literature

Definitions

  • ANCIENT ART AND LITERATURE
    ANCIENT ART AND LITERATURE
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n literature the profession or art of a writer "her place in literature is secure"
    • n literature the humanistic study of a body of literature "he took a course in Russian lit"
    • n literature creative writing of recognized artistic value
    • n literature published writings in a particular style on a particular subject "the technical literature","one aspect of Waterloo has not yet been treated in the literature"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Showing the type of literature peddled by patrioteer Harry A. Jung Showing the type of literature peddled by patrioteer Harry A. Jung
Letter showing contact between Peter V. Armstrong and German publishers of anti-Semitic literature Letter showing contact between Peter V. Armstrong and German publishers of anti-Semitic literature

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In literature, the average length of a sentence is around 35 words.
    • Literature Learning; acquaintance with letters or books.
    • Literature The class of writings distinguished for beauty of style or expression, as poetry, essays, or history, in distinction from scientific treatises and works which contain positive knowledge; belles-lettres.
    • Literature The collective body of literary productions, embracing the entire results of knowledge and fancy preserved in writing; also, the whole body of literary productions or writings upon a given subject, or in reference to a particular science or branch of knowledge, or of a given country or period; as, the literature of Biblical criticism; the literature of chemistry.
    • Literature The occupation, profession, or business of doing literary work. "The origin of all positive science and philosophy, as well as of all literature and art, in the forms in which they exist in civilized Europe, must be traced to the Greeks.""Learning thy talent is, but mine is sense.""Some gentlemen, abounding in their university erudition , fill their sermons with philosophical terms."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: On Dec. 10th 1901 the 1st Nobel prizes were awarded. Literature Rene Sully-Prudhomme; Physiology Emil von Behring; Chemistly Jacobus van't Hoff; Physics Wilhelm Roentgen; Peace Jean Henri Dunant Frederic Passy.
    • n literature Learning; instruction in letters.
    • n literature The use of letters for the promulgation of thought or knowledge; the communication of facts, ideas, or emotions by means of books or other modes of publication; literary work or production: as, the profession of literature.
    • n literature Recorded thought or knowledge; the aggregate of books and other publications, in either an unlimited or a limited sense; the collective body of literary productions in general, or within a particular sphere, period, country, language, etc.: as, the literature of a science, art, or profession; Greek, Roman, or Elizabethan literature.
    • n literature In a restricted sense, the class of writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, romance, history, biography, and essays, in contradistinction to scientific works, or those written expressly to impart knowledge.
    • n literature Synonyms Literature, Learning, Scholarship, Erudition, Lore. Literature, the more polished or artistic class of written compositions, or the critical knowledge or appreciation of them; learning, large knowledge acquired by study, especially in the literature, history, or the like, of the past; scholarship, learning viewed as the possession of a professional or amateur scholar or student; erudition, scholastic or the more recondite sort of knowledge obtained by profound research; lore, a rather poetic word for erudition, often in a special department: as, versed in the lore of magic.
    • n literature Specifically. In scientific usage, the body of monographs, original papers, etc., dealing with a particular topic: as, the literature of the scale-insects and mealy bugs; the literature of the reaction experiment.
    • n literature Printed matter of any kind intended for circulation, as the circulars and pamphlets of a political party, of an insurance company, or of a quack advertiser.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: "Hagiology" is the branch of literature dealing with the lives and legends of saints.
    • n Literature lit′ėr-a-tūr the science of letters or what is written: the whole body of literary compositions in any language, or on a given subject: all literary productions except those relating to positive science and art, usually confined, however, to the belles-lettres
    • ***

Quotations

  • Edward G. Bulwer-Lytton
    Edward%20G.%20Bulwer-Lytton
    “In science read the newest works, in literature read the oldest.”
  • Benjamin Disraeli
    Benjamin%20Disraeli
    “Critics are those who have failed in literature and art.”
  • Lord Alfred Tennyson
    Lord%20Alfred%20Tennyson
    “A louse in the locks of literature.”
  • LeVar Burton
    LeVar Burton
    “All literature is political.”
  • Ezra Pound
    Ezra%20Pound
    “Literature is news that stays news.”
  • Susan Sontag
    Susan%20Sontag
    “Perversity is the muse of modern literature.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. littérature, L. litteratura, literatura, learning, grammar, writing, fr. littera, litera, letter. See Letter
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. literaturalitera, a letter.

