lathe

Definitions

  • Ten Saw Gang Lath Bolter
    Ten Saw Gang Lath Bolter
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n lathe machine tool for shaping metal or wood; the workpiece turns about a horizontal axis against a fixed tool
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Additional illustrations & photos:

LATHE FOR USE ON SHIPBOARD LATHE FOR USE ON SHIPBOARD
Blanchard lathe Blanchard lathe
PARTLY TURNED BLOCK ON LATHE PARTLY TURNED BLOCK ON LATHE

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Lathe A granary; a barn.
    • Lathe (Mach) A machine for turning, that is, for shaping articles of wood, metal, or other material, by causing them to revolve while acted upon by a cutting tool.
    • n Lathe Formerly, a part or division of a county among the Anglo-Saxons. At present it consists of four or five hundreds, and is confined to the county of Kent.
    • Lathe The movable swing frame of a loom, carrying the reed for separating the warp threads and beating up the weft; -- called also lay and batten.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n lathe A machine for working wood, metals, or other substances by causing the material to turn with greater or less speed, according to the nature of the material and the work to be performed, before a tool which is held at rest relatively to the peripheral motion of the object operated upon. Lathes are used for turning, cutting, chasing, filing, polishing, screw-cutting, engraving, and shaping, as in metal-spinning. They range in size from a jewelers' lathe for polishing the finest metal-work. through the various wood-turning lathes, to the large machine-lathes for turning locomotive-wheels, and the heavy machines for polishing stone and marble columns for architectural purposes. The ancient potters' wheel is probably the prototype of the modern lathe. The common wood-turning lathe may be taken as a type of these machines. It consists essentially of the bed or main horizontal frame, the poppets, and the rest or support of the tool used in operating the lathe. The poppets can be moved into different positions and clamped on the bed, and form at the left the live or moving head-stock, connected directly with the source of power, and at the right the dead or stationary head-stock, sometimes called tail-stock. The work or material is placed between these, and is supported by a live-centre in the live head-stock and a dead-center in the dead head-stock; and in the ordinary lathe the cutting is performed concentrically with the axis joining these centers, the material being rotated by the live head-stock. By the adjustment of the poppets on the bed the lathe may be adapted to receive different lengths of material. Usually the dead head-stock only is moved toward or away from the live head-stock in making this adjustment. Facing the work, and clamped to the bed between the poppets, is the tool-rest, on which, in hand-turning, the tool rests as on a fulcrum at a point very near the work, being held in the working position by the hands of the turner, which grasp the outwardly projecting handle of the tool. Such a lathe is driven at high speed, and the amount and character of the turning are controlled by the workman who holds the tool on the tool-rest and before the work. The side-rest is a movable tool-rest carrying an adjustable tool-stock or tool-post in which the tool is rigidly clamped. It slides on longitudinal guideways formed on the bed of the lathe, this movement being controlled by a screw and sometimes being automatic. The tool-rest may be double, presenting two tools, one on each side of the work, as in the duplex lathe. The tool may also be controlled by a templet or model, and shift its position automatically, as in the lathe for turning irregular forms, the nulled-work lathe, spoke-lathe, and last-lathe, of which the Blanchard lathe is the original type. Iron-turning requires a much slower speed than brass-turning, and wood-turning a higher speed than brass. Large metal-lathes are said to be of large swing; that is, the space between the centers and the bed ia great, to admit of turning large objects. In one form of these machine-lathes an opening is made in the bed to permit the work to turn or to give large swing, as in the gap-bed lathe. In many kinds of turning the dead head-stock is not used, the material to be turned being attached to a lathe-chuck, or to a face-plate carried by the live head-stock. Lathes are nearly all described by their names, as beadwork-lathe, button-lathe, foot-lathe, shafting-lathe, etc., the name sometimes referring to some feature of the construction, as the hollow mandrel lathe, and sometimes to the material or work, as the hat-ironing lathe.
    • n lathe That part of a loom in which the reed is fixed, and by the movements of which the weft-threads are laid parallel to each other, shot after shot, in the process of weaving. According to the greater or less impulse of the lathe, the weft is laid more or less closely together in the plane of the web. Also called batten and lay.
    • n lathe A barn or granary.
    • n lathe In England, apart or large division of a county, comprising several hundreds: a term now confined to the county of Kent, in which there are five of these lathes or divisions. See rape.
    • lathe To invite; bid; ask.
    • lathe A Middle English form of loath.
    • lathe A Middle English form of loathe.
    • n lathe See sanding-machine.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Lathe lāth a machine for turning and shaping articles of wood, metal, &c.: the movable swing-frame of a loom carrying the reed for separating the warp threads and beating up the weft.
    • n Lathe läth a part or division of a county, now existing only in Kent, and consisting of four or five hundreds.
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. lathe, a granary; akin to G. lade, a chest, Icel. hlaða, a storehouse, barn; but cf. also Icel. löð, a smith's lathe. Senses 2 and 3 are perh. of the same origin as lathe, a granary, the original meaning being, a frame to hold something. If so, the word is from an older form of E. lade, to load. See Lade to load
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. lǽth, a district.

