leek

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n leek related to onions; white cylindrical bulb and flat dark-green leaves
    • n leek plant having a large slender white bulb and flat overlapping dark green leaves; used in cooking; believed derived from the wild Allium ampeloprasum
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Leek lēk (Bot) A plant of the genus Allium Allium Porrum), having broadly linear succulent leaves rising from a loose oblong cylindrical bulb. The flavor is stronger than that of the common onion.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n leek One of several species of the genus Allium; especially, a biennial culinary plant, Allium Porrum. It is distinguished from the onion (A. Cepa) by having a cylindrical base instead of a spherical or flattened bulb, by its flat leaves, and by its milder flavor. It is stimulant and diuretic. The cultivated leek is believed to have originated from the wild leek, A. Ampeloprasum, found in southern Europe and western Asia. It was probably cultivated in ancient Egypt, and may have been the plant called by that name in Numbers xi. 5. According to Pliny, it was made prominent among the Romans by Nero; and at the present day it is still in extensive use. The leek has long been the national badge of the Welsh, traditionally said to have been adopted by direction of St. David, in celebration of a victory of King Arthur over the Saxons. The crow-leek is the bluebell squill, Scilla nutans; the sand-leek, Allium Scorodoprasum, found in sandy places in the middle latitudes of Europe; the stone-leek, A. fistulosum, known as Welsh onion; the vine-leek, A. Ampeloprasum; the wild leek, A. Ampeloprasum, A. ursinum, and, in America, A. tricoccum. (See also house-leek.)
    • n leek Polytelis barrabandi, a small parrot, green with a scarlet breast. Also called green-leek.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Leek lēk a well-known biennial species of the onion family, esteemed for cooking—national emblem of Wales
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. leác,; akin to D. look, G. lauch, OHG. louh, Icel. laukr, Sw. lök, Dan lög,. Cf. Garlic
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. leác, a leek, a plant, present also in Char-lock, Gar-lic, Hem-lock.

Usage

In literature:

It is a sin to violate a leek or onion, or break them with a bite.
"Fables of Infidelity and Facts of Faith" by Robert Patterson
Leeks are generally used to flavor soups, sauces and salads and are seldom brought to the table as a separate dish.
"Vaughan's Vegetable Cook Book (4th edition)" by Anonymous
Some tribes even worshipped boiled rice; after the same manner the Egyptians paid homage to leeks.
"The Mysteries of All Nations" by James Grant
E. F. LEEKS, Secretary.
"Notes and Queries, Number 189, June 11, 1853" by Various
E. F. LEEKS, Secretary.
"Notes and Queries, Number 187, May 28, 1853" by Various
The leek takes the place of the cabbage in Scotland.
"The Book of Hallowe'en" by Ruth Edna Kelley
He had the rice to give consistency to his soup, and the leek-roots to flavour it with.
"The Young Voyageurs" by Mayne Reid
Leeks are most generally used for soups, ragouts, and other made dishes.
"A Poetical Cook-Book" by Maria J. Moss
It was a bulb of the wild leek.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
CUCUMBER AND LEEK SALAD.
"The Starvation Treatment of Diabetes" by Lewis Webb Hill
Live upon love, as laverocks do on leeks.
"The Proverbs of Scotland" by Alexander Hislop
I have boiled the meat, onions, carrots, and leeks, and parsley in the bargain.
"Laboulaye's Fairy Book" by Various
Theirs the leek and the garlic; his to sit at the sumptuous feast.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 3 of 8" by Various
Casting Away of Mrs. Leeks and Mrs. Aleshine.
"The Making of Bobby Burnit" by George Randolph Chester
J. RITCHIE, M. R. C. S., Leek.
"Alcohol: A Dangerous and Unnecessary Medicine, How and Why" by Martha M. Allen
Casting Away of Mrs. Leeks and Mrs. Aleshine.
"The Wind Before the Dawn" by Dell H. Munger
Casting Away of Mrs. Leeks and Mrs. Aleshine.
"The Trail to Yesterday" by Charles Alden Seltzer
It astonished Leek, who was on Sandy, to see Picton take The Rascal to the front.
"Fast as the Wind" by Nat Gould
You shrivelled up young leek, how dare you cheek me!
"The Second String" by Nat Gould
Some heroes in this hard plight would have thrown up the leek, but Mr Bhosh was stuffed with sterner materials.
"A Bayard From Bengal" by Hurry Bungsho Jabberjee
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In poetry:

