lapse

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v lapse go back to bad behavior "Those who recidivate are often minor criminals"
    • v lapse drop to a lower level, as in one's morals or standards
    • v lapse end, at least for a long time "The correspondence lapsed"
    • v lapse pass into a specified state or condition "He sank into nirvana"
    • v lapse pass by "three years elapsed"
    • v lapse let slip "He lapsed his membership"
    • n lapse a failure to maintain a higher state
    • n lapse a mistake resulting from inattention
    • n lapse a break or intermission in the occurrence of something "a lapse of three weeks between letters"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Lapse (Theol) A fall or apostasy.
    • Lapse A gliding, slipping, or gradual falling; an unobserved or imperceptible progress or passing away,; -- restricted usually to immaterial things, or to figurative uses. "The lapse to indolence is soft and imperceptible.""Bacon was content to wait the lapse of long centuries for his expected revenue of fame."
    • Lapse A slip; an error; a fault; a failing in duty; a slight deviation from truth or rectitude. "To guard against those lapses and failings to which our infirmities daily expose us."
    • Lapse (Law) The termination of a right or privilege through neglect to exercise it within the limited time, or through failure of some contingency; hence, the devolution of a right or privilege.
    • Lapse (Law) To become ineffectual or void; to fall.
    • Lapse (Law) To fall or pass from one proprietor to another, or from the original destination, by the omission, negligence, or failure of some one, as a patron, a legatee, etc.
    • Lapse To let slip; to permit to devolve on another; to allow to pass. "An appeal may be deserted by the appellant's lapsing the term of law."
    • Lapse To pass slowly and smoothly downward, backward, or away; to slip downward, backward, or away; to glide; -- mostly restricted to figurative uses. "A tendency to lapse into the barbarity of those northern nations from whom we are descended.""Homer, in his characters of Vulcan and Thersites, has lapsed into the burlesque character."
    • Lapse To slide or slip in moral conduct; to fail in duty; to fall from virtue; to deviate from rectitude; to commit a fault by inadvertence or mistake. "To lapse in fullness
      Is sorer than to lie for need."
    • Lapse To surprise in a fault or error; hence, to surprise or catch, as an offender. "For which, if be lapsed in this place,
      I shall pay dear."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n lapse A falling; a continued falling off or away; a passing or gliding along or away: as, the lapse of flowing water; the lapse of time.
    • n lapse A gradual fall or descent; passage downward, physical or moral; a passing from a higher to a lower place, state, or condition: as, a lapse from integrity; a lapse into sin.
    • n lapse A failure or miscarriage through some fault, slip, or negligence; hence, a slip or fault in general; a mistake from carelessness or inattention: as, a lapse of justice; a lapse of title to an estate; a lapse of the tongue or of grammar.
    • n lapse In English ecclesiastical law, the failure or omission of a patron to present a clerk to a benefice within the time allowed him, six months from avoidance, in which event the benefice is said to be lapsed or in lapse, and the right of presentation passes to the bishop.
    • lapse To fall; slip; slide; glide; sink; pass slowly, silently, or by degrees.
    • lapse To slip in conduct; fail in duty; deviate from rectitude; commit a fault; slip or fall into error or sin.
    • lapse To fall or pass from one proprietor to another, by the omission, negligence, or failure of some one, as a patron, a legatee, etc.
    • lapse To pass or fall away; fail; specifically, in law, to become ineffectual or void: as, the benefice lapsed; the legacy lapsed.
    • lapse To cause or suffer to slide; suffer to fail or become void or ineffectual; let slip.
    • lapse To be found lapsing or erring.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.i Lapse laps to slip or glide: to pass by degrees: to fall from the faith or from virtue: to fail in duty: to pass to another proprietor, &c., by the negligence of a patron, to become void: to lose certain privileges by neglect of the necessary conditions
    • n Lapse a slipping or falling: a failing in duty: a fault
    • ***

