# line

## Definitions

• Sally hanging a sock on a line in the kitchen
• WordNet 3.6
• v line reinforce with fabric "lined books are more enduring"
• v line fill plentifully "line one's pockets"
• v line cover the interior of "line the gloves","line a chimney"
• v line mark with lines "sorrow had lined his face"
• v line make a mark or lines on a surface "draw a line","trace the outline of a figure in the sand"
• v line be in line with; form a line along "trees line the riverbank"
• n line the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money "he's not in my line of business"
• n line acting in conformity "in line with","he got out of line","toe the line"
• n line a conductor for transmitting electrical or optical signals or electric power
• n line something (as a cord or rope) that is long and thin and flexible "a washing line"
• n line the road consisting of railroad track and roadbed
• n line a commercial organization serving as a common carrier
• n line a particular kind of product or merchandise "a nice line of shoes"
• n line a pipe used to transport liquids or gases "a pipeline runs from the wells to the seaport"
• n line mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it
• n line a telephone connection
• n line a conceptual separation or distinction "there is a narrow line between sanity and insanity"
• n line a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating a truth or falsehood; the methodical process of logical reasoning "I can't follow your line of reasoning"
• n line (often plural) a means of communication or access "it must go through official channels","lines of communication were set up between the two firms"
• n line a short personal letter "drop me a line when you get there"
• n line a mark that is long relative to its width "He drew a line on the chart"
• n line text consisting of a row of words written across a page or computer screen "the letter consisted of three short lines","there are six lines in every stanza"
• n line persuasive but insincere talk that is usually intended to deceive or impress "`let me show you my etchings' is a rather worn line","he has a smooth line but I didn't fall for it","that salesman must have practiced his fast line of talk"
• n line a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence "she was humming an air from Beethoven"
• n line the descendants of one individual "his entire lineage has been warriors"
• n line a connected series of events or actions or developments "the government took a firm course","historians can only point out those lines for which evidence is available"
• n line a formation of people or things one behind another "the line stretched clear around the corner","you must wait in a long line at the checkout counter"
• n line a formation of people or things one beside another "the line of soldiers advanced with their bayonets fixed","they were arrayed in line of battle","the cast stood in line for the curtain call"
• n line a spatial location defined by a real or imaginary unidimensional extent
• n line in games or sports; a mark indicating positions or bounds of the playing area
• n line a fortified position (especially one marking the most forward position of troops) "they attacked the enemy's line"
• n line a single frequency (or very narrow band) of radiation in a spectrum
• n line the maximum credit that a customer is allowed
• n line space for one line of print (one column wide and 1/14 inch deep) used to measure advertising
• n line a length (straight or curved) without breadth or thickness; the trace of a moving point
• n line a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface "his face has many lines","ironing gets rid of most wrinkles"
• ***

### Additional illustrations & photos:

OAKGREEN STATION, WHERE THE LINE STARTS
A symmetrical pattern, showing lines, beads and animal figures
The lining
An Asbestos-lined Kiln Door of the Hinge Type
DIAGRAM SHOWING THE MORSE ALPHABET AND ARRANGEMENT OF THE TELEGRAPH LINE
Firing the Shot and Line
OUR CAPTAIN IS ONE OF THE BEST, AND WE'RE READY TO FOLLOW HIM TO H--L.' I SUPPOSE HE MEANS THE HINDENBURG LINE
A three-line quotation from one of Shakspeare's plays