Usage

In literature:

But in literature, and such literature as Borrow's, it is rare.
"Essays in English Literature, 1780-1860" by George Saintsbury
Latin literature and language.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
Considered in all its aspects, Ole Miss' is a notable contribution to amateur literature, and one which we hope to see oft repeated.
"Writings in the United Amateur, 1915-1922" by Howard Phillips Lovecraft
And her importance in this preface lies in the illumination she shed upon this same subject of literature.
"An Ocean Tramp" by William McFee
It's a missionary book, and has less pretensions to be literature than Spurgeon's sermons.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 25 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
This change in our literature was like a revelation; these men taught us our language in books.
"Calamities and Quarrels of Authors" by Isaac Disraeli
Hence the insignificance of much engineering literature.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 16 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
But this is a tale which is also literature.
"Ivory Apes and Peacocks" by James Huneker
In these Curiosities of Literature I cannot pass by such eccentric inventions unnoticed.
"Curiosities of Literature, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Isaac Disraeli
She cared little for art, and not much for literature as such, though she had a passion for ideas.
"Home Life of Great Authors" by Hattie Tyng Griswold
Rarely was literature used for political purposes with more cleverness and with more important results.
"The English Novel in the Time of Shakespeare" by J. J. Jusserand
Medical literature is full of such painful recitals of venereal tragedies.
"Sex-education" by Maurice Alpheus Bigelow
He was also interested in literature and philosophical discussions.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
In the last half of the 19th century, Russian literature took a further step in the way of democracy.
"Contemporary Russian Novelists" by Serge Persky
Not that these plays are exactly contemptible as literature, but that as literature they are not in the least remarkable.
"A History of Nineteenth Century Literature (1780-1895)" by George Saintsbury
Albanian art, literature, and music have gained little recognition among world cultures.
"Area Handbook for Albania" by Eugene K. Keefe
Two Londoners who followed literature as a profession, and who both worked to excess, had cerebral attacks of a still more decided kind.
"The Intellectual Life" by =Philip Gilbert Hamerton
Mr. Gilder is one of the American writers who have successfully combined journalism and literature.
"Library of the World's Best Literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 16" by Various
The superior pleasure in literature is to realise the non-existent.
"Oscar Wilde: Art and Morality"
It gives the opening literature of theological exposition.
"The Salvaging Of Civilisation" by H. G. (Herbert George) Wells
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In poetry:

There is no such land of castles
Where an Englishman is free
To read his smutty literature
With muffins at his tea.
"National Song (E.C.)" by Ezra Pound
It was defeat, or near itl
Yet all that feeble time
Brave Brooks and lithe MacLeish
Had sworn to thresh
Our flagging spirit
With literature made Prime!
"Ode To Our Young Pro-Consuls Of The Air" by Allen Tate
Such my intent was,-of my spirit pure
To make a star, a fountain music-drawn,
With horror of the thing called literature-
And mad with madness of the gloam and dawn.
"Portico" by Ruben Dario
What are you doing, young man?
Are you so earnest—so given up to literature, science, art, amours?
These ostensible realities, politics, points?
Your ambition or business, whatever it may be?
"Starting From Paumanok" by Walt Whitman
And now that I would gladly die, or rest my weary mind,
I cannot rest to think that I must leave the Thing behind.
Its green rot damns the dead, for sure—that greatest curse extant,
’Twill kill Australian literature, the Wantaritencant!
"The Wantaritencant" by Henry Lawson
it seems, and is, clear to me we are brothers.
I wish the rabbit & the 'coons could be friends,
I'm sorry about the poker
but I'm too busy now for nipping or quills
I've given up literature & taken down pills,
and that rabbit doesn't trust me
"Dream Song 107: Three 'coons come at his garbage. He be cross" by John Berryman

