knight

Definitions

  • Arabian Knight
    Arabian Knight
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v knight raise (someone) to knighthood "The Beatles were knighted"
    • n knight a chessman shaped to resemble the head of a horse; can move two squares horizontally and one vertically (or vice versa)
    • n knight originally a person of noble birth trained to arms and chivalry; today in Great Britain a person honored by the sovereign for personal merit
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

King Arthur ringed by Knights King Arthur ringed by Knights
The lion lunges towards the Red Knight The lion lunges towards the Red Knight
Bertie and the Knight Bertie and the Knight
Restoration of Allosaurus by C.R. Knight Restoration of Allosaurus by C.R. Knight
Restoration of Brontosaurus by C.R. Knight, under direction of Professor Osborn Restoration of Brontosaurus by C.R. Knight, under direction of Professor Osborn
Charlemagne and his knights riding across a battlefield Charlemagne and his knights riding across a battlefield
The Knight The Knight
knight knight

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Armored knights raised their visors to identify themselves when they rode past their king. This custom has become the modern military salute.
    • Knight A champion; a partisan; a lover.
    • Knight A piece used in the game of chess, usually bearing a horse's head.
    • Knight A playing card bearing the figure of a knight; the knave or jack.
    • Knight A young servant or follower; a military attendant.
    • Knight In feudal times, a man-at-arms serving on horseback and admitted to a certain military rank with special ceremonies, including an oath to protect the distressed, maintain the right, and live a stainless life.
    • Knight One on whom knighthood, a dignity next below that of baronet, is conferred by the sovereign, entitling him to be addressed as Sir; as, Sir John.
    • v. t Knight To dub or create (one) a knight; -- done in England by the sovereign only, who taps the kneeling candidate with a sword, saying: Rise, Sir ---. "A soldier, by the honor-giving hand
      Of Cœur-de-Lion knighted in the field."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In 1964, University of Oregon grad student Carolyn Davidson designed what became known as the Nike “swoosh” for a mere $35. She did it four years after Phil Knight and track coach Bill Bowerman founded the company they originally called Blue Ribbon Sports.
    • n knight A boy; a youth; a young man.
    • n knight An attendant or servant; especially, a military attendant; a man-at-arms; a soldier.
    • n knight Specifically In Europe during the middle ages, a person of noble birth trained to arms and chivalry, first as page and afterward as squire to the sovereign, or to some earl, baron, or other superior lord, to whom he attached himself, and whom he was bound to follow to war on horseback. Knights were of two grades: knights bachelors (or simple knights), received into the order with much ceremony and solemnity, in which the church had a large share; and knights bannerets, who were generally created on the field by their superior on account of some valorous action, and were entitled to display a square banner, and to hold higher commands, while the former could use only the pennon. In England, under the feudal system, a prerequisite was the ownership of a certain amount of land (called a knight's fee), held of the king or of an earl or baron on a tenure which bound the holder to definite military service and other obligations. Although this form of tenure continued until the time of Charles II., the military service was early commuted for a money payment, and the holder of a knight's fee was no longer necessarily a knight. During the age of chivalry following the crusades, knights were bound by the highest obligations to chivalrous conduct, and were supposed to espouse the cause of the unfortunate, especially of women. See order of knighthood, under knighthood.
    • n knight In Great Britain in modern times, a man upon whom a certain honorary dignity has been conferred by a sovereign as a reward of personal merit of some kind, without reference to birth or possessions, and in no way involving military service, which disappeared as a feature of knighthood with the other institutions of chivalry. In the British empire knighthood confers no privilege other than the social one of precedence next after baronets. Knights have the right to the title Sir prefixed to the Christian name, as Sir William Wallace; but neither the dignity nor the title is transmissible to heirs, as in the case of baronets (who as such are not knights, although they also have the title Sir). The wife of a knight has the legal designation of Dame, for which Lady is customarily substituted. Knights may still, as in medieval times, hold their rank either simply as individuals or as members of an order. (See order of knighthood, under knighthood.) Those of the latter class are now created only by royal letters patent; those of the former (knights bachelors) may be so created, but are often personally dubbed by the sovereign with the accolade. This ceremony of the accolade was formerly essential to the creation of all knights, whether by sovereign or feudal superior, and was commonly attended by elaborate observances.
    • n knight A champion; a warrior; especially, a champion devoted to the service of another; a defender.
    • n knight One of the pieces in the game of chess, having usually the figure of a horse's head. Its move is a peculiar one —from the square it occupies to the opposite corner of any rectangle of two squares by three; and in so moving its course is not obstructed by any intervening or surrounding pieces. The number of squares it commands varies from eight when at least two squares separate it from any side of the board to two when it stands in a corner.
    • n knight In card-playing, the knave or jack. Abbreviated knt., or in combination K. (as K. G., Knight of the Garter; K. C. B., Knight Commander of the Bath).
    • n knight A branch of the fraternity of Freemasons in the United states, with an organization based upon that of the medieval order of the same name.
    • knight To dub or create a knight; confer the honor of knighthood upon. The ceremony is regularly performed by touching the person on whom the dignity is conferred with a sword as he kneels. See accolade, 1.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The bands on hats traces back to the custom on knights wearing their lady loves' scarves around the helmet.
    • n Knight nīt one of gentle birth and bred to arms, admitted in feudal times to a certain honourable military rank:
    • v.t Knight to create a knight
    • n Knight nīt (Shak.) an attendant: a champion: the rank, with the title 'Sir,' next below baronets: a piece used in the game of chess
    • ***