Usage

In literature:

Six feet three, and thin as a lath.
"The Hills of Hingham" by Dallas Lore Sharp
Lath and plaster were unknown.
"The Ontario Readers: Fourth Book" by Various
Gibed Rest Screw Lathes.
"Scientific American, Volume 40, No. 13, March 29, 1879" by Various
And our only toaster is a kitchen-fork wired to the end of a lath.
"The Prairie Wife" by Arthur Stringer
In another room, a shell had sprayed the ceiling, so we had to pull the plaster down to the bare lathing.
"Golden Lads" by Arthur Gleason and Helen Hayes Gleason
One of the laths was slightly displaced and over this my friend was peering in.
"The Devil Doctor" by Sax Rohmer
In the lathe above referred to, there are three ways in one casting, with the slide angles on the outer edges.
"Scientific American, Volume XXXVI., No. 8, February 24, 1877" by Various
You will notice he has a lathe that goes by steam.
"The Story of Porcelain" by Sara Ware Bassett
One of the interesting tools was a lathe for turning chair posts.
"Stories of Great Inventors" by Hattie E. Macomber
You stay home and pick up laths!
"Cape Cod Folks" by Sarah P. McLean Greene
He had a variety of tools, and a lathe for turning chair-posts.
"The Bobbin Boy" by William M. Thayer
Then he left his clay, and with care and loving pains, his lathe turning to the beat of his heart, he fashioned a little cup of gold.
"The Silver Crown" by Laura E. Richards
The introduction of the lathe, for example, might almost revolutionize form in clay.
"Origin and Development of Form and Ornament in Ceramic Art." by William Henry Holmes
The houses were constructed principally of timber, lath, and plaster and were apparently of great antiquity.
"Recollections of Old Liverpool" by A Nonagenarian
His frame completed, he discovered that his acquaintances at the Institute had advanced to the turning-lathe.
"The Little Gold Miners of the Sierras and Other Stories" by Various
These are built of thin laths and ribs of wood, and are covered with the bark of the birch-tree.
"Man on the Ocean" by R.M. Ballantyne
I was one of its builders for I put on lath at 4 cents a yard.
"Old Rail Fence Corners" by Various
This, in turn, is enclosed within another oval of lathe-work.
"The Stamps of Canada" by Bertram Poole
Entering the cloth and lath superstructure he found himself in pitch darkness.
"Spring Street" by James H. Richardson
Taylor dropped behind a lathe.
"The Whispering Spheres" by Russell Robert Winterbotham
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In poetry:

Then sped that cow-boy band away,
Full of revengeful wrath,
And Kendall Evans rode ahead
Upon a hickory lath.
"The Delectable Ballad Of The Waller Lot" by Eugene Field
And now he never writes in vain,
But a famous man is he,
With a ten soul-power and a chuck-lathe brain,
And an air of mystery.
"The Mystic" by C J Dennis
There was an Old woman of Bath,
And she was as thin as a Lath,
She was brown as a berry,
With a Nose like a Cherry;
This skinny Old Woman of Bath.
"Limericks: The History of Sixteen Wonderful Old Women" by Anonymous British
Yet wars arise, though zest grows cold;
Wherefore, at whiles, as 'twere in ancient mould
He looms, bepatched with paint and lath;
But never hath he seemed the old!
"The Sick God." by Thomas Hardy
A crossbow old, with lathe and gaffle grim,
And carven stock, hung in a castle hall—
Mere bricabrac, but on the distance dim
It sketched De Jourdan's quarrel, Richard's fall.
"To A Realist" by Maurice Thompson
A house should be built or with brick or with stone,
Why, 'tis plaster and lath, and I think that's all one;
And such as it is it has stood with great fame,
Been called a Hall, and has given its name,
To Down, Down, hey derry down.
"Down-Hall. A Ballad." by Matthew Prior

In news:

Precision Lathe Designed for Long, Thin Workpieces.
The South Bend SB1061PF Turn-Nado is an electronic variable speed (EVS) toolroom lathe with Fager DRO.
Toolroom Lathe Features Variable Spindle Speed.
The lathe has 18" of swing, 80" between centers and a footprint of 142" × 71.75".
Both designs are hardened and sealed to IPX8 to withstand the extreme environments typical of lathes and turning centers.
Get Post-Metal Giants Pelican's ' Lathe Biosas'.
To reduce setup times, this medical device manufacturer replaced its conventional CNC turning and milling machines with Swiss-type lathes .
General International Maxi- Lathe .
General International just announced the new model 25-114M1 14" x 17" variable speed Maxi- Lathe VF.
Due to the size of the parts, the company recently replaced many of its manual lathes with Weiler manual/CNC flat bed lathes.
The lathe is one of the oldest and most versatile machine tools.
Few shops can do without the processing capability offered by the CNC lathe.
Swiss-Type Lathe Features Additional Y Axis: Modern Machine Shop.
Acme and Stub Acme Lathe Threading Tools.
Besides delicious food and some refreshing brews, the event will feature over 90 artisans , notably KJ Mosaics, Hot off the Lathe, Vetvier, and Things on Strings.
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In science:

The rods were obtained by lathing 8 mm diameter Ergal bars, threaded at their ends.
W-band prototype of platelet feed-horn array for CMB polarisation measurements
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