layer

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v layer make or form a layer "layer the different colored sands"
    • n layer thin structure composed of a single thickness of cells
    • n layer a hen that lays eggs
    • n layer single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance "slices of hard-boiled egg on a bed of spinach"
    • n layer an abstract place usually conceived as having depth "a good actor communicates on several levels","a simile has at least two layers of meaning","the mind functions on many strata simultaneously"
    • n layer a relatively thin sheetlike expanse or region lying over or under another
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In humans, the epidermal layer of skin, which consists of many layers of skin regenerates every 27 days
    • Layer A shoot or twig of a plant, not detached from the stock, laid under ground for growth or propagation.
    • Layer An artificial oyster bed.
    • Layer One who, or that which, lays.
    • Layer That which is laid; a stratum; a bed; one thickness, course, or fold laid over another; as, a layer of clay or of sand in the earth; a layer of bricks, or of plaster; the layers of an onion.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: If your shoes squeak, it simply means that two layers of leather in the sole are rubbing together. Driving a tack through the sole will often remove the squeak.
    • n layer One who or that which lays, in any sense of the verb lay: as, a brick layer; specifically, a hen that lays eggs: as, she is a good layer.
    • n layer A thickness of some material laid or resting upon or spread over a surface of any kind; a stratum of moderate thickness: as, a layer of paint; successive layers of clay, shale, and slate; a cake made in layers; the five layers of the muscles of the back.
    • n layer In masonry and bricklaying:
    • n layer Same as course, 16 .
    • n layer A bed of mortar or cement.
    • n layer In leather manufacturing, a welt or strengthening strip.
    • n layer A shoot or twig of a plant, not detached from the stock, partly laid under ground for growth or propagation.
    • n layer In tanning, a pit or vat containing a strong solution of tannin, in which hides are laid near the end of the tanning process. Also called bloomer-pit.
    • layer In horticulture, to propagate by bending the shoot of a living stem into the soil, the shoot striking root while still fed by the parent plant.
    • n layer In oyster culture, an artificial oyster-bed.
    • n layer In cattle-raising, a field or yard in which cattle ready for shipment are kept.
    • n layer In phytogeography, one of several strata of plants of different vegetation forms met with in some formations, especially in forests. Thus in a forest, beneath the facies, or primary layer consisting of large trees, there may be successively a layer of small trees and shrubs, one of bushes, then upper, middle, and lower herbaceous layers, and finally a ground-layer of mosses, lichens, etc. F. E. Clements regards these layers as vertical zones. See zone, 6. Pound and Clements.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Leaning Tower of Pisa was built on the site of a river estuary. The land under the town has several layers of silt and soft clay. The 15,000-ton tower tilts to the south because the subsoil is too unstable.
    • ns Layer that which lays—e.g. a hen, a bricklayer: a bed or stratum: a shoot laid for propagation
    • n Layer lā′ėr a stratum—better Lair (q.v.). See Lay.
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Quotations

  • Norman Augustine
    Norman Augustine
    “If sufficient number of management layers are superimposed on top of each other, it can be assured that disaster is not left to chance.”
  • Hal A. Lingerman
    Hal A. Lingerman
    “Just as certain selections of music will nourish your physical body and your emotional layer, so other musical works will bring greater health to your mind.”
  • Edward Abbey
    Edward Abbey
    “Society is like a stew. If you don't stir it up every once in a while then a layer of scum floats to the top.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Prob. a corruption of lair,

Usage

In literature:

He could even see the thin layer of silver backing.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science January 1931" by Various
The outside planking consists of three layers.
"Farthest North" by Fridtjof Nansen
The door is made of several layers of silk and clay, and is a substantial affair.
"Under the Maples" by John Burroughs
They are made up of hard and resistant layers evenly deposited around a central nucleus.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Put the strawberries in the preserving kettle in layers, sprinkling sugar over each layer.
"Canned Fruit, Preserves, and Jellies: Household Methods of Preparation" by Maria Parloa
In the trunk the muscles are arranged in layers, surrounded by fasciae, as in the neck.
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
The three best layers are the black Polands, the Malayas, and the Shanghaes.
"Soil Culture" by J. H. Walden
Put in a layer of chops and a layer of potatoes and repeat until casserole is full.
"Stevenson Memorial Cook Book" by Various
For storing they should be only deep enough to hold one layer of fruit.
"The Book of Pears and Plums" by Edward Bartrum
The covering proved to be layer after layer of oilcloth, wrapped around the object.
"The Wailing Octopus" by Harold Leland Goodwin
Spread one layer thickly with Boiled Frosting, sprinkle heavily with fresh grated cocoanut, cover with remaining layer.
"Fifty-Two Sunday Dinners" by Elizabeth O. Hiller
The lenses are surrounded half way up by a layer of dark pigment-cells.
"A Monograph on the Sub-class Cirripedia (Volume 1 of 2)" by Charles Darwin
Many cities using water from rivers run it through a layer of sand and gravel to remove the tiny things that cause so much sickness and death.
"Health Lessons" by Alvin Davison
Digging uncovered a layer of hard blue rock, heavily pockmarked and filled with the yellow ground.
"The Flaming Mountain" by Harold Leland Goodwin
They must proceed in this manner to ram in layer after layer, till the whole mould is full.
"Cottage Building in Cob, Pisé, Chalk and Clay" by Clough Williams-Ellis
Plants are easily raised by seeds, cuttings or layers, and grow well in ordinary soil.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 5" by Various
Sacred Island is formed entirely of layers of fine sand of different colours, covered by a little vegetable mould.
"Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea" by John Franklin
The temperature is rather remarkable, there being an intermediate cold layer between 25 and 50 fathoms.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 1" by Various
Haines had to slow down to navigate safely the uneven layers of barren soil, rock and sand.
"The Secret of the Ninth Planet" by Donald Allen Wollheim
No filling should be brought up in layers exceeding nine inches in depth.
"The Future of Road-making in America" by Archer Butler Hulbert
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In poetry:

Some men there are who cannot spare
A single tear until they feel
The last cold pressure, and the heel
Is stamped upon the outmost layer.
"From Home" by George MacDonald
The bird that trod the mellow layers
Of the young earth is sought in vain;
The cloud is gone that wove the sandstone,
From God's design, with threads of rain!
"The First Flowers" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Memory won't suffice here: from those moments
there must be layers of pure existence
on my being's floor, a precipitate
from that immensely overfilled solution.
"To Lou Andreas-Salome" by Rainer Maria Rilke
Now coldness comes sifting down, layer after layer,
To our bower at the lily root.
Overhead the old umbrellas of summer
Wither like pithless hands. There is little shelter.
"Flute Notes From A Reedy Pond" by Sylvia Plath
"Skin-deep, and valued at a pin,
Is beauty such as VENUS owns -
HER beauty is beneath her skin,
And lies in layers on her bones.
The other sailors of the crew
They always calls her 'Whopping Sue!'"
"Babette's Love" by William Schwenck Gilbert
The innocent children were buried seven or eight layers deep,
The sight was heart-rending and enough to make one weep;
It was a most affecting spectacle and frightful to behold
The corpse of a little boy not above four years old,
"The Sunderland Calamity" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