Quotations

  • Sir William
    Sir William
    “No other man-made device since the shields and lances of the ancient knights fulfills a man's ego like an automobile.”
  • Elizabeth Barrett Browning
    Elizabeth%20Barrett%20Browning
    “The world's male chivalry has perished out, but women are knights-errant to the last; and, if Cervantes had been greater still, he had made his Don a Donna.”
  • Sir Philip Sidney
    Sir%20Philip%20Sidney
    “A true knight is fuller of bravery in the midst, than in the beginning of danger.”
  • Charles II
    Charles II
    “For its merit I will knight it, and then it will be Sir-Loin.”

Idioms

Knight in shining armour - A knight in shining armour is someone who saves you when you are in great trouble or danger.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. knight, cniht, knight, soldier, AS. cniht, cneoht, a boy, youth, attendant, military follower; akin to D. & G. knecht, servant; perh. akin to E. kin,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. cniht Ger. and Dut. knecht, Dan. knegt.

Usage

In literature:

Dust clouds swirled around them as they thundered down upon a row of Frankish knights.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
Geoffrey Montfichet's reason for wishing to be known as the Scarlet Knight was no idle whimsey, as the others had guessed.
"Robin Hood" by Paul Creswick
He was a simple Knight of the Shire.
"Operas Every Child Should Know" by Mary Schell Hoke Bacon
But if my assailants be knights, thou must in no way interfere until thou hast been dubbed a knight thyself.
"The Story of Don Quixote" by Arvid Paulson, Clayton Edwards, and Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
There once lived a brave knight who was always saving princesses.
"FreeChildrenStories.com Collection" by Daniel Errico
Your name's just Henry Knight, and I want his to be just Henry Knight, too!
"A Great Man" by Arnold Bennett
Hither no bird flies, no wild beast wanders, no knight ever passes my hut.
"The Russian Garland" by Various
Suddenly she asked: 'You have ridden as knight errant?
"The Fifth Queen" by Ford Madox Ford
When the last Poke had disappeared, the Knight sighed and climbed gravely back on his stone chair.
"The Royal Book of Oz" by L. Frank Baum
The four knights of Nantes rose lightly from the ground, but the four stranger knights lay still.
"Legends & Romances of Brittany" by Lewis Spence
Boisterous laughter emanated from the hall, and he could see knights and other nobles sitting at a long banquet table.
"A Knyght Ther Was" by Robert F. Young
Sir Thomas Foot (Grocer), mayor in 1650, was knighted by Cromwell; two of his daughters married knights, and two baronets.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
Nay, bully knight, I love not the rogue Walsinghams; they were as poor as thieves, bully knight.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 8 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
As for the lady and the knight, King Pellinore must bring them, or slay the knight if he will not come.
"Historic Tales, Vol. XIII (of 15)" by Charles Morris
The knights occupy his castles, to defend them, until he can procure succour.
"The Banished" by Wilhelm Hauff
A hundred Norman knights Met the sad train, with pikes that trailed the ground.
"The Poetical Works of William Lisle Bowles Vol. 2" by William Lisle Bowles
In another room there was a stone knight who was taken in the act of flight.
"Czechoslovak Fairy Tales" by Parker Fillmore
Richer and fairer lady the world holds not, and she loves you above all other knights, and will have no knight but you.
"Historic Tales, Vol 14 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
Baronets rank before all knights except Knights of the Garter, the Thistle, and St. Patrick.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3" by Various
But he had neither the gentle troubadour's art, as the knights of Provence, nor the deeper lore of the Spaniard.
"God Wills It!" by William Stearns Davis
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In poetry:

