# lining

## Definitions

• Sally hanging a sock on a line in the kitchen
• WordNet 3.6
• n lining the act of attaching an inside lining (to a garment or curtain etc.)
• n lining providing something with a surface of a different material
• n lining a piece of cloth that is used as the inside surface of a garment
• n lining a protective covering that protects an inside surface
• ***

OAKGREEN STATION, WHERE THE LINE STARTS
A symmetrical pattern, showing lines, beads and animal figures
The lining
An Asbestos-lined Kiln Door of the Hinge Type
DIAGRAM SHOWING THE MORSE ALPHABET AND ARRANGEMENT OF THE TELEGRAPH LINE
Firing the Shot and Line
OUR CAPTAIN IS ONE OF THE BEST, AND WE'RE READY TO FOLLOW HIM TO H--L.' I SUPPOSE HE MEANS THE HINDENBURG LINE
A three-line quotation from one of Shakspeare's plays

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Every three days a human stomach gets a new lining
• Lining That which covers the inner surface of anything, as of a garment or a box; also, the contents of anything. "The lining of his coffers shall make coats
To deck our soldiers."
• Lining The act of one who lines; the act or process of making lines, or of inserting a lining.
• ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• Interesting fact: Singer Chaka Khan came out with a line of chocolates called "Chakalates."
• n lining The act of measuring, as land, with a line; a fixing of boundaries; specifically, permission granted by a dean of gild to erect or alter a building according to specified conditions.
• n lining The covering of the inner surface of anything, as of a garment, a box, a wall, or the like. The word is applicable especially when the inner face is formed of different material from that forming the body or exterior.
• n lining Specifically— In milit. engin., a wooden sheeting to support the top and sides of the galleries and the sides of the shafts of a mine.
• n lining In carpentry, the inside boarding, or the felt fabric, paper, or other material, put on the inside of walls, floors, partitions, etc.
• n lining In metal-working, the fire-brick or other refractory material placed within a blast-furnace or converter to resist high temperatures.
• n lining The puddling or tenacious clay put on the back of a dam or the embankment of a canal to prevent the infiltration of water.
• n lining A piece of canvas sewed on any part of a sail to preserve it against injury by chafing.
• n lining In a figurative use, contents.
• n lining The jacket of a steam-boiler or -cylinder: an inverted use.
• n lining In marble-working, the process of cementing back to back with plaster of Paris two pieces of marble, so that they can be ground on two or on all four faces, as if they were one piece.
• ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: The name of the squiggly line "~" is called a tilde
• n Lining lī′ning the cover of the inner surface of anything, contents.
• ***

## Quotations

• Sammy Davis Jr.
“You name it and I've done it. I'd like to say I did it my way. But that line, I'm afraid, belongs to someone else.”
• Proverb
“Every cloud has a silver lining.”
• Henry James
“To read between the lines was easier than to follow the text.”
• Elvis Presley
“I don't know anything about music. In my line you don't have to.”
• Edwin H. Land
“The bottom line is in heaven.”
• Jim Rohn
“Whoever renders service to many puts himself in line for greatness -- great wealth, great return, great satisfaction, great reputation, and great joy.”

## Idioms

Bottom line - In accountancy, the bottom line is net income, and is used idiomatically to mean the conclusion.
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Draw a line in the sand - If you draw a line in the sand, you establish a limit beyond which things will be unacceptable.
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Draw the line - When you draw the line, you set out limits of what you find acceptable, beyond which you will not go.
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Drop someone a line - If you drop someone a line, you send a letter to them.
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Every cloud has a silver lining - People sometimes say that every cloud has a silver lining to comfort somebody who's having problems. They mean that it is always possible to get something positive out of a situation, no matter how unpleasant, difficult or even painful it might seem.
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Hook, line, and sinker - If somebody accepts or believes something hook, line, and sinker, they accept it completely.
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Lines of communication - Lines of communication are the routes used to communicate by people or groups who are in conflict; a government might open lines of communication with terrorists if it wished to negotiate with them.
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On the line - If somebody's job is on the line, they stand a very good chance of losing it.
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Ragged blue line - (USA) This term was used to signify the Union forces (who wore blue uniforms) in the American Civil war .
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Read between the lines - If you read between the lines, you find the real message in what you're reading or hearing, a meaning that is not available from a literal interpretation of the words.
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Spinning a line - When someone spins you a line, they are trying to deceive you by lying.
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Throw someone a line - If someone throws you a line, they give you help when you are in serious difficulties.
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Toe the line - If someone toes the line, they follow and respect the rules and regulations.
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Walk a fine line - If you have to walk a fine line, you have to be very careful not to annoy or anger people or groups that are competing. ('Walk a thin line' is an alternative.)
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## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See Line to cover the in side