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Every three days a human stomach gets a new lining
• Line (Geog) A circle of latitude or of longitude, as represented on a map.
• Line A connected series of public conveyances, and hence, an established arrangement for forwarding merchandise, etc.; as, a line of stages; an express line.
• Line A linen thread or string; a slender, strong cord; also, a cord of any thickness; a rope; a hawser; as, a fishing line; a line for snaring birds; a clothesline; a towline. "Who so layeth lines for to latch fowls."
• Line A long tape, or a narrow ribbon of steel, etc., marked with subdivisions, as feet and inches, for measuring; a tapeline.
• Line A measure of length; one twelfth of an inch.
• Line (Script) A measuring line or cord.
• Line A more or less threadlike mark of pen, pencil, or graver; any long mark; as, a chalk line .
• Line (Stock Exchange) A number of shares taken by a jobber.
• Line A row of letters, words, etc., written or printed; esp., a row of words extending across a page or column.
• Line (Mil) A row of men who are abreast of one another, whether side by side or some distance apart; -- opposed to column.
• Line (Trade) A series of various qualities and values of the same general class of articles; as, a full line of hosiery; a line of merinos, etc.
• Line A series or succession of ancestors or descendants of a given person; a family or race; as, the ascending or descending line; the line of descent; the male line; a line of kings. "Of his lineage am I, and his offspring
By very line , as of the stock real."
• Line A short letter; a note; as, a line from a friend.
• Line A straight row; a continued series or rank; as, a line of houses, or of soldiers; a line of barriers. "Unite thy forces and attack their lines ."
• Line A threadlike crease marking the face or the hand; hence, characteristic mark. "Though on his brow were graven lines austere.""He tipples palmistry, and dines
On all her fortune-telling lines ."
• Line (Fort) A trench or rampart.
• Line (Poet) A verse, or the words which form a certain number of feet, according to the measure. "In the preceding line Ulysses speaks of Nausicaa."
• Line Course of conduct, thought, occupation, or policy; method of argument; department of industry, trade, or intellectual activity. "He is uncommonly powerful in his own line , but it is not the line of a first-rate man."
• Line Direction; as, the line of sight or vision.
• Line (Fort) Dispositions made to cover extended positions, and presenting a front in but one direction to an enemy.
• Line Flax; linen. "Garments made of line ."
• Line (Shipbuilding) Form of a vessel as shown by the outlines of vertical, horizontal, and oblique sections.
• Line (Script) Instruction; doctrine.
• Line Lineament; feature; figure. "The lines of my boy's face."
• Line (Mus) One of the straight horizontal and parallel prolonged strokes on and between which the notes are placed.
• Line (Math) That which has length, but not breadth or thickness.
• Line (Script) That which was measured by a line, as a field or any piece of land set apart; hence, allotted place of abode.
• Line The course followed by anything in motion; hence, a road or route; as, the arrow descended in a curved line; the place is remote from lines of travel.
• Line (Geog) The equator; -- usually called the line, or equinoctial line; as, to cross the line .
• Line The exterior limit of a figure, plat, or territory; boundary; contour; outline. "Eden stretched her line From Auran eastward to the royal towers
Of great Seleucia."
• Line The longer and finer fiber of flax.
• Line (Mach) The proper relative position or adjustment of parts, not as to design or proportion, but with reference to smooth working; as, the engine is in line or out of line .
• Line (Mil) The regular infantry of an army, as distinguished from militia, guards, volunteer corps, cavalry, artillery, etc.
• Line The reins with which a horse is guided by his driver.
• Line The track and roadbed of a railway; railroad.
• Line The wire connecting one telegraphic station with another, or the whole of a system of telegraph wires under one management and name.
• Line To cover the inner surface of; as, to line a cloak with silk or fur; to line a box with paper or tin. "The inside lined with rich carnation silk."
• Line To form into a line; to align; as, to line troops.
• Line To impregnate; -- applied to brute animals.
• Line To mark with a line or lines; to cover with lines; as, to line a copy book. "He had a healthy color in his cheeks, and his face, though lined , bore few traces of anxiety."
• Line To place persons or things along the side of for security or defense; to strengthen by adding anything; to fortify; as, to line works with soldiers. "Line and new repair our towns of war
With men of courage and with means defendant."
• Line To put something in the inside of; to fill; to supply, as a purse with money. "The charge amounteth very high for any one man's purse, except lined beyond ordinary, to reach unto.""Till coffee has her stomach lined ."
• Line To read or repeat line by line; as, to line out a hymn. "This custom of reading or lining , or, as it was frequently called “deaconing” the hymn or psalm in the churches, was brought about partly from necessity."
• Line To represent by lines; to delineate; to portray. "Pictures fairest lined ."
• ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Singer Chaka Khan came out with a line of chocolates called "Chakalates."
• v.t Line līn to cover on the inside: to pad: to impregnate:
• n Line līn a thread of linen or flax: a slender cord: :
• v.t Line to mark out with lines: to cover with lines: to place along by the side of for guarding: to give out for public singing, as a hymn, line by line:
• v.t Line līn (Shak.) to aid
• n Line līn (math.) that which has length without breadth or thickness: an extended stroke: a straight row: a cord extended to direct any operations: outline: a series or succession, as of progeny: a series of steamers, &c., plying continuously between places: a railroad: a telegraph wire between stations: an order given to an agent for goods, such goods received, the stock on hand of any particular goods: a mark or lineament, hence a characteristic: a rank: a verse: a short letter or note: a trench: limit: method: the equator: lineage: direction: occupation: the regular infantry of an army: the twelfth part of an inch
• n Line līn (pl.) marriage-lines, a marriage certificate: a certificate of church membership: military works of defence
• v.t Line (rare) to delineate, paint: to measure
• ***