Quotations

  • George Eliot
    George%20Eliot
    “No story is the same to us after a lapse of time; or rather we who read it are no longer the same interpreters.”
  • Susan Sontag
    Susan%20Sontag
    “Any critic is entitled to wrong judgments, of course. But certain lapses of judgment indicate the radical failure of an entire sensibility.”
  • Robert Southey
    Robert%20Southey
    “No distance of place or lapse of time can lessen the friendship of those who are thoroughly persuaded of each other's worth.”
  • David Storey
    David Storey
    “The essence of true friendship is to make allowance for another's little lapses.”
  • Alice Meynell
    Alice Meynell
    “It is easy to replace man, and it will take no great time, when Nature has lapsed, to replace Nature.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. lapsus, fr. labi, p. p. lapsus, to slide, to fall: cf. F. laps,. See Sleep

Usage

In literature:

It is not possible after this lapse of time to determine which was the original form of the violin in Europe.
"A Popular History of the Art of Music" by W. S. B. Mathews
But the lapse of time was naught to her, nor the fever that throbbed in her head.
"The Spinner's Book of Fiction" by Various
He was entirely unconscious of having been absent from home, or of the lapse of time between January 17th and March 14th.
"Real Ghost Stories" by William T. Stead
I had to talk to her until she voluntarily lapsed into offended silence.
"The Plum Tree" by David Graham Phillips
In conclusion, we will again bestow a passing glance upon this happy family after the lapse of some twenty years.
"Stories and Sketches" by Harriet S. Caswell
Any failure in memory, except the normal lapses which we call forgetfulness, is included under this term.
"The Story of the Mind" by James Mark Baldwin
He reappeared after the lapse of a few minutes with dusty hands and cobwebs on his clothes.
"The Hand in the Dark" by Arthur J. Rees
Of all countries, America has most to fear from anarchy, even from one single moment's lapse into anarchy.
"Fantasia of the Unconscious" by D. H. Lawrence
They both lapsed into silence again.
"A Little Girl in Old Detroit" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
When she got up, it was only to lapse again.
"The Promised Land" by Mary Antin
The actions accordingly lapsed, and Dickson and Claus thus escaped all civil liability for their most reprehensible deeds.
"The Story of the Upper Canada Rebellion, Volume 1" by John Charles Dent
Before many miles Lennon caught himself lapsing into a doze.
"Bloom of Cactus" by Robert Ames Bennet
Now all the other uses, save that of pouring out, have lapsed.
"Human Traits and their Social Significance" by Irwin Edman
A new host every night, a new home, a new city, a new audience, alone lead one into lamentable lapses.
"A Labrador Doctor" by Wilfred Thomason Grenfell
But the right of reclamation must be exercised promptly, or it may be forfeited by lapse of time.
"A Book for All Readers" by Ainsworth Rand Spofford
I have made these few remarks because it is highly important for us to gain some notion, however imperfect, of the lapse of years.
"On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection" by Charles Darwin
Translation is at best an echo, and it must be a wonderful echo to be heard after the lapse of a thousand years.
"Lavengro The Scholar - The Gypsy - The Priest, Vol. 1 (of 2)" by George Borrow
She sees that Charles has lapsed into this condition.
"The Death Shot" by Mayne Reid
The lapse of half a century had wrought a wonderful change.
"The Story of a Common Soldier of Army Life in the Civil War, 1861-1865" by Leander Stillwell
Only intense excitement was responsible for young Haye's lapse of manners.
"The Submarine Hunters" by Percy F. Westerman
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In poetry:

Forgiven be the State he loved
The one brief lapse, the single blot;
Forgotten be the stain removed,
Her righted record shows it not!
"Sumner" by John Greenleaf Whittier
'He'll think me vanquished, for this lapse,
Who should be above him;
Perhaps he'll think me light; perhaps--
Perhaps he'll think I--love him!
"A Girl's Sin - In Her Eyes" by Francis Thompson
Through her the peace that passeth sight
Came to him, as he lapsed away
As one whose troubled dreams of night
Slide slowly into tranquil day.
""I Was A Stranger, And Ye Took Me In"" by John Greenleaf Whittier
The wreck of a world of matter
That transforms revolving spheres,
Which have gathered all their greatness
Through the lapse of a million years;
"The Desirable Undefined" by Jared Barhite
There came a lapse between the showers:
The clouds grew rich with sunset gleams;
Then o'er the sky a rainbow sprang-
A bridge unto the Land of Dreams.
"The Dream-Bridge" by Clark Ashton Smith
The Pennsylvania Pilgrim
Never in tenderer quiet lapsed the day
From Pennsylvania's vales of spring away,
Where, forest-walled, the scattered hamlets lay
"The Pennsylvania Pilgrim" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