## Usage

### In literature:

Little by little the line was shortened, and the battle, so far as the rod and line went, was virtually won.
"Lines in Pleasant Places" by William Senior
Paul began to snivel; I reckon his father pulled the line so tight that it cut into the flesh.
"Swept Out to Sea" by W. Bertram Foster
Oblique parallel line decoration 706 278.
"Archeological Expedition to Arizona in 1895" by Jesse Walter Fewkes
There were two lines of trenches on the arc of the salient with three lines on a portion of the arc.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume V (of 12)"
The line of his march being oblique to the line of the camp, led him out beyond the front of Sherman's line.
"From Fort Henry to Corinth" by Manning Ferguson Force
I am disposed to favor the line of policy initiated in the resolutions of the State of Kentucky.
"A Report of the Debates and Proceedings in the Secret Sessions of the Conference Convention" by Lucius Eugene Chittenden
Each line has a basketball and stands behind a starting line.
"Games and Play for School Morale" by Various
Obedience had been in the line of his training.
"Blow The Man Down" by Holman Day
What we see is an impression of line, not sharp lines.
"Journeys Through Bookland, Vol. 10" by Charles Herbert Sylvester
So now our bee-line hike was about half over and we had traveled in a pretty straight line.
"Roy Blakeley's Bee-line Hike" by Percy Keese Fitzhugh
Still, the German task-masters had given them a certain assurance by sending them forward elbow to elbow, line upon line.
"The Kangaroo Marines" by R. W. Campbell
Clear thin lines of purple, almost black, alternate with lines equally thin of pale green.
"The Woodlands Orchids" by Frederick Boyle
Not a platoon would quit the line of march.
"The Student's Life of Washington; Condensed from the Larger Work of Washington Irving" by Washington Irving
There is a double yellow line along the back, and a thin line of orange yellow on each side below the spiracles.
"Butterflies and Moths" by William S. Furneaux
How much of their precious blood has been shed, how many thousands of them line the road of Russia's suffering!
"Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist" by Alexander Berkman
Back of the front line there was a support line left of the position.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume VIII (of VIII)" by various
By these straight lines, everything else is gaged.
"The Century Cook Book" by Mary Ronald
His line runs nearly at right angles with Jackson's infantry line, and extends from the railroad to the river.
"The Boys of '61" by Charles Carleton Coffin
Draw a curved line connecting these points and cut on the line.
"Handicraft for Girls" by Idabelle McGlauflin
The column was shortly ordered into Edenburg, and thence down the line to Springfontein, in order to operate on the west of the line.
"Two Years on Trek" by Louis Eugène du Moulin
***

### In poetry:

I who don't know the
secret wrote
the line. They
told me
"The Secret" by Denise Levertov
and for loving me
for the line I wrote,
and for forgetting it
so that
"The Secret" by Denise Levertov
I would sing it here
Four lined square shaped
Utterance dear
"Had I A Song" by Ivor Gurney
Out of spite!"
"What if I can't
put two lines together?"
-"When could - anyone?!" -
"Conversation With A Genius" by Marina Ivanova Tsvetaeva
THEIR names are names of kings
Of heavenly line,
The bliss of earthly things
Who did resign.
"The 'Athletes Of The Universe'" by Samuel John Stone
Ye're sun-brint and batter'd, John Tod, John Tod,
Ye're tautit and tatter'd John Tod,
Wi' your auld strippit coul, Ye luik maist like a fule,
But there's nouse i' the lining, John Tod, John Tod,
But there's nouse i' the lining, John Tod.
"John Tod" by Carolina Oliphant

