lime

Definitions

  • Near the foundation of the probable bake shop, a pair of kilns once served for slaking lime, and perhaps for firing pottery. Between the kilns was a flame-scarred pit containing evidence of ironworking and the roasting of bog ore for iron
    Near the foundation of the probable bake shop, a pair of kilns once served for slaking lime, and perhaps for firing pottery. Between the kilns was a flame-scarred pit containing evidence of ironworking and the roasting of bog ore for iron
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v lime cover with lime so as to induce growth "lime the lawn"
    • v lime spread birdlime on branches to catch birds
    • n lime the green acidic fruit of any of various lime trees
    • n lime any of various deciduous trees of the genus Tilia with heart-shaped leaves and drooping cymose clusters of yellowish often fragrant flowers; several yield valuable timber
    • n lime any of various related trees bearing limes
    • n lime a sticky adhesive that is smeared on small branches to capture small birds
    • n lime a white crystalline oxide used in the production of calcium hydroxide
    • n lime a caustic substance produced by heating limestone
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Additional illustrations & photos:

A 17th-century lime kiln excavated at Jamestown. In it oyster shells from the James River were burned for making lime. The iron hoops which supported the arched top of the kiln buckled from the intense heat A 17th-century lime kiln excavated at Jamestown. In it oyster shells from the James River were burned for making...
Making lime from oyster shells in a kiln, about 1625. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.) Making lime from oyster shells in a kiln, about 1625. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.)
Lime-tongs Lime-tongs

