linguistics

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n linguistics the humanistic study of language and literature
    • n linguistics the scientific study of language
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Oddly, no term existed for "homosexuality" in ancient Greece there were only a variety of expressions referring to specific homosexual roles. Experts find this baffling, as the old Greek culture regarded male/male love in the highest regard. According to several linguists, the word "homosexual" was not coined until 1869 by the Hungarian physician Karoly Maria Benkert.
    • n Linguistics lĭṉ*gwĭs"tĭks The science of languages, or of the origin, signification, and application of words; glossology.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n linguistics The science of languages, or of the origin and history of words; the general and comparative study of human languages and of their elements. Also called comparative philology.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n.pl Linguistics the general or comparative science, or study, of languages
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Quotations

  • Paul De Man
    Paul De Man
    “Death is a displaced name for a linguistic predicament.”
  • Ferdinand De Saussure
    Ferdinand De Saussure
    “A linguistic system is a series of differences of sound combined with a series of differences of ideas.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. linguistique,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. lingua (old form dingua), the tongue.

Usage

In literature:

In time he became an accomplished linguist, reading nineteen languages and conversing fluently in seven.
"Library Of The World's Best Literature, Ancient And Modern, Vol 6" by Various
His proficiency as a linguist, without the aid of a master, is considerable.
"Three Years in Europe" by William Wells Brown
Fortunately the linguistic gift inherent in the Dutch race came to Edward's rescue in his attempt to master the English language.
"A Dutch Boy Fifty Years After" by Edward Bok
A purty return Michael Rooney made me for making him such a linguist as he is.
"The Poor Scholar" by William Carleton
What is the linguistic source of both words?
"De Quincey's Revolt of the Tartars" by Thomas De Quincey
However, there is no early record saying that Alburquerque wrote any linguistic work.
"Doctrina Christiana" by Anonymous
It really originated in linguistic speculations, which turn out to have been altogether mistaken.
"The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Vol 1. (of 7): Chaldaea" by George Rawlinson
Like most Germans a linguist, the padre spoke German, French, Spanish, English, and Quiche, the most important indian speech of Guatemala.
"In Indian Mexico (1908)" by Frederick Starr
She would as little have thought of using her new linguistic acquirements in the kitchen as of wearing her gloves there.
"The Grey Wig: Stories and Novelettes" by Israel Zangwill
Will it be contended that this American has lost anything in spiritual power or linguistic facility?
"An Essay Toward a History of Shakespeare in Norway" by Martin Brown Ruud
Inscriptions as well as books indicate that a linguistic change occurred in the same period.
"Hinduism And Buddhism, Volume II. (of 3)" by Charles Eliot
Sighing, he took out more papers, notes from previous sessions, both with himself and with other linguists.
"Rough Translation" by Jean M. Janis
However, the possibility of linguistic difficulties was not overlooked.
"The Reluctant Weapon" by Howard L. Myers
But he did notice the extreme improbability of an Englishman being a linguist.
"Command" by William McFee
Franz Woepke had the gift of the linguist and an interest in mathematics, the first serving as auxiliary to the second.
"The Intellectual Life" by =Philip Gilbert Hamerton
A LUNDY FOOT LINGUIST.
"Punch - Volume 25 (Jul-Dec 1853)" by Various
The linguists were unable to discern meanings.
"The Ties That Bind" by Walter Miller
Borrow was indisputably a linguist of wide knowledge, though he was not a scholar in the strict sense.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 3" by Various
Bowring was a learned man, especially famed as a linguist.
"The Story of Our Hymns" by Ernest Edwin Ryden
Bowring (Sir John, K.B., LL D.), politician, linguist and writer, b. Exeter, 17 Oct., 1792.
"A Biographical Dictionary of Freethinkers of All Ages and Nations" by Joseph Mazzini Wheeler
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In poetry:

When a man is in love
how can he use old words?
Should a woman
desiring her lover
lie down with
grammarians and linguists?
"Language" by Nizar Qabbani

In news:

The world's most famous linguist talks left, right, and leisure.
A Fairbanks linguist is the only person known to speak Eyak.
But linguistically, Malula is still a place unto itself.
Valley Girl Uptalk is everywhere, says linguist Carmen Fought.
As society advances into the 21st century, formerly mundane aspects of life are becoming cultural and linguistic oddities.
Why Belgium's unending linguistic disputes matter to Europe.
In a remote fishing town on the tip of Scotland's Black Isle, the last native speaker of the Cromarty dialect has died, taking with him another little piece of the English linguistic mosaic.
Tlingit author and linguist named Alaska writer laureate.
Before Rick Bayless was a famous restaurateur, he was a doctoral student in anthropological linguistics, a cookbook author, and the host of a PBS cooking show.
The stories behind modern linguistic touchstones like 'nerd,' 'cyberspace,' and more.
The Linguistic and Cultural Skills of Sleeper Agents.
A respected linguist, Tolkien was sought after to crack Nazi codes in the event that Germany declared war.
"I'm only one of 10,000 others riding this wave," says technology expert Jeff Vander Clute, a North Bay transplant whose linguistic long board is propelled by a new social wave.
Kenneth Rudnicki and Lena Kay star in 'The Bald Soprano,' an early and classic example of theatre of the absurd that takes a linguistically wild swipe at middle class propriety.
Linguists say Apple popularized term and was first to use "app store" name.
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In science:

Saggion et al., 2002). In evaluating and analyzing MDS results, metrics, such as ROUGE-L, that consider linguistic sequence are essential.
Multi-document Biography Summarization
Generating natural language summaries from m u l t i p l e o n - l i n e s o u r c e s . Computational Linguistics 24(3): 469–500 (1998).
Multi-document Biography Summarization
Suppose we have a weighted bipartite network of linguistic terms to papers in a collection of papers.
Construction of bipartite and unipartite weighted networks from collections of journal papers
Linguistic terms to paper networks, reference author to paper networks and reference journal to paper networks are weighted networks.
Construction of bipartite and unipartite weighted networks from collections of journal papers
This paper describes an interdisciplinary approach which brings together the fields of corpus linguistics and translat ion studies.
Building a resource for studying translation shifts
Recent years have shown a growing interest in bi- or multilingual linguistic resources.
Building a resource for studying translation shifts
So far, the linguistic annotation of these resources has mostly been limited to sentence or word alignment, which can be done largely automatically.
Building a resource for studying translation shifts
However, shifts have not yet been dealt with extensively and systematically in corpus linguistics.
Building a resource for studying translation shifts
One of the problems with Catford’s approach is that it relies heavily on the structuralist notion of system and thus presupposes that it is feasible – or indeed possible – to determine and compare the valeurs of any two given linguistic items.
Building a resource for studying translation shifts
Catford. 1965. A Linguistic Theory of Translation: An Essay in Applied Linguistics.
Building a resource for studying translation shifts
However, these students had difficulty in understanding programming and Unix to use computational linguistics tools effectively. Light et. al. (2005) constructed a web-based interface to nine computational linguistic tools, including MontyTagger.
An Anthological Review of Research Utilizing MontyLingua, a Python-Based End-to-End Text Processor
Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics 99.
An Anthological Review of Research Utilizing MontyLingua, a Python-Based End-to-End Text Processor
This transfer is called diffusion by linguists.
Birth, survival and death of languages by Monte Carlo simulation
According to the rate of change in normal linguistic typological features, i.e., excluding a few extraordinarily unstable ones, is 16 % per 1000 years.
Birth, survival and death of languages by Monte Carlo simulation
An “early” attempt to apply the Ising model of statistical physics to linguistics had little success.
Birth, survival and death of languages by Monte Carlo simulation
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