leveling

Definitions

  • A ground-level nest, containing five eggs
    A ground-level nest, containing five eggs
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n leveling the act of making equal or uniform
    • n leveling complete destruction of a building
    • n leveling changing the ground level to a smooth horizontal or gently sloping surface
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Additional illustrations & photos:

A pagoda of three levels, built on a platform A pagoda of three levels, built on a platform

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Cleveland spelled backwards is "DNA level C."
    • Leveling The act or operation of making level.
    • Leveling (Surveying) The art or operation of using a leveling instrument for finding a horizontal line, for ascertaining the differences of level between different points of the earth's surface included in a survey, for establishing grades, etc., as in finding the descent of a river, or locating a line of railroad.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Death Valley, California, has a point that is 280 feet below sea level.
    • n leveling The act or process of reducing an uneven surface to a level or plane.
    • n leveling The art or operation of ascertaining the different elevations of objects on the surface of the earth; the art or practice of finding how much any assigned point on the earth's surface included in a survey is higher or lower than another assigned point. It is a branch of surveying of great importance in making roads, determining the proper lines for railways, conducting water, draining low grounds, rendering rivers navigable, forming canals, and the like. The instruments commonly employed are a level or leveling-instrument and a pair of leveling-staffs. One of the staffs is held up vertically, resting upon the ground at the initial point. The observer then goes forward with his instrument for a convenient distance, makes his telescope level, and directs the rod-man to raise or lower the target until it is at the height of the telescope. This is called a backsight. The height of the target on the rod is now read. The other rod has meantime been carried forward, and is observed in the same manner. This is called a fore-sight. The instrument is now carried forward and a back-sight is made on the last rod. When a bench-mark or other terminus is reached, all the fore-sights are added together, as well as all the back-sights, and the difference of the sums is the difference of elevation.
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Quotations

  • John Welsh
    John Welsh
    “Life is an uphill business for the guy who's not on the level.”
  • Luigi Pirandello
    Luigi%20Pirandello
    “Nature uses human imagination to lift her work of creation to even higher levels.”
  • Les Brown
    Les%20Brown
    “If you view all the things that happen to you, both good and bad, as opportunities, then you operate out of a higher level of consciousness.”
  • Joe Paterno
    Joe Paterno
    “You have to perform at a consistently higher level than others. That's the mark of a true professional.”
  • Quentin Crisp
    Quentin%20Crisp
    “However low a man sinks he never reaches the level of the police.”
  • James T. Mccay
    James T. Mccay
    “No matter what the level of your ability, you have more potential than you can ever develop in a lifetime.”

Idioms

Dead level best - If you try your dead level best, you try as hard as you possibly could to do something.
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On the level - If someone is honest and trustworthy, they are on the level.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Written also levelling,

Usage

In literature:

In 1881 work on a tide-level canal across the Isthmus of Panama was begun, but the plan was afterward changed to a high-level canal.
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
Gently he declined his elevator and sank to a lower level.
"Tam O' The Scoots" by Edgar Wallace
The cabin was pressurized, though it did not attempt to simulate sea-level pressure.
"Space Platform" by Murray Leinster
It was that angle which helped him to the next level.
"The Defiant Agents" by Andre Alice Norton
The level of violence is high and growing.
"The Iraq Study Group Report" by United States Institute for Peace
The car descended to the first garage level, and Harry stood gulping gratefully in the comparative isolation.
"This Crowded Earth" by Robert Bloch
I'd meet Harlan on the level, man to man, if he was lookin' for me.
"'Drag' Harlan" by Charles Alden Seltzer
The country beneath us seemed fairly level.
"The Fire People" by Ray Cummings
Spent a lot of money levelling it and getting it ready to water.
"The Desert Fiddler" by William H. Hamby
It is also used to remove grain in breweries from a lower to a higher level.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
The area of its level summit measures 4 acres.
"Ancient America, in Notes on American Archaeology" by John D. Baldwin
Pistol levelled, he bent one knee, pushed Clinch over on his back, lest the ooze suffocate him.
"The Flaming Jewel" by Robert W. Chambers
The aisles are at a slightly higher level than the nave.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
To fall in the social scale has a tendency to bring men to one level.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
At last it reached the level of Abbot's window.
"Astounding Stories, August, 1931" by Various
He was so far below the level of the airy building-lots on either side that he could not see whether they were occupied or not.
"Campmates" by Kirk Munroe
Otar, startled, whirled and leveled his spear in one rapid motion.
"The Return of Tharn" by Howard Carleton Browne
This would become the level of the whole world.
"The Year When Stardust Fell" by Raymond F. Jones
The floor is uneven and below the level of the road.
"Glories of Spain" by Charles W. Wood
At thirty comes a pause upon the level, but with thirty-five there are signs of the droop downhill.
"The Wave" by Algernon Blackwood
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In poetry:

Springs the whip with a crack! nine stone ten on his back,
Fit and light he can race like the devil;
I draw past him — 'tis vain; he draws past me again,
Springs the whip! and again we are level.
"Hippodromania; Or, Whiffs From The Pipe" by Adam Lindsay Gordon
That came in thy absence; because of the lights
In the Passion that grew to a level with thee—
Is it well that our lives have been filled with the nights
And the days which have made it a sorrow to be?
"Cui Bono?" by Henry Kendall
The thoughtless birds that shook out of the trees,
Singing an ecstasy I could not share,
Played cunning in my thoughts. Surely in these
Pleasures there could not be a pain to bear
Or any discord shake the level breeze.
"Absence" by Elizabeth Jennings
Not on the vulgar mass
Called "work," must sentence pass,
Things done, that took the eye and had the price;
O'er which, from level stand,
The low world laid its hand,
Found straightway to its mind, could value in a trice:
"Rabbi Ben Ezra" by Robert Browning
And this he must do. He may grant,
Or may deny; but hear he must.
Were his Seven Towers all adamant,
They'd soon be levelled with the dust,
And "public feeling" make short work,—
Should he not hear them,—with the Turk.
"A Word From A Petitioner" by John Pierpont
The willow bends unbroken when angry tempests blow,
The stately oak is levelled and all its strength laid low;
So fell that tower of manhood, undaunted, patient, strong,
White with the gathering snowflakes, who faced the storm so long.
"The Last Survivor" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