## Quotations

• Monty Python
“I don't think there's a punch-line scheduled, is there?”
• James Russell Lowell
“Greatly begin. Though thou have time, but for a line, be that sublime . Not failure, but low aim is crime.”
• Henry James
“To read between the lines was easier than to follow the text.”
• Elvis Presley
“I don't know anything about music. In my line you don't have to.”
• Jules Renard
“A beautiful line of verse has twelve feet, and two wings.”
• Maurice Setter
“Too many people miss the silver lining because they're expecting gold.”

## Idioms

Bottom line - In accountancy, the bottom line is net income, and is used idiomatically to mean the conclusion.
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Draw a line in the sand - If you draw a line in the sand, you establish a limit beyond which things will be unacceptable.
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Draw the line - When you draw the line, you set out limits of what you find acceptable, beyond which you will not go.
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Drop someone a line - If you drop someone a line, you send a letter to them.
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Every cloud has a silver lining - People sometimes say that every cloud has a silver lining to comfort somebody who's having problems. They mean that it is always possible to get something positive out of a situation, no matter how unpleasant, difficult or even painful it might seem.
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Hook, line, and sinker - If somebody accepts or believes something hook, line, and sinker, they accept it completely.
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Lines of communication - Lines of communication are the routes used to communicate by people or groups who are in conflict; a government might open lines of communication with terrorists if it wished to negotiate with them.
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On the line - If somebody's job is on the line, they stand a very good chance of losing it.
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Ragged blue line - (USA) This term was used to signify the Union forces (who wore blue uniforms) in the American Civil war .
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Read between the lines - If you read between the lines, you find the real message in what you're reading or hearing, a meaning that is not available from a literal interpretation of the words.
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Spinning a line - When someone spins you a line, they are trying to deceive you by lying.
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Throw someone a line - If someone throws you a line, they give you help when you are in serious difficulties.
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Toe the line - If someone toes the line, they follow and respect the rules and regulations.
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Walk a fine line - If you have to walk a fine line, you have to be very careful not to annoy or anger people or groups that are competing. ('Walk a thin line' is an alternative.)
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## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. line, AS. līne, cable, hawser, prob. from L. linea, a linen thread, string, line, fr. linum, flax, thread, linen, cable; but the English word was influenced by F. ligne, line, from the same L. word linea,. See Linen