In news:

(HOST) Recently, commentator David Moats decided to revisit a classic of western literature.
He presidential campaign biography or autobiography has a long and useful history in politics, if not in literature.
Literature from the Three German-Speaking Countries.
Vancouver's Susin Nielsen wins Governor General award for children's literature.
Vancouver's Susin Nielsen won the Governor General award for children's literature for her tale of bullying's aftermath.
The presentation of results from clinical trials at conferences and in the peer-reviewed literature is an important part of the scientific process, serving as a venue to stimulate debate and to push research forward.
Howard Comen, a detective from South Carolina, arrived in New York last week to unravel one of the great mysteries of American literature.
These guidelines are based on a systematic review of the literature on randomized clinical trials evaluating transfusion thresholds.
It may include original retellings of traditional literature, provided the words are the author's own.
We always like a bit of literature in the moring.
Chinese writer Mo Yan is the winner of the 2012 Nobel Prize in literature.
Chinese writer Mo Yan won the Nobel Prize in literature on Thursday.
Author Wole Soyinka, who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1986, gestures during an interview in Lagos ( AKINTUNDE AKINLEYE, REUTERS / October 18, 2010 ).
In July and August, Leonard Lopate explores underappreciated and forgotten works of great literature as part of a special summer reading series.
Dr Homa Katouzian was born in Iran and teaches Iranian history and literature at St Antony's College and the Oriental Institute, University of Oxford.
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In science:

In the past few years, several non-Hermitian models with disorder have been introduced in the literature.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
As this is somewhat technical these results are omitted and pointers to the literature are given.
Random matrix theory over finite fields: a survey
Section 4.6.4 of [Kn] gives a detailed discussion with references to literature on upper bounds of running times.
Random matrix theory over finite fields: a survey
He also gives references to the switching function literature.
Random matrix theory over finite fields: a survey
Other notions of independence have been studied in the literature for speci(cid:12)c representations of uncertainty.
Conditional Plausibility Measures and Bayesian Networks
The unitary matrix ˆS (ω ) is known in the mathematical literature as the characteristic matrix-function of the non-Hermitian operator ˆA.
Spectra of Random Contractions and Scattering Theory for Discrete-Time Systems
In physical literatures, a chiral algebra is often described by a set of generating field operators and a certain set of relations (such as operator product expansions).
Generalized vertex algebras generated by parafermion-like vertex operators
The semigroups we treat are called “left-regular bands” in the semigroup literature.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
The interested reader may go to the literature (e.g. ) for rigorous constructions of the spaces and morphisms.
Some applications of localization to enumerative problems
In the machine learning literature, this approach is called ensemble, stacked or combined classifiers (Dietterich, 1997).
Meta-Learning for Phonemic Annotation of Corpora
This approach, while common in the Machine Learning literature, has only recently been introduced in natural language processing research (e.g., van Halteren, Zavrel, and Daelemans (1998) for word class disambiguation).
Meta-Learning for Phonemic Annotation of Corpora
Some of the data sets we have taken from the literature have been previously summarized [1, 3].
Elastic moduli of model random three-dimensional closed-cell cellular solids
In some of the literature these are called “3-deformations” because homotopy of 2-cells is viewed as expansion and then collapse of a 3-cell.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
This distinction is, unfortunately, not always respected in the literature.
Conformal field theory, boundary conditions and applications to string theory
Unfortunately, the term chiral algebra has been used in the mathematics literature for different, though related, ob jects, see e.g. .
Conformal field theory, boundary conditions and applications to string theory
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