Porous layer open tubular (PLOT) columns.
These pieces, often handknitted, have far more impact than a V or a turtleneck (you might want to wear a light layer underneath in case it gets toasty indoors).
Even low-lying areas to the east, which the marine stratus layer often did not reach, were reporting 100 feet and a quarter-mile.
"If you are thinking about the top layer of the skin, with all the pollution and debris, if you just use a cleanser first, the majority of that debris is not removed," he explains.
Image transfers can give your journal pages depth and interest whether you use them in layered backgrounds or as focal points.
Conditions at Montrose Co. 2 8 or 9 inch cake layers (yellow or white.
2 8 or 9 inch cake layers (yellow or white.
MAKES ONE 8-INCH LAYER CAKE.
This fluffy layer cake won an in-house bake-off at the Old Town, Alexandria restaurant.
We do purchase the fun freeze pops for occasional fun, but I also keep a freezer bag filled with homemade pops that have layers of healthy foods that are fantastically flavored together in my freezer.
This is an apple-pecan version with a layer of apples adding richness and pecans providing crunch.
You need to get all the way underneath the compacted layer and lift it up.
New layer of paperwork consequence of Pilot's Bill of Rights.
Icelandic Ash Plume Blasts Through the Cloud Layer, as Seen from Space.
An Offering to Sara Sara A thin layer of smoke drifts up toward Sara Sara's summit as Arcadio feeds the burning ashes with more coca leaves.
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In science:

Neutron diffraction studies indicate several layers of ordered water on such surfaces, with several additional layers of partially ordered water.
Quantum Computation in Brain Microtubules? Decoherence and Biological Feasibility
We construct the new creases that result from this fold by copying each portion of the crease to the specified number of layers below the topmost layer.
When Can You Fold a Map?
As the distinction of sites in the layers is unimportant it suffices to develop the equations such that only the properties of the layers occur.
Coil-Globule Transition for Regular, Random and Specially Designed Copolymers: Monte Carlo Simulation and Self-Consistent Field Theory
The number of lattice sites in layers with this topology depends on the distance between the layer and the center of the system.
Coil-Globule Transition for Regular, Random and Specially Designed Copolymers: Monte Carlo Simulation and Self-Consistent Field Theory
If the MC system would be divided in parallel layers, such an surrounded polymer segment would have 8 neighbors in the same layer and 9 in each adjacent layer.
Coil-Globule Transition for Regular, Random and Specially Designed Copolymers: Monte Carlo Simulation and Self-Consistent Field Theory
The surface layer of spins is different from layers in the bulk in that there are missing bonds.
Cross-over between first-order and critical wetting at the liquid-vapour interface of n-alkane/methanol mixtures: tricritical wetting and critical prewetting
Figure 2 illustrates how each layer may fetch data from any of its lower layers depending on availability and service type.
A Scalable Architecture for Harvest-Based Digital Libraries - The ODU/Southampton Experiments
The reason for this behaviour is that in this model the stellar winds uncovers the layers, where the Ω–gradient is steep, and we start seeing layers which were deep inside and rotating rapidly.
Stellar evolution with rotation X: Wolf-Rayet star populations at solar metallicity
The first step is to eliminate all passive layers of Sf except those which are contained in the selected layer.
Invariants of mixed representations of quivers II : defining relations and applications
Proposition 2.1 Without loss of generality one can assume that the group Sf has not any passive layers except those are contained in the selected layer.
Invariants of mixed representations of quivers II : defining relations and applications
For any x ∈ S ¯β the layers of Sfx coincide with the layers of Sf except those which are contained in βuv + s (if βuv ⊆ ˆA2) or in βuv (if βuv ⊆ ˆA3).
Invariants of mixed representations of quivers II : defining relations and applications
Using the contracting rules we see that the right hand side neighbor of X in the records of all summands tr∗ (στ ) is either Y or Y, where the variable Y corresponds to the A1 -layer βuv or to the A3 -layer βuv + s (βuv ).
Invariants of mixed representations of quivers II : defining relations and applications
It is easy to see that the right hand side neighbor of X is Y or Y , where Y corresponds to either an A1 -layer βuv or to an A3 -layer βuv + s (βuv ).
Invariants of mixed representations of quivers II : defining relations and applications
The layer-by-layer linearized equations allowed us to add more moment equations and construct the quasiequilibrium approximations using the entropy (89).
Geometry of irreversibility: The film of nonequilibrium states
A layered medium. (b) A layered chain of linear oscillators.
Coarse graining and control theory model reduction
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