The Wild Geese" by Stanley John Weyman
How strange he looms to me now!
"Tales of Fishes" by Zane Grey
They flew on, over the desert, until the Gray Mountains loomed on the horizon.
"The Martian Cabal" by Roman Frederick Starzl
Towering, broken crags loomed ahead darkly in the gathering gloom.
"The Twins of Suffering Creek" by Ridgwell Cullum
Two days later the preliminary training was over and there loomed ahead a period of hard study at the Royal Naval College.
"Submarine Warfare of To-day" by Charles W. Domville-Fife
A mast loomed overhead, with its heavy, clumsy derrick-booms.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
Civil war loomed imminent.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, November, 1930" by Various
To left and right loomed the dim outlines of the lonely mountains.
"Astounding Stories, February, 1931" by Various
And then the vastness of the problem enunciated by her demand loomed before him.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
Abruptly shapes loomed in the misty light before them!
"Astounding Stories, April, 1931" by Various
The products of the Babylonian looms are alluded to in the Book of Joshua.
"Needlework As Art" by Marian Alford
In the midst of parties and picnics balance day loomed up.
"A Canadian Bankclerk" by J. P. Buschlen
Lay the head piece of the loom upon unlined paper.
"Hand-Loom Weaving" by Mattie Phipps Todd
Schoolcraft's corral loomed up in front of him and he skirted it silently.
"Bring Me His Ears" by Clarence E. Mulford
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In poetry:

Still the bloated trader passes,
Lord of loom and lord of mill;
On his pathway rush the masses,
Crushed beneath his stubborn will.
"The Factory Town" by Ernest Jones
To the Love-queen Gisli prayed,
She with loom and beam and spell,
All the subtle fires of earth
Wove, and wove them strong and well.
"Gisli: The Chieftain" by Isabella Valancy Crawford
Around him waves stood like domes,
They fell and loomed again above,
And before him, whiter than foam,
Was flying his unrivaled love.
"The Clever Demon" by Nikolai Stepanovich Gumilev
FARDORROUGHA
I did not think
So much was there. He'll not get all
For wool and loom; I will not wrong myself;
As much as half is fair.
"The Miracle Of The Corn" by Padraic Colum
Here, while the loom of Winter weaves
The shroud of flowers and fountains,
I think of thee and summer eves
Among the Northern mountains.
"A Memory" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Did rustic lovers hither come?
Did maidens, swaying back and forth
In rhythmic grace, at wheel and loom,
Make light their toil with mirth?
"The Homestead" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

Help us find the must-follows in the looming showdown over the fiscal cliff.
CHICAGO — Retail sales and foot traffic will see a boost in late summer as the back-to-school season looms, according to the latest ShopperTrak report.
Ramona Falls footbridge removal looms.
Ramona Falls footbridge removal looms Click to enlarge.
JUST as beleaguered borrowers are beginning to feel some relief from a $25 billion deal requiring the nation's biggest banks to forgive more mortgage debt, another financial threat looms.
STAMFORD — THE height of luxury living looms over this city's downtown skyline as two major high-rises near completion.
For the first time in three years, Wake County is crafting a budget without the looming certainty of cuts in programs and personnel, county commissioners learned Friday.
With major cuts in programs and pay and possible layoffs looming.
Major parking changes loom in Northwest D.C. Senate bill would allow Frederick Douglass statue in Capitol.
With Obama's re-election, Idaho faces two looming health care.
VANCOUVER — Support workers at Simon Fraser University are ramping up job action as fall term exams loom.
Aleppo on the verge of full-scale battle as UN vote on Syria looms.
When I was a kid in the 1950s, a 300-foot-high circular metal cage loomed over the Six Corners shopping center.
Cost of gas plant cleanup looming.
If you own or plan to buy a condo, a new phase of the mortgage credit squeeze could be looming.
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In science:

The result has been that minor effects have sometimes been allowed to loom large, often confusing those not intimating involved in the research.
Perspectives on Core-Collapse Supernova Theory
The traditional “how difficult is it to program” issue that has been a great source of extensive research in parallel and distributed computing and clustering in the HPC arena, begins to loom up in the HA world as well.
Cluster Computing White Paper
One of the sub jects that was somewhat underrepresented at this meeting but looming as a large background problem in many of the talks was the connection between QCD and chiral dynamics at a higher than symmetry considerations level.
Report of the Working Group on Goldstone Bosons
The following loom large among the missing results.
Quantum Gravity in Everyday Life: General Relativity as an Effective Field Theory
The problems are simpler to formulate and often very well posed but the possibility of existence of chaotic motions, always looming, made it imperative not to be content with heuristic analysis and imposed the quest of mathematically complete studies.
Perturbation Theory
His calm manner has brought a broader perspective to problems that loomed large in my thinking. I am confident of a bright future for this experiment in the capable hands of Dave, Stephen, and Lorenz.
Bose-Einstein Condensation of Atomic Hydrogen
Zurek concedes that this absence of a general criterion to discriminate between system and environment is a serious difficulty of his proposal: “In particular, one issue which has been often taken for granted is looming big, as a foundation of the whole decoherence program.
Decoherence as a relative phenomenon: a generalization of the spin-bath model
In Section IX, the results obtained in the previous sections are discussed from a conceptual viewpoint in order to argue for the relative nature of decoherence −which dissolves Zurek’s “looming big” problem− and for the rejection of the usual description of decoherence in terms of energy dissipation.
Decoherence as a relative phenomenon: a generalization of the spin-bath model
However, this reading has to face the “looming big” problem of defining the open systems involved in decoherence, since it does not provide a criterion to identify the open system S and its environment E .
Decoherence as a relative phenomenon: a generalization of the spin-bath model
These difficulties are further consequences of the “looming big” problem of defining the open systems involved in decoherence.
Decoherence as a relative phenomenon: a generalization of the spin-bath model
The open-system approach not only leads to the “looming big” problem, but also disregards the well-known holism of quantum mechanics: a quantum system in not the mere collection of its parts and its interactions.
Decoherence as a relative phenomenon: a generalization of the spin-bath model
Therefore, the “looming big problem”, which, according to Zurek, poses a serious threat to the whole decoherence program, looses its strength in the light of the relative nature of decoherence.
Decoherence as a relative phenomenon: a generalization of the spin-bath model
System on programmable chip for the performance estimation of loom machine, which calculates the efficiency and meter count for weaved cloth automatically. Also it calculates the efficiency of loom machine.
System on Programable Chip for Performance Estimation of Loom Machine
This article is intended for loom machines which are not modern.
System on Programable Chip for Performance Estimation of Loom Machine
In current PC based electronic system loom machine there are certain advantages over traditional system. But in spite of that there are several disadvantages like PC should always be ON, complete utilization of PC is not done, and the need of skilled labors.
System on Programable Chip for Performance Estimation of Loom Machine
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