### In news:

The technology links non-wire-line cellular systems with wire-line cellular systems, which operate on different radio frequencies.
For low and moderate income South County taxpayers, help this year decoding line 23 minus line 18 times factor C from chart B is close at hand.
Porsche says interference between a coolant line and the fuel line on the 2012 911 Carrera S might cause the fuel line to disconnect at a quick connector.
The company says interference between a coolant line and the fuel line might cause the fuel line to disconnect at a quick connector.
Google Maps Electrical utilities workers hit a sewer line when they were trying to replace a telephone pole on Lafayette Avenue - and then the contractors who came to fix the sewer line hit a gas main this morning, police said.
The incident occurred when a plastic water line failed, leaking into the gas line.
Frank Ordoñez / The Post-Standard Syracuse University football offensive line coach Greg Adkins, left, and defensive line coach Tim Daoust prepare to watch some one-on-one duels in the trenches.
The line at the Yogi Berra Museum stretched 100 feet to the woods near Yogi Berra Stadium at 4 pm The folks on line not only had to wait, they would do it in 100-degree heat.
We also got a second line for only a few extra bucks a month and kept our old phone numbers (one cell phone number and one land-line number).
Developments and trends affecting buyers of specialty insurance lines, including D&O, E&O, employment practices liability , cyber risk, marine and transportation, and surplus lines.
"We now have a standard for that line-of-business service so that a transportation specialist, for example, regardless of which line of business that person is servicing, follows the same process to deliver that service," he said.
Warner Bros Lines up 'Halo: Reach' Writer for ' Line of Sight ' (Exclusive).
It is an issue that cuts across party lines, and the government hasn't been able to bring its congressional alliance, which has clear majorities in both houses, into line.
Water line breaks up 80 percent in city, more than $72M of lines to replace by 2030. Dallas Area Rapid Transit ( DART ) opened two more rail segments today, extending the Blue Line to Rowlett, Texas, and the Orange Line farther into Irving and closer to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. *** ### In science: Figure 11: Evolution of the error E for three on-line learning rules: Perceptron rule with a learning rate such that J (t) = 1 for all t ≥ 0 (solid line), Perceptron rule with optimal learning rate (dashed line) and the optimal spherical learning rule (dotted line). Statistical Mechanical Analysis of the Dynamics of Learning in Perceptrons Figure 12: Evolution of the error E for the on-line Perceptron rule with a learning rate such that J (t) = 1 for all t ≥ 0 (solid line), the on-line Perceptron rule with optimal learning rate (dashed line) and the optimal spherical on-line learning rule (dotted line). Statistical Mechanical Analysis of the Dynamics of Learning in Perceptrons The left window shows the cross section for the channel e+ e− → µ− ¯νµu ¯d at the tree level (dashed line) and including ISR (dash-dotted line), the coulombic correction (dotted line) and naive QCD corrections (continuous line). Precision Physics at LEP Figure 1: Spectrum of the SUVB, JLW , for z = 27, β = 1 and for baryon cooling eﬃciency fb = 0.08; from the top to the bottom, no shielding (dashed line), H lines opacity (dotted), H2 lines opacity (dotted) and H2 and H lines opacity (solid) is included. Pop III Objects and their Relationship with Dwarf Galaxies The solid lines are the results obtained from Eq. (68) for a lepton- and quark-screened droplet; the long-dashed lines, for a lepton-screened droplet; the short-dashed lines, for a nonscreened droplet; the dash-dotted lines, in the incompressible case in which we set EC = 0. Effects of hyperons on the dynamical deconfinement transition in cold neutron star matter By simple visual inspection of the CCD image, we see that the lines are double: in one of the line-systems the lines are spatially extended and narrow, with relatively weak [N I I]; in the other, the lines are spatially unresolved, but relatively broad, and [N I I] is stronger. AGNs with composite spectra II. Additional data The other will be a two-step path made of two segments of (ﬁrst-kind) lines going from C to an intermediary point A along a line b and then from A to B along the line c (see ﬁgure 2a); hereafter we will omit the reference to the ﬁrst-kind type of all lines. Trigonometry of spacetimes: a new self-dual approach to a curvature/signature (in)dependent trigonometry The lines are the result of the ω -exchange model for the d+ p → d+X process: for r = 0 (dashed-dotted line), the calculation based on for the Roper excitation only is represented by the dotted line and for the excitation of all the four resonances by the the full line. Relevant polarization observables for the study of the Roper resonance with hadronic probes The critical line (dotted lines) and the caustic lines (dashed lines) are shown for z = 3.35. Spectroscopic follow up of arclets in AC114 with the VLT We present an X-ray line list of the brightest emission lines detected and investigate emission line properties to determine the range of temperatures and densities of the line emitting regions. X-ray Line Emission from the Hot Stellar Wind of theta 1 Ori C The meaning of the lines is as follows: Z (t) = ZQ (short dashed line), Z (t) = ZL (solid line), and Z (t) = ZS (long dashed line). Stellar population synthesis models at low and high redshift Different estimates on the left–hand integral are also plotted: The dotted line corresponds to ΛχP T = 0.6GeV , the dashed line corresponds to ΛχP T = 0.7GeV , the dot–dashed line corresponds to ΛχP T = 0.85GeV and the solid line corresponds to the Pad´e solution. The Use of Analyticity in the$\pi\pi$and$K\bar K\$ Coupled Channel System
Left: strain softening, for ˙ǫ = 0.08 (solid line), 0.1 (dashed line), 0.15 (dot-dashed line), 0.2 (dotted line). (Those values are deﬁned up to a time constant, and do not need to compare quantitatively with actual values.) Divergence of vf is seen for the three largest values of ˙ǫ.
Rearrangements and Dilatancy for Sheared Dense Materials
Left panels show the propagator and instant-form results: FSR (solid line), VOG in RIA approximation (long dashed line), ARW (short dashed line), and PWM (dotted line).
The deuteron: a mini-review
Right panels show the front-form CK (long dashed line) and LPS (short dashed line), the point-form AKP (medium dashed line) and the quark model calculation DB (solid line).
The deuteron: a mini-review
***