## Usage

### In literature:

Pileus is 6 to 18 lines broad, stem 1 to 2 inches long, 1 to 3 lines thick.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
Half an hour later they left the shack and pushed on down the line.
"Partners of the Out-Trail" by Harold Bindloss
Compared to the German railway lines near the frontier, the Russian lines are very few.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
The storming of the first line of trenches was followed quickly by an equally successful attack on the second line.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume V (of 8)"
The line had broken above the few feet of double line which we always used next the leader.
"Tales of Fishes" by Zane Grey
In a solid line of two ranks, with Spencer carbines full shotted, the two magnificent regiments deployed into line on our right.
"Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman" by J. H. (James Harvey) Kidd
All political party lines seemed to be obliterated.
"Three Years in the Federal Cavalry" by Willard Glazier
They had been forced to land behind the enemy's line because their motor had stopped.
"An Aviator's Field Book" by Oswald Bölcke
The two men who had escaped down the line of the chain had gotten quickly to a telegraph line and had made their report.
"The Shepherd of the North" by Richard Aumerle Maher
Line after line of men passed us.
"How I Filmed the War" by Lieut. Geoffrey H. Malins
Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the pharynx.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
A long line of the huge second-line rafts just underneath, stretching north and south till it curved over the horizon.
"Astounding Stories, May, 1931" by Various
The quick rippling of the brook is duplicated within each line, rather than from line to line.
"Writings in the United Amateur, 1915-1922" by Howard Phillips Lovecraft
A line is drawn at each end of the playing place and one player is told off to stand between these lines.
"What Shall We Do Now?: Five Hundred Games and Pastimes" by Dorothy Canfield Fisher
It was a very thin gray line along there, back of a thin, red line of clay.
"From the Rapidan to Richmond and the Spottsylvania Campaign" by William Meade Dame
We passed up the coast-line as far as the bend at Cape Grisnez, and so to Calais.
"Cavalry of the Clouds" by Alan Bott
Where this is done the coil of the signal, if it is a line signal, is substituted in the line circuit in place of the relay coil.
"Cyclopedia of Telephony and Telegraphy, Vol. 2" by Kempster Miller
Two of the first lanterns are in line with Howard's light, the other in line with Pipe's.
"Old Farm Fairies:" by Henry Christopher McCook
But, boys, there is a knack in running a trot line in a successful manner as well as a trap line.
"Fifty Years a Hunter and Trapper" by Eldred Nathaniel Woodcock
In the very few lines I have received from you, not the least mention is made that you have ever received a line from me.
"Familiar Letters of John Adams and His Wife Abigail Adams During the Revolution" by John Adams
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### In poetry:

Z was a Zebra striped
And streaked with lines of black;
Papa said once, he thought he'd like
A ride upon his back.
"Nonsense Alphabet" by Edward Lear
And wondrous was the old tune's spell,
As on the singer sang;
Man after man fell into line,
And loud their voices rang.
"Mother's Songs" by Frank Barbour Coffin
Both theirs and ours Thou art,
As we and they are Thine;
Kings, Prophets, Patriarchs—all have part
Along the sacred line.
"The Circumcision Of Christ" by John Keble
How poor these pallid phrases seem,
How weak this tinkling line,
As warbles through my waking dream
That angel voice of thine!
"Our Sweet Singer" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
While yet I fondly called her fair
And scanned the sweetness of her face
I found a little line that Care
Had just begun to trace.
"A Sign" by John Joy Bell
Young faces war-worn and deep-lined,
The satin smoothness past recall;
Yet out of sight is out of mind
For the worst wrong of all.
"Quiet Eyes" by Katharine Tynan

### In news:

Qwest spokesman Bob Gravely said that second line will provide full redundancy to Sequim, Port Angeles, Port Ludlow and anywhere else along that line.
The children's line complements Mosquitno's adult line of bands.
A new video remix on Vimeo.com called "Movie Line Rhymes", is just a basic beat, but all of the lyrics are famous movie lines… and they all rhyme .
According to owner Jerry Hoekstra, Ted's RV Land purchased adjacent property (north of the existing lot) to have space for a new line of Jayco recreational vehicles, which will be added to the three lines that the business already sells.
Many us who watched the state's independent redistricting commission drawing congressional lines collectively sighed when we saw the newly drawn lines in the San Fernando Valley .
There is a thin line between fact and fiction, a line that is often obscured with the passage of time.
Southeastern Freight Lines expands service line with launch of Southeastern Logistics Services.
In the past 30 years, the number of short line railroads has grown from about 70 to about 550, said David Whorton, a spokesman for the American Short Line and Regional Railroad Association.
This new line encompasses 60 skus in 22 patterns based on the company's best-selling looks from its soft window treatment line.
When the Valiant debuted as Chrysler's entry in the compact car wars of the early 1960s, it did so as its own car line--the following model year, 1961, saw the Valiant merged into the Plymouth line.
Experts at the Software Product Line Conference tout the software product line model as the key to mass production of software by focusing on reuse and automated tools.
Carton closing and sealing is done in a straight line at Janes' North York, Ontario, Canada plant, on a line that produces up to 7?
The Low Line is Not Just A Subterranean High Line.
The fact that it was underground was not the only aspect of the Low Line that set it apart from its railroad friend, the High Line.
Officials in Afghanistan suspect the Taliban used a magnetic bomb to disrupt NATO supply line s in the north, just weeks after Pakistan reopened eastern and southern lines.
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### In science:

Q through S , the set of bisecants of Q, the set of lines skew to Q, the nuclear line, and the set of lines through S which are neither generators nor the nuclear line.
Codes Defined By Forms Of Degree 2 On Quadric Surfaces
We note however that even the LSD pro ﬁle constructed with the shallow-line mask includes some lines with a significant emission component, as well as lines where the photospheric absorption is ﬁlled-in by some emission, which can perturb the analysis of the line broadening.
The magnetic field of the pre-main sequence Herbig Ae star HD 190073
Fig. 1. xa Selected pro ﬁles of the solar Lyman- α line observed by SUMER/SOHO (dots) for solar minimum (lower line, Feb. 17, 1997) and solar maximum (upper line, May 20, 2000), compared with the results of the ﬁtted model, speciﬁed in Eq. (5) (lines).
Neutral interstellar hydrogen in the inner heliosphere under influence of wavelength-dependent solar radiation pressure
For stars with [Fe/H] > −1, the metal lines in the Hβ line are so strong that the removal of these lines by interpolation of the proﬁle across the lines is unreliable.
Sulphur and zinc abundances in Galactic halo stars revisited
The solid lines are the equal-value lines, and the dashed lines show the 0.1 dex discrepancy from the equal-value lines in (b) and (c).
Checking the reliability of equivalent width R23 for estimating metallicities of galaxies
The solid lines correspond to the factorization scale Q = pT , the dashed lines to Q = pT /2, using the GRV98 PDF set and the KKP (thick lines) or the Kretzer (thin lines) FF sets.
Intrinsic parton motion soft mechanisms and the longitudinal spin asymmetry A_LL in high energy pp -> pi X
Since the resonance lines of aluminium are situated in the vicinity of the H and K Ca II lines and the H5 line, the wings of these lines have to be properly computed.
NLTE determination of the aluminium abundance in a homogeneous sample of extremely metal-poor stars
Sketch of the total energy (full line), kinetic energy (broken line) and interaction energy (dotted line) for the equilibrium (thin lines) and nonequilibrium (thick lines) case in second order perturbation theory.
Real-time evolution for weak interaction quenches in quantum systems
We then join the lines coming out of the vertices vertically, joining outgoing lines with incoming lines, to make all possible combinations such that, whenever a pair of lines are joined between the i-th pair of vertices and the j -th pair of vertices, we have si = sj .
Random tensor theory: extending random matrix theory to random product states
Having done this, the diagram consists of closed loops of solid or dashed lines, with wavy lines that connect solid to dashed lines, and with one of the closed loops of solid lines having a dot on it at one point.
Random tensor theory: extending random matrix theory to random product states
The superimposed curves are predictions of the models of GK (shaded bands), INS with the compact (solid lines) and the large (dashed lines) wave functions, MRT with the CTEQ6.5M PDF parameterisation (dotted lines) and KMW (dash-dotted lines).
Diffractive Electroproduction of rho and phi Mesons at HERA
Different linestyles and colours correspond to DLB07 (blue dotted lines), our model 1) (cyan solid lines) and the two models R1) and R2) including ram-pressure stripping and no tidal stripping (green dashed lines and magenta dot-dashed lines) as indicated and described in the text.
Cluster Galaxies Die Hard
FIG. 7: Wavefunctions of J/ψ (upper), χc (middle), and ψ ′ (lower) in momentum space, at screening masses, 289 M eV (solid line), 306 M eV (dotted line), and 323 M eV (dashed line), and 340 M eV (dot-dashed line).
$R_{AA}$ of $J/\psi$ near mid-rapidity in heavy ion collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV
Cumulative gas mass, entropy (S = kT /n2/3 ), and radiative cooling time of the 0.5 keV phase (red lines), 1.0 keV phase (blue lines), and the ambient ICM (black lines) as a function of projected radius for orientation angles of 15◦ (dashed lines), 30◦ (dotted lines), and 90◦ (full lines) from our line-of-sight.
Feedback under the microscope II: heating, gas uplift, and mixing in the nearest cluster core
Integrated total mass (solid lines), dark matter mass (dotted lines), stellar mass (dashed lines) and gas mass (dotdashed lines) for the run without AGN (black) and with AGN (red).
Jet-regulated cooling catastrophe
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