lesion

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n lesion any localized abnormal structural change in a bodily part
    • n lesion an injury to living tissue (especially an injury involving a cut or break in the skin)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Lesion lē"zhŭn (Civil Law) A hurt; an injury.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n lesion A hurting; hurt; wound; injury.
    • n lesion In civil law, the loss or injury suffered in a commutative contract by the party who does not receive an equivalent for what he gives. When the inequality amounts to more than one half of the value of what the party gives, it is called in French law lésion d'outre moitié du juste prix, in Spanish law lesion inorme, and, if very much more, lesion inormisima. When the inequality amounts to from one third to one quarter of the value of what the party gives, it is called in French law lésion du tiers au quart.
    • n lesion In pathology, any morbid change in the structure of organs. The term is not restricted to visible anatomical changes, but may be applied to such as are revealed solely by a disturbance of function.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Lesion lē′zhun a hurt:
    • n Lesion lē′zhun (med.) an injury or wound.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. lésion, L. laesio, fr. laedere, laesum, to hurt, injure
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. læsion-emlædĕre, læsum, to hurt.

Usage

In literature:

Pressure on, or minor lesion of the vessel was sometimes evidenced by the development of a murmur, as in the following case.
"Surgical Experiences in South Africa, 1899-1900" by George Henry Makins
That a person with an active tuberculous lesion should not get married goes without saying.
"Woman" by William J. Robinson
Scabies was the only skin lesion which has been common among the troops.
"The History of the American Expedition Fighting the Bolsheviki" by Joel R. Moore
The first lesion of pleurisy is overfilling of the blood vessels that ramify in this membrane and dryness of the surface.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
He knew that they were intended to hurt; he was wounded primarily in the intention, but the exact lesion he could not locate.
"The Riddle Of The Rocks" by Charles Egbert Craddock (AKA Mary Noailles Murfree)
On recovering his powers, it was evident his brain had suffered a serious lesion.
"The Physical Life of Woman:" by Dr. George H Napheys
Pneumo-thorax will be the result of either lesion; and by the accumulation of air in the pleura the lung will suffer pressure.
"Surgical Anatomy" by Joseph Maclise
The lesion, however well localized it seems, is transmitted by the same process as, for instance, the taint of alcoholism.
"Creative Evolution" by Henri Bergson
Placing cohesive gold against the dentinal walls by pounding it to heal a lesion is opposed to natural law.
"Tin Foil and Its Combinations for Filling Teeth" by Henry L. Ambler
Contrary to general opinion, suggestion, or autosuggestion can bring about the cure of organic lesions.
"Self Mastery Through Conscious Autosuggestion" by Emile Coué
The use of the X-rays has added greatly to our knowledge of these lesions.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
They are, as it were, "the general health" of the patient suffering from a local lesion.
"A Plea for the Criminal" by James Leslie Allan Kayll
The lesions are so slight as in many cases to be entirely overlooked by the ordinary butcher.
"Rural Hygiene" by Henry N. Ogden
This disease may remain latent for months and years, to reappear later on in different organs and cause fresh lesions.
"The Sexual Question" by August Forel
Paralysis, or loss of motion in a part, may be due to a lesion of the brain, of the spinal cord, or of a nerve.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Both men suffered from some sort of moral lesion.
"Ivory Apes and Peacocks" by James Huneker
Dr. Major found that of the post-mortems of paralytics, all displayed appreciable morbid lesions, although in five per cent.
"Chapters in the History of the Insane in the British Isles" by Daniel Hack Tuke
I think there's a slight lesion.
"The "Genius"" by Theodore Dreiser
He died of a lesion of the brain on January 28th (February 8th), 1881.
"Library of the World's Best literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 12" by Various
More important, because productive of less tractable lesions, is passive congestion of the digestive organs.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 4" by Various
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In news:

Other symptoms include skin ulcers, lesions and a slow pulse in legs and feet.
Established markers for disease activity are T2 MRI lesions in the CNS, whereas T1 hypointense lesions , known as black holes, indicate neurodegeneration.
One year ago, a promising opera singer's life was at risk because of a brain lesion that could have damaged her ability to memorize lyrics and sing.
Zilver PTX Three-Year Trial Data Show Higher Freedom From Target Lesion Revascularization Rates.
President Hugo Chavez announced Tuesday that doctors in Cuba found a new lesion in the same place where a cancerous tumor was removed last year and said he will shortly return to the island to have it surgically removed.
Chavez faces surgery, say lesion likely malignant.
Because of clinical and radiologic similarity between the primary and metastatic lesions , metastasis to the sphenoid sinus is often undiagnosed.
Chavez faces surgery, say lesion likely malignant .
A 4-year-old girl presented to her primary care physician with these lesions that had been present for several weeks.
The white matter lesions seen in this entity most closely resemble those seen in.
The lesion was 11 mm x 17 mm x 5 mm.
Compared to conventional osteosarcoma, this lesion.
These lesions frequently originate in the lateral nasal wall, and they have a tendency toward recurrence and malignant transformation.
A 66-year-old woman presented with pruritic, burning skin "lesions" at the corner of her mouth.
Pigmented lesion on an elderly man's lip.
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In science:

Tourneret, “Segmentation of skin lesions in 2D and 3D ultrasound images using a spatially coherent generalized Rayleigh mixture model,” IEEE Trans.
Computing the Cramer-Rao bound of Markov random field parameters: Application to the Ising and the Potts models
In the center of the lesion, severe ischemia leads to rapid necrosis (Fig. 1A), but in the surrounding penumbral regions, the tissue damage evolves slowly over many hours/days (Marchal et al. 1996).
Post-ischaemic treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor nimesulide reduces blood-brain barrier disruption and leukocyte infiltration following transient focal cerebral ischaemia in rats
II, Ackley PO, ed., Plaza Publishing, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1966. Livingstone WK, Davis EW , Livingstone KE: Delayed recovery in peripheral nerve lesions caused by high velocity wounding. J.
Scientific Evidence for Hydrostatic Shock
Lesion effects are greater for larger, earlier, and more widespread lesions.
Establishing, versus Maintaining, Brain Function: A Neuro-computational Model of Cortical Reorganization after Injury to the Immature Brain
Similar results were observed for all sizes of lesions.
Establishing, versus Maintaining, Brain Function: A Neuro-computational Model of Cortical Reorganization after Injury to the Immature Brain
Focal lesions are shown in A and B; distributed lesions in C and D.
Establishing, versus Maintaining, Brain Function: A Neuro-computational Model of Cortical Reorganization after Injury to the Immature Brain
Is it really better to have your brain lesion early? A revision of the "Kennard principle".
Establishing, versus Maintaining, Brain Function: A Neuro-computational Model of Cortical Reorganization after Injury to the Immature Brain
Early plasticity versus early vulnerability: the problem of heterogeneous lesion types.
Establishing, versus Maintaining, Brain Function: A Neuro-computational Model of Cortical Reorganization after Injury to the Immature Brain
Reply: Early plasticity versus early vulnerability: the problem of heterogeneous lesion mechanism.
Establishing, versus Maintaining, Brain Function: A Neuro-computational Model of Cortical Reorganization after Injury to the Immature Brain
Functional recovery after lesions of the nervous system. V.
Establishing, versus Maintaining, Brain Function: A Neuro-computational Model of Cortical Reorganization after Injury to the Immature Brain
Sequential versus single lesions and some other variables contributing to the recovery of function in the rat.
Establishing, versus Maintaining, Brain Function: A Neuro-computational Model of Cortical Reorganization after Injury to the Immature Brain
Note that the hypointensity of cerebrospinal fluid due to fluid-attenuation allows for better contrast with the periventricular lesion.
A Quantum Mechanical Review of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Note the bull’s eye pattern of hyperintensity surrounding some central foci of hypointensity in the occipital lesion.
A Quantum Mechanical Review of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
An interesting application of these ideas as means to predict the effects of brain lesions has been put forward by Virasoro (1988).
Neural Networks
As a consequence, brain lesions that randomly destroy or disturb a certain fraction of synapses after learning, will lead to the effect that the specific information is lost first, and the class information only when destructions become more severe.
Neural Networks
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