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The citrus soda "7 UP" was created in 1929. The original name of the popular drink was "Bib-Label Lithiated Lemon-Lime Soda", but it got changed to "7 UP."
    • n Lime līm A thong by which a dog is led; a leash.
    • Lime Birdlime. "Like the lime That foolish birds are caught with."
    • Lime (Chem) Oxide of calcium, CaO; the white or gray, caustic substance, usually called quicklime, obtained by calcining limestone or shells, the heat driving off carbon dioxide and leaving lime. It develops great heat when treated with water, forming slaked lime, and is an essential ingredient of cement, plastering, mortar, etc.
    • Lime The color of the lime{1}, a yellowish-green.
    • Lime (Bot) The fruit of the Citrus aurantifolia, allied to the lemon, but greener in color; also, the tree which bears it.
    • n Lime (Bot) The linden tree. See Linden.
    • Lime To cement. "Who gave his blood to lime the stones together."
    • Lime To entangle; to insnare. "We had limed ourselves
      With open eyes, and we must take the chance."
    • Lime To smear with a viscous substance, as birdlime. "These twigs, in time, will come to be limed ."
    • Lime To treat with lime, or oxide or hydrate of calcium; to manure with lime; as, to lime hides for removing the hair; to lime sails in order to whiten them; to lime the lawn to decrease acidity of the soil. "Land may be improved by draining, marling, and liming ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: People of Salt Lake City eat the most lime-flavoured gelatin Jell-O in the United States
    • n lime Any viscous substance; especially, a viscous substance laid on twigs for catching birds; bird-lime.
    • n lime An alkaline earth of great economic importance. It is the oxid of the metallic base calcium; but neither this metal nor its oxid occurs in nature in the uncombined condition, although existing in enormous quantity in various combinations. Lime as artificially made for use in the arts is prepared by calcining limestone or marble, or sometimes sea-shells, in properly constructed furnaces, known generally as lime-kilns, or simply kilns. By this process the carbonic acid is driven off from the lime, and the latter remains as an infusible amorphous substance, which is white when pure limestone has been employed. In this condition it is commonly known as quicklime. When exposed to the air it attracts moisture and falls into powder, with greater or less rapidity according to the humidity of the atmosphere and the quality of the lime. This process is called air-slaking. For use in preparing mortar lime is slaked by the addition of water, which is absorbed with avidity and with considerable evolution of heat. Lime may be so slaked that if packed in tight barrels immediately after the slaking it will keep for months without serious change or injury; in most cases, however, the lime is slaked with the addition of a large quantity of water, and is then immediately mixed with the amount of sand deemed suitable for making the desired quality of mortar. (See mortar.) There are few limestones which do not contain a greater or less quantity of sand and clay or of silicates of various bases mixed with the calcareous material. The lime as prepared from various qualities of rocks varies in character with the nature and amount of this foreign admixture. Limestone containing less than 5 or 6 per cent. of impurities yields a rich or, as it is often called, a “fat” lime; with more than that amount the lime is poor, and does not augment in bulk to any considerable extent when slaked with water. When the amount of silica, alumina, etc., in the limestone is increased to above 15 per cent., the lime made from it begins to acquire the property known as “hydraulicity,” or of hardening, or “setting,” as it is technically called, under water. (See cement, 2.) By far the most extensive use made of lime is as the chief ingredient in mortar; but there are many other purposes to which it is applied when a strong and cheap base is desired. It is of importance in tanning, in various processes of chemical manufacture, as in the preparation of ammonia and the caustic alkalis and of bleaching-powder, for fertilizing or ameliorating land, for purifying gas, and for various other purposes. Sulphate of lime, or gypsum, is found in the form of alabaster and of selenite. It is ground and roasted at a low heat to make plaster of Paris, and is used for molding and statuary, and also as a fertilizer. For notices of the nature and distribution of the most important salts of lime, see, for the carbonates, calcite, aragonite, limestone, and marble; for the sulphates, anhydrite, gypsum, and plaster of Paris (under plaster); for the phosphates, apatite and phosphorite. For the presence and action of lime in natural waters, see water, and also stalagmite and stalactite.
    • lime To smear with a viscous substance for the purpose of catching birds.
    • lime Hence To entangle; insnare; encumber.
    • lime To apply lime to; in a special use, to manure with lime, as soil; throw lime into, as a pond or stream, to kill the fish in it.
    • lime To sprinkle with slaked lime, as a floor; treat with lime; in leather manufacturing, to steep (hides) in a solution of lime in order to remove the hair.
    • lime To cement.
    • n lime A tree of the genus Tilia, natural order Tiliaceæ; the linden.
    • lime Of or pertaining to the tree so called.
    • n lime A tree, a variety of Citrus Medica. The sour lime (var. acida) has a globose fruit, smaller than the lemon, with thin rind, and yields an extremely acid juice. (See lime-juice.) It is cultivated in southern Europe, India, Florida, etc. The sweet lime of India is the variety Limetta.
    • n lime The fruit of the lime-tree.
    • n lime A cord for leading a dog; a leash. Hence limer, limmer, limehound.
    • n lime Limit; end.
    • lime To file; polish.
    • n lime In leather manufacturing, a vat containing a solution of lime for unhairing skins.
    • n lime Citrus Australasica, a small tree of eastern Australia, bearing slender thorns, and ellipsoid or almost cylindrical fruits, 2–4 inches long, tasting like lemons.
    • n lime The finger-lime;
    • n lime An evergreen tree, Citrus australis, which reaches a height of from 30 to 50 feet and bears globular, acid fruits about the size of walnuts. Its beautiful light-yellow wood is hard, close-grained, and takes a high polish. Called also native orange.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word "limelight" that is used in theatre to refer to the performers on the stage originated because before electricity was available lime was burned in a lamp, which created a white light that was directed at the performers
    • n Lime līm any slimy or gluey material: bird-lime: the white caustic earth from limestone, and used for cement
    • v.t Lime to cover with lime: to cement: to manure with lime: to ensnare
    • n Lime līm a kind of citron or lemon tree and its fruit
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. līm,; akin to D. lijm, G. leim, OHG. līm, Icel. līm, Sw. lim, Dan. liim, L. limus, mud, linere, to smear, and E. loam,. √126. Cf. Loam Liniment
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.