Die leek omlaaggebleven,
Maar rijst ons tegen
In blind ontzweven
Naar ongekende wegen.
"Niets Bindt Zoo Ongelijken" by Pieter Cornelis Boutens

The leeks
newly washed white,-
how cold it is! The sea darkens;
the voices of the wild ducks
are faintly white.
"Collection of Six Haiku" by Matsuo Basho
There were also Potatoes Leeks and Onions there to be seen
Likewise Turnips and Cabbage green
Also two heads of parsley and two curled greens
Besides twenty five pods of full grown broad beans
"The Dundee Flower Show:Dedicated to the Right Honourable Earl of Dalhousie" by William Topaz McGonagall
Without, a garden, neat and clean,
With leeks, and box forever green,
Where sage, rosemary, crimsons grow,
And savory, pot-herbs in a row;
With parsly, not unknown to fame,
Gay garland at the Olympic game.
"The Description of a Cottage" by Samuel Bowden

In news:

Grilled leek salad with mint vinaigrette.
Enlarge Emily Zoladz ezoladz@mlive.com Balwinder Bal, chef and owner of The Queen's Pub and Bombay Cuisine, left, and Jayson Leek, future executive chef of Radix Tavern, talk in The Queen's Pub on Wednesday, June 20.
3 leeks, trimmed, washed and thinly sliced.
Herbed Seitan with Leeks and Shiitake Mushrooms.
Marcia Kiesel knew this lush leek soup would be a great complement to left bank Bordeaux because of the wine's firm structure.
A recipe for leek and potato soufflé with ham and Fontina.
Sometimes this sweet lily demands something more than a supporting role: Poached Leeks With Mustard Vinaigrette.
1 large leek, white part only, sliced thin.
Carrot and Leek Frittata With Tarragon .
Tarragon enhances the sweetness of the carrots and leeks in this bright frittata.
Chopped leeks, white parts only 1 lb.
Substituting leeks for scallions produces a mellower flavor, one that doesn't require a rich finish.
Leek, white part only, washed, chopped 1 sm.
Breakfast Casserole with Sausage, Leeks, and Gruyère.
Tender leeks and freshly-dug potatoes too.
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In science:

Several approaches have been proposed, such as dependence kernels (Leek & Storey, 2008), factor models (Friguet et al., 2009) and principal factor approximation (Fan et al., 2012).
Graphical-model Based Multiple Testing under Dependence, with Applications to Genome-wide Association Studies
For example, gene expression measurements may be affected by environmental conditions and experimental procedures (Leek and Storey, 2007; Gibson, 2008), which, unaccounted, would cause reduced power and increased false positive rate in association studies.
Genome-wide association studies with high-dimensional phenotypes
SVA (Leek and Storey, 2007) addresses the problem by first estimating the effect of the factor of interest on each gene then doing factor analysis on the residuals, which intuitively can give good results as long as the UV factors are not too correlated with the factor of interest.
Correcting gene expression data when neither the unwanted variation nor the factor of interest are observed
They apply the method to several datasets in an extensive study and show its very good behavior for differential analysis, in particular comparable performances to state of the art methods such as ComBat (Johnson et al., 2007) or SVA (Leek and Storey, 2007).
Correcting gene expression data when neither the unwanted variation nor the factor of interest are observed
Both α and β are modeled as fixed, i.e., non-random (Robinson, 1991). A similar model was also used in Leek and Storey (2007) and Listgarten et al. (2010).
Correcting gene expression data when neither the unwanted variation nor the factor of interest are observed
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