lithophyte

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n lithophyte plant that grows on rocks or stony soil and derives nourishment from the atmosphere
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Lithophyte (Zoöl) A hard, or stony, plantlike organism, as the gorgonians, corals, and corallines, esp. those gorgonians having a calcareous axis. All the lithophytes except the corallines are animals.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n lithophyte Any one of the polyps whose substance is stony or hard, as corals and sea-fans. The older naturalists classed them with plants, whence the name.
    • n lithophyte In phytogeography, any plant which grows upon the surface of rocks or stones, aerial or submerged, with or without the presence of humus: sometimes opposed to chasmophyte (which see).
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Lithophyte lith′o-fīt any one of the polyps whose substance is stony or hard, as corals.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Litho-, + Gr. plant: cf. F. lithophyte,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. lithos, stone, phyton, plant.

Usage

In literature:

The reef, or the first origin of these cells, is formed by the animalcules inhabiting the lithophytes.
"A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Volume 14" by Robert Kerr
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