Usage

In literature:

The same is true of lime, bricks, and 'other substances.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
For this product spring wheat is very thickly sown in a soil rich in lime.
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
You remember the bone that was nothing but crumbling lime after it had been in the fire.
"Child's Health Primer For Primary Classes" by Jane Andrews
Gourlay's house was a material expression of that delight, stood for it in stone and lime.
"The House with the Green Shutters" by George Douglas Brown
They were sitting in the delicate shadow of the lime-tree.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
Make some lime-water by stirring slaked lime with water and allowing the mixture to settle.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Nature Study" by Ontario Ministry of Education
The composts with stable manure and lime, or salt and lime mixture, are those which, in general, it would be best to experiment with.
"Peat and its Uses as Fertilizer and Fuel" by Samuel William Johnson
The Duchessa led the way to a seat beneath the lime trees.
"Antony Gray,--Gardener" by Leslie Moore
Serve with or without parsley and slices of lime.
"The Cookery Blue Book" by Society for Christian Work of the First Unitarian Church, San Francisco, California
Oranges, pomegranates, lemons, limes, &c., grow in incredible abundance.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi
If not much injured, and very painful, use the same ointment, or apply carded cotton dipped in lime water and linseed oil.
"One Thousand Secrets of Wise and Rich Men Revealed" by C. A. Bogardus
Carpenters, cement and lime burners.
"Prisoners Their Own Warders" by J. F. A. McNair
The conversion of slaked lime into carbonate of lime or mild lime is a slower process.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
Ambergate Railway slip, 259; Lime-works, 278.
"Lives of the Engineers The Locomotive. George and Robert Stephenson" by Samuel Smiles
The most common mineral substances contained in waters are lime and magnesia.
"The Economic Aspect of Geology" by C. K. Leith
LIME (calcium combined with oxygen) forms the principal ingredient of the bones.
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
Lime lime Muriated lime.
"Elements of Chemistry," by Antoine Lavoisier
Capillitium well-developed, furnished with lime.
"The North American Slime-Moulds" by Thomas H. (Thomas Huston) MacBride
This is called burned lime, quick-lime, lime shells, hot lime, etc.
"The Elements of Agriculture" by George E. Waring
The town carries on lime-burning and plaster-manufacture, and there are stone quarries in the vicinity.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
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In poetry:

Early wert thou taken, Mary!
In thy fair and glorious prime,
Ere the bees had ceased to murmur
Through the umbrage of the lime.
"The Buried Flower" by William Edmondstoune Aytoun
Is it for a dream I look,
A vision from the Tree of Heaven shook,
As sweetness shaken
From the fresh limes on lonely ways forsaken?
"Fair Eve" by John Freeman
And then you can sit upon my knee,
We'll be all alone, alone there,
While the lime tree thrilled with rapture
Showers blossoms on your hair.
"Desire" by Mihai Eminescu
Sweet little child To thee the victory--
Thou shalt be now as the Fianna!
For thee the feast,
For thee the lime-white mansions,
And the hounds on the hills of Fianna!
"For Victory" by Thomas MacDonagh
And now when all the trees are standing still
Beneath the purple and white of the west sky,
And time is standing still--as stand it will--
That early yellowing lime with palsied fingers
Cannot be still.
"The Lime Tree" by John Freeman
That lime tree on the distant rising ground
(If it was a lime tree) showed her yellow leaves
Above the renewed green of wet August grass--
First Autumn yellow that on first Autumn eves
Too soon was found.
"The Lime Tree" by John Freeman

In news:

On the search for the best key lime pie.
I thought it would be a fun scrapbook memory to have a slice of key lime pie at each spot my husband Mike and I stopped and rate it with a photo.
A drinking establishment is the last place you would expect to find delicious key lime pie, but the Bar in Coral Gables has just that.
Key lime hair with a side of porno: the Brande Baugh story.
Terry's Famous Key Lime Pie from Bob Roth's New River Groves.
Let's Talk Food: Make guilt-free key lime pie with low-fat yogurt.
Lime with a drizzle of honey, muddled.
Until two weeks ago, Russell was Lime Kiln 's executive director.
Lime Kiln is also a regular venue for Robin and Linda Williams and Lime Kiln 's own homegrown production, "Stonewall Country," celebrating the life of the Civil War general.
The Theater at Lime Kiln will stay open in Lexington.
It complements an expansion of the Lime Kiln Cafe and other improvements to the wharf buildings.
Paramount Blues Festival at Grafton's Lime Kiln Park 09-07/08-12 Photos by Deb Kranitz.
Skewers of cranberries and lemongrass spears serve as garnish for this fragrant concoction of raspberry vodka, lime juice, lemongrass syrup, and sparkling wine.
With only a passing resemblance to a real rose, the thick-petaled beauty is actually saucer-shaped and blooms in various shades of lime green, rose pink and plum purple.
Yucatán Pork Stew with Ancho Chiles and Lime Juice .
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In science:

For β < β0 the sequence has a limit (hence it coincides with its limes infimum ) so that σ(β ) = g (β ) for β < β0 .
Random walks in random environment on trees and multiplicative chaos
To get control of the limes superior resp. inferior involved in the de finition of entropy rate we will further need the following lemma.
On analytic properties of entropy rate
Thus, the liming mutual information can be obtained by letting g(x) = log2 (1 + γx) in (32), and the AEM of ˜HΦ ˜H† can be acquired from those of ˜H ˜H† and Φ using the result of .
Asymptotic Eigenvalue Moments of Wishart-Type Random Matrix Without Ergodicity in One Channel Realization
Rather than taking the double limiting procedure of (1.6) we considered a decreasing sequence of extreme time scales, cn (E ), E < 0,7 and proved a statement of the form limt→∞ limE→−∞ limn→∞ Cn,E (t, ρt) = Aslα (1/1 + ρ) , in P-probability (see Theorem 1 of [BBG2]).
Aging in reversible dynamics of disordered systems. II. Emergence of the arcsine law in the random hopping time dynamics of the REM
To prove this fact: lim will show that, near the singular points (the holes), their liming behaviour should be very close.
Random homogenization of p-Laplacian with obstacles in perforated domain
It follows from the previous two facts that limE→E± J ′ (E ) = ±∞.
Entropy of stationary nonequilibrium measures of boundary driven symmetric simple exclusion processes
Since the probability in (9) is antitonic in δ for any fixed n with limes 0 as n → ∞ for any fixed δ , there exists a sequence δn ց 0 along which the result of (9) still holds true.
Optimal Calibration for Multiple Testing against Local Inhomogeneity in Higher Dimension
Lime, “Uppaal-tiga: Time for playing games!” in CAV, ser.
A Note on Fault Diagnosis Algorithms
Lime, Towards Realizable Strategies,” 2009, private Communicat ion.
A Note on Fault Diagnosis Algorithms
Then the F -signature of R, denoted s(R), is the limit lime→∞ ae/ped where ae is the number of free R-summands of R1/pe ; in other words R1/pe = R⊕ae ⊕ M .
A survey of test ideals
The use of the limes() function is optional; it increases the accuracy, but slows down the computation.
Temperature dependence of the specific heat and the penetration depth of anisotropic-gap BCS superconductors for a factorizable pairing potential
By default this function uses the epsilon algorithm (the limes() function), but if you need faster calculation with smaller accuracy, you can set the optimized argument to false.
Temperature dependence of the specific heat and the penetration depth of anisotropic-gap BCS superconductors for a factorizable pairing potential
Besides numerical approaches the only other analytical rigorous approach is a weak coupling perturbative treatment which provides a treatment formally not limited to the scaling limes.
Breakdown of perturbative weak coupling approaches for the biomolecular energy transfer
Lime. Efficient on-the-fly algorithms for the analysis of timed games.
Synthesis of Memory-Efficient Real-Time Controllers for Safety Objectives (Full Version)
The magic number identifies the file as a LIME file and the version number identifies the LIME version.
QCDUtils
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