She has tain a silver wan
An gine him stroks three,
And he started up the bravest knight
Your eyes did ever see.
"The Laily Worm And The Mackerel Of The Sea" by Anonymous Americas
O pitying Mother! souls of light,
And saints and martyrs old!
Pray for a weak and sinful knight,
A suffering man uphold.
"The Knight of St. John" by John Greenleaf Whittier
"I am not Christ the Great,
Thou shalt not yield thee yet;
I am an Unknown Knight,
Three modest maidens have me bedight."
"The Elected Knight. From The Danish. " by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
"My name is Lancelot du Lake."
Quoth she, "It likes me than;
Here dwelles a knight who never was
Yet matcht with any man;
"Sir Lancelot Du Lake" by Thomas Percy
There was a young and valiant Knight,
Sir Eldred was his name;
And never did a worthier wight
The rank of knighthood claim.
"Sir Eldred Of The Bower : A Legendary Tale: In Two Parts" by Hannah More
"I have none other," said the knight,
"The sooth for to say,
But if it be our dear Lad-y,
She failed me ne'er ere this day."
"Robin Hood" by Henry Morley

In news:

Adam's latest Charlotte Knights blank Durham Bulls: From garbage to cotton candy .
KNIGHTS STADIUM/ FORT MILL, S.C.—On the ride home from Charlotte, not too far from Durham out on Interstate 85, they were doing late-night road work.
Thompson & Knight Diversity Officer Named To Texas Diversity Council Board .
Thompson & Knight Diversity Officer Named To Texas Diversity Council Board.
Don't Count Out Maroon Knights.
Chatham County Line makes its debut in the gallery of Poplar Knight Spot, Sunday, June 19.
THE DARK KNIGHT RISES Gotham's fetish parties are to die for.
'The Dark Knight Rises': Crepe crusader in Newark.
WARNER BROS Batman — who is played by Christian Bale, above, in the now-lensing "The Dark Knight Rises" — is reportedly set to light up the town Thursday and Friday.
Crewe of Columbus and Knights of Mobile.
Only film critics have seen The Dark Knight Rises.
05-07-12 Robert Knight with Andy Parks.
UConn pressures Nick Daggett of Bridgeport during the first half forcing the Purple Knights into a 10 second violation and turnover THe Huskies hold a 53-23 lead at the half.
In Case You Missed Thrashman's Interview With Ryan Knight Of The Black Dahlia Murder Last Saturday Night.
" (That would be Christopher Nolan's "The Dark Knight Rises," which opened in July.
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In science:

The occurrence of the superconductivity in the field was con firmed by the measurements of the Meissner signal as well as 1/T 1 of Ru using the identical set up of the Knight-shift measurements, as shown in Fig. 5(b).
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
Note that the Knight-shift spectra were obtained within 100 µs after the RF pulse with the total duration of 100 µs.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
The Knight shift was obtained from the spectral shift of the NQR frequencies in the presence of a magnetic field. (b) Ac susceptibility χac and nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T 1 obtained in the identical setup as used for Fig. 5(a).
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
The Knight-shift measurements in magnetic fields perpendicular to the RuO2 plane (parallel to the c axis), denoted as Kc , were performed in the same way.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
Figure 7 summarizes the temperature and field ranges of the Knight-shift measurements performed so far; no appreciable suppression has been detected in any of the measurements.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
To be consistent with the NMR Knight shift measurement,63 it is necessary to assume that the d-vector along the c axis should be rotated to the ab plane even under a small magnetic field of as small as 20 mT and the Coulomb interaction at oxygen site should not be so large as the d-vector is laid along the ab plane.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
Machida and Ichioka proposed that the second transition is attributed to the FFLO in Pauli limited superconductors.167 Clearly, there remains a contradiction between the Pauli effect scenario and the results of Knight shift experiments, as written in § 4.1.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
Superpositions of coherent states have been reviewed by Buˇzek and Knight .
Review of Entangled Coherent States
T1, Knight shift, and penetration depth [113]. Furthermore, Y. Bang et al. studied the impurity the ±s-wave superconductor and scattering on demonstrated that the ±s-wave gap state is the most consistent pairing state with available experimental data [114-116].
Brief review on iron-based superconductors: are there clues for unconventional superconductivity?
Knight et al. credited Hyde and Studier with the discovery of 240U quoting an unpublished report [142].
Discovery of the actinium, thorium, protactinium, and uranium isotopes
Knight et al. credited Hyde and Studier with the discovery of 240Np quoting an unpublished report .
Discovery of Isotopes of the Transuranium Elements with 93 <= Z <= 98
Knight, “The quantum-jump approach to dissipative dynamics in quantum optics”, Rev.
Feedback control in quantum optics: an overview of experimental breakthroughs and areas of application
Jiang and Knight proposed GMM estimators based on the joint characteristic function of the observed state variables.
Parameter estimation and model testing for Markov processes via conditional characteristic functions
The electrons cause a shift in the resonant frequency proportional to the electronic density of states (Knight shift).
Similarities between organic and cuprate superconductors
In a conventional metal, the Knight shift is independent of temperature.
Similarities between organic and cuprate superconductors
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