A Hyper- Lapse Music Video.
In the above image and the time lapse video below, the orange shades shown are from the infrared wavelengths sensing vegetation.
He lapsed into a coma, and doctors told his wife, veterinarian Cheryl Haugo, that he might never wake up.
Y-12 lapses panned as 'unacceptable'.
I am concerned that as we get further into this mess we continue to find more lapses and more potential problems.
The motivation for the piece in 1992, originally called "Into the Lapse," according to Butler stemmed from a a birthday party that Thater was at.
Institutional Memory Lapse at the Press Herald.
Lost Tribes, Lapsed Jews , and One Man's Search for Himself' by Theodore Ross.
They will have occasional lapses of judgment .
Says "Sexting" Victim Was Lapse in Judgement .
Time lapse video shows transformation of Magic Kingdom for holidays.
Carlos Osorio put together 1179 frames from three Toronto Blue Jays games into a time- lapse video.
I have for you two stunning and trippy time- lapse videos from one creator starting with their most recent work above.
Iowa's Senator Grassley urges hearing on SEC security lapse .
Short, but unique time- lapse capturing 4.5 hours of arrivals.
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In science:

From this metric one can read the values of the 3-metric, lapse and shift.
Simple excision of a black hole in 3+1 numerical relativity
Log plot of r.m.s. of the change in the lapse for different lapse and shift combinations involving elliptic conditions; ∆x = 0.4, ∆t = 0.1, 353 points, boundary at 13M .
Simple excision of a black hole in 3+1 numerical relativity
Figure 6 shows the r.m.s. of the change in the lapse and the horizon mass for a simulation with ∆x = 0.4, ∆t = 0.1 and 533 grid points.
Simple excision of a black hole in 3+1 numerical relativity
The group transformations arise from spacetime diffeomorphisms which contain a compulsory dependence on the lapse and shift gauge functions.
Quantum general invariance and loop gravity
Pro jectable configuration-velocity functions may not depend on time derivatives of the lapse and shift; equation (3.4) represents the most general infinitesmal diffeomorphism producing variations which satisfy this requirement.
Quantum general invariance and loop gravity
The gauge functions are however almost arbitrary; the only condition on them is that the lapse must be strictly positive.
Quantum general invariance and loop gravity
Using the arbitrary gauge functions in the Ashtekar approach which are the lapse, shift, and the temporal component of the Ashtekar connection, we construct traces of holonomies around spacetime loops. I speculate that the resulting linearly independent states are four-dimensional spin networks.
Quantum general invariance and loop gravity
What is meant by this is the Einstein evolution equations written in 3+1 form in terms of the induced metric and second fundamental form of a foliation with a fixed choice of lapse and shift.
Applications of the theory of evolution equations to general relativity
From FIG. 3, we can see that the classical version of this walking process approaches the uniform distribution exponentially as time lapses.
Experimental Implementation of the Quantum Random-Walk Algorithm
Assuming the lapse function N = 1 at spatial infinity, the resulting surface integral may be written as √γ γ ij γ k l (γik ,j − γij,k )dSl , 16πEADM = I∞ where EADM is known as the ADM mass of the field and γij is the three metric of the geometry.
Variational Principles in General Relativity
If we choose the lapse on the upper sheet to be normalized to nupper sheet ≡ 1, then we may interpret N to be a measure of the lapse on the lower sheets.
Variational Principles in General Relativity
Once this is done, we may write an expression for the lapse function.
Variational Principles in General Relativity
Because the geometry on the lower sheets is unchanging, the lapse function on the lower sheets is unchanging as well.
Variational Principles in General Relativity
Table 5.12: The normalized coordinate separation distance D/m and the lapse function N for n = 11 grid points on a side, with ADAP T = 10 adaptive levels.
Variational Principles in General Relativity
Table 5.13: The normalized coordinate separation distance D/m and the lapse function N for n = 19 grid points on a side, with ADAP T = 10 adaptive levels.
Variational Principles in General Relativity
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