In news:

As manure pit levels continue to fill this time of year, foam levels may reach the slats and reduce the air exchange in the building.
Endress+Hauser recently announced the availability of its new Liquiphant FTL 20, a low-cost point level switch for liquids level measurement.
Latest figures have the level at 3,627 feet above sea level.
MTS Sensors Develops Its Level Plus liquid Level Transmitters.
Livin' is Easy with Level-Headed Liquid-Level Transmitters.
DL Manufacturing's Leveler Koozi is an energy savings kit suitable for most existing loading dock levelers .
Limiters help control power levels within a system, protecting sensitive components (like receivers) from sudden surges in signal level.
' … The flavors we added were chosen to complement the Scotch, and bring it to a new level –- this is in contrast to many of the mass-marketed liqueurs which use huge levels of swee...
DL Manufacturing's Leveler Koozi is an energy savings kit suitable for most existing loading dock levelers.
Sands Level & Tool Co.® now offers Professional Top Reading Mahogany I-Beam Levels.
Brown marmorated stink bug levels were discovered to be above threshold levels in both corn and soybean fields.
We passed through all his levels of instruction and attended his " graduate" level.
Level 1 offenders are required to register for a minimum of 20 years, and Level 2 and 3 offenders for life.
RECEPTION (LOWER LEVEL): 35 SEATED (UPPER LEVEL): 20 605 SQUARE FEET.
The amount of pork in freezers is beginning to be a bit concerning, especially when the fourth- highest level ever occurs on Sept 30, just in front of what are usually the highest slaughter levels of the year.
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In science:

D(e) > τhn } , := {the walk visits the level hn n times before reaching the root or the level 2hn} , := {after the n-th visit of level hn , the walk reaches level 2hn before level hn} , := {after time τ2hn the walk never comes back to level 2hn − 1} .
Large deviations for random walks in random environment on a Galton-Watson tree
In our conceptual model, it would mean that the student will be first processing at the DR c onceptual level and then going to the Eval level to evaluate statements at the operational and returning again to the DR level.
On Requirements for Programming Exercises from an E-learning Perspective
LABEL: Fact Level-n-n+1 A level n system is strictly weaker than a level n + 1 system.
Size and Logic
An important fact is that these hypercubes, where the walk is trapped, are not level sets for the potential neither for the reversible measure denoted π , however they can be partitioned in level sets for π . A part of this work is devoted to the study of the local time of the walk on these level sets.
The local time of a random walk on growing hypercubes
We can represent the level sets in the 3-dimensionnal case as in figure 2: surfaces delimited by the black lines represent the level sets for V (on the left) and the level sets of π (on the right).
The local time of a random walk on growing hypercubes
The level spacings s are normalized by the mean level spacing δ (equal to 0.23 meV in zero field and reduced to 0.12 meV in high fields due to splitting of the spin degenerate levels by the Zeeman effect).
Applications of random matrix theory to condensed matter and optical physics
The factor f now describes the degree of population inversion of a two-level system, with f = −1 for complete inversion (empty lower level, filled upper level).
Applications of random matrix theory to condensed matter and optical physics
When we discuss a modulation code, we focus on a single n-cell. (The encoder of the modulation code increases some of the cell-levels based on the current cell-levels and the new value of the k-variable.) Remember that cell-levels can only be increased during a rewrite.
Modulation Codes for Flash Memory Based on Load-Balancing Theory
It is composed of tree levels in which inlet level neurons are four channels in multispectral satellite image; outlet level neurons are detected classes and hidden level is composed of operational neurons.
Fish recognition based on the combination between robust feature selection, image segmentation and geometrical parameter techniques using Artificial Neural Network and Decision Tree
We first assign length ℓ(e) := 2−n to every tree-edge e from level n − 1 to level n, the root being at level 0.
Locally finite graphs with ends: a topological approach
Indeed, since every vertex v has infinitely many neighbours at a lower level than its own, or at level 1 (the upper neighbours of the root), no finite set S of vertices can separate v from the infinitely many vertices at level 1, which form a complete subgraph in T 3 .
Locally finite graphs with ends: a topological approach
The WL levels may be now chosen as j = 18, 19, 20 and as an appropriate starting DOS for the corresponding starting level the average DOS of the preliminary stage at the starting level may be used.
Multicritical Points and Crossover Mediating the Strong Violation of Universality: Wang-Landau Determinations in the Random-Bond $d=2$ Blume-Capel model
Then, from level n down to level 1, particles independently jump on their right site with probability 1/2, provided the interlacing condition (99) with the lower levels are satisfied.
Dimers and orthogonal polynomials: connections with random matrices
For every λ ∈ σ(Td ) and α ∈ R, the α-level sets of GS d(λ) are quasi Bernoulli • For small enough values of α there almost surely exist infinite level sets, while for large enough values the α-level sets are all finite with probability one.
Level sets percolation on chaotic graphs
As a preview of the connection between generalized arrows and multi-level languages, consider Figure 4, which shows that level-1 terms may be used to implement the GArrow class (at level-0).
Multi-Level Languages are Generalized Arrows
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